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Relative clauses

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Relative clauses

  2. 2. RELATIVE CLAUSES<br /><ul><li>A clauseis a part of a sentence.
  3. 3. A relativeclausetellsuswhichpersonorthing ( orwhatkind of personorthing) the speaker means:
  4. 4. Examples:
  5. 5. Thewomanwholivesnextdooris a doctor: “ wholivesnextdoor” tellsuswhichwoman
  6. 6. Peoplewholive in London are nice: “ wholive in London” tellsuswhatkind of people.</li></li></ul><li>Relativeclauses<br /><ul><li>Types of relativeclauses:</li></ul>Definingrelativeclauses: theygiveusessentialinformationabouttheantecedent.<br /><ul><li>Pronouns:
  7. 7. Who/ that: people.
  8. 8. Which/ that: objects. Thatis more usual thanwhich. E.g.I didn´tgetthe e-mail that/whichyousent.
  9. 9. Important: Who, which, thatcan beomittedwhentheydon´tfunction as subjects.</li></ul>E.g.I didn´tgetthe e-mail (that/ which) yousent: in this case we can say “I didn´tgetthe e-mail yousent”.<br />E.g.Sheisthegirl(who, that) I met> Sheisthegirl I met.<br /><ul><li>Whose: possession. E.g.Thisisthe blog whoseauthorisunknown. Thispronoun can neverbeomitted.</li></li></ul><li>Relativeclauses<br /><ul><li>Adverbs:
  10. 10. When /that: moment in time. </li></ul>E.g.I´llneverforgettheday(when/ that) I mether. Whencan alsobeomitted, so we can say “ I´llneverforgettheday I mether.<br />- Where: particular place.<br />E.g.I visitedtheareawhereallthetrendy shops are. <br /><ul><li>Iftherelativeisaccompaniedby a preposition, wenormallyomittherelative and we place theprepositionaftertheverb</li></ul>E.g.Theboy( who / that) I talkedtowasnervous.<br />
  11. 11. Relativeclauses<br />b.Non- definingrelativeclauses:theyadd extra informationabouttheirantecedent and they are usedwithcommas.<br /><ul><li>Relativepronouns & adverbs: who, which, when, where & whose. Thesepronouns and adverbscannotbeomittedand wenever use that.
  12. 12. E.g.Ben, whoisEnglish, is a verypoliteperson.</li></li></ul><li>Verbsfollowedbypreposition<br />There are manyverbs in Englishwhich are usedwithprepositions:<br /> In thisunityoumuststudythefollowingones:<br /><ul><li>Arrive at: llegar a un lugar.
  13. 13. Arrive in: llegar a una ciudad o país.
  14. 14. Talkabout: hablar de/ sobre algo.
  15. 15. Talkwith: hablar con una persona.
  16. 16. Thinkabout: opinar sobre, parecer, pensar en.
  17. 17. Think of: pensar en.</li></ul>( seeexampleson page 126, student´sbook)<br />