SocialGe   graphic
“Brides Are Not For Burning”

In India, the number of dowry-related deaths
has been increasing exponentially. The most
sev...
Since the late 1970s when the technology for sex determination first came
into being, sex selective abortion has unleashed...
In some parts of the
country, the sex ratio of
girls to boys has dropped
to less than 800:1,000. It's
alarming that even l...
Worryingly, the trend is
far stronger in urban
rather than rural areas,
and among literate
rather than illiterate
women, e...
Over the years, laws have been made stricter and the punishment
too is more stringent now. But since many people manage to...
India is home to the world's largest population of child laborers, 60% are girls.
According to the statistics given by Ind...
Still, every day, more than
50,000 people die as a result of
extreme poverty and nearly one
billion people go hungry each
...
United Nations agencies estimated
that every year 3 million girls are at risk
of undergoing the procedure which
involves t...
Millions of young women disappear in their native
land every year. Many of them are found later
being held against their w...
In addition to torture, sexual violence and rape by rebels and occupation forces,
a great number of women and girls are ke...
According to the UNAIDS around 17.3 million, women (almost half of the total
number of HIV-positive) living with HIV . Whi...
More than two-thirds of
the women's
populations don't have
access to the financial
system. Poor women
are not considered
c...
Millions of women suffer from discrimination in the world of work. This not only
violates a most basic human right, but ha...
According to one United
Nations estimate, 113 to
200 million women are
“demographically missing”
from the world today. Tha...
India alone accounts
for more than 50
million of the women
and girls who are
“missing” due to
female foeticide - the
sex-s...
The decline in the sex ratio and the
millions of Missing Women and girls are
indicators of the feudal patriarchal
resurgen...
Say No To Sex Selection and Female Foeticide!
Educate & Empowered Women for a Happy Future!
Make War and Hunger History!

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Women...7

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Unite To End Violence Against Women!
Say No To Sex Selection and Female Foeticide!
Say No To Female Genital Mutilation!
Say No To Dowry and Discrimination Against Women!
Say Yes To Women’s Resistance!
Educate & Empowered Women for a Happy Future!

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Women...7

  1. 1. SocialGe graphic
  2. 2. “Brides Are Not For Burning” In India, the number of dowry-related deaths has been increasing exponentially. The most severe is “bride burning”, the burning of women whose dowries were not considered sufficient by their husband or in-laws. Most of these incidents are reported as accidental burns in the kitchen or are disguised as suicide. The Supreme Court of India (on Monday,1 June 2009) expressed its anguish over the increasing incidents of dowry deaths and suggested that no mercy be shown to those accused of burning women to death over dowry demands. Mr. Justice Katju told applicant's counsel Jasbir Singh Malik: “You have burnt to death a woman by pouring kerosene. How can you do such a barbaric act? It is an uncivilised act. You should be hanged for the crime.” Mr. Justice Katju said: “In India hundreds of innocent women are being burnt to death. It is an uncivilised act. How can we do it? We should hang such persons.” When counsel said it was a case of suicide, Mr. Justice Katju said: “They all say that. Every time they burn a bride, they say it was a suicide. On the one hand they regard women as a devi, on the other hand they burn them alive. This is against the norms of civilised society. It's barbaric. We will not grant you any relief.”
  3. 3. Since the late 1970s when the technology for sex determination first came into being, sex selective abortion has unleashed a saga of horror in India.
  4. 4. In some parts of the country, the sex ratio of girls to boys has dropped to less than 800:1,000. It's alarming that even liberal states like those in the northeast have taken to disposing of girls.
  5. 5. Worryingly, the trend is far stronger in urban rather than rural areas, and among literate rather than illiterate women, exploding the myth that growing affluence and spread of basic education alone will result in the erosion of gender bias.
  6. 6. Over the years, laws have been made stricter and the punishment too is more stringent now. But since many people manage to evade punishment, others too feel inclined to take the risk. Just look at the way sex-determination tests go on despite a stiff ban on them. The United Nations has expressed serious concern about the situation.
  7. 7. India is home to the world's largest population of child laborers, 60% are girls. According to the statistics given by Indian government there are 20 million child laborers in the country, while other agencies claim that it is 50 million. Most of developed countries had made education compulsory and shifted focus from making education as a duty instead of right. The Indian legislation has failed to understand that the shift has to be from right to duty as it will make it unacceptable not to send a child to school. Child labour could not be eradicated unless there was universalisation of education and every child had access to school. All out-of-school children must be considered child labour.
  8. 8. Still, every day, more than 50,000 people die as a result of extreme poverty and nearly one billion people go hungry each day, 70% are women and girls.
  9. 9. United Nations agencies estimated that every year 3 million girls are at risk of undergoing the procedure which involves the partial or total removal of external female genital organs that some 140 million women, mostly in Asia and Africa, have already endured.
  10. 10. Millions of young women disappear in their native land every year. Many of them are found later being held against their will in other places and forced into prostitution. According to the UNICEF, Girls between 13 and 18 years of age constitute the largest group in the sex industry. It is estimated that around 500,000 girls below 18 are victims of trafficking each year. The victims of trafficking and female migrants are sometimes unfairly blamed for spreading HIV when the reality is that they are often the victims.
  11. 11. In addition to torture, sexual violence and rape by rebels and occupation forces, a great number of women and girls are kept locked up in their homes by a very real fear of abduction and criminal abuse. In war and conflicts, girls and women have been denied their human right, including the right to health, education and employment.
  12. 12. According to the UNAIDS around 17.3 million, women (almost half of the total number of HIV-positive) living with HIV . While HIV is often driven by poverty, it is also associated with inequality, gender-based abuses and economic transition. The relationship between abuses of women's rights and their vulnerability to AIDS is alarming. Violence and discrimination prevents women from freely accessing HIV/AIDS information, from negotiating condom use, and from resisting unprotected sex with an HIV-positive partner, yet most of the governments have failed to take any meaningful steps to prevent and punish such abuse.
  13. 13. More than two-thirds of the women's populations don't have access to the financial system. Poor women are not considered credit worthy. The idea of the business is only maximisation of profit. That is too narrow an interpretation of a human being. Every human being should have the “right to credit” because if people have money, they can change their lives. It is true for women. They have the ability, but are sitting at home. If we give them finances, their hobbies become business.
  14. 14. Millions of women suffer from discrimination in the world of work. This not only violates a most basic human right, but has wider social and economic consequences. Most of the governments turn a blind eye to illegal practices and enact and enforce discriminatory laws. Corporations and private individuals engage in abusive and discriminatory practices without fear of legal system. Sexual harassment and violence in the workplace are common and constant threats to working women's lives and livelihoods.
  15. 15. According to one United Nations estimate, 113 to 200 million women are “demographically missing” from the world today. That is to say, there should be 113 to 200 million more women walking the earth, who aren’t. By that same estimate, 1.5 to 3 million women and girls lose their lives every year because of gender-based neglect or gender-based violence and Sexual Violence in Conflict.
  16. 16. India alone accounts for more than 50 million of the women and girls who are “missing” due to female foeticide - the sex-selective abortion of girls, dowry death, gender-based neglect and all forms of violence against women. We can point a finger at poverty. But poverty alone does not result in these girls and women’s deaths and suffering; the blame also falls on the social system and attitudes of the societies.
  17. 17. The decline in the sex ratio and the millions of Missing Women and girls are indicators of the feudal patriarchal resurgence. Violence against women and girls has gone public – whether it is dowry murders, the practice of female genital mutilation, honour killings, sex selective abortions or death sentences awarded to young lovers from different communities by caste councils, rapes and killings in communal and caste violence, it is only women’s and human rights groups who are protesting – the public and institutional response to these trends is very minimal.
  18. 18. Say No To Sex Selection and Female Foeticide! Educate & Empowered Women for a Happy Future! Make War and Hunger History! We are making such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of issues of humanitarian and ecological significance. The images on this presentation are not necessarily those of survivors of violence and human rights abuse. © Social Geographic Foundation Please NOTE and RESPECT the copyright. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. None of the images may be copied, reproduced, published or distributed in any medium without the expressed written permission. E-mail: socialgeographic@gmail.com Photo & design: Firoz Ahmad Firoz SocialGe graphic

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