Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Relative clause

334 views

Published on

The use of the Relative Clauses, Who, Which, Whom etc.

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Relative clause

  1. 1. Prepared by Jason WongPrepared by Jason Wong Relative ClauseRelative Clause (Revision)(Revision)
  2. 2. Relative ClauseRelative Clause
  3. 3. Relative ClauseRelative Clause  The boyThe boy whowho is wearing a cap is my brother.is wearing a cap is my brother. What does it refer to? The relative pronouns (which, who, whom or that) refer to the noun (or noun phrase) before it. Are you talking about me?
  4. 4. Relative ClauseRelative Clause  PeoplePeople  who (subject), whom (object)who (subject), whom (object)  ThingsThings  whichwhich  We can useWe can use ‘‘thatthat’’ instead ofinstead of ‘‘whowho’’,, ‘‘whomwhom’’ andand ‘‘whichwhich’’..
  5. 5. Relative ClauseRelative Clause  The ladyThe lady whowho (that) talked to me last night was(that) talked to me last night was Jenny.Jenny.  Jenny talked to me last night.Jenny talked to me last night. (Sub.)(Sub.)  The ladyThe lady whomwhom (that) talked to last night(that) talked to last night was Jenny.was Jenny.  I talked to Jenny last night.I talked to Jenny last night. (Obj.)(Obj.) I
  6. 6. Relative ClauseRelative Clause  Which relative pronoun should we use?Which relative pronoun should we use? 1.1. The girlThe girl studies French doesnstudies French doesn’’tt speak Cantonese.speak Cantonese. 2.2. Do you know the manDo you know the man I talkedI talked to?to? 3.3. ItIt’’s a books a book will interestwill interest children of all ages.children of all ages. who/that whom/that which/that
  7. 7. Relative ClauseRelative Clause The students are smart.The students are smart. They are learning relative clause.They are learning relative clause. The students are smart.who are learning relative clause ‘who’ is used instead of ‘they’
  8. 8. Relative ClauseRelative Clause  Try to connect the sentences by usingTry to connect the sentences by using relative clause.relative clause. e.g. The girls annoyed me. They talked tooe.g. The girls annoyed me. They talked too much.much. The girlsThe girls who talked too muchwho talked too much annoyed me.annoyed me.
  9. 9. Relative ClauseRelative Clause 1.1. The man told me to come back today. He leftThe man told me to come back today. He left yesterday.yesterday. 2.2. The cute boy is the ownerThe cute boy is the owner’’s son. He works ins son. He works in the shop.the shop. 3.3. The ladder began to slip. I was standing onThe ladder began to slip. I was standing on it.it. The man who left yesterday told me to come back today. The cute boy who works in the shop is the owner’s son. The ladder which I was standing on began to slip. / The ladder on which I was standing began to slip. (more formal)
  10. 10. Relative ClauseRelative Clause  Remember! The pronoun refers to the same thing asRemember! The pronoun refers to the same thing as the relative pronoun does should be omitted.the relative pronoun does should be omitted. e.g. The girl is my sister. You saw her yesterday.e.g. The girl is my sister. You saw her yesterday. A: The girl whom you saw her yesterday is my sister.A: The girl whom you saw her yesterday is my sister. B: The girl whom you saw yesterday is my sister.B: The girl whom you saw yesterday is my sister.
  11. 11. Exercise TimeExercise Time
  12. 12. ExerciseExercise  The watch is mine. You saw the watch in theThe watch is mine. You saw the watch in the drawer.drawer.  The girl is my cousin. Ben talked to the girl.The girl is my cousin. Ben talked to the girl. The watch which (that) you saw in the drawer is mine. The girl whom (that) Ben talked to is my cousin.
  13. 13.  The park is beautiful. The park is next to ourThe park is beautiful. The park is next to our school.school.  The dictionary is useful. I bought theThe dictionary is useful. I bought the dictionary yesterday.dictionary yesterday. The park which (that) is next to our school is beautiful. The dictionary which (that) I bought yesterday is useful.
  14. 14.  The problem is difficult to solve. We areThe problem is difficult to solve. We are facing the problem.facing the problem. The problem which (that) we are facing is difficult to solve.
  15. 15. ClassworkClasswork Finish p.31 of your textbook now.Finish p.31 of your textbook now.

×