The King and Queen Columbus named the
Renaissance a time
of Spain sponsored Island San Salvador.
period of learning a
his voyage. After 30 He made four
book about India and voyages claiming
days he landed in
Asia by Marco Polo parts of North and
what is now the
was published. This South America in the
book inspired the name of Spain still
thinking he was in
Italian Sailor believing it was India.
India. He referred to
Columbus to search This triggered others
the Taino as "
for a new route to Asia to explore the
by traveling west Americas.
generous with what
Columbus discovery Native Americans Due to the high
lead to the transfer gained some new mortality rate of
of people, plants, trade networks but enslaved Natives
animals, and in many cases the Spanish
diseases, called the imported slaves
often died from
Columbian from Africa to the
diseases such as Caribbean to mine
Europeans gained small pox, were gold and raise sugar
many advantages enslaving by cane.
such as Corn, Europeans and
potatoes, and land. converted to
After Columbus, in Because he came with The Spanish were
1519 Spain sent 500 soldiers, metal offended by the
soldiers called armor, horses and Aztec's religious
conquistadors to guns and the deadly rituals. Aided by
conquer the small pox many Native American
America's and find mistook Cortez for a rivals they defeated
God. The Spanish the ruler Montezuma
gold. Cortez was the
were amazed the Aztec and defeated the
first to conquer a
lived in a floating city Aztec. They headed
group called the in a lake with high
Aztecs in the city North looking for
Tenochtitlan in more gold.
In 1532, Pizarro Juan Ponce de Leon Coronado goes from
aided by small pox discovers gold in Mexico city north to
conquered the Inca Puerto Rico. Then he find the rumored
empire in Peru. He goes to La Florida to Seven golden cities
captured the ruler find the fountain of of Cibola. Instead in
Atahualupa and Youth in stead he is the South West he
held him for killed by Native finds seven villages
ransom. When he Americans using of Adobe cliff
received the gold poisoned arrows. To dwellings.
and silver payment protect their claims the
he killed the ruler Spanish built forts
and took over. called presidio. The
settlement is the
Presidio St. Augustine.
In the South West Missions were built and The two sides did
from Florida to run by Catholic Priests exchange knowledge.
California was the in order to convert the Natives learned about
Spanish Borderlands. local Natives to new tools, foods, and
Spain sent Christianity. The sheep for wool.
missionaries and missions relied on Spanish learned
settlers to occupy farming. Native irrigation in dessert
these areas and Americans were regions. However,
enslaved to work the slavery and disease
protect them from
fields and whipped for
being claimed by reduced the tribes
non Christian practices.
rival countries. from 100 to 18 by 1700.
To compete with Champlain creates the Marquette and Joliet
Spain Jacques Cartier trading post Quebec. hoping to find the
Mostly trappers or North West passage
tried to find the North
coureurs de bois " explore the Mississippi
West passage. river. Latter La Salle
Instead he claims wood rangers" settled
in New France. He claimed the land west
(Canada) New France. of the Mississippi in
makes the Huron his
France makes money the name of Louis the
from valuable beaver XIV and named it
even defends them
fur. Land was given to Louisiana.
against the Iroquois.
rich nobles but the Diseases kill many
harsh conditions Huron.
made it hard to farm.
John Cabot claimed The second group In 1607 merchants
New Foundland off of arrives too late to form the London
Canada in the name of plant crops. The company and get
England. He brought leader returns to permission to start a
back fish and lumber. England for supplies colony James town in
and can not return Virginia to find lumber
Sir Walter starts the for three years. When and furs.
lost colony of he returns the only
Roanoke off the coast 144 settlers of crafts
thing they find is the
of N.C. The first group men and gentleman
of settlers refuse to settle on a mosquito
carved in a tree and filled swamp ,
fish and farm and
no sign of the surrounded by Power
instead return home.
The settlers did not She brings peace Settlers kidnap
want to work and the between the settlers Pocahontas and hold
natives were hostile and natives. When her hostage to end
with settlers. John John Smith leaves to Indian attacks on
settlers. Over the next
Smith becomes England Indians
year she learns, English
governor and makes refuse to trade with and converts to
them work in order to the settlers causing Christianity. John Rolfe
get food. He is starvation and death. who successfully grew
captured by the When Smith returns the new cash crop
natives. Before he is 50 of the 600 are left Tobacco marries
killed he is saved by alive. Pocahontas bringing
Pocahontas the New settlers arrive but peace between the
daughter of Chief suffer Indian attacks. settlers and Indians.
Sponsored by Peter Minuit the Struyvesant renames
merchants Hudson governor buys it New Amsterdam. The
explores a river Near Manhattan Island for colony becomes a
New York full of fish. iron pots, beads, melting pot for Jews,
blankets, and $24 Africans, Swedish, and
The River is named
the Hudson and the dollars. Due too their
English decide to claim
territory is claimed as beliefs about land
the colony. The Dutch
New Netherlands. The they laughed and give up without a fight
West India Trading made the trade. The due to a lack of
Company establishes Dutch also traded the gunpowder The
the profitable trading Iroquois guns for furs. English name it New
post for fur on Peter Struyvsant York after the Duke of
Manhattan Island. becomes governor. York.