White Paper on Peering in France


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White Paper on Peering in France

  1. 1. The white paper on peering in France
  2. 2. SUMMARY1 - What is peering? 12 - The peering market in France 4 2-1 Current infrastructure: the various exchange 5 points and how they are developing a- A specific French context b- France IX’s innovative model 2-2 The different types of peers and their current 6 needs a- Opportunities 2-3 Current issue 73 - Opportunities for the growth of peering 10 3-1 In France 10 3-2 From abroad 124 - Outlooks 14
  3. 3. PREFACEAfter trying to find its feet for ten years, peering has reached maturity in Franceand is federatingcoalescing around a key player, France IX. As a non-profit or-ganisation under the French law of 1901 and a simplified joint stock companyin charge of operations, this key player is developing quickly both in France andabroad through a system of partnerships based on a secure and shared plat-form of the highest technical level to meet the new needs of internet specialists.France IX offers numerous services to meet ever-increasing demands while combi-ning partnerships in France with other exchange points such as those of Lyon (Lyo-nix) and Paris (SFINX), or by operating its own platform at strategic points such asMarseille. Located at the landing point of multiple intercontinental submarine cablelinks, the city of Marseille will serve both as a showcase for France IX technologies andas a stepping stone to developing markets such as Africa, the Middle East, and India.Having currently reached critical mass, France IX will offer new, innovative ser-vices as well as open up to new audiences, such as companies developing in thecloud sector, and manage the growth of new uses of technology by individuals.
  4. 4. The white paper on peering in France 1 - WHAT IS PEERING ? Peering can be defined as a connection service to a redundant and shared platform in order to exchange traffic publicly or privately between multiple connected members, called «peers», or between a peer and route servers (servers where the user announces its routes and collects those of other partners). This service is accessible to all partners with an Autonomous System (AS) number issued by the IP address registry of their geographical area. This AS number provides access to a range of IPV4 and IPV6 addresses. All computing devices connected to the Internet are assigned an IP address. Historically, this address was an IPV4 address. Given the scarcity of IPV4 addresses caused by the explosion in the number of connected devices, a second addressing system, considered to be nearly unlimited, has emerged and is currently being deployed: IPV6. A peering policy serves as a code of conduct by specifying the conditions to be met by peering users. Under an open policy, the user exchanges routes with other members connected to the exchange point. Under a selective policy, certain conditions are imposed (minimum amount of exchanged traffic, data on traffic location, etc). Under a closed policy, the routes remain private because they only exchange traffic through private links. Concretely, the service provided relies on an exchange point made up of network equipment that is interconnected by fibre optic cables. This infrastructure is set up in one or more hosting facilities where the exchange point equipment and users’ own infrastructures are installed. Redundancy To ensure high availability of the service, the infrastructure thus set up is duplicated redundant so that the exchanged traffic arrives from point A to point B, in all possible cases. This means setting up two links connecting the same sites or configuring traffic so that it goes through a third point (point C). 1
  5. 5. The white paper on peering in FranceSharingThe infrastructure that has been set up is also shared. Instead of connecting to each otherprivately via fibre optic or copper cables, operators use shared facilities. This means thatthese facilities do not belong to them and are meant to be used by multiple operators. The main advantage of this method is that it considerably reduces costs because exchangestake place on a single platform and this platform is neither financed nor administered by theoperators. The costs of these shared platforms are significantly lower than the costs incurredby setting up an infrastructure for each operator. 2
  6. 6. The white paper on peering in France INTERVIEW with Bruno Spiquel, Network Administrator at absolight Absolight In what way are you a member of France IX? France IX is bringing together more and more operators in the French regions and abroad. What Like many members, through our IP operator can this development bring you in the future? activity for the technical side and through our involvement in network development for The shortest possible path to these operators, of the social side. course :) What convinced you to join this internet Is the neutrality of France IX an important point for exchange point? you? It’s essential. I prefer that an IXP remains a neutral Since the beginning of our IP operator organisation. We saw what happened with private business, we have been committed to having exchange points in the past. a network that is as redundant as possible. Therefore France IX was pretty obvious. The closest thing to France IX in this field is SFINX, but it still remains a specific point. In addition, it’s not always easy to share an exchange point with What France-IX’s services do you use? one’s competitors. Public peering, RS* and a private VLAN** with How does France IX enter into your cost another member of the exchange point. analysis or your economic equation as a service provider? Are they similar to the services you use at other internet exchange points? We don’t currently pay any recurring fees to France IX. Our cost management approach is far Yes. from traditional, as the company’s only concern is to keep costs consistent with sales prices. What services do you hope to have in the The amount of these costs is of secondary future? importance. L2 transport to European capitals and more points in the French provinces in order to reach more people. * Routes servers ** VLAN (Virtual Local Area Network) 3
  7. 7. The white paper on peering in France2 - THE PEERING MARKET IN FRANCE In a mature market, needs differ according to the activities of exchange point users. Demand is rising constantly due to the pervasive use of the Internet in business activities. Peering developed fairly recently in France and has a rather original history. CDN ISP Operator Cloud E-Commerce Online gaming 4
  8. 8. The white paper on peering in France 2-1 Current infrastructure: the various exchange points and how they are developing Over the course of fifteen years (the age of peering in France, following the creation in 1995 of the SFINX platform, managed by the RENATER network), the situation has changed significantly. The Internet has become ubiquitous in companies and in our daily lives. During this time, the market has matured. For a long time, the market’s main concern was having the cheapest possible Mbit/s transfer speeds. The early 2000s even saw the emergence of specialised brokers to provide links at rock-bottom prices between certain French cities or on dedicated links. However, the growth of new computing uses now calls for further action. While economic considerations require exchange points to charge reasonable prices, a very high quality of service is also needed. Online games, streaming video technology, SaaS applications, cloud computing, and the explosion of data traffic on mobile networks are all uses that shed light on these needs. These uses are also expanding quickly. Service quality is becoming a true differentiating factor for standing out in the competitive web services market. A - A specific French context The current context of the French peering market is, to a large extent, based on the history of peering in France. Peering’s first steps in France began with the creation of SFINX, an exchange point created by the public interest group GIP RENATER that has operated a dedicated network for universities and research centres in mainland France and in the French overseas territories since 1992. This network has evolved since that time and is currently in its fifth generation. The creation of this exchange point gave ideas to several market players, who thought they could make money from peering, or at least reduce the cost of Internet routes. The first company in the running was France Télécom with its exchange point named Parix. Others who had invested in the sector wanted to change the existing model by pooling their existing investments in peering and by offering the possibility of using exchange points free of charge. Free set the ball rolling with its FreeIX point, followed by Bouygues Telecom. After acquiring the network portion of Club Internet, Bouygues Telecom established its own peering point, the PaNAP. Equinix, an important American player in the fields of hosting and data centres, also followed this model with its private peering point. Today it is difficult to know whether this offer was as successful as expected (no information is available on the volume of traffic exchanged). This complex economic model did not win over customers. Free gave up on its peering point in favour of a private peering policy and Bouygues Télécom chose to merge its PaNAP point with France IX at the end of March 2010. These different experiences showed that only a new business model could function in our country. 5
  9. 9. The white paper on peering in France B - France IX’s innovative model The situation was straightforward. The proprietary model was not working and was unable to bring together other specialists in the sector. The investments made in order to improve peering points made them hard to sustain economically. Thus France IX suggested a model based on peering point neutrality, with a fee-based economic model that made it possible to bear the costs of technical updates for peering points. France IX is a non-profit organisation under the law of 1901 whose members are customers of a trading company that manages the contracts and operations of the peering point. As both customers as well as members who determine the policies of France IX, members invest for their own benefit and have a different kind of relationship than that of a supplier and client.2-2 The different types of peers and their current needs The exchange point members (the peers) provide several types of services and the demands made on peering points can vary. Depending on the situation, they may choose different peering policies. The following examples demonstrate the variety of demands and the opportunities offered by peering. Without peering points such as France IX, the various operators in the Internet market could compensate with private peering networks. However, this solution requires multiplying the number of direct physical interconnections with other partners. They could also set up their Internet access through the exclusive purchasing of IP transit. While this solution is more financially enticing, it does not guarantee a true quality of service, which varies from one IP transit operator to another. In addition, the user relinquishes the ability to control its own routing policy and thus cannot optimise it. While this may be a suitable option for certain low value-added uses, other applications require significant control over the routing policy, short response times, and no loss of IP packets. A - Opportunities Depending on their activities, peers will be able to use different services from France IX. All in all, each member benefits from a connection to a shared platform and therefore a reduction in costs related to managing and installing facilities while rapidly trading a large volume of traffic. Like any shared platform, the more people who are on it, the greater the savings, because costs are shared between the different users. Users can also be sure that they are on a platform that is technically sound, secure, and up-to-date, with a high level of quality of service. 6
  10. 10. The white paper on peering in France In this way, operators will be able to sell capacity via the private VLAN (Virtual Local Area Network) service or use the reselling agreement service to connect users on the exchange point, with the possibility of sharing a 10 Gbps port by dividing it into several distinct connections for its customers. IP transit providers will have the same interests. Internet service providers will be interested in offering a maximum number of routes to their users through peering agreements or the route server service and will be able to buy partial or full transit services from operators on the peering point. Similarly, hostsing partners might use the peering point to make hosted content available to a maximum number of members. They will also be able to choose the connections to peers they are looking for (ISP, operators). Online game service providers will benefit from short exchange point response times through the interconnections between members on a single platform. Using the platform will also allow them to access as many peers as possible, if they are available. CDNs (Content Delivery Networks) will have similar interests to those of a host. In general, these content providers have open peering policies in order to attract as many individuals as possible via ISPs (Internet Service Providers) and as many businesses as possible via operators who come to access websites. 2-3 The current issue With more than 150 members, France IX has become a key player in the peering market in France. However, the amount of traffic using France IX is still below that of its European counterparts. Amsterdam, London and Frankfurt currently monopolise the majority of traffic. These cities handle traffic of around one Tbps while France IX calibrates at around 100 Gbit/ bps. More precisely, the rate of traffic consolidated on the Frankfurt exchange point is 1.8 Tbps. Amsterdam is next (1.4 Tbps), followed by London (1 Tbps). The Moscow exchange point is also far ahead of Paris with 700 Gbps. Because of the growth of the Internet, with many new uses such as online application services (SaaS or Software as a Service), social networks (Facebook, Linkedin, Viadeo, etc.), the development of the cloud (distributed computing on the online cloud), this difference in traffic is an anomaly. The aim of France IX is to consolidate and raise Paris to the rank of a leader in international peering by developing a range of services that satisfy a variety of current market needs and by bringing together operators, content providers, and Internet service providers from France and abroad. In order to do so, France IX is developing a strategy based on several areas of action to join together even more French and foreign Internet operators and to bring back traffic to France, and all this with the lowest possible economic cost in order to allow partners to optimise their overall expenses. 7
  11. 11. The white paper on peering in France INTERVIEW with Christian Kaufmann, Senior network architect director at AkamaiIn what context do you use France IX ?We used to be connected to two exchange points in Paris: FreeIX andPANAP. Everywhere else there is only one large exchange point and there isno fragmentation like there is in Paris. When we heard about a cooperativeproject in Paris similar to the one we know about in Frankfurt, we offeredto help. We joined the project 18 months ago.What types of services do you expect from France IX ?That depends on the type of exchange point you want! Public peeringwith SLAs is quite a service. It didn’t really exist before now. And we wantto do more than just simple peering with mobile VPN services. We believethat all services should be integrated.What France IX services do you use ?We need peering services to access numerous points and we need to addhundreds more. We want to help increase the number of members so thatthere are 200 or 300 in Paris.Other than that, we use the same services as in Amsterdam on the AMS-IX: level of quality, sub-networks for private peering. Collocation facilitiesmake services easier to use.What services would you like to see in the future ?Actually, we are satisfied by the services currently available. Extendingthem is more important to us than having new ones, like having morepeers or data centre sites in Paris. 8
  12. 12. The white paper on peering in France France IX is developing its services in the French regions and abroad. What opportunities does that give you ? We really like the idea of developing in Marseille and having access to independent platforms like in Lyon. Maybe we could connect them with Paris. To me it seems more important to have a good reselling programme and good resellers. That’s another way to grow and increase the number of peers. We don’t think that we need new services. As I already mentioned, the existing services are good and they are not far-fetched. Marseille is a good starting point with its connections with India and the Middle East. We need to go over there and tell them to get connected. If the right conditions are in place, this will certainly be the most difficult task. Is neutrality an important point for you? We strongly believe in neutrality. We had the experience of FreeIX, and they stopped providing support services. In fact, the proprietary aspects of peering make it a weapon for retaining power in the market. They forget that trust is the best part of peering. How do you include France IX as part of your cost analysis? France IX is pretty well-positioned in terms of price and is within the market average. Furthermore, costs are calculated in the same way as other exchange points in Europe. 9
  13. 13. The white paper on peering in France3 - OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE GROWTH OF PEERING France IX is growing quickly, in relation to market demand. The first step consisted in consolidating and revitalising the exchange point in Paris. It has now reached a critical mass and data transmission rates are constantly on the rise with the return of very large content providers such as Google and Microsoft, which only used private peering before now. The overall strategy of France IX can be summarised in three words: scalability, proximity, and savings. Because of its specific economic model, France IX was able quickly to set up an infrastructure that meets its members’ needs, even for the most demanding among them in terms of quality of service or bandwidth. The platform was designed to evolve quickly towards very high data transmission rates and high levels of demand. Thus, the chassis have switching capacities measured in terabits per second. France IX’s pricing model allowed the platform to be financed. Prices are clear and easy to find. All members pay the same amount according to the type of port and service set up. This model makes it possible to carry out technical updates of the platform and ensures the continuation of France IX and the simplified joint stock company responsible for operations. Prices are based on the best prices of IP transit suppliers. They are also comparable to those of other European exchange points. Furthermore, these European exchange points are built on the same economic model as France IX. The development of France IX’s national footprint beyond the Paris metropolitan area will lead to substantial cost savings on fibre optic interconnections. This expansion of coverage in the French regions and the proximity it provides make development in these regions a priority. 3-1 En France Developing throughout the national territory is a key area of development for France IX. In consideration of its goal of bringing together French operators, France IX gives priority where possible to partnerships with existing exchange points. This was the case with SFINX (operated by Renater). Whenever a local initiative workfunctions well on its own, France IX suggests a partnership. This was the case with the partnerships signed with the exchange points in Lyon (LyonIX) and Paris (SFINX). 10
  14. 14. The white paper on peering in France Marseille has a rather integral role in this framework. Because of its geographic location, the city plays a dual role in the development of France IX and occupies a strategic position. Like the other regional sites, Marseille contributes to the coverage of the network and, with the installation of an exchange point in an SFR data centre in this city, creates a direct link with the Parisian platform, thereby simplifying the traffic exchanges of local as well as national operators. The strategic nature of Marseille is strengthened by the fact that it is the landing point for several submarine communications cables linking to very quickly expanding areas such as Africa and the Middle East. The Marseille platform is becoming a key element for the international development of France IX. The centre will become both a stepping stone and a showcase for France IX abroad. Asia Middle East 11
  15. 15. The white paper on peering in France3-2 From abroad With the landing point for important submarine communication cables being located in Marseille, this city is becoming an alternative to the traditional routes for Internet communications coming from Africa, Asia, the Middle East, and India. Communications links are still expensive for operators in these areas and Marseille represents a shorter path for transmitting their content. In this sense, Marseille has an opportunity to present itself as a facilitator for these areas by strengthening available infrastructures and having a positive effect on practices in these various parts of the world. As it does in its home country, France IX also focuses on proximity in these areas with partnerships with nearby European exchange points. There are interconnections with LU-CIX, the exchange point in Luxembourg, but they are also in talks with other cross- border European exchange points. While the traffic currently brought in is minimal, the possibility of piggybacking onto traffic coming from Marseille or other peering points in the region will enhance the attractiveness of France IX to users in these countries. France IX is active in European institutions in the sector, such as the Euro-IX association, which works on priorities common to the various exchange point operators through working groups focusing on best practices, new services or the monitoring of peering points. 12
  16. 16. The white paper on peering in France INTERVIEW with David Bordas, technical manager at Jeuxvideo.com In what wary are you a member of France IX ? Therefore, we are always happy to see that new members are joining France IX. It means We are an online video game magazine. So we are new potential peers for our network. a content provider. Is the neutrality of France IX an important What convinced you to join this IXP ? point for you ? The migration of PaNAP to France IX and the human aspects of our relationships with certain It’s important but not fundamental. The founders of the exchange point. neutrality of France IX is indeed an important point when it comes to the sustainability of an internet exchange point. It also helps ensure What France IX services do you use ? that things are clear and transparent in regard A 10Gbps port (limited for billing purposes to 2 to the development of this exchange point. Gbps at the moment). This flexible billing system for the 10Gbps port was a very important point for us. We also use RS. How does France IX enter into your cost analysis or your economic equation as a Are they similar to the services you use on content provider ? other internet exchange points ? We make our living from advertising. Therefore, We are only on France IX and Equinix-IX. But it is important to maintain a rather low cost yes, the services that we use are equivalent on structure. Having «short» routes and sessions each side. with members is a very good thing. Now, if my peering cost exceeds the cost of a What services do you hope to have in the transit company by too much, the economic future ? equation will no longer be sustainable (even if More members. :) technically a peer is always better than a transit company). France IX is bringing together more and more players in the French regions and abroad. What can this development bring you in the future ? More potential peers! As a content provider, it is important to have short and neat routes with the ASs with which we exchange content. 13
  17. 17. The white paper on peering in France4 - OUTLOOKS After the consolidation stages of the Parisian platform and the opening of the exchange point in Marseille, France IX is fully prepared for quick international development in areas experiencing three-digit growth in Internet traffic! However, the traffic from these areas must not simply be passing through on the way to other exchange points. The priority will be to develop targetted and innovative services quickly to meet the specific needs of stakeholders in these areas. The perpetuation of exchanges with other international peering points should better promote France IX and allow it to attract new traffic, as shown by the return of large content providers during recent months. In France, the expansion of coverage and the broadening of partnerships with exchange points in the regions should loosen the stranglehold on provincial operators and increase the number of members of the association. New audiences are also future potential members. Cloud companies and providers may have requests for direct interconnections or VPN services through their IP service providers or their operator. Again, the development of new services based on the platform’s avenues for growth will be important for the future development of the association. In addition, France IX will continue to develop an active marketing presence, notably at professional events such as those of the various NOGs*. These different elements should bring back traffic to France. Exactly where it used to be. * NOG (Network Operators Groups) 14
  18. 18. The white paper on peering in France INTERVIEW with Franck SIMON, Managing Director at France IX How would you describe the current market ? Neutrality is one of the founding principles of France IX. Demand is rising quickly but is also becoming more sensible. For a long time, the priority was obtaining the cheapest possible price per Mbps without worrying about the quality of service. Today, we need to review these points and the competition will require not only that we control costs but also that we set ourselves apart through services. The challenge is always difficult in this context. We need to demonstrate that our added value goes beyond optimising costs per Mbps to include the management of route policies and the wide range of interconnections on a quality platform that meets even the most interactive or real-time needs, such as online videos. Only exchange points like our own can guarantee that. New computing uses such as the cloud are starting to pop up. How is France IX involved with these uses? Is this a future avenue for development ? We are at the front end of this phenomenon with the appearance of cloud managers. The cloud is becoming more democratic for both professional and personal uses: storage and backup of data, the shift away from workstations, virtual servers, game consoles, etc. For specialists in the cloud industry, in a context where these resources are available, being connected to an Internet exchange point is an advantage for reaching operators and users of these services. 15
  19. 19. The white paper on peering in FranceDevelopment in the regions is one of your Neutrality is one of the founding principles ofpriorities. What is your strategy in the area ? France IX. Why is it important ? We must reach critical mass and bring together Neutrality allows us to ensure the survival of thestakeholders that in the past were dispersed, in structure and to make sure that members areorder to obtain a snowball effect. There is still involved with the various activities.work to be done. After having refocused the On France IX, it is possible to engage in publicParisian platform, we must strive to bring this peering, private peering (via specific VLANs) oradded value to exchange points in the French even buy or sell partial or full IP transit.regions. It is a worthwhile goal but the questionis not just a national one and the next step is the The same overall technical infrastructure isinterconnection with the cross-border exchange used (thus the interest in sharing resources) butpoints. the different traffic flows are still seperated intoFor the exchange points in the French regions, distinct sub-networks. Adapting does not meanwe favour partnership agreements. We don’t mixing everything together.want any conflicts and we are looking for areas ofconvergence such as in Lyon or Marseille. Marseille How will you participate in the work ofwill play a special role by serving as a stepping institutions such as Euro-IX ?stone and as a showcase for us by becoming ahub due to its excellent location, namely as thelanding point for submarine cables linking Africa, We have cordial discussions with thesethe Middle East and Asia to our continent. organisations, as we do with other European exchange points where we are in more of aMarseille represents an alternative, with shorter working group context, .focusing on goodroutes than the traditional ones. We could act as practices, new services and the administrationa facilitator and optimise traffic flows on links that of exchange points.are currently expensive for users in the geographicareas. By offering specific and innovative services,we can be a driving force for uses in these areas.We still have to convince people that this will notbe just a crossing point. 16
  20. 20. The white paper on peering in France Convergence hub THE FIRST EXCHANGE POINT IN FRANCE France IX is a state-of-the-art exchange point offering Unicast and Multicast IPv4/IPv6 peering services and private peering (Closed User Group) through various connection ports: 5 reasons to choose France-IX Federating exchange point Convergence point for international traffic Association-based structure focused on expanding neutral services to operators Strong and safe dedicated infrastructure 24/7 technical support Services Several types of ports are available IPv4 Unicast 100 Mbps (copper) IPV4 Multicast 1000 Mbps (copper) – traffic up to 200 Mbps or line-rate IPv6 Multicast 1 Gbps (SX or LX) – traffic up to 200 Mbps or line-rate Closed User Group 10 Gbps – traffic up to 2Gbps or line-rate Routes Servers The Internet exchange point that opens up France to the world. 17
  21. 21. The white paper on peering in France Interxion 5 11-13 avenue des Arts et Métiers, 93200 Saint-Denis customer.services@interxion.com Telecitygroup 3Telecitygroup 1 10 rue Waldeck Rochet,130-136 boulevard de Verdun 93300 Aubervilliers9 Energy Park / 92413 condorcet.support@telecity.Courbevoie Cedexenergypark.support@telecity.com Interxion 2 20-22 rue des Gardinoux, 93534 Aubervilliers Cedex customer.services@interxion.comTelehouse 138 rue des Jeûneurs, Interxion 175002 Paris 45 avenue Victor Hugo /colo@fr.telehouse.net Bâtiment 260 93534 Aubervilliers Cedex customer.services@interxion.com Île-de-France Telehouse 2 137 boulevard Voltaire, 75011Paris Iliad-Datacenter 2 colo@fr.telehouse.net 29 rue Edith Cavell, 94400 Vitry-sur-Seine sales@iliad-entreprises.fr SFR Netcenter Marseille 40 avenue Roger Salengro 13003 Marseille Data Center / Coeur de réseau Network core Data Center The architecture is based on a dual core network to ensure redundancy. 18
  22. 22. The white paper on peering in France For further information, check out our website www.franceix.net or contact us at info@franceix.net. If you enjoyed this white paper and would like to keep up to date with the latest news from France IX, please subscribe to our newsletter. http://eepurl.com/g9rkk