Shot which shows all or most of a fairly large subject (for
example, a person) and usually much of the surroundings.
Long shot & Wide shot
show the whole person or the whole feature object as part of
the landscape. The establishing shot of a television and film
production is usually a long shot showing the actor/s in their
environment. This establishes the context for following shots.
The establishing shot, for example, might be a house, a town
or a landscape. This shot implies that it is important to the
story for the audience to see the actor in this context. A long
shot or wide shot can also be used as the first shot or master
shot of a new scene.
Point of view
is where the camera is used to enable the audience to
share a character's point of view - as if the camera were
seeing through their eyes.
is a shot showing two characters in the scene. It usually
involves a dialogue sequence between the two characters.
shows the actor's head and sometimes their shoulders.
This shot directs the audience's attention to the
significance of what that individual is doing, saying or
feeling at that particular time. The close-up shot can also
draw attention to an object which is of significance to the
the camera looks down at a character, making the viewer
feel more powerful than
him or her, or suggesting an air of detachment.
places camera below the character, exaggerating his or
Over the shoulder shot
Looking from behind a person at the subject, cutting off the
frame just behind the ear. The person facing the subject should
occupy about 1/3 of the frame. This shot helps to establish the
positions of each person, and get the feel of looking at one
person from the other's point of view. A variation of this shot
can be a bit wider and include the shoulder of the person
facing the subject.
Medium close shot (MCS)
The setting can still be seen. The lower frame line passes
through the chest of the actor. Medium shots are frequently
used for the tight presentation of two actors (the two shot),
or with dexterity three (the three shot).
Is one made from a position directly above the action.
Tilted/ canted shot
When the camera is tilted on its axis so that normally
vertical lines appear
slanted to the left or right, ordinary expectations are
frustrated. Such shots are often used in
mystery and suspense films to create a sense of unease in