The Aging Eye

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Cataracts, glaucoma, and macular degeneration are three of the most common diseases that develop in the eye as we age. Dr. Lisa Nijm explains these important eye conditions and learn what you can do to keep your eyes healthy at every stage of life.

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The Aging Eye

  1. 1. The Aging Eye Dr. Lisa M. Nijm, MD, JD Cornea, Cataracts and LASIK Surgery Springfield Clinic
  2. 2. <ul><li>Adults under 40 years old </li></ul><ul><li>Adults between 40-60 years old </li></ul><ul><li>Adults over 60 years old </li></ul><ul><li>General Eye Screening Guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>Few Helpful Suggestions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Using Eye Makeup </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer Strain </li></ul></ul>What you can do to be Eye Smart…
  3. 3. <ul><li>Changes in prescription </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Good blood circulation important to the eye and overall health </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Smoking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DON’T SMOKE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase risk of cataracts, premature babies with eye problems </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Protective Eyewear </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sunglasses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sports </li></ul></ul>Eye Health in Adults Under 40
  4. 4. <ul><li>Diabetes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Yearly Dilated Exam </li></ul></ul><ul><li>High blood pressure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Yearly Dilated Exam </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pregnancy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fluctuations in Vision common </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Family History of Eye Disease </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Should get seen sooner </li></ul></ul>Eye Health in Adults Under 40
  5. 5. <ul><li>Sexually Transmitted Diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Can affect the eye </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be passed on to newborns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Herpes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chlamydia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gonorrhea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Syphillis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HIV/AIDS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Be aware and be screened appropriately </li></ul>Eye Health in Adults Under 40
  6. 6. <ul><li>Good time to consider LASIK </li></ul><ul><li>Springfield Clinic will be offering latest technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ALL-LASER OR BLADELESS LASIK </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Laser used to make a flap that is lifted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Second laser reshapes the front surface of the eye </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must have a thorough evaluation to </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>make sure you are a good candidate </li></ul></ul>Eye Health in Adults Under 40
  7. 7. <ul><li>American Academy of Ophthalmology recommends baseline eye exam at age 40 </li></ul><ul><li>Women are at greater risk of some common eye diseases: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dry Eyes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Glaucoma </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cataracts </li></ul></ul>Eye Health in Adults 40-60
  8. 8. <ul><li>Presbyopia– most common after age 40 </li></ul>Eye Health in Adults 40-60
  9. 9. <ul><li>Presbyopia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eyes may take longer to adjust focus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May have difficulty adjusting light to dark or vice-versa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can have difficulty driving in rain or at night when visibility is reduced </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Have your eyes checked! </li></ul>Eye Health in Adults 40-60
  10. 11. <ul><li>Dry Eyes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Greater incidence after menopause </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More frequent in contact lens wearers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Certain medications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pain relievers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Antidepressants </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Antihistamines </li></ul></ul></ul>Eye Health in Adults 40-60
  11. 12. <ul><li>Cataracts </li></ul><ul><li>Glaucoma </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>Macular Degeneration </li></ul><ul><li>Falls/Eye Injuries </li></ul>Eye Health in Adults Over 60
  12. 13. Cataracts
  13. 14. Macular Degeneration
  14. 15. <ul><li>Make sure that rugs and shower/bath/tub mats are slip-proof. </li></ul><ul><li>Secure railings so that they are not loose. </li></ul><ul><li>Cushion sharp corners and edges of furnishings and home fixtures. </li></ul>Preventing Eye Injuries Over 60 Courtesy American Academy of Ophthalmology
  15. 16. <ul><li>IF eyes are healthy, no family history of eye disease, no eye symptoms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Baseline eye exam at age 40, then every 1-2 years after based on the recommendation of your ophthalmologist </li></ul></ul><ul><li>IF any family history of eye disease or experiencing symptoms, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>As soon as possible, follow guidelines by your ophthalmologist </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Eye exams are best if they are used for PREVENTION of disease. When you go in for your yearly exam, don’t forget your eyes!!! </li></ul>Eye Screening Guidelines
  16. 17. <ul><li>Throw away eye makeup after three months. </li></ul><ul><li>Never share eye makeup. </li></ul><ul><li>Never apply makeup while in a moving vehicle. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not separate your mascara-clumped lashes with sharp items. </li></ul><ul><li>If you have dry eyes, avoid metallic/glitter, powder or other makeup that flakes. </li></ul><ul><li>Remove all eye makeup at night before sleeping </li></ul><ul><li>If you have eye surgery, do not wear makeup around the eye until your given okay. </li></ul>Using Eye Makeup Courtesy American Academy of Ophthalmology
  17. 18. <ul><li>Sit about 25 inches from the computer screen </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce glare from the screen. </li></ul><ul><li>Post a note that says “Blink!” </li></ul><ul><li>“ 20-20-20” rule. </li></ul><ul><li>Artificial tears. </li></ul><ul><li>Take regular breaks. </li></ul>Computer Strain and your Eyes Courtesy American Academy of Ophthalmology
  18. 19. THANK YOU!

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