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A computer program designed to simulate conversation with human
users, especially over the Internet.
Examples of Chatbot
 Eliza
 Cortana
 Siri
• Productivity : Chatbots provide the assistance or access to
information quickly and efficiently.
• Entertainment : Chatbots amuse people by giving them funny
tips, they also help killing time when users have nothing to
do.
Factors of Motivation
Social and relational factors : Chatbots fuel conversions and
enhance social experiences. Chatting with bots also helps to
avoid loneliness, gives a chance to talk without being judged.
Curiosity : The novelty of chatbots sparks curiosity. People want
to explore their abilities and to try something new.
How it all started?
Eliza – the first chat bot was made by JosephWeizenbaum.
Working of Eliza is based on
 Knowledge Representation
 Pattern Recognition
 Substitution of key words into known phrases.
•Simple chatbots work based on pre-written
keywords that they understand. Each of these
commands must be written by the developer
separately using regular expressions or other
forms of string analysis. If the user has asked a
question without using a single keyword, the bot
can not understand it and, as a rule, responds
with messages like “sorry, I did not understand”.
Types of Chatbots
Smart chatbots
rely on artificial
intelligence when they
communicate with users.
Instead of pre-prepared
answers, the bot responds
with adequate suggestions
on the topic.
How is the Chatbot
trained?
• Training a chatbot happens at much faster and
larger scale than we teach a human.
• For example:-Humans Customer Service
Representatives are given manuals and have them
read it and understand.
• While the Customer Support Chatbot is fed with
thousands of conversation logs and from those
logs, the chatbot is able to understand what type
of question requires what type of answers.
• For example: If a customer is asking ,
“Where is my payment receipt?” and “I have not received a payment
receipt”, mean the same thing.
• Developers strength is in training
The models so that the chatbot
is able to connect both of those
questions to correct intent
and as an output produces
the correct answer.
Once the chatbot is ready and is live interacting
with customers, smart feedback loops can be
implemented. During the conversation when
customers ask a question, chatbot smartly give
thema couple of answers by providing different
options like “Did you mean a,b or c”.
That way customers themselves matches the
questions with actual possible intents and that
information can be used to retrain the machine
learning model, hence improving the chatbot’s
accuracy.
How does the chatbot learn after it is live?
Despite, there are limitations in place assuring that the model should not
change based on new replies where users are not driving the bot in right
direction. Chatbot will also not just rephrase what the people say in the
chat but it is indeed taught to answer things that the bot’s owner wants it
to answer.
• There is a general worry that the
bot can’t understand the intent of
the customer.
• The bots are first trained with the
actual data.
• Most companies that already have a
chatbot must be having logs of
conversations.
How can chatbot process human
language?
• Developers use that logs to analyze
what customers are trying to ask
and what does that mean.
• With a combination of Machine
Learning models and tools built,
developers match questions that
customer asks and answers with the
best suitable answer.
•Reduced costs – chatbots
eliminate the requirement of any
manpower during online
interaction.
• 24-7 availability – Chatbots
once installed, are available 24 ×
7.
Advantages
• Learning and Updating – AI-based chatbots
are capable of learning from interactions
and updating themselves on their own.
• Multiple Customer Handling – Humans
have a limit to the number of clients they can
handle at once. However, with chatbots,
there is no such constraint and they can
handle as many queries as required at once.
•Complex Interface – Chatbots often
require a lot of time to understand
user’s requirement.
•Inability to Understand – Due to fixed
programs, chatbots can be stuck if an
unsaved query is presented in front of
them. This can lead to customer
dissatisfaction and result in loss.
Disadvantages
• Time-Consuming – Chatbots are installedwith the motive to speed-up the
response andimprove customer interaction. However, due to limited data-
availability and time requiredfor self-updating, this process appears more
time-taking and expensive.
• Increased Installation Cost – Every chatbot needs to be
programmeddifferently for a new business which
increases the initial installation cost. This also increases
the time neededto prepare for the program.
•E-commerce bots: From ordering pizza
to ordering shoes.
•Event reservation – restaurant
reservations, doctor appointments,
movie tickets etc.
•Travel bots – from saving you money
on booking flights to helping you
connect with locals and tourist guides.
Application
s
• Next-generation chatbots will
become increasingly utilitarian.
•Chatbots will become more
specialized.
•As bots become more specialized
and popular, they will proliferate;
managing themcould become as
overwhelming as managing apps
is today.
Future Scope
antraaa-181127090143.pdf

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antraaa-181127090143.pdf

  • 1.
  • 2. A computer program designed to simulate conversation with human users, especially over the Internet.
  • 3. Examples of Chatbot  Eliza  Cortana  Siri
  • 4. • Productivity : Chatbots provide the assistance or access to information quickly and efficiently. • Entertainment : Chatbots amuse people by giving them funny tips, they also help killing time when users have nothing to do. Factors of Motivation
  • 5. Social and relational factors : Chatbots fuel conversions and enhance social experiences. Chatting with bots also helps to avoid loneliness, gives a chance to talk without being judged. Curiosity : The novelty of chatbots sparks curiosity. People want to explore their abilities and to try something new.
  • 6. How it all started? Eliza – the first chat bot was made by JosephWeizenbaum. Working of Eliza is based on  Knowledge Representation  Pattern Recognition  Substitution of key words into known phrases.
  • 7. •Simple chatbots work based on pre-written keywords that they understand. Each of these commands must be written by the developer separately using regular expressions or other forms of string analysis. If the user has asked a question without using a single keyword, the bot can not understand it and, as a rule, responds with messages like “sorry, I did not understand”. Types of Chatbots
  • 8. Smart chatbots rely on artificial intelligence when they communicate with users. Instead of pre-prepared answers, the bot responds with adequate suggestions on the topic.
  • 9. How is the Chatbot trained? • Training a chatbot happens at much faster and larger scale than we teach a human. • For example:-Humans Customer Service Representatives are given manuals and have them read it and understand. • While the Customer Support Chatbot is fed with thousands of conversation logs and from those logs, the chatbot is able to understand what type of question requires what type of answers.
  • 10. • For example: If a customer is asking , “Where is my payment receipt?” and “I have not received a payment receipt”, mean the same thing. • Developers strength is in training The models so that the chatbot is able to connect both of those questions to correct intent and as an output produces the correct answer.
  • 11. Once the chatbot is ready and is live interacting with customers, smart feedback loops can be implemented. During the conversation when customers ask a question, chatbot smartly give thema couple of answers by providing different options like “Did you mean a,b or c”. That way customers themselves matches the questions with actual possible intents and that information can be used to retrain the machine learning model, hence improving the chatbot’s accuracy. How does the chatbot learn after it is live?
  • 12. Despite, there are limitations in place assuring that the model should not change based on new replies where users are not driving the bot in right direction. Chatbot will also not just rephrase what the people say in the chat but it is indeed taught to answer things that the bot’s owner wants it to answer.
  • 13. • There is a general worry that the bot can’t understand the intent of the customer. • The bots are first trained with the actual data. • Most companies that already have a chatbot must be having logs of conversations. How can chatbot process human language?
  • 14. • Developers use that logs to analyze what customers are trying to ask and what does that mean. • With a combination of Machine Learning models and tools built, developers match questions that customer asks and answers with the best suitable answer.
  • 15. •Reduced costs – chatbots eliminate the requirement of any manpower during online interaction. • 24-7 availability – Chatbots once installed, are available 24 × 7. Advantages
  • 16. • Learning and Updating – AI-based chatbots are capable of learning from interactions and updating themselves on their own. • Multiple Customer Handling – Humans have a limit to the number of clients they can handle at once. However, with chatbots, there is no such constraint and they can handle as many queries as required at once.
  • 17. •Complex Interface – Chatbots often require a lot of time to understand user’s requirement. •Inability to Understand – Due to fixed programs, chatbots can be stuck if an unsaved query is presented in front of them. This can lead to customer dissatisfaction and result in loss. Disadvantages
  • 18. • Time-Consuming – Chatbots are installedwith the motive to speed-up the response andimprove customer interaction. However, due to limited data- availability and time requiredfor self-updating, this process appears more time-taking and expensive. • Increased Installation Cost – Every chatbot needs to be programmeddifferently for a new business which increases the initial installation cost. This also increases the time neededto prepare for the program.
  • 19. •E-commerce bots: From ordering pizza to ordering shoes. •Event reservation – restaurant reservations, doctor appointments, movie tickets etc. •Travel bots – from saving you money on booking flights to helping you connect with locals and tourist guides. Application s
  • 20. • Next-generation chatbots will become increasingly utilitarian. •Chatbots will become more specialized. •As bots become more specialized and popular, they will proliferate; managing themcould become as overwhelming as managing apps is today. Future Scope