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The Legacy of Paul
THE NEW TESTAMENT
Definitions
Canon
• Rule or “standard”
• Used by religious groups to refer to list of
books officially accepted as scriptu...
Second Century
Gnosticism:
• Valued the spiritual and despised the
material
Marcion (ca. 110-160):
• Wanted to remove Jewi...
Criteria for Writings to
be Included in Canon
• Orthodoxy
• Apostolic origin
• General
acceptance
• Citations by
bishops
Determining Canonization
• Books of NT were written by 150CE
• Origen of Alexandria (ca. 185-254):
using our 27 books by t...
Western Acceptance
• Pope Damasus (ca. 305-384):
• commissioned Jerome to produce Latin vulgate of
Bible
• completed in 40...
Today’s Canon
Catholic:
• Canon of Trent 1546 CE
• Included deuterocanonical books i.e. Apocrypha
• Used Jerome’s Latin vu...
New Testament Contents
• Gospels (4)
• Acts
• Letters from Paul to churches (9)
• Letters from Paul to individuals (4)
• L...
Letters/Epistles
“…It [a letter] conveyed the personal presence of the one who
sent it.” Powell, p229
Salutation:
• Author...
Method 1 of organizing Letters:
• Letters by Paul to churches
• Letters by Paul to individuals
• Anonymous letter to the H...
Method 2 of organizing Letters:
Pastoral Epistles : 3 letters addressed to
pastoral leaders of churches:
• 1 Timothy, 2 Ti...
Paul’s Letters
7 Undisputed: (Pauline)
• Romans, 1 Corinthians, 2
Corinthians, Galatians, Philippians, 1
Thessalonians, Ph...
Resources
• Introducing the New Testament
Mark Allan Powell
• The Movie “Luther”
Fiction 2003 (entertainment)
Powerpoint
By Stacey Atkins
This Presentation is the Intellectual Property of Stacey Atkins
www.SomethingDifferentMinistri...
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The legacy of paul second presentation

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Presentation on how the New Testament Canon was created and which of Paul's letters are considered Pauline, Deutero-Pauline and disputed. Also contains the general outline of an ancient letter.

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The legacy of paul second presentation

  1. 1. The Legacy of Paul THE NEW TESTAMENT
  2. 2. Definitions Canon • Rule or “standard” • Used by religious groups to refer to list of books officially accepted as scripture Apostolic Tradition • Chain of connection to Jesus and Paul • Early churches copied and shared writings within this tradition
  3. 3. Second Century Gnosticism: • Valued the spiritual and despised the material Marcion (ca. 110-160): • Wanted to remove Jewish influence over Christianity to make it purely Gentile • He rejected or edited many writings corrupt due to their “Jewishness” Other Christians: • Created gnostic writings then attributed them to Apostles • Continued until 4th Century Gospel of Judas
  4. 4. Criteria for Writings to be Included in Canon • Orthodoxy • Apostolic origin • General acceptance • Citations by bishops
  5. 5. Determining Canonization • Books of NT were written by 150CE • Origen of Alexandria (ca. 185-254): using our 27 books by the 200’s • Athanasius, Bishop of Alexandria (ca. 296-373): listed the 27 books we use now and called them canonized in his Easter Letter written in 367CE. • St. Augustine of Hippo (ca. 354-430): Councils of Carthage, 397, 419 recognized canon and considered it closed. “…the New Testament is not just a collection of early Christian writings; rather, it is a selection of those writings.” Powell, p51
  6. 6. Western Acceptance • Pope Damasus (ca. 305-384): • commissioned Jerome to produce Latin vulgate of Bible • completed in 405CE • Led to acceptance of the 27 books of New Testament we have now.
  7. 7. Today’s Canon Catholic: • Canon of Trent 1546 CE • Included deuterocanonical books i.e. Apocrypha • Used Jerome’s Latin vulgate translations, not Greek and Hebrew texts Protestant: • Reformation 1517-1685 • Luther rejected deuterocanonical books
  8. 8. New Testament Contents • Gospels (4) • Acts • Letters from Paul to churches (9) • Letters from Paul to individuals (4) • Letter to the Hebrews • Letters by others (7) • Revelation
  9. 9. Letters/Epistles “…It [a letter] conveyed the personal presence of the one who sent it.” Powell, p229 Salutation: • Author • Recipient • Greetings (Grace) Thanksgiving: • Good Health Main Body: • Reason for Writing Closing: • Good Health • Farewell
  10. 10. Method 1 of organizing Letters: • Letters by Paul to churches • Letters by Paul to individuals • Anonymous letter to the Hebrews • Letters by James, Peter, John and Jude 21 Letters
  11. 11. Method 2 of organizing Letters: Pastoral Epistles : 3 letters addressed to pastoral leaders of churches: • 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, Titus Captivity Epistles (Prison letters): 5 Letters that appear to have been written from prison: • Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, 2 Timothy, Philemon “Catholic” Epistles (General Letters): 7 letters written to the church at large: • James, 1 Peter, 2 Peter, 1 John, 2 John, 3 John, Jude 21 Letters - Continued
  12. 12. Paul’s Letters 7 Undisputed: (Pauline) • Romans, 1 Corinthians, 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Philippians, 1 Thessalonians, Philemon 3 Not written by Paul: Deutero-Pauline • Written in Paul’s name several years after his death • 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, Titus 3 Disputed Authorship • No scholarly consensus, majority see them as not from Paul or ”post Paul” • Ephesians, Colossians, 2 Thessalonians
  13. 13. Resources • Introducing the New Testament Mark Allan Powell • The Movie “Luther” Fiction 2003 (entertainment)
  14. 14. Powerpoint By Stacey Atkins This Presentation is the Intellectual Property of Stacey Atkins www.SomethingDifferentMinistries.org Copyright 2014

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