By:Greg BiagiRiley TraversKevin MahlmanKatie Lewis
JOHN LOCKE INTERVIEWKatie: Hi this is Katie Lewis here from T.H.E. News. Today we have a very specialguest Mr. John Locke. So Mr. Locke I know that you are a very influentialenlightenment philosopher.Locke: That is correct miss. I believe strongly in natural rights. I believe everyonehas the right to life, liberty, and property. I believe that humans are all good,reasonable, and moral.Katie: I’m familiar with the fact that you also wrote "Two Treaties of Government"which states that the government should protect these natural rights.Locke: Yes ma’am I did. I believe that the government is responsible for protectingeveryones natural rights. If the government does not protect these rights, then it isus, we the people who have the right to overthrow that form of government andcreate a new one.Katie: What role do you think citizens should play in a society?Locke: I believe in a democracy, citizens should play an active role in theirgovernment. Power given to the people is every nations backbone. When sole poweris in the government, common people are no longer citizens, but subjects. We haveno purpose in society other than to do what the king says. This has been repeated inhistory too many times! It limits any chance for people to be innovative and havedreams of making life better. Citizens are free to give more than just "the minimum"that they are required to do.Katie: Well thank you Mr. Locke for that excellent insight on your enlightenmentideas. Thank you for your time. Now to my interview with Mr. Robespierre...
CLAIMS ABOUT CITIZENSHIP• Citizens have obligations to follow the laws• Power within a society should be with the majority• All citizens are born with natural rights• Citizens have the right to overthrow an unjust government• Citizens should play an active role in their society
MAXIMILIEN ROBESPIERREKatie: Mr. Robespierre, thank you so much for taking the time to beinterviewed on a very busy day. Sir, I understand that you created anorganization to "protect the revolution" from enemies at home andabroad.Robespierre: Why yes that is correct. I created the Committee of PublicSafety. We were at war with several other European countries whowanted to restore the monarchy in France. There was a greater threatthough. We were being attacked from within.Katie: You said that you believed France could achieve a "Republic ofVirtue" through terror and blood. What made you use terror?Robespierre: Unfortunately there were people within our own countrywho were enemies of the revolution. I had to protect the revolution at allcosts even if it meant executing a few of our own. I took it into my handsto end the monarchy by bringing the king and queen before theguillotine as well as execute anyone in the way of the revolutionsprogress.Katie: But Mr. Robespierre, what makes your "Republic of Virtue" anydifferent than a harsh dictatorship. Youre killing your own people!
ROBESPIERRE (CONTINUED)Robespierre: Believe me. If people get the idea that the revolution isnt a goodidea; if their voice is heard, the revolution will fail! They shouldnt have the rightto speak their own opinion because it could prove fatal for the revolution. Thesepeople that are being guillotined know the consequences for being an enemy ofthe revolution, and they deserve it. I know it seems hard now, but change isvery hard. Believe me, I do all these things for the good of France.Katie: Mr. Robespierre, are you familiar with the statement "Power to thePeople“? How does this apply to your "Republic of Virtue"?Robespierre: It applies because power is given to those loyal to the revolutionKatie: Well then what is the role of a citizen in society? Are we all just subjectsof the revolution, waiting in terror at your wrath?Robespierre: If terror and wrath are necessary then yes!Katie: Im sorry Mr. Robespierre but it sounds like your revolution is ruining theidea of democracy and rights for all people along with power to the people.Good day sir![the interviewer was executed the next day]*a moment of silence*
CLAIMS ABOUT CITIZENSHIP• Too much power to one person corrupts a government• Using terror to control a country is not the right way and should be done fairly• The right to a fair trial instead of immediate execution
JIM HAWKINSKatie: So Mr. Hawkins, what was your view on the how the pirates acted to get the treasure?Jim: Well, the pirates caused a great amount of chaos and corruption because they would nevereven try to work with us to get the treasure. Instead, they decided that they wanted the treasure allfor themselves which shows a great amount of greed and selfishness. People didnt have to die onTreasure Island. If we all were willing to sacrifice a little, everyone wouldve gotten a fair share, butinstead of working together, we separated. This hurt both of our groups, and ended in a very sadway with many deaths.Katie: So what shouldve happened Mr. Hawkins?Jim: Well, if we did work together as one team, if we discussed how we were going to attain thetreasure, there wouldnt have been this conflict and tension that leads to death and destruction. Asone team, we wouldve achieved our goal, but instead our own pride and greed got in the way.Katie: How do you think your experience relates to citizenship?Jim: It showed how the desire for total power and wanting some kind of material so bad that itbrings you to kill another human, ruins a society. It causes conflict and makes no room for growth tooccur, or for a citizen to achieve a prosperous and good life. Power and greed consumes peopleand turns them into monstrous people. Much like how a powerful dictator gets power hungry andcan oppress an entire nation.Katie: What traits got you through this journey for survival?Jim: Well on my part, it took lots of courage obviously, but it also took a great deal of innovation.There were situations that presented me that I had never dealt with before, and I had to approach itbeing open for innovation. I really needed to think on my feet in situations like when the piratesinvaded the stockade, and when I decided to leave the island on the coracle and take over theHispaniola. Lastly, I needed to get past my natural human greed and realize that life is moreimportant than treasure and material gain. This is what got us through Treasure Island alive; asacrifice individually for the overall groups survival.Katie: Well thank you Mr. Hawkins.
CLAIMS ABOUT CITIZENSHIP• As individuals we must contribute to society in some way• Perfect balance between power and conflict• A certain amount of power must be given to citizens• Everyone has equal rights• Each citizen has the right to state his or her opinion• No one person should have all the power in a government
ATTICUS FINCHKatie: So what exactly what was your reason for defending Tom Robinson?Atticus: Well Maam I believe in the equal rights of ALL people, and this includescolored people. Culture today has made it so we are desensitized to how horribleracism really is because it is just a part of society. I decided to take a standbecause this is something I truly believe is wrong in our world today, and Im willingto suffer for my decision.Katie: Do you think defending Tom Robinson was effective in stopping racism?Atticus: I think it was. As you saw, people werent happy at all about me defendingTom Robinson. My actions brought light to the problems with racism in society,and it made us all question our ethics and morals. This is a small step in the causefor equality, but it was necessary for me to stand up for him.Katie: Well I must say these are very admirable traits Mr. Finch. Do you believe allcitizens should have these qualities?Atticus: I believe so. For a society to function fully, it needs people that when theysee a problem, they stand up for what they believe and let their voices be heard.Everyone needs to have the boldness to participate in government. Without it, wewould repeat history over again. This form of government leads to oppression andsuffering because it isnt a unified nation where everyone can speak their ownviews and opinions.Katie: Well thank you Mr. Finch! Good luck to you on your future quests for thisnations greater good.
CLAIMS ABOUT CITIZENSHIP• Everyone no matter their race should be treated equal in a society• People have the right to deem something within their community wrong, and it is their job to question their morals and ethics
CLAIMS ABOUT CITIZENSHIP• What is Good citizenship? A good citizen is…..• Someone who respects others and their property.• He/she is helpful and considerate, willing to put others first.• He/she listens to the views of others and thinks about what they have to say.• He/she helps people who are not in a position to help themselves.• He/she respects the environment and does not damage it in any way.• He/she works hard.• He/she is well mannered and pleasant.• He/she is always willing to learn• He/she gives back to the community• When he/she sees a problem, they act on it
CLAIMS ABOUT CITIZENSHIP• What is bad citizenship? A bad citizen is…..• Someone who does not respect others and their property.• He/she is uncooperative, and selfish.• He/she will not accept or listen to anyone elses input in society• He/she does not respect the environment• He/she is ill-mannered
CITIZENSHIP IS…Citizenship is being an active part in yourcommunity and having a say in the decisionsthat are made. Citizens are all born with naturalrights and are equal. Citizens should take theopportunity to stand up for what they believe inand have a say in the government.