History of Solar Energy in San Antoni

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History of Solar Energy in San Antoni

  1. 1. San Antonio’s Energy Policy: Trajectory of Transition Trajectory of Transition <ul><li>Lanny Sinkin </li></ul><ul><li>Executive Director </li></ul><ul><li>Solar San Antonio </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation to </li></ul><ul><li>King William Neighborhood Association </li></ul><ul><li>August 3, 2011 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Solar San Antonio <ul><li>Created in 1999 by William Sinkin (86 years after birth on King William Street) </li></ul><ul><li>Non-profit advocacy organization </li></ul><ul><li>First years spent on educating through workshops, power breakfasts, seminars </li></ul><ul><li>More recently focused on building solar industry in San Antonio in household and small commercial area. </li></ul>
  3. 3. City Public Service <ul><li>Purchased by City of San Antonio 1942 </li></ul><ul><li>Established with independent Board </li></ul><ul><li>Board is self perpetuating </li></ul><ul><li>Powers of City Council limited </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bond and rate approval </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confirmation of new Board members </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Traditional Utility Model <ul><li>Utility viewed as simply energy provider </li></ul><ul><li>Large central generators built as needed </li></ul><ul><li>Little or no public involvement in decision-making </li></ul><ul><li>Service orientation at the customer level </li></ul><ul><li>Sell power, collect revenue, transfer 14% to City general fund </li></ul>
  5. 5. South Texas Nuclear Project <ul><li>City Public Service Board voted to join partnership </li></ul><ul><li>Little public discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Approval requested from City Council </li></ul><ul><li>First public involvement </li></ul>
  6. 6. Citizen Involvement <ul><li>City Council planned to vote on largest financial decision in the City’s history without one public hearing </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens demanded a public hearing </li></ul><ul><li>Council agreed to public hearing and to pay expenses to bring nationally-recognized opponent to testify </li></ul><ul><li>One hearing, then decision made </li></ul>
  7. 7. Citizen Movement <ul><li>Organizations formed to oppose nuclear project </li></ul><ul><li>Linked organizations in Austin and San Antonio </li></ul><ul><li>Public forums/debates </li></ul><ul><li>Media coverage </li></ul>
  8. 8. Troubled Project <ul><li>Cost overruns </li></ul><ul><li>Delays </li></ul><ul><li>Safety inspection break down </li></ul><ul><li>Federal enforcement action </li></ul><ul><li>Design and engineering break down </li></ul><ul><li>Contractor fired </li></ul>
  9. 9. Increased Citizen Involvement <ul><li>CPS Energy Citizens Advisory Committee created in 1997. </li></ul><ul><li>Ten representatives recommended by City Council </li></ul><ul><li>Five members appointed by CPS Energy Board of Directors </li></ul><ul><li>Briefed monthly on utility-related projects, programs, and strategies - confidential </li></ul>
  10. 10. Long Term Plans <ul><li>February 2010 - City Council adopts Mission Verde Sustainability Plan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Distributed Energy System </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Green Jobs Development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable Buildings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-modal Transportation System </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Green One Stop Center </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Long Term Plans (cont) <ul><li>CPS Energy adopts Vision 2020 calling for 20% renewables by 2020 </li></ul><ul><li>Chair Aurora Geis brings in Jeremy Rifkin; CPS Energy adopts a Third Industrial Revolution plan which calls for </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy efficiency at the base </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pillar 1 Distributed Renewable Energy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pillar II Buildings as Power Plant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pillar III Energy Storage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pillar IV Smart Grids and Infrastructure </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. STNP 3 and 4 <ul><li>$350 million spent on preliminary design and engineering without going to City Council = cash reserves </li></ul><ul><li>Community meetings to explain CPS Energy commitment </li></ul><ul><li>Extensive citizen opposition </li></ul><ul><li>City Council cost concerns </li></ul>
  13. 13. Scandal Sinks Project <ul><li>October 2009 City Council planning first vote on $400 million bonding authority </li></ul><ul><li>Hidden cost overrun of $4 billion surfaces two days before vote </li></ul><ul><li>Mayor cancels vote </li></ul><ul><li>Investigation initiated </li></ul><ul><li>Litigation ensues </li></ul>
  14. 14. LeadershipTransition <ul><li>Top management personnel resign </li></ul><ul><li>Chair CPS Board resigns </li></ul><ul><li>January 2010 new Chairman Charles Foster </li></ul><ul><li>August 2010 new CEO Doyle Beneby recruited by Foster </li></ul><ul><li>Generally hostile attitude toward solar from traditional utility executives - solar = lost revenue </li></ul>
  15. 15. Solar Opportunity <ul><li>2007 CPS Energy planned one megawatt solar plant because solar was experimental. </li></ul><ul><li>New CEO in 2010 previously involved in large inner city solar project, committed to transition to renewables </li></ul><ul><li>Two key changes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CPS Energy leverage to attract new companies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CPS Energy as economic development partner </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. New Companies <ul><li>Five new companies to open headquarters in San Antonio </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Street light manufacturer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electrically cooled truck bed assembly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solar manufacturer/integrator </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy efficiency equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clean coal </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Rapid Solar Expansion <ul><li>November 2010 - Blue Wing Project - 16 megawatts </li></ul><ul><li>Decision made to decommission old coal </li></ul><ul><li>Contract signed for additional 30 megawatts from SunEdison </li></ul><ul><li>RFP issued for 50 megawatts more calls for </li></ul><ul><ul><li>manufacturing or assembly plant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>education component </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>research and development component </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Rapid Solar Deployment <ul><li>111 proposals received in response to 50 MW RFP </li></ul><ul><li>Price per kilowatt hour highly competitive </li></ul><ul><li>RFP revised to include up to 400 MW over next five years </li></ul><ul><li>Outstanding proposals received </li></ul>
  19. 19. Solar at the Household Level Household Level <ul><li>Focus of Solar San Antonio </li></ul><ul><li>Program to overcome cost and information barriers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>local lending institutions offering solar loan products - San Antonio Credit Union </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solar San Antonio offering assistance and connecting with local solar industry </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Incentives <ul><li>CPS Energy Rebate = approximately 40% of cost </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Tax Credit = 30% of total minus rebate </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial - 30% federal cash grant and 100% bonus depreciation in 2011 </li></ul>
  21. 22. Bring Solar Home Campaign <ul><li>Begun September 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Microsite on website = BringSolarHome.com </li></ul><ul><li>or call 210-22-SOLAR </li></ul><ul><li>Application form on website </li></ul><ul><li>Referral by Solar San Antonio to three solar companies </li></ul><ul><li>Solar companies make appointment and provide information, options, and bids </li></ul>
  22. 23. Beta Test Results <ul><li>Close to 600 applications </li></ul><ul><li>75 installations </li></ul><ul><li>Value of installations $2.5 to $3 million </li></ul><ul><li>Adding 1/2 megawatt to CPS Energy distributed energy portfolio </li></ul><ul><li>Expenditures by Solar San Antonio for staff, materials, and advertising = $60,000 </li></ul>
  23. 24. Bring Solar Home Phase II <ul><li>Based on “lessons learned,” revised campaign initiated on May 1, 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>Additional funding resources permitting expanded campaign </li></ul><ul><li>Additional lending institutions participation - Frost Bank and BBVA Compass </li></ul><ul><li>More than 250 applications received to date </li></ul>
  24. 25. Solar and Historical Districts <ul><li>Integration of solar on to historical buildings is challenging </li></ul><ul><li>More intensive examination on case by case basis </li></ul><ul><li>Ongoing discussion about best practices </li></ul><ul><li>Solar San Antonio works with City Office of Historic Preservation </li></ul>
  25. 26. Contact Information <ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>210-354-0236 </li></ul><ul><li>BringSolarHome.com </li></ul>

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