Reading zamora


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Reading zamora

  1. 1. Strategies for the Reading Section of the TOEFL Exam Zamora Thursday May 16, 2013
  2. 2. Warm-up: Take 30 seconds to look at the text. After 30 seconds, I will ask you a question about the MAIN IDEA.
  3. 3. Japan's Mount Fuji will become a World Heritage Site in June. The United Nations (U.N.) decided on April 30th to give the famous mountain UNESCO World Heritage status. The U.N. team that made the decision said Fuji was very important to Japanese religion and art. They also said that the 3,776-meter-high volcano was important outside of Japan too. Fuji has been a sacred mountain for more than 1,000 years. Priests say that when you climb it, you move from the "everyday world" at the bottom, to the "world of gods, Buddha and death" at the top. They believe people can wash away their sins by climbing to the top and coming back down again.
  4. 4. TOEFL Reading  3-4 passages  Passages are about 700 words  12-14 questions per passage  20 minutes per passage to read and answer questions  Wide range of academic topics  The only section in which you can go back to questions**
  5. 5. What does this mean? • You do not have time to read all of the text in detail. • We need to learn a faster way to find the answers to questions.
  6. 6. When you read... What is your STRATEGY?
  7. 7. SKIMMING and SCANNING ... your two new best friends! But what are they? Skimming YOU Scanning
  8. 8. Skimming Your first best friend. What is it?...
  9. 9. SKIMMING skimming: looking over the text very quickly to obtain a general impression of what the text is about and the main idea.
  10. 10. How to skim  Read the title (if there is one)  Read the first paragraph/introduction in detail  Read the first sentence (topic sentence) of each paragraph  Take SHORT notes on the main idea of each paragraph  Read the last few sentences in detail
  11. 11. Reading #1: Kopernik Take 1 minute to read the first sentence of each paragraph (underlined).
  12. 12. What is the text about? What is the main idea of each paragraph?
  13. 13. Where would you find the answers to these questions? 1. Is Kopernik a government organization? 2. How many people in the world suffer from vision problems? 3. What “game changer” is Copernicus famous for?
  14. 14. Reading #2: Mammals • Take a minute to read the first sentence of each paragraph (underlined). • Take SHORT notes.
  15. 15. What is the text about? What is the main idea of each paragraph?
  16. 16. Where would you find the answers to these questions? 1. What mammals prefer dry climates? 2. How do humans use animal waste? 3. Why do people illegally kill elephants? 4. Does the body temperature of mammals change or remain constant? 5. When were animals first domesticated?
  17. 17. Skimming: Review • Read Title • Read Topic Sentence of each paragraph (1st sentence) • Read last sentence(s) • Take SHORT notes as you read
  18. 18. Scanning Your other best friend. But, what is it?...
  19. 19. SCANNING scanning: quickly moving your eyes over a lot of material to locate a specific fact or piece of information.
  20. 20. How to scan Remember what you are searching for – don't get distracted Let your eyes quickly run over several lines of text at a time When you find the sentence that has the information you need, read the whole sentence carefully You must be willing to skip large sections of text without reading/understanding them!
  21. 21. At first, only read the question • Read the question • Scan for the answer • Read multiple choice options • Choose answer
  22. 22. Let’s Practice! • Scan to find the answers to the following questions. • Circle the answer in the text.
  23. 23. Questions about Reading #1: Kopernik 1. What liquid are the Kopernik eye glasses filled with? A) water B) oil C) vinegar D) acid
  24. 24. Take 1 minute to find the answer. 2. Which of the following is not a project of Kopernik? A) Biomass stoves B) Solar lighting C) Water filters D) Electric cars
  25. 25. 3. What centuries did Copernicus live in? a. 5th and 6th b. 15th and 16th c. 18th and 19th d. 16th and 17th
  26. 26. Scanning Reading #2: Mammals 1. What do people kill whales for? a. Teeth b. Oil c. Skin d. Eyes
  27. 27. 2. What is the only mammal that can fly? a. Birds b. Bats c. Mosquitos d. Bees
  28. 28. 3. The term “warm-blooded” means: a. The body temperature changes with the temperature of the environment b. The blood is red in color c. The body temperature does not change with the temperature of the environment d. The animal always feels cold.
  29. 29. Putting it together When you read... 1) SKIM the passage for the main idea.. Write one word or phrase to summarize each paragraph. 2) LOOK through the questions so you know what you're looking for 3) ANSWER the questions, using skimming and scanning techniqes as appropriate
  30. 30. Questions or comments?