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Conflict resolution and peacemaking paper


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Conflict resolution and peacemaking paper

  1. 1. Heading: CONFLICT RESOLUTION AND PEACEMAKING Conflict Resolution and Peacemaking Adreena Lind November 4,2013 Psychology 400 Pr. Jodi Clarke 1
  2. 2. CONFLICT RESOLUTIONANDPEACEMAKING Abstract This paper will describe peacemaking in reference to a situation based on collected information from a secondary source.Additionally, this paper will investigate specific elements of conflict resolution and peacemaking.The collected information will be used as a platform toanalyze information based on a social psychological perspective in order to provide a clearer understanding of conflicts, peacemaking techniques, and resolutions. Furthermore, this paper will work to develop a comprehensive understanding of how social interactions and influence affect the ability to deal with conflict and create resolution ina group dynamic.Finally,this paper will describe how the secondary source addresses and uses conflict resolution to deal with mattersdescribed in the article. 2
  3. 3. CONFLICT RESOLUTIONANDPEACEMAKING Conflict Resolution and Peacemaking Conflict is a very common part of social interaction and human life. A conflict is basically an understood incompatibility of actions or goals between two or more people (Myers, 2010). Many people have a very difficult time, regardless of age, in finding adequate solution for resolving conflicts. To develop a solution it is often very helpful to understand how to go about finding the solution first. For example by following a few basic steps it is often more tangible to reach a solution to almost any problem rather than create an increasingly difficult work environment. Most people and societies do not establish methods that teach children or adults about the changing nature of conflict and peacemaking based upon societal differences (Rossi, 2003). John Allen Rossi (2003) makes the point that the decision to teach children based upon social and individual identity in an international environment will develop understanding in society and help to instill peacemaking processes based on national identity (p. 149). Rossi basically focuses on developing how to teach values and compassion. People come to the realization that most conflicts stem from cultural identity and often involve historical experiences, ethnicities, and modern backgrounds (Rossi, 2003, p. 149). The goal is to build a curriculum that establishes the learner as a world citizen; conflicts left unresolved and thus manifests to create a perspective based on revenge rather than healing. Positive social interactions have the potential to build an individual’s capability to be empathetic, respectful of others, and learn to be excepting of all people and his or her rights to equality (Myers, 2010). According to Rossi (2003) “to attain peace requires looking beyond the mainstream of politics to genuine reconciliation between everyday people” (p. 150). The failure of established 3
  4. 4. CONFLICT RESOLUTIONANDPEACEMAKING systems of traditional diplomacy occurs when groups cannot create nor have a degree of focus on the social and psychological scars left by the conflict. In addition, those concepts provide the foundation for a five-stage process of reconciliation at the community level. In society people often look to a desire for power and assume power will sooth the flame of conflict. The truth is that conflict is often the result of misunderstanding how to deal with “the enemy” and the idea of power often only blankets the problem rather than solves it. Rossi (2003) establishes that there are specific methods and stages that need to be followed to find a solution. The first of which would be for the involved parties to decide to engage with a trained and unbiased mediator to develop talks for peace (Rossi, 2003). Secondly, both parties have to acknowledge that the conflict is unhealthy and problematic for all participants and decide to listen to one another. Moreover, there must be some kind of honest revaluation about the conflict and the past wrongs of both parties (Rossi, 2003). There should be some kind of plans to include plans for reconciliation and reflect the common needs for the communities. Additionally, participants in the conflict should be able to share individual views, feelings, and stories as well as learn to talk that he or she is conflicted with in an effective manner (Rossi, 2003). Finally, those involved must be able to full understand the gravity of the conflict to implement and act to create the necessary change to occur. Emotions play a very important role in both the development of the initial conflict as well as the ability to find a resolution to the conflict. David Myers (2010) describes emotions as the expressed biological or psychological reaction to an event in a verbal or nonverbal manner. One of the most valuable characteristics to find a solution to any conflict is empathy. Empathy is the ability to perceptive an accurate another’s thoughts and feelings based on one’s own experiences (Myers, 2010). Empathy is a very important aspect of conflict resolution. Empathy is the 4
  5. 5. CONFLICT RESOLUTIONANDPEACEMAKING emotional state that allows people from different backgrounds and social groups to come together and understand how the other person feels. Learning and develop the skill to solve problem children need to learn to understand his or her emotions; this emotional awareness allows the child to build a heightened level of understanding. A famous quote reflects this same sentiment; “He who knows others is wise; he who knows himself is enlightened” (Majka, n.d.). There will always the potential for conflict when dealing with other people; when people are better equipped with the right tools and techniques to solve the dilemmas without resorting to power struggles, or violence there becomes an opportunity to promote social equality and compassion. Knowing oneself and building an aptitude for understanding the feelings of others give the student the ability to realize conflict without immediately becoming emotional and irrational (Myers, 2010). The skills help create a foundation for how to resolve the problem in the most amicable ways possible. As children, individuals should have the opportunity to learn and become more excepting of other; something he or she will carry his or her entire life. 5
  6. 6. CONFLICT RESOLUTIONANDPEACEMAKING References Majka, C.(n.d.) Lao Tzu: Father of Taoism retrieved from database. Myers, D. (2010). Social Psychology (10th ed.). New York: McGraw Hill. Rossi, J. A. (2003, Summer). Teaching about International Conflict and Peacemaking at the Grassroots Level. Social Studies, Vol. 94(4), p. 149-157. 6