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#SOMEXcircle “Open Data – alles offen oder was?” – André Golliez

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Wir leben in einer Datengesellschaft. Dank der immer umfassenderen Digitalisierung werden praktisch alle Fakten, Ereignisse und Tätigkeiten unserer Gesellschaft als Daten aufgezeichnet und dienen als Treibstoff für Innovation und wirtschaftliches Wachstum. Diese Daten werden von der grossen Mehrheit der Bevölkerung als Konsumentinnen, Patienten und Internetnutzende erzeugt oder als Steuerzahler finanziert. Aber nur wenige grosse Unternehmen und Organisationen sind bisher in der Lage, vom „Erdöl des 21. Jahrhunderts“ zu profitieren. Damit sich dies ändert braucht es den offenen Zugang zu allen personenunabhängigen Daten, die für die Öffentlichkeit relevant sind („Open Data“), sowie die Kontrolle jedes Einzelnen über die Nutzung seiner persönlichen Daten („My Data“). Open Data und My Data sind die wichtigsten Prinzipien für eine faire Datenwirtschaft und –gesellschaft.

André Golliez, Co-Gründer und Präsident des Vereins Opendata.ch und ehem. Präsident der Schweizer Informatik Gesellschaft (2004-2009) referiert zu diesem Thema. Wir sind gespannt auf die Diskussion.

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#SOMEXcircle “Open Data – alles offen oder was?” – André Golliez

  1. 1. Open Data – alles offen oder was? André Golliez Präsident Opendata.ch, Swiss Chapter Open Knowledge #SOMEXcircle Hiltl, Sihlstrasse 28, Zürich 23. Februar 2016
  2. 2. Agenda • Datengesellschaft • Open Data • My Data • Open Data und My Data in der Schweiz • Vision «Data Commons» 23.2.2016 Open Data 2
  3. 3. Wir leben mit Daten… 23.2.2016 Open Data 3
  4. 4. … seit mehr als 5000 Jahren 23.2.2016 Open Data 4 Leibniz Babbage Turing
  5. 5. Der Datenkreislauf 23.2.2016 Open Data 5 abfragen auswerten kopieren analysieren speichern auswerten analysierenabfragen «Information» «Information» «Wissen» erfassen aufzeichnen «Wissen» Daten
  6. 6. Die Menge der Daten explodiert: «Big Data» 23.2.2016 Open Data 6
  7. 7. Namen für «Big Data» 23.2.2016 Open Data 7 • Bit = 1 ¦ 0 • Byte = 8 Bits • Kilobyte (KB) = 1‘000 Bytes • Megabyte (MB) = 1‘000 KB = 1‘000‘000 Bytes • Gigabyte (GB) = 1‘000 MB = 1‘000‘000‘000 Bytes • Terabyte (TB) = 1‘000 GB = 1‘000‘000‘000‘000 Bytes • Petabyte (PB) = 1‘000 TB = 1‘000‘000‘000‘000‘000 Bytes • Exabyte (EB) = 1‘000 PB = 1‘000‘000‘000‘000‘000‘000 Bytes • Zetabyte (ZB) = 1‘000 EB = 1‘000‘000‘000‘000‘000‘000‘000 Bytes • Yotabyte (YB) = 1’000 ZB = 1024 Bytes • Brontobyte (BB) = 1’000 YB = 1027 Bytes • GeopByte = 1’000 BB = 1030 Bytes • … 1 Gogol* = 10100 *) The term was coined in 1938[1] by 9-year-old Milton Sirotta, nephew of American mathematician Edward Kasner (see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Googol )
  8. 8. Wem gehört «Big Data»? 23.2.2016 Open Data 8
  9. 9. 23.2.2016 Open Data 9 Say Big Data one more time!
  10. 10. Wir wollen offene Daten! 23.2.2016 Open Data 10
  11. 11. «Openness» – eine zivilgesellschaftliche Bewegung 23.2.2016 Open Data 11
  12. 12. Wann sind Daten «open»? 23.2.2016 Open Data 12
  13. 13. > 150 Open Data Plattformen weltweit 23.2.2016 Open Data 13
  14. 14. McKinsey (2013): Economic Value of Open Data 23.2.2016 Open Data 14
  15. 15. Open Data Showcase #1: climate.com 23.2.2016 Open Data 15
  16. 16. Open Data Showcase #2: Transport for London 23.2.2016 Open Data 16
  17. 17. Wir wollen unsere Daten! 23.2.2016 Open Data 17
  18. 18. … Education «My Data» Die «My Data»-Vision 23.2.2016 Open Data 18 Telecom & Mobile Finance & Insurance Personal Data Store (PDS) Research App Service … Data Subject Data Provider Data Reuser Service Health Access Access Ingest Ingest Ingest Ingest Access Personal Data Management Contract Access Contract
  19. 19. My Data Showcase #1: Green Button (US) 23.2.2016 Open Data 19
  20. 20. My Data Showcase #2: gocompare.com (UK) 23.2.2016 Open Data 20
  21. 21. Open Data in der Schweiz: seit 2010 eine aktive zivilgesellschaftliche Bewegung 23.2.2016 Open Data 21 Hackdays, Konferenzen und Working Groups: - über 1’000 Teilnehmende (Hacker, Designer, Journalisten...) - Über 80 publizierte Projekte (make.opendata.ch) - Themen: Mobilität, Gesundheit, öffentliche Finanzen, Energie, Kultur… Hackdays, Konferenzen und Working Groups: - über 1’000 Teilnehmende (Hacker, Designer, Journalisten...) - Über 80 publizierte Projekte (make.opendata.ch) - Themen: Mobilität, Gesundheit, öffentliche Finanzen, Energie, Kultur…
  22. 22. ParlamentarierInnen für Open Data 23.2.2016 Open Data 22 Edith Graf-Litscher (SP) Kathy Riklin (CVP) Christian Wasserfallen (FDP) Balthasar Glättli (GP) Thomas Weibel (GLP)
  23. 23. Open Government Data in der Schweiz: ein Portal und eine Strategie 23.2.2016 Open Data 23
  24. 24. Offene Forschungsdaten in der Schweiz: openresearchdata.ch (Pilot seit Juni 2015) 23.2.2016 Open Data 24
  25. 25. Open Data Showcase Schweiz: Public Transport API 23.2.2016 Open Data 25
  26. 26. Open Data Census – die Schweiz auf Rang 29 23.2.2016 Open Data 26
  27. 27. My Data Showcase Schweiz #1: Datengenossenschaft MIDATA.coop 23.2.2016 Open Data 27
  28. 28. My Data Showcase Schweiz #2: zoa.me 23.2.2016 Open Data 28
  29. 29. «Daten sind eine neue Infrastruktur für Innovation im 21. Jahrhundert» (OECD) 23.2.2016 Open Data 29
  30. 30. Daten sind kein Erdöl sondern eine «Infrastruktur-Ressource»! «Materielle» Infrastrukturen: • Schienennetze • Strassen • Elektrizitätsnetze • Wasserversorgung • Internet • … 23.2.2016 Open Data 30 «Immaterielle» Infrastrukturen: • Rechtssystem • Ausbildungssystem • Grundlagenforschung • Schriftsprache • Daten • … Infrastructures are “the basic equipment and structures […] that are needed for a country, region, or organization to function properly” (Frischmann, 2012)
  31. 31. Drei Merkmale einer Infrastruktur-Ressource 23.2.2016 Open Data 31 Daten können “nicht-rivalisierend” genutzt werden (z.B. wie ein Leuchtturm) Data Application Service Daten sind ein Investitionsgut (und nicht ein Konsumgut) Daten können für eine unbegrenzte Anzahl Anwendungen genutzt werden App App App App App DataData
  32. 32. The Data Spectrum (ODI) 23.2.2016 Open Data 32
  33. 33. Die Vision «Data Commons» (Open & Shared Data) 23.2.2016 Open Data 33
  34. 34. 23.2.2016 Open Data 34 Vielen Dank für die Aufmerksamkeit!
  35. 35. Save the Dates: • 8./9. April 2016: Swiss Open Energy Data Hackdays (Grimseltor und Saint-Imier) • 14. Juni 2016: Konferenz Opendata.ch 2016 (Casino de Montbenon, Lausanne) 23.2.2016 Open Data 35

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