• Complementary and alternative medicine as defined
by NCCAM, is a group of diverse medical and health
care systems, practices, and products that are not
presently considered to be part of conventional
• The name „complementary medicine‟ developed as
the two systems began to be used alongside (to
Complementary medicine is used together with
Example using aromatherapy to help lessen a
patient‟s discomfort following surgery.
Alternative medicine is used in place of
Example using a special diet to treat cancer instead
of undergoing surgery, radiation, or chemotherapy
that has been recommended by a conventional
MAJOR TYPES OF COMPLIMENTARY
AND ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE
BIOLOGICALLY BASED THERAPIES
MANIPULATIVE AND BODY BASED
MIND- BODY INTERVENTIONS
ALTERNATIVE MEDICAL SYSTEMS
Dietary supplements A dietary supplement is a
product (other than tobacco) taken by mouth that
contains a “dietary ingredient” intended to
supplement the diet.
• Dietary ingredients may include vitamins, minerals,
herbs or other botanicals, amino acids, and substances
such as enzymes, organ tissues, and metabolites.
• Dietary supplements come in many forms, including
extracts, concentrates, tablets, capsules, gel caps,
liquids, and powders. They have special requirements
Omega 3 oil as an anti-inflammatory--used to
High dose vitamin, mineral and antioxidant
therapy to build immune system and slow disease
Vitamin therapy--treats wasting, lack of
appetite, malabsorption of nutrients
Chinese herbs to treat diarrhea
therapists manipulate muscle
and connective tissue to enhance function of
those tissues and promote relaxation and
Enhance immune function
Reduce musculoskeletal pain
Increase lymph flow
Decrease anxiety, increase self-esteem and
positive body image.
• Provide human touch
Chiropractic:- It focuses on the relationship
between bodily structure (primarily that of
the spine) and function, and how that
relationship affects the preservation and
restoration of health
It gives relief from musculo-skeletal
• Osteopathic medicine
is a form of
conventional medicine that, in part,
emphasizes diseases arising in the
There is an underlying belief that all of the
body‟s systems work together, and
disturbances in one system may affect
function elsewhere in the body.
• Qi gong is a component of
traditional Chinese medicine that
combines movement, meditation,
and regulation of breathing to
enhance the flow of qi (an ancient
term given to what is believed to
be vital energy) in the body,
improve blood circulation, and
enhance immune function.
• Reiki is a Japanese word representing
Universal Life Energy. Reiki is based
on the belief that when spiritual
energy is channelled through a Reiki
practitioner, the patient‟s spirit is
healed, which in turn heals the
Homeopathic medicine. In homeopathic
medicine, there is a belief that “like cures
like,” meaning that small, highly diluted
quantities of medicinal substances are
given to cure symptoms, when the same
substances given at higher or more
concentrated doses would actually cause
Ayurveda:-A medical system that has been
practiced primarily in the Indian
subcontinent for 5,000 years. Ayurveda
includes diet and herbal remedies and
emphasizes the use of body, mind, and
spirit in disease prevention and treatment.
Naturopathy:- It proposes that there is a
healing power in the body that establishes,
maintains, and restores health. Practitioners
work with the patient with a goal of
supporting this power, through treatments
such as nutrition and lifestyle counselling,
dietary supplements, medicinal plants,
Treatment of nausea with ginger
Immune enhancement agents
Hyperthermia to increase immune
WHY PEOPLE USE CAM?
Changing needs and values in modern
Rise in prevalence of chronic diseases.
Increase in public access to worldwide
Reduced tolerance for paternalism.
An increased sense of entitlement to
breakthrough will have relevance for the
personal treatment of disease.
An increased interest in spiritualism.
CAM IN INDIA
Complementary and alternative medicinal systems are
popular in India, with Ayurveda being the most popular.
CAM is mostly associated with the treatment of chronic
The term “Ayurveda” combines the Sanskrit
words ayur (life) and veda (science or knowledge).
It is one of the oldest systems of medicine in the world.
Ayurvedic treatment is non-invasive
and non-toxic, so it can be used safely as
an alternative therapy or alongside
It can also help stress-related,
metabolic, and chronic conditions.
Ayurveda has been used to treat acne,
allergies, asthma, anxiety, arthritis,
chronic fatigue syndrome, colds, colitis,
constipation, depression, diabetes, flu,
heart disease, hypertension, immune
problems, and ulcers.
TYPES OF TREATMENT
The treatment of disease can broadly be classified as
Shodhana therapy (Purification Treatment)
Shamana therapy (Palliative Treatment)
Pathya Vyavastha (Prescription of diet and activity)
NidanParivarjan (Avoidance of disease causing and
Rasayana (immunomodulators and rejuvenation
• Panchakarma is cleansing of body according to
• Panchakarma is a therapeutic way of eliminating toxic
elements from the body.
CURRENT HEALTH CARE SCENARIO
Western Allopathy Medicine transformed into Mainstream
In many developed countries, 70% to 80% of the population
has used some form of alternative or complementary medicine.
In some Asian and African countries, 80% of the population
depend on traditional medicine for primary health care
More than 100 countries have regulations for herbal medicines
WHO has projected that the global herbal market will grow to
$5 trillion by 2050
• In India more than 500 million people use AYUSH medicines
• Worldwide, the Ayurvedic industry is put at US $3 billion
• Ayurvedic doctors(>500,000), Drug companies (>8,000),
Hospitals (>2500), Colleges (> 250) in India
• Standardization of Ayurvedic products, practices, training
demand more thrust in quality