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SPORTLYZER
ROWING ACADEMY
 Training planning and
analysis tips
 Rowing technique videos
 Applicable bits of rowing
rese...
Overview
Rowing is a weight-dependent sport where anthropometric parameters of elite rowers
emphasize the importance of bo...
In general, it has been noticed that promising and successful rowers are already taller
than the general population during...
The overall comparison of the main anthropometrical parameters suggests that there are
relatively big changes in males and...
Within a group of high level rowers (competitors of World Championships) the previously
described anthropometrical profile...
In conclusion
Excluding the lightweight categories, it could be advantageous to recruit rowers who are
tall and with massi...
Hey, before you go!
Please Tweet, Like, +1 and share this presentation
if you found it helpful or entertaining.

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More related reading
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Body-build of lightweight rowers (whitepaper)
Heavyweight to lightweight rowing (research)
Ant...
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The development of anthropometric profile

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Rowing is a weight-dependent sport where anthropometric parameters of elite rowers emphasize the importance of body mass and size. Successful elite rowers are lean, relatively tall and have a high proportion of muscle mass compared to other endurance disciplines. Long arms are of advantage for giving an extra leverage.

Sweep rowers are taller and more muscular compared to scullers, which is related to different biomechanics of rowing with one oar and different dynamics of boat movement.

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The development of anthropometric profile

  1. 1. SPORTLYZER ROWING ACADEMY  Training planning and analysis tips  Rowing technique videos  Applicable bits of rowing research Jarek Mäestu Sports Scientist (PhD), Ex rower and rowing coach, Rowing Academy Scientist THE DEVELOPMENT OF ANTHROPOMETRIC PROFILE
  2. 2. Overview Rowing is a weight-dependent sport where anthropometric parameters of elite rowers emphasize the importance of body mass and size. Successful elite rowers are lean, relatively tall and have a high proportion of muscle mass compared to other endurance disciplines. Long arms are of advantage for giving an extra leverage. Sweep rowers are taller and more muscular compared to scullers, which is related to different biomechanics of rowing with one oar and different dynamics of boat movement. SPORTLYZER ROWING ACADEMY
  3. 3. In general, it has been noticed that promising and successful rowers are already taller than the general population during childhood and they maintain that advantage throughout their childhood. As muscle mass is definitely a very important parameter of a successful rower, it is of high importance to pay attention to increases in muscle mass during the late adolescence. In Figure 1 the anthropometric profile of a successful rower who has won regattas from junior to U23 can be seen. With almost no change in height, there is substantial increase in lean body mass while body fat % is decreasing. Figure 1. Development of anthropometric parameters of a successful junior rower until U23. SPORTLYZER ROWING ACADEMY
  4. 4. The overall comparison of the main anthropometrical parameters suggests that there are relatively big changes in males and females when comparing the medal advancement from junior to elite level (Table 1). Table 1. Comparison of mean body dimensions of international male and female rowers (Bourgois et al. 1998). Parameter Elite males n=67 Lightweight males n=144 Junior males n=383 Elite females n=51 Lightweight females n=50 Junior females n=220 Age (years) 24.2 24.3 17.8 23.8 24.1 17.5 Height (cm) 191.3 180.7 187.4 174.3 167.1 174.5 90 70.3 82.2 67.4 57.1 69.5 Sitting height (cm) 99.7 93.8 96.8 92.1 87.6 90.8 Leg length (cm) 91.7 87.6 90.7 82.3 81.2 83.9 Thigh girth (cm) 60.3 51.0 57.9 57.5 49.2 58.5 Body mass (kg) SPORTLYZER ROWING ACADEMY
  5. 5. Within a group of high level rowers (competitors of World Championships) the previously described anthropometrical profile favors the medal winners indicating that those rowers who get to finals are indeed taller and possess more skeletal robustness compared to those who do not make into the finals (Table 2). Table 2. Comparison of mean body dimensions in male and female junior rowers: finalists vs. non-finalists (Bourgois et al. 1998). Parameter Male finalists n=144 Male nonfinalists n=222 Female finalists n=112 Female nonfinalists n=94 Height (cm) 189.3 186.3 176.6 172.2 Body mass (kg) 84.8 80.6 71.3 67.7 Sitting height (cm) 97.6 96.2 91.6 90.1 Leg length (cm) 91.6 90.1 85.1 82.6 Thigh girth (cm) 58.7 57.7 59.2 57.8 SPORTLYZER ROWING ACADEMY
  6. 6. In conclusion Excluding the lightweight categories, it could be advantageous to recruit rowers who are tall and with massive (high muscle mass) body build to ensure that the total mass that is transported during the competition is active muscle, rather than the “dead weight” of fat. The focus on the development of muscle mass must be during the years of late adolescence and young adulthood (16-20 years). References • • Bourgois J, Claessens AL, Vrijens J. Hazewinkel Anthropometric Project 1997. A study of world class male and female junior rowers. Vlaamse Trainerschool, BLOSO, Brussels, 1998. Jürimäe J, Jürimäe T, Mäestu J. The oarsman. In: Rowing. Handbook of Sports Medicine and Science, NH Secher and S Volianitis (editors). Blackwell Publishing, 2007. SPORTLYZER ROWING ACADEMY
  7. 7. Hey, before you go! Please Tweet, Like, +1 and share this presentation if you found it helpful or entertaining. Next slide: learn more about the Rowing Academy SPORTLYZER ROWING ACADEMY
  8. 8. More related reading • • • Body-build of lightweight rowers (whitepaper) Heavyweight to lightweight rowing (research) Anthropometrics of elite junior male and female rowers (research) Sportlyzer Rowing Academy Sportlyzer Rowing Academy is No 1 source for rowing coaches looking for inspiration and ideas to: • • • make training plans more effective plan and analyze athletes' progress better learn from other coaches' experience Discover more

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