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Sheridan's spanish powerpoint


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A detailed description with several examples on how to use "estar" and "ir" in Spanish.

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Sheridan's spanish powerpoint

  1. 1. How to use “ir” and “estar” in Spanish By: Sheridan Ice
  2. 2. Estar: What it’s used for. <ul><li>The verb “estar” is used to indicate locations and say how people feel. </li></ul><ul><li>Like pretty much all Spanish verbs, it has a different form depending on the pronoun. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Estar: Its different forms <ul><li>(Estar means “to be”) </li></ul><ul><li>Yo-estoy </li></ul><ul><li>Tú-estás </li></ul><ul><li>Usted, él, ella-está </li></ul><ul><li>Nosotros (as)-estamos </li></ul><ul><li>Vosotros (as)-estáis </li></ul><ul><li>Ustedes, ellos (as)-están </li></ul>
  4. 4. Example: <ul><li>Pedro está en la cafetería. </li></ul><ul><li>English: Pedro is in the cafeteria. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Estar: The special rule (s) <ul><li>You always have to use “de” after the location word when a specific location is mentioned. </li></ul><ul><li>When “de” is followed by the word “el”, they have to combine to form the contraction “del”. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Examples: <ul><li>La biblioteca está al lado de la cafetería. </li></ul><ul><li>English: The library is next to the cafeteria. </li></ul><ul><li>La tiza está encima del borrador. </li></ul><ul><li>English: The chalk is on top of the eraser. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Estar: With emotions <ul><li>“ Estar” is also used with adjectives to say how someone feels at a given moment. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Examples: <ul><li>El maestro está tranquilo. </li></ul><ul><li>English: The teacher is calm. </li></ul><ul><li>Las chicas están cansadas. </li></ul><ul><li>English: The girls are tired. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Ir: What it’s used for <ul><li>The verb “ir” is used commonly to talk about where someone is going. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Ir: Its Different Forms <ul><li>(Ir means “to go”) </li></ul><ul><li>Yo-voy </li></ul><ul><li>Tú-vas </li></ul><ul><li>Usted, él, ella-va </li></ul><ul><li>Nosotros (as)-vamos </li></ul><ul><li>Vosotros(as)-vaís </li></ul><ul><li>Ustedes, ellos (as)-van </li></ul>
  11. 11. Ir: The Special Rule(s) <ul><li>Ir + a + infinitive </li></ul><ul><li>Always follow “ir” with the word “a” to say that someone is going to a specific place. </li></ul><ul><li>When “a” is followed by “el”, they combine to form the contraction “al”. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Examples: <ul><li>Voy a la biblioteca. </li></ul><ul><li>English: I’m going to the library. </li></ul><ul><li>Los estudiantes van al gimnasio. </li></ul><ul><li>English: The students are going to the gymnasium. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Extra (NEEDED!) Info <ul><li>To ask where someone is going, use ¿Adónde…? </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMPLE: ¿ Adónde vas ? </li></ul><ul><li>English: Where are you going ? </li></ul>