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EFSS 2009 Necro Semiotics


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Discourse analysis of necrology.

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EFSS 2009 Necro Semiotics

  1. 1. Necro-Semiotics
  2. 2. BY <ul><li>Borislav Gueorguiev </li></ul><ul><li>New Bulgarian University </li></ul><ul><li>@15 th EFSS Sozopol </li></ul><ul><li>September 11 th 2009 </li></ul>
  3. 3. 1) Degré zéro of necrology <ul><li>Bulgarian case </li></ul><ul><li>Practice in Kumanovo,FYROM </li></ul>
  4. 5. Translation <ul><li>OBITUARY NOTICE </li></ul><ul><li>With deep sorrow we are announcing the decease of [ the name of deceased, the year of birth, the year of death ] on March 7 th , 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Our sorrow is great… </li></ul><ul><li>Last Adieu! </li></ul><ul><li>R.I.P. </li></ul><ul><li>The funeral service will take place at… </li></ul><ul><li>From the mourners </li></ul>
  5. 7. Translation <ul><li>OBITUARY NOTICE </li></ul><ul><li>We announce to all our relatives and friends that our beloved and unforgettable < the name, the age, the exact address > after a short illness deseased on < the date and THE EXACT HOUR >. </li></ul><ul><li>The funeral will take place at…etc. </li></ul><ul><li>The mourners: < names and degrees of kinship > </li></ul>
  6. 8. Functions of necrology <ul><li>Announcement for death/anniversary of death </li></ul><ul><li>Epitaph </li></ul><ul><li>Life style advertisement </li></ul><ul><li>the intuitive deconstruction of the funeral traditions in BG </li></ul>
  7. 9. Pragmatics of Necrology
  8. 10. DEIXIS <ul><li>Essentially, deixis is concerned with the way languages encode or grammaticalize features of the context of utterances or speech events, and thus it also examines the ways in which the interpretation of an utterance depends on the analysis of its context. </li></ul>
  9. 11. Categories of Deixis <ul><li>Person deixis </li></ul><ul><li>Spatial deixis </li></ul><ul><li>Temporal deixis </li></ul><ul><li>Discourse (or text) deixis </li></ul><ul><li>Social deixis </li></ul>
  10. 12. 2) Usual contexts: private & public space = spatial deixis
  11. 13. 3) Unusual contexts: only in public spaces = destroyed spatial deixis
  12. 14. 4) Effects of the destroyed spatial deixis
  13. 15. Main effect <ul><li>The palimpsest effect </li></ul><ul><li>A palimpsest is a manuscript page from a scroll or book that has been scraped off and used again. The word &quot;palimpsest&quot; comes through Latin from Greek and meant &quot;scraped (clean and used) again.&quot; </li></ul>
  14. 16. Palimpsest function in this case <ul><li>Shifting from spatial to discourse deixis: </li></ul><ul><li>The extrapolation of necrologies refer to several changes in their usage: </li></ul><ul><li>They are not more just a announcements for death/anniversary of death; </li></ul><ul><li>They (and not the grave stone) are place to putting an epitaph; </li></ul><ul><li>They don’t show anymore the sacred places for every human; </li></ul><ul><li>They presuppose different kinds of life-styles (religious, atheistic, fortunate, pover, etc.) = discourse deixis (refer to another narrative) </li></ul><ul><li>This generates a different forms of abuses or deviations in the usage of necrologies: </li></ul>
  15. 17. Deviations of the norms (1) <ul><li>44 years without… </li></ul><ul><li>No cross </li></ul><ul><li>Picture in medallion </li></ul><ul><li>Something looking like a crown of laurels </li></ul>
  16. 18. Deviations of the norms (2) <ul><li>Colored text & pic. </li></ul><ul><li>Too much flowers: do the refer to the cemetery and grave, or simply to a nice park? </li></ul><ul><li>A very long epitaph. </li></ul><ul><li>The most important part is practically unreadable. </li></ul>
  17. 19. Deviations of the norms (3) <ul><li>Colored text. </li></ul><ul><li>Unusual for this event garland. </li></ul><ul><li>The cross has nothing to do with the orthodox tradition (the form of the cross, and esp. the rose). </li></ul><ul><li>There is no pic, because this is a pattern. </li></ul>
  18. 20. Deviations of the norms (4) <ul><li>Instead of a kind of orthodox cross a medallion with Virgin Mary and the new born Jesus is put on the right. This medallion implies Christmas, joy, but not sadness. </li></ul>
  19. 21. Deviations of the norms (5) <ul><li>Absence of mournful frame. </li></ul><ul><li>Too many colors. </li></ul><ul><li>Too many different kinds of flowers. </li></ul><ul><li>Too many crosses. </li></ul><ul><li>Certain catholic influence in the cross in the left of the pic (the hands which pray): the appropriate cross on the top is 100% orthodox. </li></ul>
  20. 22. Deviations of the norms (6) <ul><li>Explicit breaking of the tradition: no cross, no mournful frame, unusual pic of the deceased, no references who exactly was the deceased guy. </li></ul>
  21. 23. Jokes with necrology <ul><li>OBITUARY NOTICE </li></ul><ul><li>1948-2008 </li></ul><ul><li>60 years </li></ul><ul><li>you have empoisoned the football, so let now you burn in hell ! </li></ul><ul><li>Your dreams are now our reality – “A” professional league of Bulgaria!... </li></ul><ul><li>From non-mournful </li></ul><ul><li>03.06.2008 </li></ul>
  22. 24. Thank you!  <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>