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Table of contents

  1. 1. 2014 S.M SHEZI 201223725 4/25/2014 ALTERNATIVE PORTFOLIO
  2. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Introduction Paragraph 2. Question One Essay 3. Conceptual Framework 4. De Bono’s Six Thinking 5. Conclusion 6. References
  3. 3. Conceptual Framework Our Faculty’s conceptual framework state that “……we are committed to the preparation of caring, accountable and critical-reflective educational practitioners who are able to support and nurture learning and development diverse educational contexts”. Reflect on this conceptual framework what does it mean to be a caring teacher? Pay special attention to chapter 2 in your textbook. Caring profession is to take care of what you value by teaching decent care of learners. Teachers who care for learners reveal learner’s worth. A caring teacher holds responsibility of learners and is accountable for learner’s faults. Caring as a teacher is committed that influences teachers to go beyond their duties concerning learner’s development. It is important for teachers to care for learners because learners spend majority of their time in school. A caring teacher who cares for his/her children will assist learners to develop confident self-concept. Students need to confide to their teachers, especially those who come from less fortunate families. A caring teacher will provide an environment for students that they feel at home by giving learners time to explore the possibilities of learning without being maltreated when they make a mistake. A caring teacher affectively supports his/her students without being too lenient with them. A caring teacher will try best to know all the families of his/her learners and will be available for family concerns or features that affect the learner negatively. Teachers have to make sure that they do not cross the line of professionalism. A caring teacher show their students that he/she care for them by giving the extra support, especially for learners who struggle naturally. Learners recognise a caring teacher.
  4. 4. De Bono’s Six Thinking Hats All of us tent to think about matters in a particular way. Some people are more “emotional” thinkers and others more “clinical” or “factual”. Using De Bono’s Six Thinking Hats method is an effective way of teaching your learners to view an issue from different perspectives. When dealing with controversial issues, De Bono’s Six Thinking Hats is a very effective teaching method for making learners sensitive to other points of view. Each of these hats describes a different thinking operation. Using the six hats forces one to consider the problem in several mentions and from different perspectives and is likely to encourage better thinking. Read the section on De Bono’s hats in your textbook (chapter 5, page 90-92), and answer the following questions. 5.1 Explain you would use De Bono’s Hats in your teaching of a particular theme or topic? 5.2 Reflect on De Bono’s thinking hats as a teaching method. What are the advantages and disadvantages of this method? Answers: 5.1 Step One: I would let learners give their ideas of what they understand about the topic at hand before explaining the topic to the learners. I believe that it is better to hear what learners have to say before explaining the topic to them first. This is to see if they have any knowledge. Step Two: I would interact with my learners and influence them to participate so that we discuss the topic. Step Three: I would give them regular tests to analyse their understanding as well as what are they capable of doing.
  5. 5. 5.2 Advantages The advantage is that it is a process that makes learners to understand step by step until they fully understand. When teaching the subject it is very effective for evolving sensitivity to other points of view. All hats define various thoughtful action. Disadvantages The disadvantage is that it requires more time. Periods may sometimes take more than 40 minutes. This method may take days to practice and teachers get left behind with the curriculum.
  6. 6. Question: Literacy Barriers Literacy is the means of writing and reading. There are barriers that affect learners academically in terms of reading and writing. Literacy is linked to particular aspects that challenge the public. Poor readers are judged and discriminated because they lack reading and writing. Such people are regarded as illiterates in the society. In the following essay I will be reflecting on the barriers and list ways in which a teacher can overcome these barriers in his/her teaching. It is essential for teachers to reflect on the obstacles to come up with solutions. Children from homes with fewer books may get on indulgent right from the start. They ask themselves. Why they should bother to read or write. In most cases learners are not encouraged to read at home. Most parents do not teach their learners how to read, they believe it is the responsibility of the school to educate their children. Their children need their assistance as parents. Learners end up being not motivated and they won’t have that desire to learn. Occasionally learners are forced to study what they do not like. For instance a parent would demand a child to read a bible every day because of their religious belief. Pupils are not granted a way to watch up when they have been lacking or change school. Pupils skip classes because of family crisis or any other reason. Teachers have the tendency to pay more attention to learners who are present in class most of the time and they are concerned less about the absent ones. They teach learners in a fast place and the absent learners will be forced to read individually and get lost with part. Lack of classroom training or lack of textbooks as well as separate children can miss out on some critical learning or intellectual capacity that learners have. This leads to learners reading or writing without understand, but it takes a teacher to explain and assist learners to understand the textbook. Teachers have to assess learners. It is impossible that a bright child can certain time for all learners to learn, read and write. Bright children also get up with the slow dripping overtime of the know-how that they should have been given quickly or systematically. Teachers have to be patient with learners. They must not expect all learners to be equal instead they should encourage smart learners to help those who are not that bright. When learners write their work on a piece of paper their work is flung in the dustbin, insulting their efforts and leaving no repeated record of their work to remind them of what they have done and how they are progressing. Children see no reason to write
  7. 7. or read when their effort is mocked, they lack confident. They need support, it is vital for teachers to assist pupils on where they have to improve. When estimating is motivated for any motive, in accurate readers get the practice of only seeing what they expect to see. This can be difficult with the entire language and result in adults who cram slight from their exact interpretation and it will affects their knowledge. They catch a few words and rebuild what they think a writer would say and read to that frequently emotionally, instead of trying to comprehend what is actually said. Most schools are provided with enough facilities. Teachers tend not to continue teaching and lack to divine some means of teaching without facilities and this affects both learner and a teacher academically. Teaching does not only depend on textbook, teachers must come up with methods to teach learners how to read and write. They can encourage pupils to read newspaper articles and read them in class and discuss them. The sameness is also the disadvantage of books. Books are “one size fits all”, they don’t actually fit many learners. Printed books have many advantages. Being repetitively asked increases learned understanding. Merely the optimistic children like being asked question regularly. Entirely small kids learn by asking question or get lost. What looks senseless can sort boys particularly dissident. Worth of tasks must be clear. When support is difficult there is no chance for learners to teach themselves. Educators must expect any kind of question from learners and be ready to answer. Activities not assessed for knowledge assessment can be time-wasters, away from the actual mastery corporate of learning to read, enjoy and recognise books and to write proficiently. Children can learn to play sports but not what they aimed to learn. When teachers are rushed with too many responsibilities apart from teaching and attention to their children they get frustrated. Minor kids must be permitted to use pencils, pens and brushes that are comfortable size for their tiny hands, when they want to, not objective large crayons and brushes. Large and extended tools can be challenging to manage capably for them. Kids cab frequently see that their images are not what they need them to be and they learn lowly handwriting practices. Children would be helped to learn comfortable through pencils-holds that develop fast, small, comfortable and legible handwriting. Decent posture inspires good handwriting and is desirable. Writing without lines as helpful
  8. 8. guides can seriously discourage children who cannot write straight without them. It is dismaying to see your writing going all over the page. Once educators have no skills or training in public speaking and the kids are bored, restless and uncomprehending. Incompetent teachers can be helped to improve the clarity and interestingness of their talking and how to hold a class without yelling. They should not have to remain incompetent or leave. They have to be more lenient with learners. Usually few educators have ever seen a right teacher teaching, to help them increase their own vision. This could be resolved-even by video and TV with many bright instances of different personal teaching styles. When primary teachers do not comprehend the English spelling system and so cannot instil spelling expect in lists or word by word. Anything can be done poorly. Lack of listening to children read. It is a skill to listen so that children enjoy the responsiveness, yet this skill is not communicated and children can hate reading as a trial. Some educators avoid attending to oral reading in order not to stress the children. Corrective instruction has a bad record for permanent achievement without first class educators. Anticipation is far better and cheaper than remediation. Researchers and teachers concerned with learning problems in literacy have often oversimplified what is involved. “Curriculum and assessment that reduce literacy to a few simple and mechanistic skills fail to do justice to the richness and complexity of actual literacy practices in people’s live”. (Street, 2002, P.52). There are skills and knowledge that are compulsory of a capable reader. Educators basic reflect what additional challenges each articles might pose to those learning likened to monolingual readers. A key question for those working with learners who are struggling in which matters might be expected to be the most challenging for this group.