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BUILDING MATERIAL
SONALI PARASHAR
PLASTIC
LAMINATE
WHAT IS PLASTIC LAMINATE?
 These are actually made of several layer of kraft’s paper bonded together with plastic resin u...
RAW MATERIALS
Made of resins that react with aldehydes during the thermosetting process.
Kraft paper is the same brown p...
 The process begins by soaking strips of paper in resin.
 Decorative plastic laminates can be made in different grades o...
 Thermosetting converts the paper sheets into one single, rigid laminated sheet. This sheet is dry
and insoluble, and it ...
ADVANTAGES OF USING PLASTIC LAMINATE
 The laminate is stain and grease resistant, and durable if properly cared for.
 Fo...
DISADVANTAGES OF USING PLASTIC LAMINATE
•Tearing of the plastic laminate results in jagged and razor sharp edges and can c...
USE OF ADHESIVES WRT APPLICATION OF LAMINATE
 In an enclosed area, such as an office or hospital environment, water based...
GRADES AND THICKNESS
 The thinnest materials -vertical grade plastic laminate. Installed on vertical surfaces that will n...
APPLICATION
 Floors, walls and roofs
 Vehicle internal body work
 Packages and boxes
 Road cases
 Residential countertops and cabinetry, Office work areas
 Public restrooms
 Department store wall panels, Corporate of...
 Hospitality environments,Healthcare settings, Educational institutions, Casino slot bases, Airplanes, Mass transit seats...
THANK YOU
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Laminated plastics

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DEFINITION,USES,ADVANTAGES,DISADVANTAGES,LIMITATIONS,MANUFACTURING,RAW MATERIAL,

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Laminated plastics

  1. 1. BUILDING MATERIAL SONALI PARASHAR PLASTIC LAMINATE
  2. 2. WHAT IS PLASTIC LAMINATE?  These are actually made of several layer of kraft’s paper bonded together with plastic resin under the heat and very high pressure.  Modern plastic laminates now come in a wide variety of designs, colors , textures, sheens and grades.  They’re all subject to scorching and chipping to some degree. Kraft’s paper Plastic resin Plastic laminate
  3. 3. RAW MATERIALS Made of resins that react with aldehydes during the thermosetting process. Kraft paper is the same brown paper used in grocery bags. The top two layers of paper are impregnated with melamine resin, and the lower layers use phenolic. OR Plastic laminate is a composite building material made from kraft paper, resin, and adhesives.
  4. 4.  The process begins by soaking strips of paper in resin.  Decorative plastic laminates can be made in different grades or thicknesses, depending on its intended use.  The kraft paper is run through a "bath tub" or vat containing phenolic resins. The paper for the top layer of the sheet is translucent.  This is run through a vat of melamine resin. This is a sheet of paper printed with the color or design that will show through the clear top layer for the desired surface pattern. This sheet is also run through a melamine vat. MANUFACTURING PROCESS IMPREGNATING THE PAPER DRYING  The resin-impregnated sheets are then put into a drying chamber.  Next, they are cut and stacked in layers.  The clear layer and the decorative layer are on top of the kraft paper. THERMOSETTING  The layers of paper are then loaded onto a flat-bed hydraulic press for final curing.  The press compresses the sandwich of resin-soaked paper at 1,400 psi, while heating it to a high temperature.  The heat catalyzes a reaction in the resins.  The phenol (or melamine) and formaldehyde molecules Attach to each other in an alternating chain fashion, releasing water molecules in the process.
  5. 5.  Thermosetting converts the paper sheets into one single, rigid laminated sheet. This sheet is dry and insoluble, and it cannot be shaped or molded, even at high temperatures.  The dry sheet is cut into the desired size and shape. It may also be bonded to a building material such as plywood, flakeboard, fiberboard, or metal. FINISHING
  6. 6. ADVANTAGES OF USING PLASTIC LAMINATE  The laminate is stain and grease resistant, and durable if properly cared for.  Forming shapes with plastic laminate is possible.  Plastic laminate is relatively easy to manufacture  Plastic laminate modular is less expensive than other.  In situations where the design aesthetic is important, the wide varieties of colors, textures, and patterns available in plastic laminate make it an attractive choice.  Has a lower noise level than stainless steel modular works, and is a good choice for situations that require a quieter atmosphere.
  7. 7. DISADVANTAGES OF USING PLASTIC LAMINATE •Tearing of the plastic laminate results in jagged and razor sharp edges and can cause serious injuries. •Delamination can be caused by improper fabrication techniques. •Laminate failure where defective product manufacturing created a release. Some of the multiple layers from the base layers of paper are not properly bonded to one another and it is discovered after the product is installed and used. •Stress of the installed product due to improper attachment, inadequate support, or environmental changes and poor design choices. •Delamination and separation caused by improper maintenance and cleaning techniques. •Blistering and bubbling caused from exposure to excessive heat generated from sources such as exterior windows that magnify the outside light from the sun. •Failure due to water and steam in proximity •Failure due to surface imbalances and moisture absorption. •They lack the ultra violet protection in most products and the changes in heat and cold often create differential expansion problems between the substrate and the plastic laminate itself.
  8. 8. USE OF ADHESIVES WRT APPLICATION OF LAMINATE  In an enclosed area, such as an office or hospital environment, water based contact cement is frequently used, if not exclusively required, as fumes from the glue are at a minimum.  In respiratory sensitive areas, it is mandatory that certain water based products be used and well ventilated or filtered while drying. Outgassing of glue vapors as the product dries often yields an ammonia like scent that can be irritating to sensitive respiratory conditions.  In a cabinet shop environment, where ventilation can be controlled, other more volatile products can be used. depends upon the  quality of materials used  quality of applications  installation practices  chemicals  cleaning products used over long periods of time  stresses created by installers REASONS OF FAILURE OF PLASTIC LAMINATE
  9. 9. GRADES AND THICKNESS  The thinnest materials -vertical grade plastic laminate. Installed on vertical surfaces that will not be exposed to the type of wear and tear  Standard grade laminate –thickest .Used on horizontal surfaces unable to be bent or curved.  In the middle of these two product thicknesses, is"post forming" is the type used for bending plastic laminate around curved surfaces. Bends and hold its shape when properly bonded to a curved or rounded substrate material when heat and pressure is used  A "chem grade" laminate has a different composition , more brittle LIMITATIONS It should not be used in areas with  extremely high moisture  humidity  extreme heat or cold in aseptic rooms  outdoors.
  10. 10. APPLICATION  Floors, walls and roofs  Vehicle internal body work  Packages and boxes  Road cases
  11. 11.  Residential countertops and cabinetry, Office work areas  Public restrooms  Department store wall panels, Corporate offices,Retail stores and malls,
  12. 12.  Hospitality environments,Healthcare settings, Educational institutions, Casino slot bases, Airplanes, Mass transit seats, Theme park rides,Furniture,Interior doors,Marker boards,In high-traffic areas,Cashier/checkout stations,Kick plates, Pony walls,Retail fixtures,Bar tops.
  13. 13. THANK YOU

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