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Visual dictionary

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Visual dictionary

  1. 1. Air Barrier Paper<br />A sheet material used as both a vapor retarder and an air barrier. ‘Tyvek’ is one of the most common Air Barrier Paper used. This particular one is not the Tyvek brand.<br />
  2. 2. Attic Ventilation<br />Used to release the heat that build ups in the attic. Main types are: soffit vent, ridge cent, gabled vent, and roof turbine.<br />
  3. 3. Backhoe<br />A backhoe is usually the back side of a front end loader and is used to move any type of soil.<br />
  4. 4. Batter Boards<br />A temporary frame build just outside the corner of an excavation to carry marks that lie on the surface planes of the basement that will be built in excavation.<br />
  5. 5. Brick Arches<br />Jack Arch<br />Segmental arch<br />Centering- framing used to support the brick as they are laid.<br />
  6. 6. Brick Bonds<br />Flemish Bond<br />Running Bond<br />Header<br />Sailor<br />English Bond<br />5<br />1<br />3<br />4<br />2<br />
  7. 7. Brick Sizes<br />Utility size brick- 3 5/8”x3 5/8”x11 5/8’’ <br />Standard Modular -3 5/8’”x 2 ¼”x 7 5/8”<br />
  8. 8. Bulldozer<br />Used in excavation and moving all types of soils around the job site.<br />
  9. 9. Cladding<br />Brick<br />EIFS<br />Stone (coarse ashlerpattern)<br />Wood Boards<br />Wood Shingles or shakes<br />
  10. 10. Code Requirements <br />Window measurements- window was 33.5” which meets Code<br />Wood-framed interior stairs- measurements meet code<br />
  11. 11. Concrete Joints<br />Crack in the sidewalk. I don’t really know why there is a crack here. The control joints seem to be in the right place. The crack must have been caused by the ground shifting or something.<br />Isolation joints are used to relieve flexural stresses due to vertical movement of slab-on-grade applications that adjoin fixed foundation elements such as columns, building or machinery foundations, bridge abutments, light standards, drop inlets, and so on. The isolation joint material allows the slab-on-grade to move up or down with the changes of soil support conditions.<br />
  12. 12. Types of CMUs<br />CMU- Concrete Masonry Unit<br />Typical 8’’x8’’x16” CMU next to 3 courses of modular bricks<br />This is a 12”x 8”x16” CMU mainly used as a foundation wall<br />This is a 4“x8”x16”<br />
  13. 13. Decorative concrete Masonry Unit<br />Split Blocks<br />Ribbed Blocks<br />
  14. 14. Doors<br />Flush Door<br />Panel Door<br />Transom-A small window directly above the door.<br />Sidelight-A tall, narrow window along-side the door.<br />1<br />4<br />3<br />2<br />
  15. 15. Electrical Components<br />Transformer<br />Service head<br /> Meter<br />Service Panel<br />Duplex receptacle<br />
  16. 16. Framing Elements<br />1.Anchor Bolt<br />2.Sill Plate<br />3.Floor Joist<br />4. Subflooring<br />5. Sole Plate<br />6. Stud<br />6<br />1<br />2<br />1<br />2<br />4<br />3<br />5<br />
  17. 17. Framing Elements<br />7.Top Plate<br />8. Stringer<br />9. Ceiling Joists<br />10. Rafter<br />11. Roof Decking<br />12. Sheathing<br />10<br />9<br />11<br />7<br />12<br />
  18. 18. Front End Loader<br />A machine often used in construction used to ‘load’ things. They come in many different sizes for any size/type of job.<br />
  19. 19. Gypsum Board<br />Used for a common method of constructing interior walls and ceilings using panels made of gypsum plaster pressed between two thick sheets of paper, then kiln dried.<br />
  20. 20. Heat Pump<br />Compressor/ Evaporator<br />Air Handling Unit<br />List advantages/disadvantages<br />
  21. 21. Insulation <br />Insulation is used to keep the temperature inside the building the same and different from the exterior. <br />Ex. Heat inside and cold outside or cold inside and hot outside<br />Batt/Blanket<br />Loose Fill<br />Foamed<br />Rigid board<br />
  22. 22. Lintel<br />A horizontal structural member, such as a beam or stone, that spans an opening, as between the uprights of a door or window or between two columns or piers.<br />
  23. 23. Mortar Joints<br />Concave- tooled- 3/8”<br />Raked- Tooled-3/8”<br />
  24. 24. Oriented Strand Board (OSB)<br />Is an engineered wood product formed by layering strands (flakes) of wood in specific orientations.<br />
  25. 25. Plumbing <br />1. Lavatory (sink)-1 1/2 “ pipe<br />2. Water Closet (toilet)-3” pipe<br />3. Bath Tub<br />4. Plumbing Vent- allows the gasses from the plumbing to exit the house through the roof and not through the bathrooms or sinks<br />5. Drop –In sink<br />
  26. 26. Plywood<br />1.Plywood- this particular piece is used as a support for a tub. They will cut out the circle for the tub.<br />2. veneer- a thin covering over another surface.<br />
  27. 27. Radiant Barrier<br />Radiant barriers are materials that are installed in buildings to reduce summer heat gain and winter heat loss, and hence to reduce building heating and cooling energy usage.<br />
  28. 28. Rebar<br />This particular piece of rebar is ½’’ in diameter and is considered a #4 in the ASTM Standard Reinforcing Bars.<br />This particular bar was probably used as reinforcement for the slab on grade for the house.<br />The deformations on the bar are there to grip the concrete when poured. If it was just a smooth bar then it could slide out easily.<br />
  29. 29. Step Roof Drainage<br />Gutter-collects the runoff water from the roof and drains it into the downspout<br />Downspout-drains the water from the gutters down to the ground or drainage system<br />Splashblock-put at the bottom of the downspouts to keep from eroding the ground.<br />1<br />2<br />3<br />
  30. 30. Steep Roof Materials<br />1.Roof underlayment-black (paper) that is a water proof barrier that goes on before the shingles to help protect the house from water.<br />2.Clay Tile Roof<br />3.Wood shingles<br />4.Metal Panel Roof- Aluminum <br />
  31. 31. Steep Roof Shapes<br />Gabled<br />Gambrel<br />Hip <br />Mansard<br />4<br />2<br />3<br />1<br />
  32. 32. Steep Roof Terms<br />Ridge<br />Valley<br />Eave<br />Rake <br />Fascia<br />soffit<br />1<br />2<br />4<br />5<br />3<br />6<br />
  33. 33. Stone<br />Random rubble<br />Coursed rubble<br />Radom ashlar<br />Coursed ashler<br />2<br />1<br />3<br />4<br />
  34. 34. Vapor Retarder<br />Paper side<br />Kraft- mainly put in the inside of the structure with the paper facing the “warm in winter” position. Used to keep moisture in or out of the building<br />
  35. 35. Water Proofing<br />This particular type if painted on in several coats to protect the base of the slab.<br />
  36. 36. Weep Hole<br />A small opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building component or assembly.<br />
  37. 37. Welded wire fabric<br />A grid of steel rods that are welded used to reinforce a concrete slab.<br />
  38. 38. Windows<br />Double Hung<br />Hopper<br />Sliding<br />Awning <br />

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