RedTerror – An Overview Birth of RedTerror in India Major RedTerror Attacks in India Reason Behind RedTerror Control Measure by Indian Government Is Rise of Insurgency Inevitable? Conclusion
The word which caught the attention of many has its root from Naxalism orMaoism which refer to various militant communist groups operating in differentparts of India ( Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha, West Bengal and AndhraPradesh). They have been declared as a terrorist organization under the UnlawfulActivities Prevention Act 1967. The term Naxal derives from the name of the village Naxalbhari in West Bengal,where the movement had its origin. It is estimated that 20,000 armed cadreNaxalites are operating and their growing influence prompted Indian PrimeMinister to declare them to be most Serious Internal Threat to national security.
CPM led by Kanu Sanyal,and Jangal Santhal initiated a violent uprising in 1967.The week following 18 May 1967 a sharecropper near Naxalbhari village wasattacked by the landlords men over a land dispute. On 24 May, when a policeteam arrived to arrest the peasant leaders, a police inspector was killed. This event encouraged many tribals and other poor people to join themovement and to start attacking local landlords. Mao Zedong providedideological leadership for Naxalbhari movement, advocating that Indianpeasants and lower class tribals overthrow the government and upper classesby force for adopting armed struggle to redistribute land to the landless.
The Bengal Violence 1970 – Birth of Naxalism in India – Under Leadership ofMajumdhar Naxalites took over Jadavpur University and used the machine shopfacilities to make pipe guns to attack the police. Their head quarter wasPresidency College, Kolkata. The Naxalites found supporters among some of the educated & the urban elite,and many contemporary Indian leaders and thinkers, which became a hotbed ofNaxalites activities. The West Bengal police fought back to stop the Naxalites.With Arrest and death of Majumdhar in Alipore Jail, movement was fragmented.
2002 : An estimated 140 people were killed in fighting between the People War Group(PWG) and government forces throughout the year. 2003 : An October assassination attempt on Chief Minister N. ChandrababuNaidu and as many as 500 people were killed in the subsequent conflict. 2004 – 2009 : A Total of 3743 were killed, half of it are innocents and number ofsecurity personals killed increased every year. Gadcharoli Massacre (17 Killed). 2010 - 2013 : Dramatic rise of Insurgency in India: April 6 – 2010 : Dantewada Massacre - Killed 74 CRPF and 2 Police Forces. May 28 – 2010 : Derailment of Kolkata – Mumbai Express 150 Dead. June 29 -2010 : 26 Policemen Killed – Subsequently Police Inspector Francis Beheaded. June – July 2012 : 53 Security Forces and 4 INC Leaders killed May 25 – 2013 : Darbha Valley Massacre - 24 INC leaders Killed, Including Former CM.
Reason in Early 1960‟s: Landlords frequently moved the court to delayimplementation of land reforms, connived with local politicians and bureaucrats,making land reform process slow and cumbersome. Land reforms failed in the end. Reason in 1990‟s: The social structure of society could be cited as resurgence ofNaxalites. Presence of poor section of society, with no resources to meet theirquality requirements. Poverty, Corruption and Lack of Education and failure ofgovernment to reach out to these areas. Reason after Operation Green Hunt: Kishenji on Operation Green Hunt:“We have not started it and we will not stop it first. Let us see whether the centralgovernment is honest about a solution and we will definitely co-operate. This is theanswer to Chidambarams Operation Green Hunt and unless the Centre stop thisinhuman military operation, we are going to answer the Centre this way only.”
Operation Green Hunt – Big question on its Success. Kishenji Encounter – 24 November 2011 – 30 MinuteGun Fight. Rise of insurgency never stopped. Roshini: Reaching out to youths in Naxal-hit areas. Centre launched a placement linked skill developmentscheme targeting 50,000 rural men and women,mostly tribals, in 24 worst affected districts. At least 50 per cent of the candidates covered underthe scheme will be women and particularly vulnerabletribal groups (PVTGs) on a priority basis.
Is it wrong to call the Maoist as Red Terror Groups? Is the government responsible for the rise of insurgency? Is Status of the Society a big cause for the Red Terror? Development – Is it a far way ahead in Naxal-Affected Areas? Can the Tribals be held responsible for Red Terror Promotion?
Is the process of blaming healthy for a Democratic Country? Is there a need to strategize an education-based solution? Should Bureaucrats be held responsible for growth of this red terror? Does it paves way for foreign forces to Destabilize our nation? Are we not responsible to create awareness amongst all Indians?
Naxalites have caused blood bath to happen in the mainland of our countryIndia. Still their claim of an corrupt-free society by bridging the gap between therich and the poor is always acceptable. Only reason that could be found wrong with the Naxalites is their attack on theinnocents and Security Force. But their claim of Revenge against OperationGreen Hunt is also seem to be having a great social concern. The main responsibility lies in all Indians to develop the under devolved regioneliminating poverty and providing basic education wherein the responsibility ofGovernment seems to be higher. Finally it reminds me of a saying.........................
1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naxalite - Page on Naxalism – To Collect data onthe Number of Deaths due to Naxalism every Year.2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Communist_Party_of_India_(Maoist) –Page onMaoism in India – To Collect the Birth of Naxalism in India.3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naxalite_Maoist_insurgency - Wikipedia Page onInsurgency in Central India – To gather the Kishenji Statement on OperationGreen Hunt. Article on Times Now – To Collect Details about „Roshini‟Initiative.