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What can Finland learn
from UK, Germany and
Denmark?
Comments by Senior Research Fellow Paula Kivimaa,
SPRU, University of...
Context matters
• Need to be careful how to interpret findings
due to differing
• Industrial structures, energy consumptio...
Share of
renewable
energy in gross
final energy
consumption in
2015
EU target
(national
target)
Share of
renewables
in ele...
Thoughts based on this
morning
1. Energy disruption is already ongoing – we
can learn how new industrial policy can be
use...
Renewables in Finland
• Wood energy in 2016: 74 % of renewables, 27 % of all
• In Energy and Climate Strategy: 90 TWh wood...
Traditional connection between
industrial and energy policy
• Low energy prices – energy intensive
industries – securing j...
How to gain support for green
industrial policy?
• Cooperation crossing national and local levels
• Local support importan...
8
Need to better integrate innovation,
industrial and energy policy
• Increasing competition from other countries?
• In ener...
Conclusions
• Denmark, UK and Germany provide interesting
learning points regarding green industrial
development & institu...
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Paula Kivimaa - Raimo Lovio - What can Finland learn from UK, Germany and Denmark - Smart Energy Transition - Seminar - Aalto University - Science Policy Research Unit - SPRU - University of Sussex - August 28 - 2017

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Paula Kivimaa - Raimo Lovio - What can Finland learn from UK, Germany and Denmark - Smart Energy Transition - Seminar - Aalto University - Science Policy Research Unit - SPRU - University of Sussex - August 28 - 2017

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Paula Kivimaa - Raimo Lovio - What can Finland learn from UK, Germany and Denmark - Smart Energy Transition - Seminar - Aalto University - Science Policy Research Unit - SPRU - University of Sussex - August 28 - 2017

  1. 1. What can Finland learn from UK, Germany and Denmark? Comments by Senior Research Fellow Paula Kivimaa, SPRU, University of Sussex & Professor Raimo Lovio, Aalto University School of Business 28.08.2017 1
  2. 2. Context matters • Need to be careful how to interpret findings due to differing • Industrial structures, energy consumption, profitability & availability of renewable energy • Yet, we can learn from successes and failures! • UK & Denmark have longer experience with renewable energy support systems • German transition has included changes in ownership structures and business models 2
  3. 3. Share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption in 2015 EU target (national target) Share of renewables in electricity generation in 1990 Share of renewables in electricity generation in 2014 (F 2016) Share of nuclear In electricity generation in 2014 (F 2016) Finland 39 % 38 % 21 % (hydro) 45 % (hydro) 34 % Denmark 31 % 30 % (40) 3 % (wind) 53 % (wind) 0 Germany 15 % 18 % 3 % (bio) 32 % (wind) 13 % UK 8 % 15 % 2 % (hydro) 17 % (wind) 19 %
  4. 4. Thoughts based on this morning 1. Energy disruption is already ongoing – we can learn how new industrial policy can be used to manage/benefit from transition 2. De-institutionalisation in Finland has been gradual but is happening – learning from Denmark/Germany how to institutionalise RES 3. We can also learn from Denmark how to make Finnish system smarter and more local 4
  5. 5. Renewables in Finland • Wood energy in 2016: 74 % of renewables, 27 % of all • In Energy and Climate Strategy: 90 TWh wood energy in 2015  120 TWh in 2030 • Heat pumps (6 TWh) • Share of wind power in domestic electricy generation: • 1,7 % in 2014  7-8 % in 2017 (5 TWh) • Grid connected Solar PV capacity: • 4 MW in 2014  40-50 MW in 2017 • TVO 3 nuclear unit will generate 13 TWh/a (2019-) = almost equal to wind, heat pumps and solar together in 2019
  6. 6. Traditional connection between industrial and energy policy • Low energy prices – energy intensive industries – securing jobs Consumption of energy per GDP unit 2015 kgoe/1000e Consumption of electricity per GDP unit 2015 kWh/100e Electricity prices for industry on the 2nd half of 2016 including taxes Denmark 50 100 26.5 United Kingdom 70 120 15.3 Germany 100 180 19.6 Finland 160 385 8.6
  7. 7. How to gain support for green industrial policy? • Cooperation crossing national and local levels • Local support important in Denmark • Collaborative initiatives between HINKU municipalities and energy companies? • New forms of ownership and new entrants but also how existing industries can benefit • Active job creation strategy connected to innovation & new industries 7
  8. 8. 8
  9. 9. Need to better integrate innovation, industrial and energy policy • Increasing competition from other countries? • In energy technology export (Den, Ger) • Attention to new industrial strategy (UK) • Government Programme: Digital business • Energy & Climate Strategy: Bioeconomy, some attention on demand response • More diversified, paying attention to ”second wave” • Connections lacking between digitalisation, bioeconomy and energy in current policy
  10. 10. Conclusions • Denmark, UK and Germany provide interesting learning points regarding green industrial development & institutions • Employment, change in ownership models etc. • Does Finland need a specific green energy and industrial strategy / action plan? • Transition is not just new policies – we need to also remove some old policies/support systems 10

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