Sp10designers 2


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Sp10designers 2

  1. 1. Air Barrier Unit – a membrane that is attached to the wall sheathing reducing the leakage of air between indoors and outdoors and acts as a backup waterproofing layer beneath the siding
  2. 2. Attic ventilation – used to lower the temperature and vent the attic Gable Vent Soffit Vent Roof Turbine Ridge Vent
  3. 3. Backhoe – excavating equipment that consists of a digging bucket on one end and a front loader on the other Backhoe Bucket: 24” Front End Loader
  4. 4. Brick arches Jack arch centered with keystone Roman arch
  5. 5. Brick Bonds English Garden Wall – 5 courses of running bonds wchich consist of all stretchers and the 6 th course alternates between headers and stretchers Running Bond – courses consist of stretchers Soldier Stretcher Header Sailor
  6. 6. Brick Sizes 3-1/2” X15-1/2” Closest to the Engineer Norman Brick. This is different because it is a South American hand made adobe brick 7-1/2 x 2-1/4 Modular Brick
  7. 7. Cladding Wood boards Wood shingle and shake – a nail based sheathing material such as OSB, plywood, or waferboard that function as siding or roofing. Picture: Wood shakes Stone Brick
  8. 8. Concrete Joints Control Joint Isolation Joint – the exterior of the building is being isolated from the slab Crack
  9. 9. Concrete Masonry Unit (CMU) – large rectangular concrete blocks that are used as structural masonry Standard CMU – 8”
  10. 10. Decorative Concrete Masonry Split faced
  11. 11. Doors Flush Door Panel Door (1) with sidelight
  12. 12. Electrical Components Meter – measures the amount of electrical energy consumed. It is calibrated in billing units Service panel – the high voltage electrical system’s first point of entry into a home beyond the meter Duplex receptacle – two electrical fitting that is connected to a source of power and equipped to receive an insert Service Head - a weatherproof entry point for above-ground electrical wiring or telephone lines into a home or business
  13. 13. Framing Elements 6. Stud 7. Top Plateo 10. Truss with ceiling joist and rafter 9. Ceiling Joist <ul><li>Anchor bolt </li></ul><ul><li>sill plate </li></ul>3. Floor joist 4. Sub flooring 5. Sole plate 11. Roof decking 12. Sheathing
  14. 14. Front End Loader – a type of tractor that has a front mounted square wide bucket connected to the end of two booms to scoop up loose material from the ground
  15. 15. Gypsum Board <ul><li>a rigid board made of layers of fiber board or paper bonded to a gypsum plaster core, used instead of plaster or wood panels in construction to form walls </li></ul>
  16. 16. Heat Pump compressor/ evaporator – takes in air at atmospheric pressure and delivers it at higher pressure, absorbs heat in the air in order to change the liquid refrigerant that flows through into a vapor <ul><ul><li>Air handling unit – used to condition and circulate air as part of a heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning system </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Insulation - materials that are used to reduce the rate of heat transfer Loose Fill Insulation
  18. 18. Lintel – a horizontal beam that supports the masonry above a window or door opening Angled steel lintel Concrete lintel
  19. 19. Mortar 3/8” Concave mortar joint – tooled. Used of a commercial building 3/8” extruded mortar joint – neither tooled nor troweled. Used on a residential building.
  20. 20. OSB – Oriented Strand Board - a non-veneered panel product that is formed by layereing strands or flakes of wood in specific orientation
  21. 21. Plumbing Drop-In sink
  22. 22. Plywood – a manufactured wood, made by gluing together a number of thin veneers or plies of softwood or hardwood
  23. 23. Rebar – ½” diameter or #4 rebar. The deformations is so that it would bind to the concrete
  24. 24. Steep Roof Drainage Down Spout and Splashback Gutter – catches water that flows down the roof Down spout – allows a way for water to exit the roof to the ground
  25. 25. Steep Roof Materials Metal panel roof - steel Shingle Clay tiled roof - Underlayment – tar paper used for waterproofing to prevent ingress of moisture
  26. 26. Steep Roof Shapes Hip roof Gable Roof Mansard Roof Gambrel Roof
  27. 27. Steep Roof Terms
  28. 28. Stone - Random Rubble Random Ashlar
  29. 29. Vapor Retarder <ul><li>slow the rate of vapor diffusion into the thermal envelope of a structure </li></ul><ul><li>It is attached to each side of the insulation </li></ul>
  30. 30. Waterproofing – fully adhered material to resist moisture from entering the base of the building
  31. 31. Weep Holes - small openings left in the outer wall of masonryconstruction as an outlet for water inside a building to move outside the wall and evaporate
  32. 32. Windows Double hung casement – neither window is hinged allowing them to slide past each other Single Hung – Hinged on the side