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Polonnaruwa - Sri Lanka

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Presentation done by Jetwing Travels new recruits:

-Ushman Ali
-Damith Fernando
-Suren Ambrose
-J. Pathiratne
-Darren Mario

Published in: Spiritual, Travel, Technology
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Polonnaruwa - Sri Lanka

  1. 1. A Y U B O W A N
  2. 2. <ul><ul><li>Introduction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kings who ruled Polonnaruwa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stupas and Monuments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Image Houses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ancient Palaces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul></ul>CONTENT
  3. 3. THE KINGS WHO RULED POLONNARUWA <ul><li>CHOLA 1017-1070 </li></ul><ul><li>VIJAYABAHU – 1 1070-1110 </li></ul><ul><li>JAYABAHU – 1 1110-1111 </li></ul><ul><li>VIKRAMABAHU – 1 1111-1132 </li></ul><ul><li>GAJABAHU – 11 1132-1159 </li></ul><ul><li>PARAKRAMABAHU – 1 1153-1186 </li></ul><ul><li>VIJAYABAHU – 11 1186-1187 </li></ul><ul><li>NISSANKAMALLA 1187-1196 </li></ul><ul><li>VIKRAMABAHU – 11 1196 </li></ul><ul><li>CHODA GANGA 1196-1197 </li></ul><ul><li>LILAWATHEE 1197-2000 </li></ul><ul><li>SAHASA MALLAWA 1200-1202 </li></ul><ul><li>KALYANAWATHI 1202-1208 </li></ul><ul><li>DHARMASHOKA 1208-1209 </li></ul><ul><li>ANIKANGA MAHADIPADA 1209 </li></ul><ul><li>LILAWATHEE (2 nd time) 1209-1210 </li></ul><ul><li>LOKESHWARA 1210-1211 </li></ul><ul><li>LILAWATHEE ( 3 rd time) 1211-1212 </li></ul><ul><li>PARAKRAMABAHU PANDU 1212-1215 </li></ul><ul><li>MAGHA (Kalinga Vijayabahu) 1215-1236 </li></ul>
  4. 4. POLONNARUWA <ul><li>RANKOTH VEHARA </li></ul><ul><li>KIRI VEHARA </li></ul><ul><li>WATADAGEYA </li></ul>
  5. 5. TYPES OF STUPA <ul><li>GHANTAKARA - (Bell shape) </li></ul><ul><li>GHATAKARA - (Pot shape) </li></ul><ul><li>PADAMAKARA - (Lotus shape) </li></ul><ul><li>DHANYAKARA – (Heap of paddy shape) </li></ul><ul><li>BUBBULAKARA - (Bubble shape) </li></ul><ul><li>AMLAKARA - (Shape of Nelli fruit) </li></ul>
  6. 6. PARTS OF STUPA <ul><li>PESAVALALU – Berms or terraces </li></ul><ul><li>GHARBAYA – Hemispherical Dome </li></ul><ul><li>HATHARAS KOTUWA – Tee Cube </li></ul><ul><li>DEVATHA KOTUWA – Cylindrical neck </li></ul><ul><li>KOTH KERELLA – Conical Spire </li></ul><ul><li>KOTHA </li></ul>
  7. 7. RANKOTH VEHARA Build by king Nissankamalla
  8. 8. RANKOTH VEHARA <ul><li>BUILD BY – King Nissankamalla </li></ul><ul><li>HEIGHT – 55mtrs </li></ul><ul><li>OLD NAME – Ruwanvali dagaba </li></ul>
  9. 9. KIRI VEHARA
  10. 10. KIRI VEHARA <ul><li>BUILD BY – King Parakramabahu </li></ul><ul><li>HEIGHT – 95 mtrs </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Sage (King Parakramabahu) IT IS A 12 TH CENTURY STATUE OFTEN REFERRED TO AS “THE SAGE”BUT POPULARLY BELIEVED TO REPRESENT PARAKRAMBAHU.
  12. 12. The Vatadage DESPITE CLAIMING TO HAVE DONE SO,THE VATADAGE WAS NOT BUILT BY NISSANKAMALLA BUT ONLY REPAIRED AND EMBELLISHED BY HIM.
  13. 13. Gal Vihare-Rock Shrine THE MOST IMPRESSIVE SCULPTURES AT POLONNARUWA ARE THE COLOSSAL BUDDHA IMAGES CARVED ON THE FACE OF A GRANITEBOULDER AT THE GAL VIHARE.
  14. 14. Royal Palace
  15. 15. Audience Hall
  16. 16. Parakrama Samudraya “ Not even a little water that comes from the rain must flow into the ocean without being made useful to man”
  17. 17. Lankathilakaya
  18. 18. Hindu influence Buddhist architecture
  19. 19. * Two great walls *Very impressive
  20. 20. Thuparamaya
  21. 21. whole building as survived over 900 years miraculously
  22. 22. The statue are made of the precious stone which reflect sunlight illuminating
  23. 23. Thiwanka Image House
  24. 25. Frescos showing the Jathaka Stories
  25. 26. Uncommon lady Bahirawa Image
  26. 27. Thank You

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