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Extra practice 4.

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Extra practice 4.

  1. 1. Vocabulary<br />1Match the words in A to their definitions in B. <br />AB<br />1.petrol a.look after, take care of<br />2.increase b.saving, not wasting<br />3.pollutantc.waste that you throw away<br />4.protectd.harm<br />5.rubbishe.causes pollution<br />6.conservationf.make more of<br />7.damageg.fuel<br />2Match the causes in A to their effects in B.<br />AB<br />1.Glass and plastic are recycled. a.Fewer trees means fewer homes for animals.<br />2.There is an increase in deforestation. b.Less smoke means better health.<br />3.We buy more disposable products. c.Household rubbish will be increased.<br />4.Cigarettes are banned in public places. d.The result is an ecological disaster.<br />5.Hybrid cars are driven. e.Fewer landfills are needed.<br />6.Land, air and water pollution increase. f.Less petrol is used.<br />3Complete the sentences with the words below.<br />harmed • pollution • environmentally-friendly • toxic • global warming • spills • care aboutfumes • increase • chemicals<br />1.……………………… waste is caused by companies dumping dangerous ……………………… .<br />2.The ……………………… in temperature found all over the world is called ……………………… .<br />3.Oil ……………………… are a major cause of water ……………………… .<br />4.Our air quality is being ……………………… by the exhaust ……………………… of cars.<br />5.People who ……………………… the planet use ……………………… products.<br />4Complete the sentences with the prefixes below. <br />under • over • inter • re • multi • anti<br />1.The baby is too thin. He is …………weight.<br />2.He is a peace activist. He writes …………war articles.<br />3.If you …………feed goldfish, they die. So only give them a tiny amount each day.<br />4.The teacher didn’t like his work, so the student had to …………write it.<br />5.The Harry Potter books have made J. K. Rowling a …………millionaire.<br />6.The Olympics are an …………national event.<br />5Complete the sentences by adding a prefix (under, over, inter, re, multi or anti) to the words below.<br />worked • developed • social • national • selling • storey<br />1.The ……………………… car park has got 10 levels.<br />2.This 10-year-old child is so ……………………… that he looks like a five year old.<br />3.He’s in the office from 07:30 to 22:00 every day. He is certainly ……………………… .<br />4.Please come and see us! Staying home alone is ……………………… .<br />5.The presidents met for an ……………………… peace conference.<br />6.She made a lot of money buying small items on eBay and then ……………………… them.<br />6Complete the passage with the words below.<br />pollution • recycle • save • environment • decompose • landfills • destroy<br />The Australian minister of the (1) ……………… announced that he wants a law to ban all plastic shopping bags by the end of this year. His reasons for the new law are that plastic bags are a major cause of (2) ……………… . They take up a lot of space in (3) ……………… . In addition, they (4) ……………… wildlife and create litter in parks and beaches all around the world.<br />Richard Evans, who is the head of the Australian Retailers Association, is not pleased about the new law. He doesn’t believe that the new law will help to (5) ……………… the environment. He believes that most householders already (6) ……………… their supermarket plastic bags by reusing them for waste disposal. He also suggests the use of special plastic bags that will (7) ……………… over time.<br />Grammar<br />1Complete the sentences with the verbs in brackets. Use the Future Simple, be going to or the Present Continuous. There may be more than one possible answer.<br />1.My mother ……………………… (visit) some friends next week.<br />2.Don’t worry. I ……………………… (help) you.<br />3.It’s almost 8.00. We ……………………… (be) late for the film.<br />4.Robert ……………………… (not play) football on Saturday. He broke his leg.<br />5.I think I ……………………… (buy) it. I really like it.<br />6.No, you can’t borrow my shirt. I ……………………… (wear) it.<br />7.They ……………………… (not eat) at home tonight. They are going to go to a restaurant. <br />2Read the situation and write a logical sentence. Use the Future Simple, be going to or the Present Continuous.<br />1.The dog needs to go out soon. <br />Mary <br />2.Tim borrowed his brother’s favourite jacket.<br />He said, “Don’t worry. <br />3.We have been waiting for them for an hour. <br />I’m sure <br />4.The sky is dark and filled with clouds.<br />It <br />5.I am hungry. Would you like to join me for lunch?<br />I can’t. I <br />3Choose the correct answer.<br />1.By next year, we will be living / will have lived in France.<br />2.The new store will be opening / will have opened next Tuesday.<br />3.By the end of the day, they will be finishing / will have finished three research papers.<br />4.By this time tomorrow, our friends will be arriving / will have arrived.<br />5.My dad won’t be working / won’t have worked at the same job in ten years’ time.<br />4Complete the sentences with the words in brackets. Use the Future Continuous or Future Perfect Simple.<br />1.At this time tomorrow, I ……………………………… (celebrate) my birthday.<br />2.During the next two months, they ……………………………… (travel) around Australia.<br />3.On 18th January, he ……………………………… (live) in London for two years.<br />4.By 2040, someone ……………………………… (discover) a new energy source.<br />5.The birds ……………………………… (reach) Africa by the time winter starts.<br />5Complete the sentences with the verbs in brackets. Use the Future Simple, be going to, the Future Perfect Simple, the Future Continuous or the Present Continuous. There may be more than one correct answer.<br />The problem of global warming (1) ……………………… (not disappear) completely, but hopefully the process (2) ……………………… (slow) down if people take more responsibility. John Gardner from Greenpeace talks to groups of people. He hopes he (3) ……………………… (convince) them to care more about their environment. This evening, he (4) ……………………… (give) a talk to a group of zoology students. He (5) ……………………… (focus) on the effect of global warming on wildlife and he (6) ……………………… (talk) about polar bears, an endangered species. Polar bears live on ice, and global warming is causing more and more of the ice to melt and disappear. It’s difficult to assess how many polar bears (7) ……………………… (exist) in the world 50 years from now. Some experts say that by 2050, two thirds of the world’s polar bears (8) ……………………… (disappear). Others claim the number (9) ……………………… (drop) by 30%. All agree that as the world gets warmer, it (10) ……………………… (become) harder and harder for the polar bears to survive.<br />

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