Mgmt and leadership


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Mgmt and leadership

  1. 1. Leadership and Motivation<br />Presented by:-<br />Soumyodeep Sahu<br /> Soumyonath banerjee<br />Sourin Mukherjee<br />Subhadeep Ghosh<br />Sudipta Das<br />Sumana Dutta<br />0<br />
  2. 2. Leadership is the quality which leads a team towards the goal...and motivation is the fire in the gun powder which helps a team to fly towards its goals.<br />1<br />
  3. 3. Preface<br />“A change team made up only of managers – even superb managers who are wonderful people – will cause major change efforts to fail without leadership and motivation.” ………….John Kottler<br />2<br />Success of a Manager=<br />50% Leadership + 50% Motivation=Success<br />
  4. 4. Transitioning from Manager to Leader<br />The journey from manager to leader, has 2key transition steps:<br />Manager: from individual performer to managing a team; “what’s good for me”  “what’s good for my team”<br />Leader: from managing a team to orchestrating groups of teams; “what’s good for my team  what’s good for the organization”<br />Transitioning is situational as well as hierarchical<br />“Management is doing things right, leadership is doing the right things”.... (Warren Bennis and Peter Drucker)<br />3<br />
  5. 5. Problem of a manager who don’t have leadership quality <br />4<br />Overwhelmed!<br />Don’t have any control<br />Don’t understand how<br />4. No clearly defined organizational path<br />5. Performance not good enough<br />Don’t want it !!<br />
  6. 6. Problem of a manager who don’t have leadership quality (Contd.)<br />5<br /> The ultimate problem occurs<br /> when a manager says. . .<br /> ‘‘ I do not know <br /> how to change. . .’’<br /> Just because the of the absence of leadership quality.<br />
  7. 7. Types of Leadership Style:-<br />Autocratic:<br />Leader makes decisions without reference to anyone else<br />High degree of dependency on the leader<br />Can create de-motivation and alienation of staff<br />May be valuable in some types of business where decisions need to be made quickly and decisively<br />
  8. 8. Types of Leadership Style:-<br />Democratic:<br /> Encourages decision making from different perspectives – leadership may be emphasised throughout the organisation<br />Consultative: process of consultation before decisions are taken<br />Persuasive: Leader takes decision and seeks to persuade others that the decision is correct<br />
  9. 9. Types of Leadership Style:-<br />Paternalistic:<br />Leader acts as a ‘FATHER FIGURE’<br />Paternalistic leader makes decision but may consult<br />Believes in the need to support staff<br />
  10. 10. Change Leadership<br /> 1. Immobilisation – as rumours of the change circulate, the individual feels some sense of shock and possible disbelief – so much so that they deem it worthy of doing nothing.<br />2. Minimisation: As the change becomes clearer, people try to fit in the change with their own personal position and may try to believe that it will not affect them.<br />3. Depression: as reality begins to dawn staff may feel alienated and angry, feelings of a lack of control of events overtake people and they feel depressed as they try to reconcile what is happening with their own personal situation.<br />4. Acceptance/letting go: The lowest point in self-esteem finally sees people starting to accept the inevitable. Fear of the future is a feature of this stage.<br />5. Testing out: Individuals begin to interact with the change, they start to ask questions to see how they might work with the change.<br />6. Search for meaning: Individuals begin to work with the change and see how they might be able to make the change work for them – self esteem begins to rise.<br />7<br />Self-esteem<br />2<br />7. Internalisation: the change is understood and adopted within the individual’s own understanding – they now know how to work with it and feel a renewed sense of confidence and self esteem.<br />6<br />3<br />1<br />5<br />4<br />Time<br />
  11. 11. Overcoming Challenges<br />10<br />“You must be the change you wish to see in the world.”<br />Mahatma Gandhi –<br /> Indian Leader<br />
  12. 12. What is Motivation<br /> An inferred process within an animal or an individual that causes that organism to move towards a goal.<br />11<br />
  13. 13. Motivational cycle<br />
  14. 14. Self motivation<br /><ul><li> Do it now
  15. 15. Break up the task into small steps
  16. 16. Don’t wait for mood or inspiration
  17. 17. Start action
  18. 18. Solutions will follow if you try</li></ul>13<br />
  19. 19. Motivational techniques<br />Leads them<br />Real examples are quicker than advice<br /> Way to influencing people<br />Appeal to benefits<br />Can motivate<br /> Mutual benefits to both of you<br />Appeal to emotions<br />People act quickly to emotions<br /> Positive manner<br />Appeal to expertise<br />Abilities enhance his self-worth<br /> Put best effort to seek approval<br />
  20. 20. General Motivational Strategies<br />Force<br />use coercive power<br />not the best way to motivate people<br />Enticement<br />have some reward power<br />Internal Motivation<br />comes from within a person<br />the same concepts will not internally motivate everyone<br />an effective supervisor can determine what internally motivates each crew member<br />
  21. 21. Internal Motivational Techniques<br />Capitalize on strengths<br />Address weaknesses<br />Don’t overextend strengths<br />SWOT Analysis<br />Personality growth<br />
  22. 22. conclusion<br />At the conclusion we can say that motivation and leadership are the two sides of a coin. The leadership quality of a leader fails if he/she can not motivate his fellows. Proper motivation of the co-workers towards their jobs help a leader to make proper use of his/her leadership quality. <br />17<br />
  23. 23. THANK YOU<br />18<br />