Performance testing complexes

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A perfect performance testing complex takes into account different abilities that a rower needs during a 2000 metre competition. Of course, there are lots of options how to test those abilities, but here we focus on two different test batteries that have been used at high level rowers.

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Performance testing complexes

  1. 1.  Training planning andanalysis tips Rowing technique videos Applicable bits of rowingresearchJarek MäestuSports Scientist (PhD),Ex rower and rowing coach,Rowing Academy ScientistSPORTLYZERROWING ACADEMYPERFORMANCETESTING COMPLEXESTesting the performance of rowers0246810759511513515517519560% 70% 80%LactateHeartratePreparatory HR Precomp HR Comp HRPreparatory LA Precomp LA Comp La
  2. 2. SPORTLYZERROWING ACADEMYA perfect performance testing complex takes into account different abilities that arower needs during a 2000 metre competition. Of course, there are lots of options howto test those abilities, but here we focus on two different test batteries that have beenused at high level rowers.
  3. 3. SPORTLYZERROWING ACADEMYThe first performance testing complex was developed by K. Jensen (2005) and is basedon the evaluation of Danish elite rowers. This test complex involves testing on 4 days forfive different tests and the average power of each test should be measured. The 2000metre test serves as a golden standard and each test has a reference value from it.Test type Stroke rate Aim of the test Day Reference (%)10 sec max Max power 1 173±2260 sec max Anaerobic capacity 3 153±102000 m 32-36 Aerobic power 2 Standard6000 m 26-30 Aerobic capacity 1* 85±360 min 24-28 Basic endurance 4 76±44 day test complex todetermine the level ofdifferent abilities arower has to develop.*- perfomed on day 1after 30 min of activerest after 10 secmaximal test.The test complex is suggested to be performed at the beginning of the preparatoryperiod (just after couple of weeks after the transition period), when the athletes haveaccomodated themselves with the trainings. Then the coach can see which abilities differfrom the references and make the training plan accordingly in order to focus on theseabilities.
  4. 4. SPORTLYZERROWING ACADEMYAnother performance testing complex has been used in the US for their selection to thenational team to make the process quick and effective.Their standard testing involves (Hagerman, 2000):• 2000 m simulated rowing ergometer test.• 5 minute submaximal rowing ergometer tests (60, 70 and 80% of 2000 m poweroutput.During the 2000 m test, maximal oxygen consumption is measured. The test is choseninstead of the „traditional“ incremental test due to the accurate response to „racing“wihout being on the water (Hagerman 2000). As it is known that rowers work at about 95-97% of their VO2 max during 2000 m race, the average oxygen consumption within thistest is highly correlated to actual performance, compared to VO2max values measuredduring the incremental test.
  5. 5. SPORTLYZERROWING ACADEMYA typical VO2 curve during simulated 2000 m race is shown below. To calculate averageVO2 during the test the values of the first minute VO2 have to be excluded from theanalysis due to the „slow take-off“ of the aerobic energy system. The ability to sustainhigh VO2 during the race is trivial for rower and this ability can be increased even ifthere is the plateau of the VO2max in elite rowers.012345670 1 2 3 4 5 6VO2(L/min)minutesNOTE: As VO2max is theprerecuisite of becoming a highlevel rower, the ability to sustainhigh VO2 for longer period is themarker of how effectively a roweruses his potential.Maximal oxygen consumption values during the simulated 2000 m rowing ergometer test.
  6. 6. SPORTLYZERROWING ACADEMYThe submaximal tests with 1-2 minutes recovery between the tests are perfomedapproximately a day later. During this test heart rate and lactate parameters aremeasured to allow performance evaluation and recommendations for training planmodifications. Accumulation of data have produced the norms and should indicate thestate of an athlete when in best physiological state (data according to Hagerman, 2000).60% test Heart rate 130-145 Lactate 1-2 mmol/L70% test Heart rate 146-160 Lactate 2.1-3 mmol/L80% test Heart rate 161-175 Lactate 3.1-4 mmol/LIt should be noted that it is important to see the change (decrease in lactate value) in thefinal 80% test, as it is performed near anaerobic threshold. The increase of anaerobicthreshold intensity should be one of the focuses of the training in rowers.
  7. 7. SPORTLYZERROWING ACADEMYApplication of the results of this testing complex should not be overemphasized, sincethey were not used as the primary source for team selection or designing trainingprograms. The results of those tests can help to distinguish the physiologic capacities ofthe rowers and competitive success. Furthermore, they help to monitor the effectivnessof the training program.0246810759511513515517519560% 70% 80%LactateHeartratePreparatory HR Precomp HR Comp HRPreparatory LA Precomp LA Comp LaAn example of therower progressingfrom preparatoryperiod tocompetition period(modified fromHagerman, 2000).
  8. 8. SPORTLYZERROWING ACADEMYReferences• Hagerman FC. The physiology of competitive rowing. In: Garrett Jr W, Kirkendall DT.Exercise and Sport Science, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, 2000: 843-873.• Jensen K. Monitoring athletes physiology. In: Rowing Faster. W. Nolte (ed). HumanKinetics, Chicago, IL, 2005: 25-30.
  9. 9. SPORTLYZERROWING ACADEMYHey, before you go!Please Tweet, Like, +1 and share this presentationif you found it helpful or entertaining.Next slide: learn more about the Rowing Academy
  10. 10. Sportlyzer Rowing AcademySportlyzer Rowing Academy is No 1 source forrowing coaches looking for inspiration and ideas to:• make training plans more effective• plan and analyze athletes progress better• learn from other coaches experienceDiscover more• Incremental testing in rowing• Physiological and performance testing in elite rowers• Standardization of the performance testMore related reading

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