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DOREMUS et le futur des métadonnées musicales
DES CATALOGUES
AU WEB DES DONNÉES
ANR-14-CE24-0020
@pierrechoffe
pierre.chof...
1. Convertir les données
2. Explorer les données
3. Utiliser les données
4. De DOREMUS à Schema.org
PROGRAMME
CONVERTIR
LES DONNÉES
1
001 FRBNF139081882FR
100 $313891295$w.0..b.....$aBeethoven$mLudwig van$d1770-1827
144 $w....b.fre.$aSonates$bPiano$pOp. 27...
001 FRBNF139081882FR
100 $313891295$w.0..b.....$aBeethoven$mLudwig van$d1770-1827
144 $w....b.fre.$aSonates$bPiano$pOp. 27...
UNIMARC INTERMARC
● 2 variantes de format MARC
● choix différents pour représenter
le contenu
○ “Op. 27 n. 2” - “Op. 27 no...
Règles de mapping
144 $w....b.fre.$aSonates$bPiano$pOp. 27, no 2$tDo dièse mineur
F22 Expression: Opus Number
F22 Self-Con...
marc2rdf
https://github.com/DOREMUS-ANR/marc2rdf
<http://data.doremus.org/expression/d72301f0-0aba-3ba6-93e5-c4efbee9c6ea>
a efrbroo:F22_Self-Contained_Expression ;
mus:U1...
F15
Work
F22
Expression
M2
Opus
Statement
F28
Expression
Creation
R3 is realized in
E52
Time Span
E7
Activity
F15
Work
F15...
“sonate”@fr
“Do dièse majeur”@fr
“Beethoven, Ludwig van
(1770-1827)”
“compositeur”@fr
“Do dièse majeur”@fr
“Do diesis maggiore”@it
“C sharp major”@en
Langues différentes
Synonymes
“sonate”@fr
“sonatine”@fr
“s...
Référentiels
<http://data.doremus.org/vocabulary/genre/sn> a skos:Concept ;
skos:altLabel "sonate d'église"@fr,
"sonatine"...
Référentiels
● genres
IAML, RAMEAU
● dérivations
● tonalités
● media of performances
MIMO, RAMEAU, IAML,
Hornbostel & Sach...
Certains référentiels sont déjà en ligne
https://github.com/DOREMUS-ANR/knowledge-base
mus:U12_has_genre “sonate”@fr
mus:U12_has_genre <http://data.doremus.org/vocabulary/genre/sn>
STRING2URI
F15
Work
F22
Expression
M2
Opus
Statement
F28
Expression
Creation
R3 is realized in
E52
Time Span
E7
Activity
F15
Work
F15...
EXPLORER
LES DONNÉES
2
data.doremus.org
SPARQL
ENDPOINT
NAVIGATEUR
À FACETTES
URIs
DÉRÉFÉRENÇABLES
SPARQL Endpoint
http://data.doremus.org/sparql
donnez-moi la liste des titres
de toutes les sonates
composées par Beethoven
+ = ?titre
SPARQL Endpoint
PREFIX ecrm: <http://erlangen-crm.org/current/>
PREFIX efrbroo: <http://erlangen-crm.org/efrbroo/>
PREFIX ...
Navigateur à facettes
http://data.doremus.org/fct
URIs Déréférençables
http://data.doremus.org/vocabulary/
genre/sn
http://data.doremus.org/expression/d723
01f0-0aba-3ba6-9...
UTILISER
LES DONNÉES
3
http://overture.doremus.org
source https://github.com/DOREMUS-ANR/overture
DE DOREMUS
Á SCHEMA.ORG
4
?
CreativeWork
● name
● description
● author
● citation
● genre
● locationCreated
● dateCreated
● isBasedOn
● workExample/ex...
DOREMUS
(FRBRoo)
Schema.org
● richesse
● détail
● spécificité
● immédiateté
● vue d'ensemble
● généricité
Comment
faire le...
P. Lisena, R. Troncy
DOREMUS to Schema.org:
Mapping a Complex Vocabulary
to a Simpler One
20th International Conference on...
F15
Work
F22
Expression
M2
Opus
Statement
F28
Expression
Creation
R3 is realized in
E52
Time Span
E7
Activity
F15
Work
F15...
1. Choisir le(s) nœud(s) de départ
F22
Expression
F28
Expression
Creation
E7
Activity
“Sonata Quasi una Fantasia”@it
“Moon...
1. Choisir le(s) nœud(s) de départ
2. Identifier les classes similaires
F22
Expression
F28
Expression
Creation
A. Noms sim...
1. Choisir le(s) nœud(s) de départ
2. Identifier les classes similaires
3. Identifier les propriétés similaires
F22
Expres...
1. Choisir le(s) nœud(s) de départ
2. Identifier les classes similaires
3. Identifier les propriétés similaires
F22
Expres...
Music
Composition
Music
Composition
Create
Action
exampleOfW
ork
Role
Music
Composition
Music
Composition
<http://data.dor...
Music
Composition
Music
Composition
exampleOfW
ork
result
result
1. Choisir le(s) nœud(s) de départ
2. Identifier les classes similaires
3. Identifier les propriétés similaires
4. Simplif...
Music
Composition
Create
Action
Role
Music
Composition
Music
Composition
<http://data.doremus.org/
vocabulary/genre/sn>
“S...
schema-visualizer
demo: https://doremus-anr.github.io/schema-visualizer
source code: https://github.com/DOREMUS-ANR/schema...
LIENS UTILES
http://www.doremus.org/
DOREMUS Website
Page GitHub
avec le logiciels, l’ontologie, ...
https://github.com/DO...
Des Catalogues au Web des Données [FR]
Des Catalogues au Web des Données [FR]
Des Catalogues au Web des Données [FR]
Des Catalogues au Web des Données [FR]
Des Catalogues au Web des Données [FR]
Des Catalogues au Web des Données [FR]
Des Catalogues au Web des Données [FR]
Des Catalogues au Web des Données [FR]
Des Catalogues au Web des Données [FR]
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Des Catalogues au Web des Données [FR]

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DOREMUS et le futur des métadonnées musicales.
Présentation à la BnF, 09/11/2016
-------------------------------------------
FROM THE CATALOGUES TO THE WEB OF DATA
DOREMUS and the future of musical metadata.
Presentation in French at the BnF (French National Library) on 09/11/2016

Published in: Data & Analytics
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Des Catalogues au Web des Données [FR]

  1. 1. DOREMUS et le futur des métadonnées musicales DES CATALOGUES AU WEB DES DONNÉES ANR-14-CE24-0020 @pierrechoffe pierre.choffe@bnf.fr @pasqlisena pasquale.lisena@eurecom.fr
  2. 2. 1. Convertir les données 2. Explorer les données 3. Utiliser les données 4. De DOREMUS à Schema.org PROGRAMME
  3. 3. CONVERTIR LES DONNÉES 1
  4. 4. 001 FRBNF139081882FR 100 $313891295$w.0..b.....$aBeethoven$mLudwig van$d1770-1827 144 $w....b.fre.$aSonates$bPiano$pOp. 27, no 2$tDo dièse mineur FICHIER MARC LANG TITRE MOP OPUS TONALITÉ
  5. 5. 001 FRBNF139081882FR 100 $313891295$w.0..b.....$aBeethoven$mLudwig van$d1770-1827 144 $w....b.fre.$aSonates$bPiano$pOp. 27, no 2$tDo dièse mineur FICHIER MARC NUM SUB
  6. 6. UNIMARC INTERMARC ● 2 variantes de format MARC ● choix différents pour représenter le contenu ○ “Op. 27 n. 2” - “Op. 27 no 2” Comment convertir ces données?
  7. 7. Règles de mapping 144 $w....b.fre.$aSonates$bPiano$pOp. 27, no 2$tDo dièse mineur F22 Expression: Opus Number F22 Self-Contained Expression U17 has opus statement M2 Opus Statement [U42 has opus number M12 Opus Number] + [U43 has opus subnumber M13 Opus Subnumber] TUM : 144 $p, chain of digits TUM : 144 $p, chain of digits before the comma Remove the abbreviation “Op.” before the number 144 $pOp. 352 --> M12 = 352 144 $pOp. 27, no 2 --> M12 = 27, M13 =2 UNIT OF INFORMATION PATH INTERMARC BNF TRANSFER RULE EXAMPLE
  8. 8. marc2rdf https://github.com/DOREMUS-ANR/marc2rdf
  9. 9. <http://data.doremus.org/expression/d72301f0-0aba-3ba6-93e5-c4efbee9c6ea> a efrbroo:F22_Self-Contained_Expression ; mus:U10_has_order_number "14" ; mus:U11_has_key “Do majeur”@fr ; mus:U12_has_genre “sonate”@fr ; mus:U17_has_opus_statement [ a mus:M2_Opus_Statement ; mus:U42_has_opus_number "27" ; mus:U43_has_opus_subnumber "2" ; ecrm:P3_has_note "Op. 27, no 2" ] ; ecrm:P102_has_title "Quasi una fantasia" , "Au clair de lune" , "Moonlight sonata"; DOREMUS RDF
  10. 10. F15 Work F22 Expression M2 Opus Statement F28 Expression Creation R3 is realized in E52 Time Span E7 Activity F15 Work F15 Work “27” “2” “sonate”@fr “Sonata Quasi una Fantasia”@it “Moonlight Sonata”@en “Do dièse majeur”@fr “Beethoven, Ludwig van (1770-1827)” “compositeur”@fr “18010101/18011231” R17 created R19 created a realization of “1. Adagio Sostenuto” “2. Allegretto” U17 has opus statement U12 has genre P102 has title U11 has key P148 has component P148 has component P82 at some time within U31 had function of type P14 carried out by P9 consists of P4 has time span
  11. 11. “sonate”@fr “Do dièse majeur”@fr “Beethoven, Ludwig van (1770-1827)” “compositeur”@fr
  12. 12. “Do dièse majeur”@fr “Do diesis maggiore”@it “C sharp major”@en Langues différentes Synonymes “sonate”@fr “sonatine”@fr “sonate d'église”@fr Désambiguïsation Ludwig van Beethoven Johann van Beethoven ✔ ✘ Description “compositeur”@fr “une personne musicienne qui élabore de la musique (source: Wikipedia)”@fr
  13. 13. Référentiels <http://data.doremus.org/vocabulary/genre/sn> a skos:Concept ; skos:altLabel "sonate d'église"@fr, "sonatine"@fr, "canzona da sonar"@it, "sonata da camera"@it, "sonata da chiesa"@it, "sonatina"@it, "suonata"@it ; skos:prefLabel "Sonate"@de, "sonata"@en, "sonata"@es, "sonate"@fr, "sonata"@it ; skos:topConceptOf <http://data.doremus.org/vocabulary/genre/> . RÉFÉRENTIEL DE GENRES
  14. 14. Référentiels ● genres IAML, RAMEAU ● dérivations ● tonalités ● media of performances MIMO, RAMEAU, IAML, Hornbostel & Sachs, Radio France ● modes ● personnes et collectivités ISNI ● lieux géographiques ● types de titres ● types de parties d'une œuvre ● catalogues ● fonctions ● Ethnic groups CREM, RAMEAU ● Rhythmical form ● Responsibility ● ...
  15. 15. Certains référentiels sont déjà en ligne https://github.com/DOREMUS-ANR/knowledge-base
  16. 16. mus:U12_has_genre “sonate”@fr mus:U12_has_genre <http://data.doremus.org/vocabulary/genre/sn> STRING2URI
  17. 17. F15 Work F22 Expression M2 Opus Statement F28 Expression Creation R3 is realized in E52 Time Span E7 Activity F15 Work F15 Work “27” “2” <http://data.doremus.org/ vocabulary/genre/sn> “Sonata Quasi una Fantasia”@it “Moonlight Sonata”@en <http://data.doremus.org/ vocabulary/key/cxm> <http://dbpedia.org/resource/ Ludwig_van_Beethoven> “compositeur”@fr “18010101/18011231” R17 created R19 created a realization of “1. Adagio Sostenuto” “2. Allegretto” U17 has opus statement U12 has genre P102 has title U11 has key P148 has component P148 has component P82 at some time within U31 had function of type P14 carried out by P9 consists of P4 has time span
  18. 18. EXPLORER LES DONNÉES 2
  19. 19. data.doremus.org SPARQL ENDPOINT NAVIGATEUR À FACETTES URIs DÉRÉFÉRENÇABLES
  20. 20. SPARQL Endpoint http://data.doremus.org/sparql
  21. 21. donnez-moi la liste des titres de toutes les sonates composées par Beethoven + = ?titre
  22. 22. SPARQL Endpoint PREFIX ecrm: <http://erlangen-crm.org/current/> PREFIX efrbroo: <http://erlangen-crm.org/efrbroo/> PREFIX mus: <http://data.doremus.org/ontology#> SELECT ?title FROM <http://data.doremus.org/> WHERE { ?expression a efrbroo:F22_Self-Contained_Expression ; ecrm:P102_has_title ?title; mus:U12_has_genre <http://data.doremus.org/vocabulary/genre/sn> . ?expCreation efrbroo:R17_created ?expression ; ecrm:P9_consists_of ?activity . ?activity ecrm:P14_carried_out_by ?person . ?person ecrm:P1_is_identified_by "Beethoven, Ludwig van(1770-1827)". } QUERY SPARQL RESULTS
  23. 23. Navigateur à facettes http://data.doremus.org/fct
  24. 24. URIs Déréférençables http://data.doremus.org/vocabulary/ genre/sn http://data.doremus.org/expression/d723 01f0-0aba-3ba6-93e5-c4efbee9c6ea ressources URIs pages
  25. 25. UTILISER LES DONNÉES 3
  26. 26. http://overture.doremus.org source https://github.com/DOREMUS-ANR/overture
  27. 27. DE DOREMUS Á SCHEMA.ORG 4
  28. 28. ?
  29. 29. CreativeWork ● name ● description ● author ● citation ● genre ● locationCreated ● dateCreated ● isBasedOn ● workExample/exampleOfWork ● hasPart/isPartOf ● .... MusicComposition ● composer ● lyricist ● firstPerformance ● musicArrangement ● musicCompositionForm ● musicalKey MusicRecording ● duration ● inAlbum MusicEvent ● actor ● location ● startDate - endDate ● workPerformed
  30. 30. DOREMUS (FRBRoo) Schema.org ● richesse ● détail ● spécificité ● immédiateté ● vue d'ensemble ● généricité Comment faire le mapping?
  31. 31. P. Lisena, R. Troncy DOREMUS to Schema.org: Mapping a Complex Vocabulary to a Simpler One 20th International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and Knowledge Management, 19-23 November, Bologna Recettes PAPER Recettes
  32. 32. F15 Work F22 Expression M2 Opus Statement F28 Expression Creation R3 is realized in E52 Time Span E7 Activity F15 Work F15 Work “27” “2” <http://data.doremus.org/ vocabulary/genre/sn> “Sonata Quasi una Fantasia”@it “Moonlight Sonata”@en <http://data.doremus.org/ vocabulary/key/cxm> <http://dbpedia.org/resource/ Ludwig_van_Beethoven> “compositeur”@fr “18010101/18011231” R17 created R19 created a realization of “1. Adagio Sostenuto” “2. Allegretto” U17 has opus statement U12 has genre P102 has title U11 has key P148 has component P148 has component P82 at some time within U31 had function of type P14 carried out by P9 consists of P4 has time span
  33. 33. 1. Choisir le(s) nœud(s) de départ F22 Expression F28 Expression Creation E7 Activity “Sonata Quasi una Fantasia”@it “Moonlight Sonata”@en <http://dbpedia.org/resource/ Ludwig_van_Beethoven> R17 created P102 has title P14 carried out by P9 consists of
  34. 34. 1. Choisir le(s) nœud(s) de départ 2. Identifier les classes similaires F22 Expression F28 Expression Creation A. Noms similaires mus: F28 ExpressionCreation → sdo: CreateAction. B. Descriptions similaires C. Propriétés similaires mus:F2 Expression U11 has key → sdo:MusicComposition.musicalKey D. Propriétés avec des valeurs attendues similaires mus: U12 has genre et sdo:musicCompositionForm ont “sonates” comme valeur possible Music Composition CreateAction
  35. 35. 1. Choisir le(s) nœud(s) de départ 2. Identifier les classes similaires 3. Identifier les propriétés similaires F22 Expression F28 Expression Creation A. Noms similaires mus:U11 has key → sdo:musicalKey B. Descriptions similaires C. Valeurs attendues similaires mus: U12 genre et sdo:musicCompositionForm ont “sonates” comme valeur possible Music Composition CreateAction <http://data.doremus.org/ vocabulary/key/cxm> U11 has key <http://data.doremus.org/ vocabulary/key/cxm> musicalKey P9 consists of E7 Activity agent ?
  36. 36. 1. Choisir le(s) nœud(s) de départ 2. Identifier les classes similaires 3. Identifier les propriétés similaires F22 Expression F28 Expression Creation Music Composition CreateAction <http://data.doremus.org/ vocabulary/key/cxm> U11 has key <http://data.doremus.org/ vocabulary/key/cxm> musicalKey P9 consists of E7 Activity agent ? itérer ce 2 points jusqu'à ce que chaque noeud soit atteint
  37. 37. Music Composition Music Composition Create Action exampleOfW ork Role Music Composition Music Composition <http://data.doremus.org/ vocabulary/genre/sn> “Sonata Quasi una Fantasia”@it “Moonlight Sonata”@en <http://data.doremus.org/ vocabulary/key/cxm> <http://dbpedia.org/resource/ Ludwig_van_Beethoven> “compositeur”@fr “1801” result result “1. Adagio Sostenuto” “2. Allegretto” musicComposition Form name musicalKey includedComposition includedComposition roleName agent agent startTime “1801” endTime
  38. 38. Music Composition Music Composition exampleOfW ork result result
  39. 39. 1. Choisir le(s) nœud(s) de départ 2. Identifier les classes similaires 3. Identifier les propriétés similaires 4. Simplifier le graphe A. Même classe ou une superclasse en commun B. Les connexions à la même classe sont effectuées avec la même propriété C. Ils sont liés entre eux D. Pas de propriétés en conflit Ils ne peuvent pas avoir des noms ou des clés différents. Create Action Music Composition Music Composition example OfWork resultresult Create Action Music Composition result
  40. 40. Music Composition Create Action Role Music Composition Music Composition <http://data.doremus.org/ vocabulary/genre/sn> “Sonata Quasi una Fantasia”@it “Moonlight Sonata”@en <http://data.doremus.org/ vocabulary/key/cxm> <http://dbpedia.org/resource/ Ludwig_van_Beethoven>“compositeur”@fr “1801” result “1. Adagio Sostenuto” “2. Allegretto” musicComposition Form name musicalKey includedComposition includedComposition roleName agent agent startTime “1801” endTime
  41. 41. schema-visualizer demo: https://doremus-anr.github.io/schema-visualizer source code: https://github.com/DOREMUS-ANR/schema-visualizer
  42. 42. LIENS UTILES http://www.doremus.org/ DOREMUS Website Page GitHub avec le logiciels, l’ontologie, ... https://github.com/DOREMUS-ANR/ SPARQL Endpoint https://data.doremus.org/sparql https://data.doremus.org/fct OVERTURE https://overture.doremus.org/ Cette présentation https://goo.gl/FFVp4s

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