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Artha Finals - Sci Biz Tech Quiz

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Sci Biz Tech Quiz conducted at NIT, Calicut for Tathva 2016.

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Artha Finals - Sci Biz Tech Quiz

  1. 1. ARTHA : THE SCI BIZ TECH QUIZ Tathva 2016 Sunday, 23 October 2016 NIT Calicut
  2. 2. WELCOME TO THE FINALS! 4 Rounds. 44 Questions.
  3. 3. RULES AND REGULATIONS  The quiz is going to be a relatively short one, with 44 questions in total. The quiz is more of a business quiz (it’s called Artha), but there are a few geeky questions.  There will be four rounds: two dry rounds, each of 12 questions, and two written rounds, each of 10 questions. The details regarding the written rounds will be given when they come.  For the dry rounds, bounce and pounce rules apply. +10/-10 on the pounce, +10/0 on the bounce.  The pounce window remains for 15secs after I complete reading the question. Please raise your hands, all answers will be checked at the end of the pounce window.  Please refrain from using your cellphones.
  4. 4. WRITTEN ROUND 1 10 Questions. Bonus +10 if you get all correct.
  5. 5. STORIES BEHIND LOGOS  The following written round contains ten questions, the answers of all of which have something to do with brand logos.  +10 for each right answer, a bonus +10 will be awarded if you get all ten answers correct.
  6. 6. 1. Though relatively unknown, Ronald Wayne was one of the co- founders of a now major technological force. Mimicking the style of a Victorian woodcut, the logo that Wayne designed depicted Sir Isaac Newton sitting beneath a tree. Around the border was printed a quotation from William Wordsworth’s The Prelude: ‘A mind forever wandering through strange seas of thought, alone.’ However Ronald Wayne bailed out extremely early, selling his 10% stake in the company for a measly sum of $800, in addition to a $1,500 he received to seal the deal. Which company?
  7. 7. 2. X is an American retail sporting company and is today one of the world’s largest manufacturers of surfwear and other boardsport related equipment. It’s logo, designed by the company founder Alan Green and John Law, was inspired by the Japanese painter Hokusai’s woodcut The Great Wave of Kanagawa. X also produces a line of apparel for young women, under the brand name Y. The Y logo consists of two copies of the X logo, one reflected, forming a heart. Images on the next slide. Give me X and Y. Part points on offer.
  8. 8. 3. X was created in Bern, Switzerland in the year 1908. The creator along with cousin developed a unique milk chocolate including nougat, almonds and honey with a distinctive triangular shape. The image of a bear is hidden in the Matterhorn high mountain, symbolizing Bern, which is nicknamed the City of Bears. Easy points. Give me X.
  9. 9. 4. This company derives its name from the Latin word for envy. This sense is a ‘looking upon’ associated with the evil eye. Naturally, the company took advantage of this by including the symbolic eye in their logo. The usage of green further enforces the ‘envious’ qualities of the products bearing their logo. Which company?
  10. 10. 5. Obviously, you know what company it is. Just tell me where would you find this specific logo.
  11. 11. 6. The logo of this massively popular online video game is basically a miniature representation of the map on which it is played. The line across represents the river which divides the two teams that play the game – known as the Radiant and the Dire, who occupy opposite corners of the map. Which game?
  12. 12. 7. X is a brand of lemon-lime flavoured, non-caffeinated soft drink. X was created by Charles Leiper Grigg and was originally named ‘Bib- Label Lithiated Lemon-Lime Soda’. It contained lithium citrate, a mood-stabilizing drug until the 1950s. Though the origins of the name X is unclear, there is an interesting theory behind its logo. The logo contains three bubbles and is said to represent the atomic number of Lithium, 3. Give me X.
  13. 13. 8. This British sportsman hired Aesop Agency to come up with this unique logo, which combines his initials with the number 77. X became the first British sportsman in 77 years to achieve a unique feat in the year 2013 and is also the name of the management company following his second grand-slam victory. Who is X?
  14. 14. 9. These trucks were initially part of the Dodge lineup, and the name was first used in the year 1981 and the logo was initially used as a hood ornament. By the 1990s, hood ornaments were out of fashion and the logo needed to be adapted into a consistent, identifiable badge. The lineup became its own brand when Fiat acquired Chrysler in 2009. Because the logo was more appropriate for the strength and power of these trucks, Dodge relinquished the logo to the newly formed brand. There is one notable similarity that drives die-hard fans of these trucks crazy: the striking resemblance of the ram’s head to a uterus. If you don’t know what looks like, there is an image on the next slide. Give me the company.
  15. 15. 10. In 2008, X spent several hundred million dollars on a new logo. A year later, an internal document surfaced from the branding company that looks like breathtaking bullshit. Obviously, they couldn’t say that they just tinkered around with the old logo a little bit, so they came up with a 27-page document titled Breathtaking Design Strategy. Images from this bullshit follow on the next slide. Identify the company that got majorly scammed.
  16. 16. ANSWERS TO WRITTEN ROUND 1
  17. 17. 1. Though relatively unknown, Ronald Wayne was one of the co- founders of a now major technological force. Mimicking the style of a Victorian woodcut, the logo that Wayne designed depicted Sir Isaac Newton sitting beneath a tree. Around the border was printed a quotation from William Wordsworth’s The Prelude: ‘A mind forever wandering through strange seas of thought, alone.’ However Ronald Wayne bailed out extremely early, selling his 10% stake in the company for a measly sum of $800, in addition to a $1,500 he received to seal the deal. Which company?
  18. 18. ANSWER Apple, Inc.
  19. 19. 2. X is an American retail sporting company and is today one of the world’s largest manufacturers of surfwear and other boardsport related equipment. It’s logo, designed by the company founder Alan Green and John Law, was inspired by the Japanese painter Hokusai’s woodcut The Great Wave of Kanagawa. X also produces a line of apparel for young women, under the brand name Y. The Y logo consists of two copies of the X logo, one reflected, forming a heart. Images on the next slide. Give me X and Y. Part points on offer.
  20. 20. ANSWER X – Quiksilver Y – Roxy
  21. 21. 3. X was created in Bern, Switzerland in the year 1908. The creator along with cousin developed a unique milk chocolate including nougat, almonds and honey with a distinctive triangular shape. The image of a bear is hidden in the Matterhorn high mountain, symbolizing Bern, which is nicknamed the City of Bears. Easy points. Give me X.
  22. 22. ANSWER Toblerone.
  23. 23. 4. This company derives its name from the Latin word for envy. This sense is a ‘looking upon’ associated with the evil eye. Naturally, the company took advantage of this by including the symbolic eye in their logo. The usage of green further enforces the ‘envious’ qualities of the products bearing their logo. Which company?
  24. 24. ANSWER Nvidia.
  25. 25. 5. Obviously, you know what company it is. Just tell me where would you find this specific logo.
  26. 26. ANSWER Saudi Arabia. For obvious reasons.
  27. 27. 6. The logo of this massively popular online video game is basically a miniature representation of the map on which it is played. The line across represents the river which divides the two teams that play the game – known as the Radiant and the Dire, who occupy opposite corners of the map. Which game?
  28. 28. ANSWER Dota 2.
  29. 29. 7. X is a brand of lemon-lime flavoured, non-caffeinated soft drink. X was created by Charles Leiper Grigg and was originally named ‘Bib- Label Lithiated Lemon-Lime Soda’. It contained lithium citrate, a mood-stabilizing drug until the 1950s. Though the origins of the name X is unclear, there is an interesting theory behind its logo. The logo contains three bubbles and is said to represent the atomic number of Lithium, 3. Give me X.
  30. 30. ANSWER 7-Up.
  31. 31. 8. This British sportsman hired Aesop Agency to come up with this unique logo, which combines his initials with the number 77. X became the first British sportsman in 77 years to achieve a unique feat in the year 2013 and is also the name of the management company following his second grand-slam victory. Who is X?
  32. 32. ANSWER
  33. 33. 9. These trucks were initially part of the Dodge lineup, and the name was first used in the year 1981 and the logo was initially used as a hood ornament. By the 1990s, hood ornaments were out of fashion and the logo needed to be adapted into a consistent, identifiable badge. The lineup became its own brand when Fiat acquired Chrysler in 2009. Because the logo was more appropriate for the strength and power of these trucks, Dodge relinquished the logo to the newly formed brand. There is one notable similarity that drives die-hard fans of these trucks crazy: the striking resemblance of the ram’s head to a uterus. If you don’t know what looks like, there is an image on the next slide. Give me the company.
  34. 34. ANSWER RAM trucks, formerly Dodge RAM trucks.
  35. 35. 10. In 2008, X spent several hundred million dollars on a new logo. A year later, an internal document surfaced from the branding company that looks like breathtaking bullshit. Obviously, they couldn’t say that they just tinkered around with the old logo a little bit, so they came up with a 27-page document titled Breathtaking Design Strategy. Images from this bullshit follow on the next slide. Identify the company that got majorly scammed.
  36. 36. ANSWER Pepsi.
  37. 37. CLOCKWISE DRIES 12 Questions +10/-10 on the Pounce. +10 on the Bounce.
  38. 38. 1. Easy one to start proceedings. Raghuram Rajan, the former RBI governor, resigned on September 4, 2016. However, the new governor, Dr. Urjit Patel, only assumed office in a private handover ceremony on September 6, 2016. Why?
  39. 39. ANSWER Though he officially assumed charge on September 4 – a Sunday, the handover took place on Tuesday, September 6, as September 5 was a holiday on the occasion of Ganesh Chaturthi.
  40. 40. 2. Fill me in on both the black boxes. Full points only if both answers are correct. Spellings matter. Larger image on the next slide.
  41. 41. ANSWER Teresa May, the British pornstar on how Britons thought she was the new Prime Minister, Theresa May.
  42. 42. 3. Shown is the logo for a UK-based global campaign that was launched on 10 February 2010. The term was coined by economist Hunter Logan in 1998 and commonly refers to a package of financial transaction taxes. This, when implemented, would affect a wider range of asset classes including the purchase and sale of stocks, bonds, commodities, unit trusts, mutual funds and derivatives. What is the name?
  43. 43. ANSWER The Robin Hood Tax.
  44. 44. 4. Shown in the picture is an advertisement by a popular South African chain of restaurants specializing in Afro-Portuguese cuisine. The advertisement created quite an uproar, with many including politician Omar Abdullah claiming it to be sexist. Just tell me the brand. Image on the next slide.
  45. 45. ANSWERS Nando’s.
  46. 46. 5. X, a major confectionary company, has developed an algorithm Y which it claims can ascertain the mood of the internet. The algorithm can identify slangs and sarcasm, analyse around 14,000 social posts a day. Based on the research X decides the price of its bar at 7-Eleven stores in Australia. Id X and Y?
  47. 47. ANSWER X – Mars, Inc. Y – Hungerithm for Snickers. (Hungry Kya?)
  48. 48. 6. Three Icelanders have come up with an app named Iselindingabok, which basically means 'bump the app before you get in bed'. What typically Icelandic problem does the app aim to solve? Hint: You will almost never face this problem in India.
  49. 49. ANSWER Iselindingabok contains a massive genealogical database, which helps Icelanders identify their family members and see if they are related. With a population of only 300,000+ people, there is a high probability that the person you’re about to sleep with can be related to you, and the app works as an anti-incest app.
  50. 50. 7. A ticketing app by the name TodayTix has introduced a line of X that aims to combat a common problem faced at cinema halls. The product line includes items such as Anti Gas Lime and Mint Drink and are packaged in soft fabrics and silicone cups. What problem are they looking to solve?
  51. 51. ANSWERS TodayTix partnered with the culinary team at Teatime to create silent snacks, basically to prevent people from being irritated by the rustling of plastic bags, chomping or burping by other people at the cinema hall.
  52. 52. 8. The early Maruti 800s, though immensely popular, had a major design flaw, making it notoriously popular with terrorist organizations. At a time when car bombs were gaining popularity as against to shootouts, Maruti noticed that in most scenarios the car that was used for the bombing turned out to be a 800. Interestingly, none of the cars turned out to be registered to the terrorists or affiliated with them in any way, but were owned by normal people - enabling the terrorists to leave no trace. What major design flaw is this, which was later rectified?
  53. 53. ANSWER Old Maruti 800s had the same key for the ignition and the petrol tank. They had a lock for the petrol tank outside, unlike modern cars where the door is inside the car. So terrorists used to pry open the petrol tank, make a duplicate of the key and use that to steal the vehicle.
  54. 54. 9. It is said that Carolous Clusius introduced this to the Netherlands in the year 1593 at Leiden. They went on to become immensely popular that at the peak of the X-mania in 1637, some X sold for more than 10 times the annual income of a skilled craftsman. X-mania is considered by most economists to be the first recorded speculative bubble, coinciding with the Dutch Golden Age. The 1637 event was popularized by British journalist Charles Mackay, who claimed that at one point 12 acres (5 ha) of land were offered for a rare variety of X. X-mania is also the backdrop of a 2017 Hollywood movie, starring Alicia Vikander and Cara Delevingne, adapted from a book by Deborah Moggach. If that helps.
  55. 55. ANSWER Tulip Mania.
  56. 56. 10. Screen grab from a Uber user’s phone in China. Simply put funda.
  57. 57. ANSWER Scammers in China are replacing their profile pictures with those of zombies to scare passengers. The passengers, freaked out after seeing what their driver looks like, cancel the trip and the scammer pockets the cancellation fee without going anywhere.
  58. 58. 11. While working with other team members, Andy Hertzfeld of the original development team decided to add a special key that could trigger a specified set of actions. Upon seeing the initial logo, his boss was furious and a hasty redesign ensued. Bitmap artist Susan Kare pored through an international symbol dictionary and came up with a Swedish symbol that means an attraction in a campground. Alternately known as the Gorgon loop, the splat, or in Unicode, 'a place of interest sign', what are we talking about?
  59. 59. ANSWER The Apple command logo.
  60. 60. 12. The term X was popularized by Neil deGrasse Tyson, an eminent astrophysicist and New York resident. It is a reference to Y, a monument located at Wiltshire, England, which was constructed so that the rising sun, seen from the center of the monument at the time of the summer solstice, aligns with the outer ‘Heel Stone’. In accordance with the Commisioner’s Plan of 1811, the street grid for most of X is rotated 29° clockwise from true east-west. Thus, when the azimuth for sunset is 299°, the sunset aligns with streets on that grid. The phenomenon X occurs twice a year, on dates evenly spaced around the summer solstice and is a popular tourist attraction. Images of the phenomenon on the next slide. I need both X and Y on the pounce.
  61. 61. ANSWER X – Manhattanhenge or the Manhattan Solstice. Y – Stonehenge.
  62. 62. WRITTEN ROUND 2 10 Questions. Bonus +10 if you get all correct.
  63. 63. ELEMENTS NAMED AFTER PLACES  The following written round contains ten questions, the answers of all of which are elements in the periodic table.  The names of these elements are derived from terrestrial locations and in each question of the round there will be clue that takes you there.  The etymology need not be the English name of the place.  I’ve made this usually hard round as simple as possible, but if you still need clues, the only clue I will provide is the periodic table. Make some noise if you need to refer the same!
  64. 64. 1. The capital city of this country, Nicosia, is divided by “The Green Line.” This line is also known as the UN buffer zone. It is the only capital in the world that is divided between two nations, though neither of the two nations are officially recognized. The country is one of the wealthiest island nations in the Mediterranean, and is an extremely popular tourist destination. This country gave it’s name to the metal named after it, as it became extremely wealthy during the time period between the Neolithic Age and the Bronze Age.
  65. 65. 2. This region, whose Latin name gives rise to this element, was a region in Western Europe during the Iron Age that was inhabited by Celtic tribes, encompassing present day France, Luxembourg, Belgium, most of Switzerland, Northern Italy, as well as the parts of the Netherlands, Central Italy and Germany on the west bank of the Rhine. According to the testimony of Julius Caesar, X was divided into three parts: Celtica, Belgica and Aquitania. The comic strip Asterix is set in this area and is about the inhabitants resisting Roman occupation, set in 50BC. Give me the region and the element named after it.
  66. 66. 3. The historical crest of this football club received a makeover in 2013 under the club President Nasser Al-Khelaifi's approval with a renovated and modern design. Club shareholder Qatar Sports Investments wanted to take full advantage of the city's global appeal and the new crest clearly brought to the fore the name "X," which is written in large bold letters. On top of that, the cradle which marked the birth of Louis XIV was discarded and in place the fleur-de-lis sits solely. Lutèce Falco 1991 is also the name of one of the club’s notable former Ultra groups. Give me the modern name of this city, the ancient name of which, gave rise to the element I’m looking for. +5 for the modern name. +5 for the ancient name and metal.
  67. 67. 4. This German-born Swiss novelist, poet and painter shares his last name with a federal state of Germany, the largest city of which is Frankfurt. A 1946 Nobel laureate, his works explore an individual’s search for authenticity, self-knowledge and spirituality. Siddhartha, a 1922 novel written by him, is still quoted as one of his finest works written during his psychoanalytic period. Tell me the name of the state and the element named after it.
  68. 68. 5. The statue in the picture is among iconic statues that symbolize cities; others include: Manneken Pis in Brussels, the Statue of Liberty in New York City and Christ the Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro. In several cases, cities have commissioned statues for such a purpose, such as with Singapore's Merlion. The name of the city reflects its origin as a harbour for trade and commerce, the literal English translation of which would be ‘Chapman’s haven’. The Latin name of the city is the etymology of the element I’m looking for. Full points if you give me the element and the Latin name. Part points on offer if you give me the modern day name of the city. Image on the next slide.
  69. 69. 6. A far-northern location in classical Europe and cartography, Thule is often considered to be an island in antiquity. Modern interpretations often consider the location to be X, an interpretation supported by modern calculations. The term ultima Thule in medieval geographies denotes any distant place located beyond the "borders of the known world. Give me the name of the element and the modern-day name of the location that I am describing above. Part points for the element name, full points if you give me both the element and the location.
  70. 70. 7. The metro system of this city is often called ‘the longest art gallery’ with more than 90 of the network's 100 stations decorated with sculptures, rock formations, mosaics, paintings, installations, engravings and reliefs by over 150 different artists. It is the most populous city in the Nordic countries and is spread around 14 islands, giving the city a distinct appearance. Part points for the modern name of the city. Full points if you get the Latin name and the element.
  71. 71. 8. X is a proper geographical exonym for Keivan Rus’ a loose federation of East Slavic tribes in Europe from the late 9th to the mid-13th century, under the reign of the Rurik dynasty. The modern peoples of Belarus, Ukraine, and Y all claim Kievan Rus' as their cultural ancestors. The Baltic German scientist Karl Ernst Claus discovered the element in 1844 and named it after his homeland, the Y Empire, who’s Latin name is X. Give me both X and Y. Part points on offer.
  72. 72. 9. Where would come across this, and what is the name of the element named after this really smart place?
  73. 73. 10. I love freebies, and here is one question which is one. Ytterby is a village on the Swedish island Resarö, in Vaxholm Municipality in the Stockholm archipelago. At a quarry and mine near the village, the rare earth mineral yttria was discovered and named after the village. This crude mineral eventually proved to be the source of four new elements that were named after the mineral ore and the village. In 1989 the ASM International society installed a plaque at the former entrance to the mine, commemorating the mine as a historical landmark +2.5 for each of the four elements.
  74. 74. ANSWERS TO WRITTEN ROUND 2
  75. 75. 1. The capital city of this country, Nicosia, is divided by “The Green Line.” This line is also known as the UN buffer zone. It is the only capital in the world that is divided between two nations, though neither of the two nations are officially recognized. The country is one of the wealthiest island nations in the Mediterranean, and is an extremely popular tourist destination. This country gave it’s name to the metal named after it, as it became extremely wealthy during the time period between the Neolithic Age and the Bronze Age.
  76. 76. ANSWER The country is Cyprus and the metal, Copper (Cuprum).
  77. 77. 2. This region, whose Latin name gives rise to this element, was a region in Western Europe during the Iron Age that was inhabited by Celtic tribes, encompassing present day France, Luxembourg, Belgium, most of Switzerland, Northern Italy, as well as the parts of the Netherlands, Central Italy and Germany on the west bank of the Rhine. According to the testimony of Julius Caesar, X was divided into three parts: Celtica, Belgica and Aquitania. The comic strip Asterix is set in this area and is about the inhabitants resisting Roman occupation, set in 50BC. Give me the region and the element named after it.
  78. 78. ANSWER Gaul and Gallium.
  79. 79. 3. The historical crest of this football club received a makeover in 2013 under the club President Nasser Al-Khelaifi's approval with a renovated and modern design. Club shareholder Qatar Sports Investments wanted to take full advantage of the city's global appeal and the new crest clearly brought to the fore the name "X," which is written in large bold letters. On top of that, the cradle which marked the birth of Louis XIV was discarded and in place the fleur-de-lis sits solely. Lutèce Falco 1991 is also the name of one of the club’s notable former Ultra groups. Give me the modern name of this city, the ancient name of which, gave rise to the element I’m looking for. +5 for the modern name. +5 for the ancient name and metal.
  80. 80. ANSWER Paris, the ancient name of which, Lutetia, gives rise to Lutetium.
  81. 81. 4. This German-born Swiss novelist, poet and painter shares his last name with a federal state of Germany, the largest city of which is Frankfurt. A 1946 Nobel laureate, his works explore an individual’s search for authenticity, self-knowledge and spirituality. Siddhartha, a 1922 novel written by him, is still quoted as one of his finest works written during his psychoanalytic period. Tell me the name of the state and the element named after it.
  82. 82. The novelist was Hermann Hesse. The state, obviously, is called Hesse and the element is Hassium.
  83. 83. 5. The statue in the picture is among iconic statues that symbolize cities; others include: Manneken Pis in Brussels, the Statue of Liberty in New York City and Christ the Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro. In several cases, cities have commissioned statues for such a purpose, such as with Singapore's Merlion. The name of the city reflects its origin as a harbour for trade and commerce, the literal English translation of which would be ‘Chapman’s haven’. The Latin name of the city is the etymology of the element I’m looking for. Full points if you give me the element and the Latin name. Part points on offer if you give me the modern day name of the city. Image on the next slide.
  84. 84. ANSWER The statue was The Little Mermaid at Copenhagen. The Latin name of Copenhagen, Hafnia, is the root behind the element named Hafnium.
  85. 85. 6. A far-northern location in classical Europe and cartography, Thule is often considered to be an island in antiquity. Modern interpretations often consider the location to be X, an interpretation supported by modern calculations. The term ultima Thule in medieval geographies denotes any distant place located beyond the "borders of the known world. Give me the name of the element and the modern-day name of the location that I am describing above. Part points for the element name, full points if you give me both the element and the location.
  86. 86. ANSWER Thulium, the modern-day location being Scandinavia.
  87. 87. 7. The metro system of this city is often called ‘the longest art gallery’ with more than 90 of the network's 100 stations decorated with sculptures, rock formations, mosaics, paintings, installations, engravings and reliefs by over 150 different artists. It is the most populous city in the Nordic countries and is spread around 14 islands, giving the city a distinct appearance. Part points for the modern name of the city. Full points if you get the Latin name and the element.
  88. 88. ANSWER The answer is Sweden’s capital city, Stockholm. The Latin name for Stockholm is Holmia, and after Per Teodor Cleve, a Swedish scientist discovered the element at Uppsala, Sweden, he named it Holmium.
  89. 89. 8. X is a proper geographical exonym for Keivan Rus’ a loose federation of East Slavic tribes in Europe from the late 9th to the mid-13th century, under the reign of the Rurik dynasty. The modern peoples of Belarus, Ukraine, and Y all claim Kievan Rus' as their cultural ancestors. The Baltic German scientist Karl Ernst Claus discovered the element in 1844 and named it after his homeland, the Y Empire, who’s Latin name is X. Give me both X and Y. Part points on offer.
  90. 90. ANSWER X is Ruthenia, which gives its name to the element Ruthenium. Y is Russia.
  91. 91. 9. Where would come across this, and what is the name of the element named after this really smart place?
  92. 92. ANSWER Berkeley, California. The element being Berkelium.
  93. 93. 10. I love freebies, and here is one question which is one. Ytterby is a village on the Swedish island Resarö, in Vaxholm Municipality in the Stockholm archipelago. At a quarry and mine near the village, the rare earth mineral yttria was discovered and named after the village. This crude mineral eventually proved to be the source of four new elements that were named after the mineral ore and the village. In 1989 the ASM International society installed a plaque at the former entrance to the mine, commemorating the mine as a historical landmark +2.5 for each of the four elements.
  94. 94. ANSWER Yttrium (Y) Erbium (Er) Terbium (Tb) Ytterbium (Yb) Trivia In addition, three other lanthanides, holmium (Ho, named after Stockholm), thulium (Tm, named after Thule, a mythic analog of Scandinavia), and gadolinium (Gd, after the chemist Johan Gadolin) can trace their discovery to the same quarry making it the location with most elements named after it.
  95. 95. ANTI-CLOCKWISE DRIES 12 Questions +10/-10 on the Pounce. +10 on the Bounce.
  96. 96. 1. Earlier this month, the Reserve Bank of Australia introduced a new A$5 note. The notes were introduced to increase ease-of-use for people with low vision and decrease the note’s counterfeit-friendly qualities. However, the note immediately ran into trouble following its introduction as vending machines throughout the country kept rejecting the note. What specific feature of the note was the cause? Video follows.
  97. 97. ANSWER According to the President of the Australian National Vending Association Nick Aronis: The note reader of a vending machine starts to read the note and sees the clear strip, it identifies that as the end of the note and of course it cannot recognize it, so it spits the note back out.
  98. 98. 2. Though it is unclear what position X holds in the American society, the closest approximation to X's socio-economic status was done by X himself, when he refers to him belonging to the upper lower middle class. Throughout his career, X has had around 100 odd jobs, ranging from the CEO at a power plant to a wrestler. X is often termed as the perfect example of the American middle class. Until the 1970s, the income of the average American family grew commensurate with national economic productivity. Since then, wages have largely been at a standstill, and have failed to keep up with inflation. Taking all of X's jobs into account, X's income too has never surpassed the median income of the US. Who is X, who's myriad jobs are now considered a barometer of how well the American economy is doing by economists worldwide?
  99. 99. ANSWER Homer Simpson. 
  100. 100. 3. X Bombs were an experimental weapon considered by the U.S. during World War II, at the suggestion of a dentist, Dr. Lytle Adams who was a friend of the First Lady. These bombs consisted of a bomb-shaped casing with several compartments, each housing a X. Each X had a small incendiary device attached to it. The casings were refrigerated in order to lower the X’s body temperature and force them into hibernation until they were dropped from a plane shortly before dawn. As Xs in sunlight would seek roosts in dark places like attics, when they were released and the Sun came out, they’d seek such places. The hope was that with the incendiaries timed to go off all at once, this would start fires in places that were hard to access to fight a fire. Further, in many cases, the fire’s existence wouldn’t be noticed until it had well established itself. It was thought that X bombs would be particularly effective in Japan where buildings were made largely of wood and paper. Release several hundred thousand of these X bombs in major Japanese cities and the towns would go up in flames while resulting in much smaller losses of life than by carpet bombing or a (later) nuclear strike. Essentially, it would help take out the infrastructure while minimizing civilian casualties. X?
  101. 101. ANSWER Bat Bombs.
  102. 102. 4. The proverb says that good advice is beyond all price, but in early 2009, a service started in the UK that provides advise to a specific section of the population for 75p a minute. El-Hatef-el-Islami, one of the world’s most popular versions of these services, draws on the expertise of scholars from Cairo’s al-Azhar university to provide perplexed callers with help on everyday dilemmas. British callers usually ring in with their problems, and they can access the answer to their problem upto 48hours later using a unique access code. What are these services popularly called in the Arab world, where they are often bundled with subscriptions by mobile network operators?
  103. 103. ANSWER These services are called dial-a-sheikh or dial-a-fatwa services and provide fatwas(religious rulings) to Muslim callers regarding everyday issues.
  104. 104. 5. Dave Kapell was suffering from writer's block while trying to compose song lyrics. To overcome this problem, he wrote down interesting words on pieces of paper and rearranged them, looking for inspiration. What he hadn't figured into this experiment was his allergies. One good sneeze and any progress was sent flying across the room. What he did to overcome this problem became a line of business. So what did he do?
  105. 105. ANSWER Magnetic Poetry.
  106. 106. 6. Though not a term usually associated with technology, X is still a term which has connections with science. The latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Internet Explorer and Safari are called X browsers, i.e they automatically update themselves silently without prompting the user. For Internet Explorer, most people consider this to mean IE10+. What is the term?
  107. 107. ANSWER Evergreen browsers, this is because most of the time, only the latest version is supported by the manufacturer and most apps.
  108. 108. 7. Usually in military bases around the world, armies use highly trained German Shepherds or other ferocious dogs to patrol the walls. However, the Israeli Army follows a different approach by using Xs as guard animals. It is thought that the use of X would serve as a psychological deterrent to any prospective Palestinian terrorists planning to attack key Israeli military positions. What is X?
  109. 109. ANSWER Pigs, as they are considered haram and the terrorists would abstain from coming into contact with them.
  110. 110. 8. The 2014 Ig Nobel in Economics was awarded to ISTAT – the Italian government’s National Institute of Statistics. The prize was given to ISTAT for pulling Italy out of recession thanks to a change in data calculations mandated by the European Union. By doing so, the GDP rose slightly from a 0.1 percent decline for the first quarter to a flat reading, thereby pulling Europe’s third-largest economy out of recession. What was the change in the way the GDP was calculated?
  111. 111. ANSWER They proudly took the lead in fulfilling the European Union mandate for each country to increase the official size of its national economy by including revenues from prostitution, illegal drug sales, smuggling, and all other unlawful financial transactions between willing participants.
  112. 112. 9. X is a portmanteau word used to refer to the military rule of a country often in collusion with the elite or business classes, primarily done to garner support and continue the military regime. X has been observed in countries such as Nigeria, Thailand and Pakistan. X may have originated as an ironic pun from Y, which refers to government by a nation’s worst or least-qualified citizens. The terms X and Y only differ by an alphabet. Spellings matter in your answer.
  113. 113. ANSWER X – Khakhistocracy Y – Kakistocracy
  114. 114. 10. The name X was coined after a public demonstration of the device on June 9, 2007 at DucKon 16, a science fiction convention in Naperville, Illinois. The performance was by Steve Ward, an electrical engineering student at the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, who designed and built the X he used. The term X was conceived by Dr. Barry Gehm, of Lyon College, on June 19, 2007, in a conversation with his friend Bill Higgins. It is a play on the name of the sousaphone, giving homage instead to an apt figure associated with the element X uses to produce music. Give me X. Video follows.
  115. 115. ANSWER Zeusaphone after Zeus, the Greek god of lightning.
  116. 116. 11. X is a series of games for the Microsoft Windows platform, and earlier the MS-DOS operating systems. It is one of the longest-running, best-known and most comprehensive game of its kind in the market. X was an early product on Microsoft’s portfolio, predating Windows by three years and marked a departure from previous Microsoft products, which were mainly business-oriented. X was developed by Bruce Artwick, who was approached by Alan Boyd of Microsoft in 1981. Boyd wanted to create a ‘definitive game’ that would graphically demonstrate the difference between 8-bit computers, such as the Apple II and 16-bit computers like the IBM PC. In the early days of less-than-100% compatible IBM PC systems, X and Lotus 1-2-3 were even used as unofficial compatibility test software. Identify X.
  117. 117. ANSWER Microsoft Flight Simulator.
  118. 118. 12. Claude Monet, one of the founders of Impressionist paintings, like most painters, had a unique eye. Scientifically speaking, he did. Towards the end of his life, Monet suffered from cataracts, which prevented him from seeing clearly. At the age of 82, Monet decided to do something which could explain why, though he painted the same scene multiple times, they all looked different. Explain to me what did Monet decide to do, which could be the reason why the same scene was painted differently in different stages of his life. Images in the next slide.
  119. 119. ANSWER Monet’s cataracts started to cloud his vision. This is why his later paintings had more yellow in it, because his iris would subtract out red and blue out of the colours which he could see. Later, in 82, Monet decided to remove the lens of the affected eye completely. The iris is what enables us to see colours only in the visible spectrum. Without a lens in his eye, Monet was able to see colours in the UV spectrum also. So the same scene, in his later years, became more trippy, so to speak. :P
  120. 120. THANK YOU!

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