Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Visual dictionary


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Visual dictionary

  1. 1. Air Barrier Paper<br />A sheet material used as both a vapor retarder and an air barrier. ‘Tyvek’ is one of the most common Air Barrier Paper used. This particular one is not the Tyvek brand.<br />
  2. 2. Attic Ventilation<br />Used to release the heat that build ups in the attic. Main types are: soffit vent, ridge cent, gabled vent, and roof turbine.<br />
  3. 3. Backhoe<br />A backhoe is usually the back side of a front end loader and is used to move any type of soil.<br />
  4. 4. Batter Boards<br />A temporary frame build just outside the corner of an excavation to carry marks that lie on the surface planes of the basement that will be built in excavation.<br />
  5. 5. Brick Arches<br />Jack Arch<br />Segmental arch<br />Centering- framing used to support the brick as they are laid.<br />
  6. 6. Brick Bonds<br />Flemish Bond<br />Running Bond<br />Header<br />Sailor<br />English Bond<br />5<br />1<br />3<br />4<br />2<br />
  7. 7. Brick Sizes<br />Utility size brick- 3 5/8”x3 5/8”x11 5/8’’ <br />Standard Modular -3 5/8’”x 2 ¼”x 7 5/8”<br />
  8. 8. Bulldozer<br />Used in excavation and moving all types of soils around the job site.<br />
  9. 9. Cladding<br />Brick<br />EIFS<br />Stone (coarse ashlerpattern)<br />Wood Boards<br />Wood Shingles or shakes<br />
  10. 10. Code Requirements <br />Window measurements- window was 33.5” which meets Code<br />Wood-framed interior stairs- measurements meet code<br />
  11. 11. Concrete Joints<br />Crack in the sidewalk. I don’t really know why there is a crack here. The control joints seem to be in the right place. The crack must have been caused by the ground shifting or something.<br />Isolation joints are used to relieve flexural stresses due to vertical movement of slab-on-grade applications that adjoin fixed foundation elements such as columns, building or machinery foundations, bridge abutments, light standards, drop inlets, and so on. The isolation joint material allows the slab-on-grade to move up or down with the changes of soil support conditions.<br />
  12. 12. Types of CMUs<br />CMU- Concrete Masonry Unit<br />Typical 8’’x8’’x16” CMU next to 3 courses of modular bricks<br />This is a 12”x 8”x16” CMU mainly used as a foundation wall<br />This is a 4“x8”x16”<br />
  13. 13. Decorative concrete Masonry Unit<br />Split Blocks<br />Ribbed Blocks<br />
  14. 14. Doors<br />Flush Door<br />Panel Door<br />Transom-A small window directly above the door.<br />Sidelight-A tall, narrow window along-side the door.<br />1<br />4<br />3<br />2<br />
  15. 15. Electrical Components<br />Transformer<br />Service head<br /> Meter<br />Service Panel<br />Duplex receptacle<br />
  16. 16. Framing Elements<br />1.Anchor Bolt<br />2.Sill Plate<br />3.Floor Joist<br />4. Subflooring<br />5. Sole Plate<br />6. Stud<br />6<br />1<br />2<br />1<br />2<br />4<br />3<br />5<br />
  17. 17. Framing Elements<br />7.Top Plate<br />8. Stringer<br />9. Ceiling Joists<br />10. Rafter<br />11. Roof Decking<br />12. Sheathing<br />10<br />9<br />11<br />7<br />12<br />
  18. 18. Front End Loader<br />A machine often used in construction used to ‘load’ things. They come in many different sizes for any size/type of job.<br />
  19. 19. Gypsum Board<br />Used for a common method of constructing interior walls and ceilings using panels made of gypsum plaster pressed between two thick sheets of paper, then kiln dried.<br />
  20. 20. Heat Pump<br />Compressor/ Evaporator<br />Air Handling Unit<br />List advantages/disadvantages<br />
  21. 21. Insulation <br />Insulation is used to keep the temperature inside the building the same and different from the exterior. <br />Ex. Heat inside and cold outside or cold inside and hot outside<br />Batt/Blanket<br />Loose Fill<br />Foamed<br />Rigid board<br />
  22. 22. Lintel<br />A horizontal structural member, such as a beam or stone, that spans an opening, as between the uprights of a door or window or between two columns or piers.<br />
  23. 23. Mortar Joints<br />Concave- tooled- 3/8”<br />Raked- Tooled-3/8”<br />
  24. 24. Oriented Strand Board (OSB)<br />Is an engineered wood product formed by layering strands (flakes) of wood in specific orientations.<br />
  25. 25. Plumbing <br />1. Lavatory (sink)-1 1/2 “ pipe<br />2. Water Closet (toilet)-3” pipe<br />3. Bath Tub<br />4. Plumbing Vent- allows the gasses from the plumbing to exit the house through the roof and not through the bathrooms or sinks<br />5. Drop –In sink<br />
  26. 26. Plywood<br />1.Plywood- this particular piece is used as a support for a tub. They will cut out the circle for the tub.<br />2. veneer- a thin covering over another surface.<br />
  27. 27. Radiant Barrier<br />Radiant barriers are materials that are installed in buildings to reduce summer heat gain and winter heat loss, and hence to reduce building heating and cooling energy usage.<br />
  28. 28. Rebar<br />This particular piece of rebar is ½’’ in diameter and is considered a #4 in the ASTM Standard Reinforcing Bars.<br />This particular bar was probably used as reinforcement for the slab on grade for the house.<br />The deformations on the bar are there to grip the concrete when poured. If it was just a smooth bar then it could slide out easily.<br />
  29. 29. Step Roof Drainage<br />Gutter-collects the runoff water from the roof and drains it into the downspout<br />Downspout-drains the water from the gutters down to the ground or drainage system<br />Splashblock-put at the bottom of the downspouts to keep from eroding the ground.<br />1<br />2<br />3<br />
  30. 30. Steep Roof Materials<br />1.Roof underlayment-black (paper) that is a water proof barrier that goes on before the shingles to help protect the house from water.<br />2.Clay Tile Roof<br />3.Wood shingles<br />4.Metal Panel Roof- Aluminum <br />
  31. 31. Steep Roof Shapes<br />Gabled<br />Gambrel<br />Hip <br />Mansard<br />4<br />2<br />3<br />1<br />
  32. 32. Steep Roof Terms<br />Ridge<br />Valley<br />Eave<br />Rake <br />Fascia<br />soffit<br />1<br />2<br />4<br />5<br />3<br />6<br />
  33. 33. Stone<br />Random rubble<br />Coursed rubble<br />Radom ashlar<br />Coursed ashler<br />2<br />1<br />3<br />4<br />
  34. 34. Vapor Retarder<br />Paper side<br />Kraft- mainly put in the inside of the structure with the paper facing the “warm in winter” position. Used to keep moisture in or out of the building<br />
  35. 35. Water Proofing<br />This particular type if painted on in several coats to protect the base of the slab.<br />
  36. 36. Weep Hole<br />A small opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building component or assembly.<br />
  37. 37. Welded wire fabric<br />A grid of steel rods that are welded used to reinforce a concrete slab.<br />
  38. 38. Windows<br />Double Hung<br />Hopper<br />Sliding<br />Awning <br />