Research Guide Prof.A.B.S.V. Ranga Rao M.A. Ph.D. Presented By Abraham Mutluri M.S.W, M.Phil., (Ph.D.) Research Scholar (Ph.D.) Department of Social WorkAndhra University, Visakhapatnam
The Issue• India is home to almost 19% of the world’s children.• There are 440 Million children below 18 years are living in India• It is estimated that around 170 million or 40 per cent of Indian’s children are vulnerable to or expressing difficult circumstances.• Among them more than 2.1 Million children have been orphaned as result of HIV/ AIDS in India, and it is estimated that the number becomes double by end of 2015 (UNICEF 2010).• It is a major social problem associated with stigma and discrimination particularly in developing countries like India. HIV/AIDS had affected children in different dimensions i.e. social, psychological, educational, health and economical and proportion of incidence is high.• The Orphanism & Stigma leads to violating children rights by people in various places of the society.
AIDS Orphans Vs. Child Rights The Constitution of India recognizes the vulnerable position ofchildren is their rights of protection, development, survival andparticipation. Article 15 the constitution guarantees special attentionchildren through necessary and special laws and policies that safe guardstheir rights. The right to equality, protection of life and personal liberty andthe right against exploitation are enshrined in articles 14, 15, 16, 17, 21, 23and 24. India adopted many acts, laws and introduced many G.Os toprotect the rights of Children. However, these laws and policies promisingrespect for child rights, their protection and well being have not resulted inmuch improvement in lives of Indian AIDS Orphaned children who continueto be deprived of the rights, abused, exploited and taken away from theirfamilies and communities. Scant attention and feeble commitment to resolving AIDS Orphansproblems have resulted in poor implementation of these laws and policiesmeager resources, minimal infrastructure, inadequate services invariety, quantity and quality and inadequate monitoring and evolution.
Purpose of the ResearchNational AIDS Control Organization, Andhra Pradesh State AIDScontrol Organization and other Civil Society organizations have doneextensive studies on HIV/AIDS. But there is no empirical research onissues and child rights violation of AIDS orphans. Against thisbackground, the present study is an attempt to throw light on theproblem of AIDS Orphan children.
ObjectivesTo study the socio economic demographic profile of the AIDS OrphansTo analyses the risks/issues of AIDS Orphans regards their psychological behavior.To study the issues in Stigma and Discrimination faced by them and examine thesituation of Orphans in the communities.To examine issues of AIDS Orphans in the content of child rights violation and childprotection.To find out the situation and problems of the AIDS Orphans to get the qualityeducation.To analyze the living placement and livelihoods of the AIDS Orphans after death of theboth parents with HIV/AIDS.To Analyze and examine the issues of AIDS Orphans regarding the Property lossTo study the concerns of the AIDS Orphans who lives with HIV/AIDS and explain theavailable facilities in Krishna District as well as Andhra Pradesh.To provide the findings and suggestion to Government and Civil Society Organizationswith regard to bring the better interventions to provide quality of life to AIDS Orphans.
Research SettingKrishna District is one of the high prevalentdistricts, in Andhra Pradesh, India. It is situatedin costal Andhra Pradesh and having bigrailway junction & wide railway network. Thepopulation in Krishna District is 41, 81,071persons (2001 censes), So many migratorypopulations are visiting from all the districts ofthe AP. According to the APSACS resentsurveillance data, HIV prevalence rate inKrishna District is 3.38 which occupies firstplace in AP. There is estimation of 30,000 HIVpositives are living in this district. (APSACSSurveillance data, 2007).Universe: It is estimated that there are 3000AIDS Orphan Children in Krishna District. Butthe data is not available with any organization.The researcher collected the list of 850children from three organizations. usedsystematic random sampling method.
SampleThree organizations are working with 850 AIDS Orphans in KrishnaDistrict. Out of the 850 AIDS Orphans 10% will be taken as sample forthe purpose of the study by following systematic random samplingmethod. The researcher collected data from the 84 AIDS Orphans.From every 10 child collected the data
Data Collection toolsPrimary dataLiterature review of international andNational books, Article, Abstracts andother journalsSecondary dataDevelopment of Interview SchedulePre testing with 7 childrenFocus group discussions with CareGivers and ChildrenIn depth interviews with NGO heads
FindingsEmotional trauma is a barrier to children’sdevelopmentDeprived of basic needs (such asfood, shelter and clothes) and MalnutritionChild Headed families are 18%30% dropped out from the schools becauseof grief, isolation, withdraw, stigma anddiscrimination and becoming child labors andstreet children and anti social elementsMajority (74%) of the AIDS Orphansexperienced discrimination in their lives atschools, water taps, play grounds, socialevents and communities.Majority (77%) of the AIDS Orphans are notaware of the current Government schemesand 90% of the children are never accessingthe vocational trainings
FindingsAfter death of parents living placement is achallenge and Sibling separation is placedExploitation at relative homes36% of double orphans lives with GranniesLoosing properties55% of the children are looking for the legalsupport to protect their small properties42% of the children are leaving their own villagesfor livelihoods and survival in society60% of children is not happy with counseling atICTC centers and ART centersLess active community structures and no socialsafety nets.82% of the CLHA are not getting the ARTmedicine due to lack of awareness and noneligibility.Children become double orphans due non care oftheir parents
RecommendationsFocused interventions to protect the rights ofAIDS OrphansNon formal education centers and occupationbased education centers will be helped to AIDSOrphans who becomes a breadwinner.Need to encourage the parents to disclose thestatus of the parentsInterventions at schools and communities toreduce the stigma and DiscriminationSupport group systems at schools or collegeswill be helpful to reduce the Stigma andDiscriminationStrengthen the community structures on childrights and child protection issuesCWC and JJB Should be active in protectionof children and their rights
RecommendationsNeed to promote Child friendlycounseling at treatment centersVocational trainings for childrenPromote foster care, sponsorship andadoption strategies to protect the childrenfrom traffickingNGOs, GOs and Media have to sensitizethe communities on AIDSBar association have to start the legalsupport to AIDS OrphansLock adalath needs to increase theawareness on legal support