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Sohail Khan
Roll NO. 14
M.Phil Linguistics (2nd Semester)
 Human Beings use CODE for communication
between them. Concept of CODE has already
been defined, so without digging deep,...
 So it is very unlikely for a speaker to have
command of or use, only one of such codes
or systems. Command of only one l...
 Code Switching is the process of alternating
between two languages or language verities,
in a single conversation, while...
 Code Switching can be of three major types
 Inter-sentential Switching
 Intra-sentential Switching
 Tag Switching
 Code Switching that occurs outside the
sentence or clause level, at the boundaries of
sentences or clauses. Sometimes it...
 This is the type of code switching that occurs
within the sentence or a clause. This code
switching is very common in th...
 As it is self explanatory , in this type of code
switching, a word or phrase from an other
language is TAGGED in the con...
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Code Switching, Types and Reasons

A presentation about Code Switching and its different perspective by Sohail Khan - M.Phil Linguistics (Islamia University Bahawalpur )

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Code Switching, Types and Reasons

  1. 1. Sohail Khan Roll NO. 14 M.Phil Linguistics (2nd Semester)
  2. 2.  Human Beings use CODE for communication between them. Concept of CODE has already been defined, so without digging deep, it can be said that CODE is a system that is used for communication purpose in human beings. This system can be a language, a dialect, a register or a style. So there exist thousands of CODES on this planet of Earth, used by different factions of human beings.
  3. 3.  So it is very unlikely for a speaker to have command of or use, only one of such codes or systems. Command of only one language , whether it be a dialect , style or register would appear to be an extremely rare phenomenon. Generally people all over the globe keep a command of more than one verities of language and they switch between these verities to facilitate the conversation. That is what we call “Code Switching “.
  4. 4.  Code Switching is the process of alternating between two languages or language verities, in a single conversation, while keeping up the linguistic features of that language or variety of language. Multilingual speakers often move back and forth between two languages or verities of languages while conversing with each other to facilitate their conversation. This practice is Code Switching, also known as Code Mixing.
  5. 5.  Code Switching can be of three major types  Inter-sentential Switching  Intra-sentential Switching  Tag Switching
  6. 6.  Code Switching that occurs outside the sentence or clause level, at the boundaries of sentences or clauses. Sometimes it is also known as “Extra-sentential Switching”.  For example : “Main to Yahan Hun. What happened ? “
  7. 7.  This is the type of code switching that occurs within the sentence or a clause. This code switching is very common in the languages that share common family i.e. Spanish- English, or Urdu-Arabic  For Example :  “Hum Kya Keh Rahy Hain, He never bothered about it”  What was sworn upon yesterday as guiding principle will be chucked at the altar of expediency tomorrow as mere siyasi bayan.
  8. 8.  As it is self explanatory , in this type of code switching, a word or phrase from an other language is TAGGED in the conversation. This is very much similar to intra-sentential code switching.  For Example :  No one at the office was willing to say anything except that is ka order ooper se aya hai.

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A presentation about Code Switching and its different perspective by Sohail Khan - M.Phil Linguistics (Islamia University Bahawalpur )

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