Knowledge and its organization              as a matter of multiple facets, forms and functions                           ...
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Knowledge and its organization as a matter of multiple facets, forms and functions

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How knowledge organization and conceptual modeling can help each other, e.g. on cultural-historical landscapes and heritage. Poster for the ISKO UK conference Facets of Knowledge Organization, July 4-5, 2011, London.

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Knowledge and its organization as a matter of multiple facets, forms and functions

  1. 1. Knowledge and its organization as a matter of multiple facets, forms and functions How Knowledge organization and Conceptual Modeling can help each other, e.g. on cultural-historical landscapes & heritage Conceptual modeling  Knowledge organization Reality domains 3 P’s  Pre-structuring knowledge 3 S’s  Post-structuring knowledgeModeling a ‘reality domain’ in advance, for Structuring knowledge ‘documents’ from others, forrecording & finding ‘own’ knowledge’ ‘search & find’ upon knowledge questions=> Starts from ‘conceptualizing’ of everything relevant => starts from ‘conceptualizing’ -of ‘complete’ & integrated reality domain, with -of concepts, relationships, ‘facets’ (e.g. entity, all relevant concepts, relationships, aspects part, attribute, operation, place, time, …………) -based on all relevant knowledge & types (know-that, -leading to KO Systems (KOSs) -how, -why, -when, -where, -who, e.g. process knowledge ) -Epistemology, Ontology as fundaments (incl. -for & from all relevant contexts (purposes, views,.) science disciplines => disciplinary domains!)- for Information Systems (ISs) and more -by & for ‘specialists’ (but broadening) -by ‘all who know’, for all involved (people, computers) -for ‘specialists’, e.g. scholars (but broadening)3 P’s: 3 S’s:-’Praxis’/pragmatic: what is needed in practice -Sciences-based (originally) => ‘disciplinary’-Perception: the combined views and ‘relevancies’ -Scientific approach: metaphysics, philosophy-Process knowledge included -Systematic thinking ‘Knowledge’ forms “Where the twain shall meet” In thinking & approach Forms & levels, Functions, Shared structures e.g. From KO to CM: applying -Conceptualization: -Forms  (meta-)meta level(s)? -Systematic conceptualization (‘Facets’) maps, graphs -(G)IS: through conceptual model, -Scientific basis: Epistemology, Ontology -Thesauri, etc., as in Library ISs not directly data as such -Gazetteers, for place names -text doc’s: inherent context From CM to KO: thinking from -Categories, etc. as in IS-db’s -images: added meta level (tags) -Ontologies, Topic Maps -(broad) Domains -maps: im- & explicit context -Inter-/transdisciplinary as starting point (relationships, uses & users, impacts) -Functions  partly same/different The domain of cultural-historical landscapes & heritageThe domain and its concepts Conclusions on issues like ….-landscape => area, perceived by people * ’Inclusiveness’  recognition-cultural … => because of human (inter)actions-… historical …=> through history, until now -Facets: broader & systematical-……..heritage => what is seen as valuable -Forms: related in content, so ……..-for many purposes, scale levels, … => views! -Functions: ‘for all’, not ‘for us/ours’In modeling & systems in practice: •Standardization  variation:-views from experts/makers -not just needs from interoperability, -selective  purpose! -heritage, culture, history? also conceptual & use views -view-related concepts, categories, etc.-GIS-based (‘Geographic IS’ as technology) *Thinking & approach on Landscapes -spatial modeling, hardly conceptual -more Domain & Conceptual -’what can be located’ => ‘exact’ knowledge -both 3 P’s and 3 S’s! Landscape history in categorizations -map legends, interoperability J. Sophie Visser, M.Sc., M.A. Consultant LandZij / PhD Student Utrecht UniversityLandZij j.s.visser[at]planet.nl

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