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Rotary CSA Initiative

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A presentation to the Rotary Community for supporting sustainable organic farming.

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Rotary CSA Initiative

  1. 1. Reduce Inequality in promoting peace by supporting the Organic Industry A Proposal to the Rotary Community
  2. 2. + In the Past… “… the best way of improving the quality of human life was to raise material living standards. When the wolf was never far from the door, good times were simply times of plenty.” ~ The Spirit Level: Why Equality is Better for Everyone
  3. 3. + But now…   Most of us wish to eat less rather than more   On average, the poor are fatter than the rich   There have been long-term rises in rates of anxiety, depression and numerous other social problems, e.g. the shooting in Aurora, Colorado, USA and Norway.   The measures of wellbeing and happiness ceased to rise with economic growth
  4. 4. + Material Success, Social Failure
  5. 5. + Comparison between Rich Countries More Equal Less Equal Average Income (GNP per Capita) Child Well-being Better Worse - Level of Trust Higher Less - Prevalence of Mental Illness Lower Higher - Less More - Life Expectancy Longer Less - Infant Mortality Lower Higher - Adult Obesity Lower Higher - Educational Scores Higher Lower - Drug Use
  6. 6. + Comparison between Rich Countries More Equal Less Equal Average Income (GNP per Capita) Less More - Lower Higher - Homicide Less More - Children Experience More Conflict Less More - Imprisonment Rate Less Higher - Higher Lower - High School Drop Out Teen Pregnancy Rate Social Mobility
  7. 7. + Argument “The problems in rich countries are not caused by the society not being rich enough… but by the scale of material differences between people within each society being too big. What matters is where we stand in relation to others in our own society” ~ The Spirit Level: Why Equality is Better for Everyone
  8. 8. + List of Countries by Income Equality Country UN R/P 10%[3] UN R/P 20%[4] World Bank Gini (%)[5] WB Gini (year) Bolivia 93.9 42.3 57 2007 Argentina 31.6 17.8 46 2009 Malaysia 22.1 12.4 46 2009 Mexico 21.6 12.8 52 2008 China, People's Republic of 21.6 12.2 42 2005 Hong Kong 17.8 9.7 43 1996 Singapore 17.7 9.7 42 1998 Russia 12.7 7.6 42 2008 Thailand 12.6 7.7 42 2004 New Zealand 12.4 6.8 36 1997 Cambodia 12.2 7.3 44 2007 Italy 11.6 6.5 36 2000 Netherlands 9.2 5.1 31 1999 France 9.1 5.6 33 1995 9 5.5 34 2000 Germany 6.9 4.3 28 2000 Japan 4.5 3.4 25 1993 Switzerland Source: Wikipedia.org
  9. 9. + Argument “The problems in rich countries are not caused by the society not being rich enough… but by the scale of material differences between people within each society being too big. What matters is where we stand in relation to others in our own society” ~ The Spirit Level: Why Equality is Better for Everyone
  10. 10. + Closer to home… 12A THENAHON TAiesday, June 12,2012 'J-Vi EDBTORBAL GIVE RURAL PEOPLE A CHANCE TO MAKE A LIVING AT HOME Development board policy to slow the influx of upcountry people more migrants continue to pour into Bangkok every year. Inadequate economic opportunities,^ the provinces force thousands ofpeo^eitbmovetq)«,, Bangkok. Most have to leave their families behind, and when they find menial work in the city, a significant portion of their income is sent back to their relatives in the provinces. But that is not always the case. Many rural migrants find it too hard to get by on minimum wages, since the cost of living in the city is high, and they lack access to social support. This can cause stress, depression and mental illness. The problem here is the imbalance in development between the rural and urban areas. There are still too few job opportunities in the rural areas. Arid without decent education and proper skills, people like Rachan are forced into taking whatever kind of work they can get. The uncontrolled growth of the city also exacerbates the already existing problems of crime and poor sanitation. In a lot of urban districts, social amenities and infrastructure are inadequate, and what public services there are quickly deteriorate through overuse. The government and its agencies need to give higher priority to balancing growth between the rural and urban areas. There is an urgent need to create new job opportunities in the rural areas and encourage businesses to move out of the cities. Studies have proved that people are often happier when they're able to work close to their homes and families. By providing jobs to more rural people and encouraging them to stay and help develop their hometowns, productivity will increase and bolster the rural economy. Rural people always become a top priority for politicians seeking election, but once they're elected, politicians from the remote provinces rarely do anything to help improve the lot of their constituents. Thus we see the ongoing migration to bigger cities. If this problem is not properly addressed, more people struggling to survive in the city could end up like Rachan. We will see more druj abuse, more crime and more people venting their anger at not being given the opportunity to enjoy a decent standard of living. A 50-year-old scrap collector was Extreme poverty is forcing more and later more people into the cities, where they arrested and having confessed to face even more hurdles that can lead thrown detergent at to lives of drug abuse and crime one victim in Saphan Khwai. The reason, he recent reports of acid attacks on pedestrians in Bangkok are disturbing indeed. The reports have apparently been cirhe claimed, was bis culating for months, and they have scared Bangkokians. But the reasons behind these acts of hatred are perhaps a reflection of anger about social the chronic issue of uncontrolled urban migration. Rachan Theerakitnukul, a 50-year-old scrap collector, was arrested discrimination and and later confessed to having thrown detergent at one victim in Saphan insults he felt had Khwai. The reason, he claimed, was his anger about social discrimination and insults he felt had been directed to him by society in general. been directed to him And he chose to vent his anger by attacking innocent people. Rachan has no right to hurt anyone, regardless of his feelings by society in general. about society. But his problem brings into focus the issue of unmanaged urban migration. Bangkok has become overcrowded And he chose to because desperate people like Rachan are forced to move to the cities tofindwork. Rachan drives a "saleng^cart around town to vent his anger collect scrap and waste materials in order to make ends meet Many people in the provinces don't see a bright future where by attacking they live, and they lose the will to stay on to try to make a living in innocent people. their hometowns or villages. For some, the economic hardship is so T v difficult to cope with that they resort to drug or alcohol abuse. Rachan is a typical example of this. He is among the thousands of migrants from the countryside who find it hard to get by in the big city, and he has been deemed mentally unstable by the authorities because of his use of methamphetamines. The Bangkok metropolitan area has grown very fast over the past few decades. Although successive governments have.wanted to curb that growth in accordance with National Economic and Social j,.i„ in- w-^r^mmrmm A 50-year-old scrap collector was arrested and later confessed to having thrown detergent at one victim in Saphan Khwai. The reason, he claimed, was his anger about social discrimination and insults he felt had been directed to hi by society in general. And he chose to vent his anger by attacking innocent people. ~ The Nation Editorial (June 12, 2012)
  11. 11. + Suggested Solution “Give Rural People a Chance to Make a Living at Home” ~ The Nation Editorial (June 12, 2012)
  12. 12. + The Spirit Level “Liberty, Equality and Fraternity” “Self-realization”
  13. 13. + The Spirit Level “greater equality can address a wide range of problems across whole societies. And if greater equality is also an important component of policies to tackle global warming, there is much to recommend it”
  14. 14. + The Spirit Level suggests   Rather than having more redistributive taxes and benefits and through a large welfare state?   Aim to manage to achieve low levels of inequality before taxes and benefits, e.g. Japan.   Primary purpose is to make money or to provide a service while remaining economically viable.   In poorer countries, economic development continues to be very important for human wellbeing.
  15. 15. + UNDP – Asia Pacific Human Development Report 2012 “In Asia and the Pacific, around 30 per cent of emissions come from agriculture, including emissions from growing crops and raising livestock, land use changes and deforestation. The principal greenhouse gases are nitrous oxide, especially from the use of fertilizers; methane from live- stock and rice production; …”   Need greener opportunities in agriculture
  16. 16. + UNDP – Asia Pacific Human Development Report 2012 (con’t) “At present, rural communities get relatively little support in terms of funds or services; for example, they find it difficult to market goods if they do not have all-weather roads and often do not have reliable and accurate knowledge of climaterelated issues.”
  17. 17. + Proposal to the Rotary community   Support rural development through sponsorship   Support more vocational training in the agriculture sector   Focus on sustainable organic farming practice   Or simply coordinate and buy more organic produces
  18. 18. + About the Organic Industry   It is not new but is growing rapidly with a good prospect   “Business aspect of the organic industry”   It is a green industry and is a good balance between economic development and environment protection.   It requires new technology and methodology   It needs young creative entrepreneurs and knowledgeable participants   It creates jobs and vocational training   It recreates community development and bio-diversity   It provides good quality food for public to consume.   By focus on local consumption, it reduces carbon footprints
  19. 19. + Farming Communities Enviroment Weather BAD Externalities Communities Water GOOD Externalities Seeds suppliers Equipment suppliers Intruders Soil Fertilizer suppliers Pest Control suppliers Other farmers • Buyers • Government Farm Technology suppliers Financing Farm workers
  20. 20. + Value Chain Bridging the gap and helping the industry to grow Downstream Upstream Inbound Logistics Farm Internal Logistics Buyer / Seller Outbound Logistics National Distribution Center Fertilzer Pesticide Collection Grade Local Water HR / Training Clean Package Overseas Soil Analysis Green House Finance Logistic Irrigation System Seeds HR / Training R&D Farm equipment Knowhow IT Marketing Regional Distribution Center Shops Supermarkets
  21. 21. + Rotary’s Participation Subject Focus Area Some Possible Areas for Rotary’s participation Production Farm Level • Capital financing to farmers • Green house installation • Water management improvement, etc… R&D Tertiary institutions • Financial support to institutions • Vocational training, etc… Pest Control Bio-pest control development • R & D support • Capital financing to rural suppliers, etc… Fertilizers Compost and other organic fertilizers • R & D support • Capital financing to rural suppliers, etc… Seeds Seeds bank • R & D support • Seeds bank establish, etc… Technologies Renewable energy Social media Mobile technologies • R & D support • Capital financing to rural suppliers • Social internet network for info sharing • Buyer/Seller internet network • Mobile network for instant info, etc…. Logistics Distributive network • Provide logistic support to local NGOs, etc… Rotarians Buy / Consume • Community Support Agriculture (CSA), etc…
  22. 22. + Rotary’s Participation in the Value Chain Bridging the gap and helping the industry to grow Downstream Upstream Inbound Logistics Farm Internal Logistics Buyer / Seller Outbound Logistics National Distribution Center Fertilzer Pesticide Collection Grade Local Water HR / Training Clean Package Overseas Soil Analysis Green House Finance Logistic Irrigation System Seeds HR / Training R&D Farm equipment Knowhow IT Marketing Regional Distribution Center Shops Supermarkets
  23. 23. + Rotary’s Integrated Community Approach in supporting sustainable farming Enviroment Weather BAD Externalities Communities Water GOOD Externalities Seeds suppliers Equipment suppliers Intruders Soil Fertilizer suppliers Pest Control suppliers Other farmers Farm Technology suppliers Financing Farm workers Buyer / Consumer / Promoter / Sponsors / Community Developer / Trainers
  24. 24. + Summary   Urge Rotary community to provide more support towards the agriculture sector   Help create jobs opportunities and entrepreneurship through e.g. micro-financing support   Help enhance research and technology development in organic development   Help provide vocational training to young farmers/graduates   Help facilitate cross-community/cross-border buying/selling and cooperation   Help create a fair trade market for organic produce   Help create the “missing link” for technology and knowhow sharing
  25. 25. + Objectives   Promote develop sustainable rural development through collaboration and cooperation   Create jobs through supporting the green industry   Reduce inequality between urban and rural   Liberty, Equality, Fraternity and Self-Realization   Provide vocational training to younger generations   Protect our One Planet   Provide clean and good food for consumption   Promote mutual understanding, mutual learning   Promote PEACE
  26. 26. Thank you!

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