Lezing Cohousing Architect Laura Fitch (USA) - gemeenschappelijke delen

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Op 28 juni 2013 kwam Laura Fitch in Gent een lezing geven over het ontwerpen van Cohousings. Een organisatie van Samenhuizen vzw. Dit eerste deel gaat over de gemeenschappelijke delen.

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Lezing Cohousing Architect Laura Fitch (USA) - gemeenschappelijke delen

  1. 1. Cohousing Common Facilities Developed by Laura Fitch, Kraus Fitch Architects (lfitch@krausfitch.com) Permission to edit granted to Samenhuizen vzw (Belgium Housing Association) by Kraus Fitch Architects, 8/2013
  2. 2. Questions we will try to answer: • What is Cohousing? • How does the design of a cohousing community differ from the design of other multi-family housing projects? •How do you design for community connection? • How do you design for privacy within the home and community at the door step? • Are there typical cohousing patterns of development? •What is in a Common House? …and after the break… How do you work with a group to design a community?
  3. 3. What is cohousing? Cohousing is a form of intentional community that was imported to the United States from Denmark in the late 80’s. 120 communities built (2011) in the US. Cohousing provides the privacy we are accustomed to with the community we seek. Cohousing typically: includes a common house for community activities and shared meals is pedestrian friendly is designed, managed and maintained by residents is governed by residents using a collaborative decision making process. And it is much, much more…
  4. 4. Cohousing strives to create a village of all ages where neighbors know and support each other…
  5. 5. …the type of village that really does raise children…and support adults.
  6. 6. …and where people spontaneously socialize and eat together. Winslow Cohousing, Bainbridge Island, WA Pioneer Valley Cohousing, Amherst, MA
  7. 7. Eating in the common house is a big part of cohousing for many adults and
  8. 8. Cohousing communities are usually self- managed and maintained. Bringing people close together can make it easier to share resources.
  9. 9. The cohousing model recognizes that privacy in your own home can help support community life.
  10. 10. Participatory Design Process How does the design of a cohousing community differ from the design of other multifamily housing projects?
  11. 11. Designed for people, not cars. The space between the buildings is more important than the buildings themselves. “Random Connection by Design”
  12. 12. Includes extensive common facilities.
  13. 13. How do you design for community connection? Housing design that supports privacy Site design that supports connection It is a balance between:
  14. 14. Relationship to Larger Community Harmony Village, Golden, CO Cambridge Cohousing, Cambridge, MA
  15. 15. Housing Density and Configuration Density is one of the best ways to achieve community, as well as sustainability and affordability. Ecovillage at Ithaca – first neighborhood, Ithaca, NY
  16. 16. Parking that supports convenience and human connection Harmony Village, Golden, CO
  17. 17. Underground parking garage at Cambridge Cohousing
  18. 18. Width of paths: Porch-to-porch: 30-50’  Across a courtyard: 70’ maximum Puget Ridge, Seattle, WA Design for Pedestrians
  19. 19. Accessibility and Visitability Duwamish Cohousing, Seattle, WA
  20. 20. Pioneer Valley Cohousing, Amherst, MA Arcadia, North Carolina Activity Nodes
  21. 21. Daybreak Cohousing, Portland, OR
  22. 22. The Common House  centrally located in the community  visible and recognizable upon arrival into the community  visible from most units have vehicle access near kitchen The “living room” of the community. Jamaica Plain Cohousing, Boston, MA Cobb Hill Cohousing, Vermont
  23. 23. Main Gathering Area Jamaica Plain Cohousing, Boston, MA Strong connections to Great Room and Entry
  24. 24. Outdoor common dining Doyle Street Cohousing, Emeryville, CA Shared grill - Pioneer Valley Cohousing, Amherst, MA Strong connection to Great Room and/or kitchen
  25. 25. Hard-surface play area(s) Pioneer Valley Cohousing, Amherst, MA
  26. 26. Green Daybreak Cohousing, Portland, OR Note: run off enters retention gravel under green via surrounding landscaped swale
  27. 27. Playgroun d Daybreak Cohousing, Portland, OR Strong connection to courtyard, common house, and circulation paths. Pathways Cohousing, Florence, MA Pioneer Valley Cohousing, Amherst, MA
  28. 28. Quiet Spots Pioneer Valley Cohousing, Amherst, MA Swans Market, Old Oakland, CA Jamaica Plain Cohousing, Boston, MA Cambridge Cohousing,MA
  29. 29. Roof Gardens at Eastern Village Cohousing, DC
  30. 30. Non-essential, but nice to have, items
  31. 31. Vegetable Garden(s) and Chicken Cambridge Cohousing, MA
  32. 32. Community supported agriculture CSA) Ecovillage at Ithaca, NY
  33. 33. Workshop Durango Cohousing, Durango CO Pioneer Valley Cohousing, Amherst, MA
  34. 34. Home Offices Pioneer Valley Cohousing, Amherst, MA Jamaica Plain Cohousing, Boston, MA
  35. 35. Clotheslines and Bike Storage
  36. 36. Mixed-Use South Mountain Company at Island Cohousing, West Tisbury, Quayside Village Cohousing, North Vancouver
  37. 37. privat e How do you design for privacy within the home and community at the door step? Create a gradient Semi-public / semi-private Public
  38. 38. Public Realm Cornerstone Village Cohousing, Cambridge, MA
  39. 39. Pathways Cohousing, Florence, MA Semi-public / Semi-private Realm Swans Market, Old Oakland, CA
  40. 40. Overview of paths and common spaces Davis Square Condominiums, Cambridge, MA Jamaica Plain Cohousing, MA Daybreak Cohousing, Portland, OR
  41. 41. Daybreak Cohousing, Portland, OR Cambridge Cohousing, Cambridge, MA
  42. 42. Common halls and stairs in apartment buildings Cambridge Cohousing, MA Jamaica Plain Cohousing, MA
  43. 43. Privacy with view of and access to community Muir Commons, Davis, CA Private Realm Pioneer Valley Cohousing, MA
  44. 44. Back yards and Balconies Muir Commons, Davis, CAJamaica Plain Cohousing, Boston Arcadia, North Carolina Pathways Cohousing, Florence, MA
  45. 45. Are there typical patterns of development for cohousing communities?
  46. 46. Linear path and small Courtyard(s)Puget Ridge Seattle, WA 23 units on 2.5 acres Singles, duplexes, and triplex units 1994
  47. 47. Infill developmentSouth Side Park, Sacramento, CA 25 units on 1.3 acre infill site 23 new homes and 2 rehabbed; Diverse, low-income neighborhood Clustered around large green 1993
  48. 48. Neighborhood RetrofitBerkeley Cohousing, Davis, CA
  49. 49. Urban Courtyard Jamaica Plain Cohousing – Boston, MA 30 units on 0.9 acres
  50. 50. Small Urban Courtyard Doyle Street Cohousing, Emeryville, CA 12 units on 1/3 acre
  51. 51. rban Apartment (elevator) Building mbridge Cohousing – Cambridge, MA units on 1.5 acres
  52. 52. Rental Renovation Urban Farm Kailash EcoVillage, Portland, OR, 32 units
  53. 53. Urban TownhousesCornerstone Cohousing – Cambridge, MA 32 units 1.3 acres
  54. 54. Projects within a Larger New Urbanist DevelopmentWild Sage and Silver Sage, Boulder, CO
  55. 55. Holiday Neighborhood, Boulder, CO
  56. 56. Renovation of Warehouse or Mill Building Swans Market Old Oakland, CA 21 units (townhouses) within the exterior historically preserved shell of a former warehouse; 0.25acres, 1995
  57. 57. Protected Walkways Eastern Village, Silver Spring, MD 56 units on 1.0 acres 2004
  58. 58. Daybreak Cohousing, Portland, OR 30 units on 2/3 acre 2009
  59. 59. Covered Street DevelopmentWind Song – Langley, BC 34 units on 6 acres Multi-family building with covered interior street; 1996
  60. 60. Kilen, Denmark Drivhuset, Denmark
  61. 61. ½ Dense, ½ Loose Burlington Cohousing East Village Burlington, VT 32 units on 5 acres; 1989
  62. 62. Dense Cluster on a Large Site First Neighborhood Eco-Village at Ithaca, NY 30 units (15 duplexes) on 175 acres; 1996 2nd neighborhood complete 3rd neighborhood in planning stage
  63. 63. Rural and Suburban Townhouses Mosaic Commons and Camelot Cohousing, Berlin, MA Two communities of 34 units each 50+ acres 2009
  64. 64. Semi-dense Cluster on a Large SitePioneer Valley – Amherst, MA 32 units on 23 acres; Single, duplex, and triplex units; 1994
  65. 65. Less Dense Development on a Rural SiteIsland Cohousing, West Tisbury, MA 16 units on 30 acres; all single family units; 2000
  66. 66. Cobb Hill – Hartland, VT 22 units on 260 acres Agriculture-focused Communities
  67. 67. Mixed-Use Development South Mountain company has its business offices, workshop and lumber yard within a short walk of the houses at Island Cohousing. Island Cohousing, West Tisbury, MA Quayside Village Cohousing in North Vancouver wraps around a commercial space at the corner of the street.
  68. 68. What is in a Common House? Jamaica Plain Cohousing, Boston, MA
  69. 69. To succeed your common house needs to: - Draw people in - Allow people to feel comfortable, whether alone, in a small group, or in a crowd Common House = Community Living Room
  70. 70. Size of Common House4,200 SF – 30 units Pioneer Valley Cohousing, Amherst, MA 3,200 SF – 24 units 2,600 SF - < 24 units, warm climate, few children Pathways Cohousing, Northampton, MA Swans Market, Old Oakland, CA
  71. 71. Site Connection Daybreak Cohousing, Portland, OR
  72. 72. Wind Song, Canada Strong connection to housing units based on site development pattern
  73. 73. Main Entry Porch Cornerstone, Cambridge, MA Essential Common House Elements Distinct, Visible, Sheltering, Welcoming
  74. 74. Entry
  75. 75. Mail & Coat Area:
  76. 76. Great Room Pioneer Valley Cohousing, Amherst MA
  77. 77. Flexible space
  78. 78. IMPORTANT ELEMENTS OF A GREAT ROOM: • Dining for 2/3 of the Community (show tables on your schematic design drawings!) • Quieter Dining Niche • Connection to Kitchen • Buffet Area • Connection to Outdoor Dining • Lounging Area • Bussing Area • View of Courtyard • Connection to Kid’s Room
  79. 79. Pioneer Valley Cohousing, Amherst MA Niches and Fire Places
  80. 80. Ceiling Height Varied Heights Harmony Village, Golden, CO Low, coffered ceiling Daybreak Cohousing, Portland, OR
  81. 81. Acoustic treatment Puget Ridge, Seattle, WA – AFTER TREATMENT “Nubby” friberglass panels held in place with painted wood battens at Pathways Cohousing, Florence, MA
  82. 82. Sitting Area within Great Room New View Cohousing, Acton, MA Daybreak Cohousing, Portland, OR
  83. 83. Tea / Cafe Daybreak Cohousing, Portland, OR
  84. 84. Degree of Kitchen Separation New View Cohousing, Acton, MA Harmony Village, Golden, CO
  85. 85. Shuttered opening at Pioneer Valley Cohousing
  86. 86. TEA STATION DISH RETURN BUFFET / PASS-THRU ISLAND FRIG. RANGE / OVEN CONV. OVEN PANTRYSHELVING EXTERIOR SERVICE DOOR CORRIDOR DOOR POT SINK DISH WASHER VEGETABLE SINK PLANNING DESK DINING ROOM DISH CARTS (UNDER) KITCHEN clean side / dirty side Pioneer Valley Cohousing, Amherst MA Kitchen
  87. 87. Central island = social Pioneer Valley Cohousing, Amherst, MA Food Preparation Burlington Cohousing, Burlington, VT
  88. 88. Reduce back strain DISH RETURN POT SINKDISH WASHER Pioneer Valley Cohousing, Amherst MA BUSSING AREA FOR DINERS TO SORT SILVER WARE, SCRAPE PLATES, ETC. SINK FOR WASHING HANDS, FILLING PITCHERS, AND CLEANING TABLES PRE-RINSE SPRAYER DISH DRYING IN SHELVES OVER COUNTER COMPOST BUCKET Dishwashing create a logical flow
  89. 89. Accessibility New View Cohousing, Acton MA Cambridge Cohousing, Cambridge, MA
  90. 90. Kids’ Room(s) Pioneer Valley Cohousing, Amherst, MA Open directly to the exterior, if possible Duwamish Cohousing, Seattle WA
  91. 91. separating quiet and active play areas. Pillow Corner, Pioneer Valley Cohousing, Amherst, MA Basement Recreation Room, Pioneer Valley Cohousing, Amherst, MA
  92. 92. Living / Sitting / Meeting Room Harmony Village, Golden, CO Pathways Cohousing, Florence, MA
  93. 93. Circulation Pioneer Valley Cohousing, Amherst, MA Cambridge Cohousing, Cambridge, MA
  94. 94. Typical Additional Elements (non-essential but often very important or nice to have)
  95. 95. Guest Rooms Piathways Cohousing, Florence MA Laundry
  96. 96. Workshop Library
  97. 97. Often combined into new multi-purpose spaces. Less Common Functions
  98. 98. Noisy Multi-Purpose / Game Room Pioneer Valley Cohousing, Amherst, MA Exercise - Meditation - Dance - Yoga Daybreak Cohousing,, Portland, OR
  99. 99. TV / Movie area Pioneer Valley Cohousing Pioneer Valley Cohousing, Amherst, MA Crafts area Music Room Cambridge Cohousing, Cambridge, MA
  100. 100. Take it or leave it Pioneer Valley Cohousing General Storage Root CellarPantry Sauna / Spa Hot Tub, Daybreak Cohousing
  101. 101. Budget constraints? Think multi-purpose rooms! And keep your eyes on the prize: Community, not just architecture!
  102. 102. Kraus Fitch Architects provides slide shows (for cohousing groups and professionals) on cohousing design and work systems. They include: Part 1 – What is Cohousing? Part 2 – Cohousing Site Design Part 3 – Common House Design Part 4 – Cohousing Unit Design Part 5 – Cohousing & Sustainability Part 6 – Getting the Work Done Contact for copies: Laura Fitch: lfitch@krausfitch.com
  103. 103. This slide show was developed by Kraus Fitch Architects to educate cohousing groups about our workshop approach to making decisions during the design phase. Permission to edit was granted to Samenhuizen (Belgium Housing Association) by KFA in August 2013. Credits for photographers, communities, etc. should remain intact. If fees for presentations of this material are requested and accepted, please consider giving a donation to the Cohousing Association of the US (www. cohousing.org). KRAUS FITCH ARCHITECTS, INC. HOME COMMUNITY PLANET
  104. 104. Resources Cohousing Association of the US (CohoUS) www.cohousing.org Kraus-Fitch Architects, Inc., (413) 549-5799 www.krausfitch.com Laura Fitch: lfitch@krausfitch.com
  105. 105. Photo Credits: Mike April Janice Doyama Rebecca Reid Laura Fitch Mary Kraus John Fabel Jen Luck With special thanks to the many communities featured in this show.

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