Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
The Right Information?
a view from landscape, management and affordances
Sophie Visser
LandZij / Utrecht University (exter...
Map: landscape values (present)
+
Text: landscape history
Map: landscape characteristics (present)
+
Diagram: polder syste...
Basic situation and question:
Information
Product(s)
Affordances
for use?
Affordances
for use?
Landscape Steering Informat...
e..g. Laurini (2001),
Information Systems
for Urban Planning
European Landscape Convention - Explanatory Report,
http://co...
ELC Steering pyramid Information pyramid
Information used: Information made:
…. related to ‘substantial’ differences in in...
Information pyramid  Information quality levels:
general – abstract - selective - condensed
detailed – concrete – complet...
Strategic steering
Tactical steering
Operational steering
Levels in ‘Steering’ lead to different general affordances as we...
Europe
State
County/Province
Municipality
Administrations  Process levels & types
Europe
State
County/Province
Municipality
Administrations  Process levels & types => positioning the information
Intended...
=> Usable as which type of input in which processes?
National
Landscape policy
Substantial
input
output
Steering
input
Sup...
National
Landscape policy
Substantial
input
output
Steering
input
Support
input
Local Landscape
planning
Substantial
Input...
National
Landscape policy
Substantial
input
output
Steering
input
Support
input
Local Landscape
planning
output
Steering?
...
… as well as from on other aspects in processes …..
Approach/view <=> aspects?
How organized?Who is involved & how?
-Space...
Approach/view <=> aspects?
How organized?Who is involved & how?
-Space, place, environment?
-Characters (ELC), types, …?
-...
… as well as the personal affordances to a user
Prior knowledge
& experiences
knowledge
needs
Becoming
aware
Problem/
ques...
… as well as the personal affordances to a user
After Liew (2007) http://www.tlainc.com/articl134.htm
Prior knowledge
& ex...
Prior knowledge
& experiencesknowledge
needs
Information
needs
Making
needs
explicit
Looking for/at
Information
Becoming
a...
Concluding: ‘The right information’ is …
… information with the right affordances for the right purpose of the right activ...
Thank you for your attention!
j.s.visser@planet.nl
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

The Right Information? A view from landscape, landscape management and affordancesnd

335 views

Published on

Cultural landscape information and information products consist of three intertwined aspects related to respectively ´cultural landscape´, ´information´ and ´information products´ . All three involve many activities and choices so as to make the final product (e.g. an information system). Certain approaches, viewpoints, starting points and opinions on all three aspects implicitly or explicitly get represented in the information. As a result, information is not necessarily neutral or factual and may foremost be tailored to the needs of the directly involved stakeholders ('the makers') and their purposes, actions, contexts and knowledge needs. In many cases, though, other users are disregarded in this process, whether or not seen as potential users from the start. Hence, their purposes, perceptions, and actions should be or become an issue as well, as information is generally meant to be used as knowledge in some action – e.g. landscape policy, planning or design - by somebody in some context. The affordances of information for that goal is crucial and are therefore the core of the usability of that information. This contribution discusses affordances (or constraints) and their causes and consequences, based on some typical information systems on cultural landscapes.

Published in: Environment
  • Login to see the comments

  • Be the first to like this

The Right Information? A view from landscape, landscape management and affordancesnd

  1. 1. The Right Information? a view from landscape, management and affordances Sophie Visser LandZij / Utrecht University (external PhD student) PECSRL 2014 – Sweden, September 8–12 , 2014
  2. 2. Map: landscape values (present) + Text: landscape history Map: landscape characteristics (present) + Diagram: polder system Information about cultural landscapes as the central issue Map(s): landscape objects through time + Data: landscape objects through time
  3. 3. Basic situation and question: Information Product(s) Affordances for use? Affordances for use? Landscape Steering Information Steering
  4. 4. e..g. Laurini (2001), Information Systems for Urban Planning European Landscape Convention - Explanatory Report, http://conventions.coe.int/Treaty/EN/Reports/Html/176.htm) Steering pyramid ELC Steering pyramid However, there are process types and levels ….
  5. 5. ELC Steering pyramid Information pyramid Information used: Information made: …. related to ‘substantial’ differences in information
  6. 6. Information pyramid  Information quality levels: general – abstract - selective - condensed detailed – concrete – complete - basic …. With ‘information qualities’ as a type of general affordances E.g. Pijpers (2006), Information Usage Behavior
  7. 7. Strategic steering Tactical steering Operational steering Levels in ‘Steering’ lead to different general affordances as well: Policy Management Processes Policy Management Processes Policy Management Processes e.g. Lankhorst et al. (2009), Enterprise Architecture at Work Wimmer et al. (2010), Electronic Government
  8. 8. Europe State County/Province Municipality Administrations  Process levels & types
  9. 9. Europe State County/Province Municipality Administrations  Process levels & types => positioning the information Intended for National policy analysis Affordances for?Product from Intended for Landscape Planning, etc. at lower levels Affordances for? Intended for Landscape Planning, etc. at (sub) local levels Affordances for? Product from Product from
  10. 10. => Usable as which type of input in which processes? National Landscape policy Substantial input output Steering input Support input Local Landscape planning output Support input Substantial input Steering input
  11. 11. National Landscape policy Substantial input output Steering input Support input Local Landscape planning Substantial Input? output Steering: mandatory? Support input Substantial input X Steering input => Usable as which type of input in which processes?
  12. 12. National Landscape policy Substantial input output Steering input Support input Local Landscape planning output Steering? Support input Substantial input X Steering input Substantial? => Usable as which type of input in which processes?
  13. 13. … as well as from on other aspects in processes ….. Approach/view <=> aspects? How organized?Who is involved & how? -Space, place, environment? -Characters (ELC), types, …? -Elements, patterns, ..? -Cultural, ecological, ….? -Static, dynamic, …? -Past, present, future? -Experts, civil servants, locals? -with landscape knowledge? -with ICT/GIS expertise? -with information expertise? -Personal differences? -Inter-, multi-, transdisciplinary? -Consultative, cooperative, participative? -Power, interests, management?
  14. 14. Approach/view <=> aspects? How organized?Who is involved & how? -Space, place, environment? -Characters (ELC), types, …? -Elements, patterns, ..? -Cultural, ecological, ….? -Static, dynamic, …? -Past, present, future? -Experts, civil servants, locals? -with landscape knowledge? -with ICT/GIS expertise? -with information expertise? -and Personal differences? -Collaboration? -Cooperation? -Participation? -Consultation? …… including the context and its choices ……. Purpose(s) Methods People & organization Approache(s)
  15. 15. … as well as the personal affordances to a user Prior knowledge & experiences knowledge needs Becoming aware Problem/ question Interpreting & analysing
  16. 16. … as well as the personal affordances to a user After Liew (2007) http://www.tlainc.com/articl134.htm Prior knowledge & experiences knowledge needs Information needs Making needs explicit Looking for/at Information Becoming aware Problem/ question Interpreting & analysing
  17. 17. Prior knowledge & experiencesknowledge needs Information needs Making needs explicit Looking for/at Information Becoming aware Selection, impressions, experiences Processing, analysing Internalizing, integrating New information … as well as the personal affordances to a user Problem/ question Interpreting & analysing Pro - ducing After Liew (2007) http://www.tlainc.com/articl134.htm
  18. 18. Concluding: ‘The right information’ is … … information with the right affordances for the right purpose of the right activity in the right context at the right level as seen by the right person (at the right time and the right place) Philippa Holland, www.bluefinsolutions.com3 … which may put limits to ‘just gathering information’ as well ….
  19. 19. Thank you for your attention! j.s.visser@planet.nl

×