2011 National Space Symposium


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National Space Symposium Workshop 2011

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2011 National Space Symposium

  1. 1. The Federal Budget Process New Generation Workshop 27 th National Space Symposium April 12, 2011 Ryan Schaefer Office of Management and Budget Damon Wells Office of Science and Technology Policy
  2. 2. The Congress: House and Senate <ul><li>&quot;No money shall be drawn from the treasury, but in consequence of appropriations made by law; and a regular statement and account of receipts and expenditures of all public money shall be published from time to time.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>– U.S. Constitution, Article 1, Section 9 </li></ul><ul><li>>200 Committees & Subcommittees </li></ul><ul><li>Authorization and Appropriations </li></ul><ul><li>535 Senators/Representatives </li></ul><ul><li>Congressional Staff </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Administration <ul><li>15 Cabinet-level Departments </li></ul><ul><li>> 100 agencies, boards, & commissions </li></ul><ul><li>Executive Office of the President </li></ul>
  4. 4. White House Office Domestic Policy Council Nat’l Economic Council Office of Management & Budget (OMB) Office of the Vice President National Security Staff (NSS) Council of Economic Advisors (CEA) Council of Environmental Quality (CEQ) Office of Science & Technology Policy (OSTP) Mix of detailees, career, political Primarily political staff Primarily career staff Executive Office of the President (EOP) U.S. Trade Rep (USTR)
  5. 5. Federal Budget Process Major Stages <ul><li>The President’s Budget Submission: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The President submits a comprehensive budget request to Congress in early February </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on Administration’s policy and funding priorities and the economic outlook </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compiled by OMB with key input from other EOP offices and Federal agencies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Adoption of the Budget Resolution: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>House and Senate Budget Committees hold hearings on the President’s budget </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Budget Committees set allocation of spending authority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not signed by the President (i.e., is not law), but establishes framework to consider spending bills </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Passage of Appropriation Bills: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In May the House begins consideration of the 13 annual appropriation bills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bills move through hearings, markups, Floor consideration, and conference </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consideration of bills authorizing funding levels and policy (e.g., NASA 2010 Authorization) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Signature or veto by the President </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Once signed , the appropriation bill becomes law and Agency executes budget </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If vetoed, the appropriation is not passed. Congress can overturn the veto with a 2/3 majority </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Budget Formulation Presidential Policy Stakeholder Input New/Existing Program Status Independent Assessments
  7. 7. Policy Guidance NSP
  8. 8. QUESTIONS?
  9. 9. Backup
  10. 10. Budget Timeline Calendar yr 08 09 10 11 12 13 FY Budget 13 12 11 10 Appropriation bill signed (or CR) 10 11 12 13 Now ‘ 12 Submit to OMB ‘ 12 Budget to Congress Agency OMB/Agency Congress Execution
  11. 11. DIRECTOR’S OFFICE DOE, NSF NASA, USDA, USGS, EPA, SI NIH, AHRQ, CDC NIST, NOAA, DOT, DHS, DOD, VA, NNSA Resource Management Offices (RMOs) Natural Resource Programs Health Programs General Government Programs National Security Programs OMB Organization ED Education, IM, & Labor Programs SUPPORT OFFICES STATUTORY OFFICES