OUTLINEChapter 1 – Scope of StudyChapter 2 – Time & Life Managementand African Time syndromeChapter 3 – StudyChapter 4 – ResultsChapter 5 – Conclusion andRecommendations
Scope of StudyThis study examines theorigin, perceptions and effects of‘African Time’ Syndromein relation totime and life management.
Situation AnalysisIn 2008, sixty-two African students wereinterviewed at Rutgers University in Newark,New Jersey.They were asked to think of the most recentevent they attended and tell if they were ontime for the event.Only 3% of this group of students could boastof being on time (Ekaney, 2008).
OBJECTIVES OF STUDYThe purpose of this study is:To determine how ‘African Time’ syndrome affectstime and life management in African;To identify the reasons for ‘African Time’;To make recommendations in order to re-orientthe African mindset towards time and lifemanagement.
Time Management Time is a convertible resource given toman. Time management is the art or processof planning and exercising consciouscontrol over the amount of time spenton specific activities; especially toincrease effectiveness, efficiency andproductivity.
Perception of TimeTime perceptionis a field of study withinpsychology andneuroscience.It refers to the sense of time,which differs from other senses.
The Origin of ‘African Time’Pre-colonialDuring ColonizationPost Colonization
Basis for African Time Syndrome Emotional Response to Time. Polychromic Nature. Social Nature.
Reactions to African Time Syndrome Popular Culture Lack of Respect
Effect of ‘African Time’ On Africans Bad Image. Underdevelopment. Poor Value System.
Importance of Time and Life Management Time is life. Enhances efficiency. Sums up a person. Allows individuals time for leisure (Taylor, 2010). Time is limited. Increased productivity. Confidence.
Benefits of Time and Life Management Stress Reduction Increased Productivity. Peace of Mind and Sense of Achievement. Financial Stability. Stronger Family Bonds. Meeting Goals Appropriately. Greater Advantage. High Standard of Work. Improved Quality of Life.
Natural Facts about Time and life Management Control your life = controlling your time. Governing values, foundation of your personalfulfillment. Governing values + Daily activities = inner peace. To reach any significant goal, you must leave yourcomfort zone. Daily planning leads to increased focus.
Natural Facts about Time and life Management Your belief = your behaviour You satisfy needs when your beliefs are in line withreality. Change incorrect beliefs, overcome negativebehaviours. Self-esteem must ultimately come from within, Give more, have more (Smith, 1995)
Results13.8%4.6%81.5%Always Punctual Never Punctual IrregularPeoplesPunctualitycannot bepredicted
CONCLUSIONA shift in MINDSETA Change in VALUES
RECOMMENDATION Each family should take up the responsibility ofinculcating respect for time into their children. Leaders of religious bodies should teach the valueof time to their followers. Educational institutions should be disciplinedwith time and not compromise deadlines. Punctuality should be rewarded and celebrated.
RECOMMEDATION Our political leaders should be models of notonly time consciousness but also timediscipline. Great men and celebrities should lay goodexample by arriving at events early; therebyshowing to their fans and the entire populacethat lateness is not a proof of status or class. Time and Life Management should beincorporated into school curricula/syllabusesfrom the primary to tertiary institutions.