Cumin by sitta rathina kumari

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pydah college of pharmacy

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Cumin by sitta rathina kumari

  1. 1. CUMMIN
  2. 2. <ul><li>SYNONYMS: </li></ul><ul><li>CUMIN SEEDS, </li></ul><ul><li>JIRA, </li></ul><ul><li>CUMINO. </li></ul>
  3. 3. BIOLOGICAL SOURCE: <ul><li>It consists of dried ripe fruits of Cuminum cyminum Linn. </li></ul>Family: Umbelliferae
  4. 4. Scientific classification: Kingdom : Plantae Order : Apiales Family : Apiaceae Genus : Cuminum Species : Cyminum
  5. 5. <ul><li>GEOGRAPHICAL SOURCE : </li></ul><ul><li>Indigenous to Nile territory. </li></ul><ul><li>Cultivated in Morocco, Sicily, India, Syria and China. </li></ul><ul><li>About 90% of the world production is from India. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Cultivation: <ul><li>Cultivation of cumin requires a long, hot summer of 3–4 months. </li></ul><ul><li>It is drought-tolerant, and is mostly grown in mediterranean climates. </li></ul><ul><li>It is grown from seed, sown in spring, and needs fertile, well-drained soil. </li></ul>
  7. 7. DESCRIPTION: <ul><li>The cumin plant grows to 30–50 cm (0.98–1.6 ft) tall </li></ul><ul><li>It is an herbaceous annual plant </li></ul><ul><li>The leaves are 5–10 cm long, pinnate or bipinnate, thread-like leaflets. </li></ul><ul><li>The flowers are small, white or pink, and borne in umbels. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><ul><li>ORGANOLEPTIC CHARACTERS: </li></ul></ul><ul><li>COLOUR : Greenish or yellowish brown. </li></ul><ul><li>ODOUR : Characteristic and aromatic. </li></ul><ul><li>TASTE : Pungent aggreable . </li></ul><ul><li>SIZE : . 4-6 mm in length and 2mm in thick </li></ul><ul><li>SHAPE : Elongated tapered on both sides. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>It consists of separtated mericarps and entire cremocarps. </li></ul><ul><li>Which are elongated ellipsoidal and slightly compressed laterally. </li></ul><ul><li>Each mericarps has 5 yellowish straight primary ridges which bear very short trichomes and are glabrous. </li></ul><ul><li>And between them over the vittae are 4 secondary ridges. </li></ul>MACROSCOPICAL CHARACTERS:
  10. 10. Mericarp Carpophore CREMOCARP FRUIT
  11. 11. MICROSCOPICAL CHARACTERS: <ul><li>It consists of </li></ul><ul><li>EPICARP </li></ul><ul><li>MESOCARP </li></ul><ul><li>ENDOCARP </li></ul>
  12. 12. A,CREMOCARP T.S B,ENTIRE CREMOCARP C,MERICARP
  13. 13. RIDGE VITTAE VASCULAR BUNDLES RAPHAE CARPOPHORE T.S OF CUMIN FRUIT
  14. 14. <ul><li>It exhibits an oily endosperm and 6 vittae of which 4 on dorsal side and 2 on ventral side. </li></ul><ul><li>Endosperm contain cellulosic parenchyma containing oil globules and aleurone grains. </li></ul><ul><li>Ridges are find longitudinally and altering with these are secondary ridges which are flat. </li></ul>
  15. 15. STAINING REAGENTS: <ul><li>Phloroglucinol+ con.Hcl </li></ul>Pink Scl.v.b <ul><li>Alc.picric acid </li></ul>Yellow Aleurone grains in endosperm. <ul><li>Sudan red </li></ul>RED Oil globules in cuticle
  16. 16. CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS: <ul><li>It consists of 2.5 to 4% of volatile oil and 10% fixed oil and proteins. </li></ul><ul><li>Volatile oil contains 30 to 40% of cuminaldehyde. </li></ul><ul><li>Others are Alpa pinene, beta pinene, phellandrene, cuminic alcohol and hydro cuminyl. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Cuminaldehyde, or 4-isopropylbenzaldehyde, is a natural organic compound with the molecular formula C10H12O. </li></ul>CUMINALDEHYDE CHO CH(CH3)2
  18. 18. CHEMICAL TESTS: <ul><li>To the thin section of the drug + sudan III </li></ul>RED colour is obtained by oil globules. <ul><li>To the thin section of the </li></ul><ul><li>Drug + A drop of tincture alkane </li></ul>RED colour indicates the presence of volatile oil.
  19. 19. Uses: <ul><li>Used as a carminative. </li></ul><ul><li>Cumin has digestive properties and when boiled in water acts as an excellent refreshener. </li></ul><ul><li>Cumin adds flavour to foods, liquors and beverages. </li></ul><ul><li>Cumin does have proven carminative and antispasmodic qualities, and is therefore said be useful in the treatment of diarrhea, stomachache. </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Cumin stimulates the appetite. </li></ul><ul><li>Cumin can help boost the liver's ability to detoxify the body. </li></ul><ul><li>Cumin is may help relieve symptoms of cold due to it's antiseptic properties. </li></ul><ul><li>Cumin can help increase the heat in the body thus making metabolism more efficient. </li></ul><ul><li>Cumin can help relieve insomnia . </li></ul>
  21. 21. ADULTERANTS: <ul><li>Persian cummin: derived from the species of carum. </li></ul><ul><li>Nigella sativa : family: Ranunculaceae . </li></ul>
  22. 22. THANQ

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