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Manipur Presentation at Bharat Bharati Pune 17 August 2014


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Slideshow About Manipur - A brief presentation about Manipur's Geogrpahy, Culture and Tradition, Economy and Tourism

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Manipur Presentation at Bharat Bharati Pune 17 August 2014

  1. 1. 1 Manipur/ मणिपुर (JewelLand) Contents  Manipur – An Introduction  Culture & Tradition  Economy & Infrastructure  Tourism Presented by: The Association of Manipuri Diaspora (AMAND), Pune
  2. 2. 2 Manipur – An Introduction Parameters Manipur Capital Imphal Geographical area (sq km) 22,327 Administrative districts (No) 9 Total population (million)* 2.7 Number of tribal community 33 Sex ratio (females per 1,000 males)* 987 Literacy rate (%)* 79.8  Manipur is situated in the Eastern-most corner of NE India.  Nongda Lairen Pakhangba (33–154 AD) is the ruler considered as the creator of Manipur (or Kangleipak )  Meiteilon (Manipuri) is the state language, although, English and Hindi are also commonly used.  Vaishnavism came to Manipur during the rule of King Pamheiba (1709~1748 ) and caused a significant change in the history of Manipur. The Meitei script was replaced with Bengali script.  During the World War II Imphal was occupied by the Japanese. After Indian independence Manipur became a Union Territory and subsequently achieved statehood in January 21,1972. Climate : Manipur enjoys a sub -tropical monsoon climate. -> Summer ( 25 ~ 32° C) / Winter (4 ~ 25 ° C) -> Best time to Visit is from Oct ~Mar. 1/1
  3. 3. 3 Culture & Traditions Manipur, in the company of vibrant dances and music boasts of a rich culture. The people of Manipur are very creative and their artistic abilities are best seen in their handloom & handicrafts. People Manipur people comprise of various communities, including Meitei, Naga, Kuki, Meitei Pangal and other colorful communities. For centuries these people have lived together peacefully, however, each ethnic group has its own distinctive culture and traditions. Religion Manipur, being mostly inhabited by the tribals, the state has numerous followers of animism. Besides animism, there are many people in the state who follows different religions, like Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, etc. Language Meitei-lon, also called Manipuri, is the native language of the state of Manipur. Many local dialects are also prevalent among the tribals. Hindi is not very common like other parts of the country though it is understood by many people. English is mostly used for official purposes. This Hindu temple in Manipur was originally built in 1846 A.D in the city of Imphal, The main deity in the center is Govindaji. 1/2
  4. 4. 4 Dances The true culture of Manipur lies in its dance and drama. The Raas Lila (love story of Radha and Krishna) dominates the state's performing arts. The 33 tribes of Manipur have their different dances to present. Games & Sport The tradition of sports dates back to the ancient history of Manipur - a history of small kingdoms which were in keen competition with one another. Wars among themselves and with Ava (Myanmar) resulted in a martial tradition which in turn gave due impetus to the development of indigenous games. Festivals The state observes numerous festivals, keeping the cheerfulness alive in its people. Some of the important festivals of Manipur are Dol Jatra, Rath Jatra, Lai Haraoba, Kut, Gan-Ngai, Christmas, Cheiraoba, Heikru Hidongba, Ningol Chakouba etc. Food The staple diet of Manipur consists of rice, large varieties of leafy vegetables and fishes. Manipuris typically raise vegetables in a kitchen garden and rear fishes in small ponds around their house. The taste is very different from mainland Indian cuisines because of the use of various aromatic herbs and roots that are peculiar to the region . Culture & Traditions 2/2
  5. 5. 5 1.14 1.29 1.35 1.68 1.61 1.75 2.01 2.12 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 → At current prices, the total Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) of Manipur was about US$ 2.12 billion in 2011-12. → The average GSDP growth rate from 2004-05 to 2011-12, was about 9.2 per cent. Manipur’s GSDP Source: CMIEUS$ billion CAGR 9.2% 462.4 512.5 527.5 643.4 603.6 644.5 728.1 752.7 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 → The state’s per capita GSDP in 2011-12 was US$ 752.7 as compared to US$ 462.4 in 2004-05. → The per capita GSDP increased at a CAGR of 7.2 per cent between 2004-05 and 2011-12. Per Capita GSDP CAGR 7.2% Economic Snapshot 1/4
  6. 6. 6 Economic Snapshot – FDI Inflows & Investments → According to the Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion, the cumulative FDI inflows to the Northeast states from April 2000 to January 2014 amounted to US$ 73 million*. → In 2011-12, the outstanding investments in the state were US$ 17.2 billion. → Electricity sector accounted for 48.3 per cent of the outstanding investments in the state followed by the services sector (42.8 per cent). Irrigation and real estate sectors accounted for the rest. Break up of Outstanding Investments by Sector (2011-12) *FDI inflows for RBI’s Guwahati-region which includes Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura. Source: CMIE 48.3% 42.8% 8.4% 0.5% Electricity Services Irrigation Real Estate 2/4
  7. 7. 7 Airport: → Manipur has a domestic cum international airport at Imphal (Tulihal airport) which is located at 8 km from the heart of the city. Physical Infrastructure – Airport Road and Railways Imphal Road Type Road Length (km) National Highways 959 State Highways 668 Major district roads 964 Other district roads 1,013 Road Connectivity: The state has four National Highways (NH) 1. NH-39 connects Dimapur in Nagaland and Myanmar. 2. NH-53 connects Imphal with Jirighat in Assam border. 3. NH-150 runs southwards, connecting Manipur with Seling in Mizoram. 4. The Government of India has a trilateral agreement with Thailand and Myanmar to construct a trans-Asian highway connecting India (through Manipur) to the two countries. Railway: → A railway-line from Jiribam (Assam border) is under construction as a national priority project. This railway line is expected to connect Imphal with the rest of India by 2016. 3/4
  8. 8. 8 Key Industries Key industries • Handlooms • Handicrafts • Sericulture • Food Processing • Bamboo Processing • Tourism → Manipur has abundant natural resources that offer potential for the development of infrastructure and industrial sectors. → The Manipur Industrial Development Corporation Limited (MANIDCO) is responsible for industrial development in the state. → Other important corporations include Manipur Handloom & Handicrafts Development Corporation Limited (MHHDCL), Manipur Electronic Development Corporation Limited (MANITRON) and Manipur Food Industries Corporation Limited. 4/4
  9. 9. 9 → Manipur has a pleasant climate, exotic greenery and varied flora, besides a rich tribal culture. → According to the Ministry of Tourism, 114,451 tourists visited Manipur in 2010. → The key tourist destinations in the state include the following: → The Keibul Lamjao National Park on the bank of the Loktak Lake, the only habitat of brow antlered deer which is locally known as ‘Sangai’. → The Indian National Army Memorial at Moirang where Indian National Army (INA) hoisted tri-colour flag for the first time on the Indian soil. → The Siroy National Park at Ukhrul. → Loktak lake, the biggest fresh water lake in the Northeast. → St. Joseph church in Imphal Tourism 1/1
  10. 10. 10 Costumes of Different Tribes Meitei A. 1/8
  11. 11. 11 Costumes of Different Tribes Naga A. 2/8
  12. 12. 12 Costumes of Different Tribes Mizo A. 3/8
  13. 13. 13 Costumes of Different Tribes Kuki A. 4/8
  14. 14. 14 Popular Manipuris Mary Kom ( Die Hard Lady of Manipur)  Arjuna Award for the year 2003. Padmashri Award for the year 2005. NETV people’s choice awards 2006. People of the year for 2007. Indian Real Heros Awards 2007. Param Poojaniya Shri Guruji Puruskar 2009. Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Awards 2009  Olympic Bronze Medalist , 2012  A legend on whom the bollywood has made the first ever movie on a Manipuri. M.C. Marykom a very talented lady in the field of boxing from the small state like Manipur has made the nation proud of her and admirer of every woman boxer in the country. No other woman player has enjoyed the popularity that she did for such a long period. After having won for most of the national and international titles and receiving many privilege awards, Mary could finally win the Olympic medal when ladies boxing was added for the first time in London Olympics in 2012. A. 5/8
  15. 15. 15 Popular Manipuris Aribam Shyam Sharma  He was conferred Padmashri in 2006 for his contribution to Indian Cinema  His films have won 16 national awards  He was also conferred the prestigious V. Shantaram lifetime achievement award in 2006 for his contribution documentary film making. First Indian to win the Grand Prix at Nantes, France in 1982 for his well crafted and sensitively portrayed Imagi Ningthem With his film Imagi Ningthem (My son, my precious), he put North-East India on the map of World Cinema. It was acclaimed by the International film community as a masterpiece. The film was the first Indian Film to receive the Grand Prix at the Festival des Three Continentes, Nantes ‘82. His film Sangai: The Dancing Deer of Manipur was declared the 'Outstanding Film of the Year' by British Film Institute at London Film Festival, 1989. A rare achievement of Indian Cinema came when Ishanou (The Chosen One) was officially selected for 'Un Certain Regard' section at Cannes Film Festival, 1991. The film represented India in many major festivals. A. 6/8
  16. 16. 16 Popular Manipuris Irom Sharmila ( Iron Lady of Manipur)  Awarded the 2007 Gwangju Prize for Human Rights, which is given to "an outstanding person or group, active in the promotion and advocacy of Peace, Democracy and Human Rights“.  In 2010, she won a lifetime achievement award from the Asian Human Rights Commission.  Later that year, she won the Rabindranath Tagore Peace Prize of the Indian Institute of Planning and Management, On 2 November 2000, in Malom, a town in the Imphal Valley of Manipur, ten civilians were shot and killed while waiting at a bus stop. The incident, known as the "Malom Massacre“ was allegedly committed by the Assam Rifles. Sharmila, who was 28 at the time, began to fast in protest of the killings, taking neither food nor water. Having refused food and water for more than 500 weeks, she has been called "the world's longest hunger striker". A. 7/8
  17. 17. 17 Popular Manipuris Haulianlal Guite ( 33rd Rank in Civil Services Exam 2010) The 23 year old IAS topper Haulianlal Guite, is a Bachelor student of Philosophy & graduated from St. Stephen College, Delhi University. With securing 33rd rank in the civil service examination the young lad has emerged as the youngest among toppers of the state so far. A. 8/8
  18. 18. 18 Popular festivals in Manipur Dol Jatra ( Holi) The connotation of the term ‘Dol’ is the idol of Lord Krishna; while the meaning of ‘Jatra’ is ‘journey’. Therefore, ‘Dol Jatra’ is the ‘Journey of the idol of Lord Krishna’. During this festival, the womenfolk religiously carry in their arms the idol of Lord Krishna & sing the hymns. A. 1/6
  19. 19. 19 Popular festivals in Manipur Rath Jatra One of the greatest festivals of the Hindus of Manipur, the Ratha Yatra Festival is celebrated for about 10 days in the month of Ingen (June/July). Lord Jagannath, Lord Baladeva and Subhadra rani are being placed in a Ratha locally known as Kang pulled by devotees in the street A. 2/6
  20. 20. 20 Popular festivals in Manipur Lai haraoba • Lai-Haraoba ( Festival of God), Meitie community offer prayers, perform different dances and songs before the Umang-Lai (Deity) to bring peace and prosperity to the land and its people. • The Lai-Haraoba mirrors the unique heritage of the ancient Pre-vaisnav tradition. • It is celebrated during the spring season every year. A. 3/6
  21. 21. 21 Popular festivals in Manipur Kut Festival It is celebrated as a festival of praise and thanksgiving to the Almighty for the bountiful harvest rather than an annual festival of merry making and fanfare. A. 4/6
  22. 22. 22 Popular festivals in Manipur Ningol Chakkouba In Manipuri, 'Ningol' means daughter and 'Chakouba' means invitation for a lunch in the mother's house. It is a special day for the married daughters in Manipur, and ningol's kids are the happiest ones at the idea of wearing new cloths and meeting bobok(grand-ma), pupu (grand-pa), mamma(uncle) and others. A. 5/6
  23. 23. 23 Popular festivals in Manipur Heikru Hidongba Heikru Hidongba” is one of the several socio-religious ceremony performed to bring peace and prosperity to the community A. 6/6
  24. 24. 24 Popular Dances of Manipur • Basanta Ras is a dance drama, which depicts the union of Lord Krishna with his female devotees, the gopis, and in particular, his consort-devotee Radha. • It is one of the five traditional Manipuri Ras leelas, based on the Bhagavata tradition. • It was initially visualised by Maharaja Jay Singh in AD 1700. Basanta Ras A. 1/5
  25. 25. 25 Popular Dances of Manipur Pung Cholom ( Dance with the drum) • Pung Cholom is a dance performance synchronized with playing Manipuri pung (Mridanga). • The ability to perform with great artistry and excitement without distorting the essential Talas is unmistakably a treat for all. • To day, Pung Cholom is one of the best in the realm of great performing arts. A. 2/5
  26. 26. 26 Popular Dances of Manipur Maibi Jagoi (Priestess Dance) • This dance is performed during the Lai-Haraoba festival (Festival of God). • It is performed before the Umang-Lai (Deity) to bring peace and prosperity to the land and its people. • The Lai-Haraoba mirrors the unique heritage of the ancient Pre-vaisnav Tradition. • It is celebrated during the spring season every year. A. 3/5
  27. 27. 27 Popular Dances of Manipur • Kabui-Naga Dance (Shim Lam) is one of a major dance among the Kabui-Naga community. • In this dance, the boys wield sharp weapons (daos) in their hands and move around in circles along with girls dressed in traditional costumes. Kabui-Naga Dance A. 4/5
  28. 28. 28 Popular Dances of Manipur • It is post harvest festival & performed in autumn when farmers finish harvesting their food crops specially the paddy. • In this dance, the boys & girls dressed in traditional dress sing and dance together in jubilation to see the fruit of the year long labor. Kuki Dance A. 5/5
  29. 29. 29 Different Cuisines of Manipur Nga thongba (Mashed Fish ) Shoijin Thongba (Bamboo Shoot) Shingju ( Manipur Salad Different Veg Ooty ( local Dal ) Eeromba A. 1/1
  30. 30. 30 Indigenous Games and Sports of Manipur Sagol Kangjei -> Origin of Polo Yubi Lakpi -> Rugby Mukna ->A form of Wrestling Thang Ta Manipur Martial Arts Kang Unique game Heikru Hidongba -> Boat racing A. 1/2
  31. 31. 31 Olympians from Manipur Mary Kom -> London Olympic Bronze Devendro Laishram -> Glasgow CWG Gold Ms.Kunjarani, Sanjita,Mirabai ->Glasgow CWG Gold Renubala Delhi CWG Gold Bombalya Archery Olypian Surjalata, Sanggai Chanu -> 2002 CWG Gold Ms. Surjalata after scoring the winning goal of CWG Final 2002 A. 2/2
  32. 32. 32 Popular Tourist places in Manipur Sangai -> Deer found only in Manipur Siroi Lily -> Lily found only in Manipur Loktak Lake ->Only floating lake in Inia Beautiful Landscape Ukhrul Oldest Church St. Joseph Kanglasha -> State Amblem A. 1/2
  33. 33. 33 Tourism in Manipur A. 2/2
  34. 34. 34 THANK YOU