CAN• USES:           • EXAMPLES:  – Ability          —Jesse can run  – Request           very fast.  – Possibility      —C...
BE ABLE TO• USES:        • EXAMPLE:  – Ability.     —Her brother is able                  to skate very well.             ...
CAN’T• USES:              • EXAMPLES:  – Certainty that     —You can’t be 40                        years old, you look   ...
COULD• USES:                   • EXAMPLES:   – Past ability.        — She could run fast   – Polite request.         when ...
MAY• USES:              • EXAMPLES:  – Possibility        —It may rain                        tomorrow.  – Polite request ...
MIGHT• USES:            •   EXAMPLES:  – Possibility.       — She might win the                         gold medal in the ...
WOULD• USES:               • EXAMPLES:  – Formal request.     —Would you open the                         window, please? ...
MUST• USES:                  • EXAMPLES:  – Obligation.            —You must train hard                            for the...
HAVE TO• USES:           •       EXAMPLES:  – Obligation.       •    You have to buy                           the tickets...
NEED TO• USES:           • EXAMPLES:  – Obligation.     —You need to                     practise harder.  – Necessity.
NEEDN’T• USES:                   • EXAMPLES:  – Lack of obligation.     —You needn’t bring                             any...
DON’T HAVE TO• USES:                   • EXAMPLES:  – Lack of obligation.     —I don’t have to get                        ...
MUSTN’T• USES:            • EXAMPLES:  – Prohibition.     —You mustn’t exceed                      the speed limit.
SHOULD• USES:                •   EXAMPLES:  – Advice, opinion.       — You should try                             it, it’s...
OUGHT TO• USES:                • EXAMPLES:  – Advice, opinion.     —You ought to warm                          up before t...
MODAL PERFECT
MUST HAVE• USES:                   – EXAMPLES:  – Certainly that          • Linda has arrived                             ...
MAY/MIGHT HAVE• USES:               – EXAMPLES:  – A guess about a     • She may/might                          have taken...
COULD HAVE• USES:                    – EXAMPLES:  – Ability to have done     • You could have                             ...
COULDN’T HAVE• USES:                 – EXAMPLES:  – Certainly that        • He couldn’t have                            go...
WOULD HAVE• USES:                   – EXAMPLES:  – Willingness to have     • I would have gone                            ...
SHOULD/OUGHT TO HAVE• USES:                   – EXAMPLES:  – Criticism or regret     • You should/ought                   ...
SHOULDN’T HAVE• USES:                  – EXAMPLES:  – Criticism after an     • He shouldn’t have                          ...
NEEDN’T HAVE• USES:                   – EXAMPLES:  – An unnecessary          • You needn’t have                           ...
Guadalaviar Modal Verbs Sofía MC
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Guadalaviar Modal Verbs Sofía MC

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Basic information about modal verbs and how to use them.

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Guadalaviar Modal Verbs Sofía MC

  1. 1. CAN• USES: • EXAMPLES: – Ability —Jesse can run – Request very fast. – Possibility —Can I call you tonight? —Women’s sports can be exciting to watch.
  2. 2. BE ABLE TO• USES: • EXAMPLE: – Ability. —Her brother is able to skate very well. —They are able to go to that shop.
  3. 3. CAN’T• USES: • EXAMPLES: – Certainty that —You can’t be 40 years old, you look something is much younger! impossible.
  4. 4. COULD• USES: • EXAMPLES: – Past ability. — She could run fast – Polite request. when she was a child. – Polite suggestion. — Could you help me – Possibility. with the suitcases? — You could exercise and eat healthier food. — It could be dangerous for women to compete with men.
  5. 5. MAY• USES: • EXAMPLES: – Possibility —It may rain tomorrow. – Polite request —May I open the window?
  6. 6. MIGHT• USES: • EXAMPLES: – Possibility. — She might win the gold medal in the competition.
  7. 7. WOULD• USES: • EXAMPLES: – Formal request. —Would you open the window, please? – Offer. —Would you like a cup of tea?
  8. 8. MUST• USES: • EXAMPLES: – Obligation. —You must train hard for the match. – Certainty that —She’s got a great something is true. job. She must be very happy.
  9. 9. HAVE TO• USES: • EXAMPLES: – Obligation. • You have to buy the tickets today. – Necessity.
  10. 10. NEED TO• USES: • EXAMPLES: – Obligation. —You need to practise harder. – Necessity.
  11. 11. NEEDN’T• USES: • EXAMPLES: – Lack of obligation. —You needn’t bring any cake to the party, but you’ve done it, so… lets eat it!
  12. 12. DON’T HAVE TO• USES: • EXAMPLES: – Lack of obligation. —I don’t have to get up early tomorrow, so I’m not going to do it.
  13. 13. MUSTN’T• USES: • EXAMPLES: – Prohibition. —You mustn’t exceed the speed limit.
  14. 14. SHOULD• USES: • EXAMPLES: – Advice, opinion. — You should try it, it’s delicious!
  15. 15. OUGHT TO• USES: • EXAMPLES: – Advice, opinion. —You ought to warm up before training.
  16. 16. MODAL PERFECT
  17. 17. MUST HAVE• USES: – EXAMPLES: – Certainly that • Linda has arrived late. She must have something was true. been in a traffic jam.
  18. 18. MAY/MIGHT HAVE• USES: – EXAMPLES: – A guess about a • She may/might have taken the past action. wrong bus.
  19. 19. COULD HAVE• USES: – EXAMPLES: – Ability to have done • You could have asked the doctor something but in before taking that fact did not. medicine.
  20. 20. COULDN’T HAVE• USES: – EXAMPLES: – Certainly that • He couldn’t have gone to the concert something did not because he was happen. doing a test.
  21. 21. WOULD HAVE• USES: – EXAMPLES: – Willingness to have • I would have gone to the party, but I done something but was too busy. in fact could not.
  22. 22. SHOULD/OUGHT TO HAVE• USES: – EXAMPLES: – Criticism or regret • You should/ought to have warned me after an event. earlier.
  23. 23. SHOULDN’T HAVE• USES: – EXAMPLES: – Criticism after an • He shouldn’t have forgotten about her event. birthday.
  24. 24. NEEDN’T HAVE• USES: – EXAMPLES: – An unnecessary • You needn’t have brought anything to action in the past. my party.

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