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Time & Life Management: The African Time Sydrome


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Time & Life Management: The African Time Sydrome

  1. 1. TIME & LIFE MANAGEMENT:HOW IT RELATES TO THE‘AFRICAN TIME’ SYNDROMEAdvanced Certificate Course,Set 9,June, 2012
  2. 2. TimeSecondsMinutesHoursDaysIntroductionWeeksMonthsYearsLIFE
  3. 3. OUTLINEChapter 1 – Scope of StudyChapter 2 – Time & Life Managementand African Time syndromeChapter 3 – StudyChapter 4 – ResultsChapter 5 – Conclusion andRecommendations
  4. 4. Scope of StudyThis study examines theorigin, perceptions and effects of‘African Time’ Syndromein relation totime and life management.
  5. 5. Situation AnalysisIn 2008, sixty-two African students wereinterviewed at Rutgers University in Newark,New Jersey.They were asked to think of the most recentevent they attended and tell if they were ontime for the event.Only 3% of this group of students could boastof being on time (Ekaney, 2008).
  6. 6. OBJECTIVES OF STUDYThe purpose of this study is:To determine how ‘African Time’ syndrome affectstime and life management in African;To identify the reasons for ‘African Time’;To make recommendations in order to re-orientthe African mindset towards time and lifemanagement.
  7. 7. Time Management Time is a convertible resource given toman. Time management is the art or processof planning and exercising consciouscontrol over the amount of time spenton specific activities; especially toincrease effectiveness, efficiency andproductivity.
  8. 8. Perception of TimeTime perceptionis a field of study withinpsychology andneuroscience.It refers to the sense of time,which differs from other senses.
  9. 9. Perception of TimeMEXICOVALUES
  10. 10. The Origin of ‘African Time’Pre-colonialDuring ColonizationPost Colonization
  11. 11. Basis for African Time Syndrome Emotional Response to Time. Polychromic Nature. Social Nature.
  12. 12. Reactions to African Time Syndrome Popular Culture Lack of Respect
  13. 13. Effect of ‘African Time’ On Africans Bad Image. Underdevelopment. Poor Value System.
  14. 14. Importance of Time and Life Management Time is life. Enhances efficiency. Sums up a person. Allows individuals time for leisure (Taylor, 2010). Time is limited. Increased productivity. Confidence.
  15. 15. Benefits of Time and Life Management Stress Reduction Increased Productivity. Peace of Mind and Sense of Achievement. Financial Stability. Stronger Family Bonds. Meeting Goals Appropriately. Greater Advantage. High Standard of Work. Improved Quality of Life.
  16. 16. Natural Facts about Time and life Management Control your life = controlling your time. Governing values, foundation of your personalfulfillment. Governing values + Daily activities = inner peace. To reach any significant goal, you must leave yourcomfort zone. Daily planning leads to increased focus.
  17. 17. Natural Facts about Time and life Management Your belief = your behaviour You satisfy needs when your beliefs are in line withreality. Change incorrect beliefs, overcome negativebehaviours. Self-esteem must ultimately come from within, Give more, have more (Smith, 1995)
  18. 18. Study ResearchNo %Numberofalways-punctualstudents 9 13.8%Numberofnever-punctualstudents 3 4.6%Numberofstudentswhoaresometimesearly/late 53 81.5%Total 65 100%
  19. 19. Results13.8%4.6%81.5%Always Punctual Never Punctual IrregularPeoplesPunctualitycannot bepredicted
  20. 20. CONCLUSIONA shift in MINDSETA Change in VALUES
  21. 21. RECOMMENDATION Each family should take up the responsibility ofinculcating respect for time into their children. Leaders of religious bodies should teach the valueof time to their followers. Educational institutions should be disciplinedwith time and not compromise deadlines. Punctuality should be rewarded and celebrated.
  22. 22. RECOMMEDATION Our political leaders should be models of notonly time consciousness but also timediscipline. Great men and celebrities should lay goodexample by arriving at events early; therebyshowing to their fans and the entire populacethat lateness is not a proof of status or class. Time and Life Management should beincorporated into school curricula/syllabusesfrom the primary to tertiary institutions.