Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
© 2016 SEC. All rights reserved.
Current Situation & Development Framework of
Sino-Foreign Eco-Cities
Paris, March 2016
“S...
© 2016 SEC. All rights reserved.
AGENDA
3. Bilateral Framework of Sino-Foreign Eco-City: Three Case-studies
2. Eco-City Tr...
© 2016 SEC. All rights reserved.
Executive Summary
Current state
•  Due to the challenges of climate change, creating eco-...
© 2016 SEC. All rights reserved.
AGENDA
3. Bilateral Framework of Sino-Foreign Eco-City: Three Case-studies
1. Executive S...
© 2016 SEC. All rights reserved.
Eco-City Trend in China
Study based on 200 eco-city projects, there are several unique
ve...
© 2016 SEC. All rights reserved.
Eco-City Trend in China
Eco-city developments are viewed as the means of establishing a
s...
© 2016 SEC. All rights reserved.
Eco-City Trend in China
80% of prefecture-level cities have a minimum of one eco-city
bei...
© 2016 SEC. All rights reserved.
Eco-City Trend in China
An inclusive bilateral partnership framework is crucial for the
s...
© 2016 SEC. All rights reserved.
AGENDA
1. Exclusive Summary
4. Success Factors of Sino-Foreign Eco-City
3. Bilateral Fram...
© 2016 SEC. All rights reserved.
Bilateral Framework of Sino-Foreign Eco-City: Case-study 1
Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-cit...
© 2016 SEC. All rights reserved.
The public private partnership framework provides a sustainable
model for eco-cities
B I ...
© 2016 SEC. All rights reserved.
The key performance indicators provide a continuous guide for
the success of technical so...
© 2016 SEC. All rights reserved.
Bilateral Framework of Sino-Foreign Eco-City: Case-study 2
Wuxi Sino-Swedish low-carbon E...
© 2016 SEC. All rights reserved.
The bilateral organization framework consists of key players from
both nations
B I L AT E...
© 2016 SEC. All rights reserved.
Strong economic agreements create the foundations for
implementing the Swedish Symbio Cit...
© 2016 SEC. All rights reserved.
Bilateral Framework of Sino-Foreign Eco-City: Case-study 3
Qingdao Sino-German Eco-Park e...
© 2016 SEC. All rights reserved.
The client-provider framework with strong public support is the key
to success
B I L AT E...
© 2016 SEC. All rights reserved.
The key technical solution is the structure provided by the
comprehensive German Eco-city...
© 2016 SEC. All rights reserved.
4. Success Factors of Sino-Foreign Eco-City
AGENDA
3. Bilateral Framework of Sino-Foreign...
© 2016 SEC. All rights reserved.
Success Factors of Sino-Foreign Eco-City
There are various successful Sino-Foreign eco-ci...
© 2016 SEC. All rights reserved.
Success Factors of Sino-Foreign Eco-City
The collaborative model contributes to the succe...
© 2016 SEC. All rights reserved.
Success Factors of Sino-Foreign Eco-City
Three key components in the development of a suc...
© 2016 SEC. All rights reserved.
Conclusion
23	
Economic connections
The financial viability as a central component of eco...
© 2016 SEC. All rights reserved.
SMARTECOCITY (SEC)
Join the SEC network, “smarter, greener, together !”
We are looking fo...
© 2016 SEC. All rights reserved.
www.smartecocity.com
Thank you!
谢谢!
25
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Current Situation & Development Framework of Sino-Foreign Eco-Cities

1,152 views

Published on

Due to the challenges of climate change, creating eco-cities has gradually become the paramount goal of global urban construction. As the primary region of urban construction in the world, China has a significant impact on sustainable development: 80% of prefecture-level cities have a minimum of one eco-city being considered for construction. Various versions of the eco-city model are being developed in China, all of which seek to impose change at a rapid pace and on a vast scale. An underlying bilateral partnership framework has led to the success of several Sino-Foreign eco-city projects. According to research, the three key components for developing a successful Sino-Foreign eco-city are: an inclusive political framework, a comprehensive organizational and financial structure and robust technical solutions.

Published in: Economy & Finance
  • Be the first to comment

Current Situation & Development Framework of Sino-Foreign Eco-Cities

  1. 1. © 2016 SEC. All rights reserved. Current Situation & Development Framework of Sino-Foreign Eco-Cities Paris, March 2016 “Smarter, Greener, Together!” Er-Ti Chen 陈尔迪 SEC, Associate www.smartecocity.com 1
  2. 2. © 2016 SEC. All rights reserved. AGENDA 3. Bilateral Framework of Sino-Foreign Eco-City: Three Case-studies 2. Eco-City Trend In China 1. Executive Summary 4. Success Factors of Sino-Foreign Eco-City 2
  3. 3. © 2016 SEC. All rights reserved. Executive Summary Current state •  Due to the challenges of climate change, creating eco-cities has gradually become the paramount goal of global urban construction. •  As the primary region of urban construction in the world, China has a significant impact on sustainable development: 80% of prefecture-level cities have a minimum of one eco-city being considered for construction. •  Various versions of the eco-city model are being developed in China, all of which seek to impose change at a rapid pace and on a vast scale. •  An underlying bilateral partnership framework has led to the success of several Sino-Foreign eco-city projects. •  According to research, the three key components for developing a successful Sino-Foreign eco-city are: an inclusive political framework, a comprehensive organizational and financial structure and robust technical solutions. 3
  4. 4. © 2016 SEC. All rights reserved. AGENDA 3. Bilateral Framework of Sino-Foreign Eco-City: Three Case-studies 1. Executive Summary 4. Success Factors of Sino-Foreign Eco-City 2. Eco-City Trend in China 4
  5. 5. © 2016 SEC. All rights reserved. Eco-City Trend in China Study based on 200 eco-city projects, there are several unique versions of eco-city developments in China Industry or high-tech zones •  Mostly industry focused, for instance on trade, research and technology •  Average planning area: 34 km2 Residential projects •  Average planning area: 3 km2 New locations for future city development •  High quality public service facilities •  Residential projects with high-tech industry features •  Average planning area 152.8 km2 D I A G R A M O F V A R I O U S E C O - C I T Y D E V E L O P M E N T T Y P E S Leisure and entertainment •  Conference centers, exhibition venues and hotels •  Residential villas •  Average planning area: 22km2 57% 17% 9% 9% 5% 3% New Urban District Resort Region Real Estate Project High Tech Park Eco-Town Exisit Urban District 5
  6. 6. © 2016 SEC. All rights reserved. Eco-City Trend in China Eco-city developments are viewed as the means of establishing a sustainable future in China •  2007 marked a turning point in the development of Chinese eco-cities, with a steady increase in numbers detectable from this point onwards. •  This rapid rise in development projects continued between 2009 and 2011. •  According to CSUS (2015), 56% of eco-city projects in China were already under construction by 2013, with the remaining 44% still being carefully planned. 1 1 2 9 8 17 41 23 0 10 20 30 40 50 2001 2002 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 NumberofChineseeco-city G R O W T H O F C H I N E S E E C O - C I T Y Sourcecompiledthroughresearch,imagebyauthor 6
  7. 7. © 2016 SEC. All rights reserved. Eco-City Trend in China 80% of prefecture-level cities have a minimum of one eco-city being considered for construction •  In 2015, it was estimated that more than 200 proposed eco- city projects were either under construction, or had already been partly or fully implemented (CSUS, 2015). •  “Years of ingenuity has resulted in the development of eco- cities becoming more rationalized, however, damage to the environment continues to exist and grow as the number of new cities expands,” said Mr. Li Hailong, CSUS. Source: The Cases of Chinese Eco-City, (Chinese Society for Urban Study, 2014) Northeast China Plain Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei Sichuan & Chongqing Hubei & Hunan Pearl River Delta Yangtze River Delta Various proposed name for Eco-City •  Eco-City •  Green Eco-City •  Livable Eco-City •  Other suggested name for Eco-City Geographical Location of Current Eco-City Development in China 7
  8. 8. © 2016 SEC. All rights reserved. Eco-City Trend in China An inclusive bilateral partnership framework is crucial for the success of developing eco-cities in China "China's eco-city constructions should have the interests of the people at their core. Some European cities and practices have resulted in positive eco- city projects, and we can learn from some of their experiences,” said Mr. Li Hailong, CSUS. WUXI SINO-SWEDISH LOW-CARBON ECO-CITY QINGDAO SINO-GERMAN ECO-CITY SINO-SINGAPORE TIANJIN ECO-CITY 中新天津生态城 唐 首批8个获得国 The first eight green e 津生态城 唐山湾生态城 无锡市太湖生态城 昆明市呈贡新区 绿色生态城 深圳市光明新区 贵阳中天未来方舟生态城 长沙市梅溪湖新城 8
  9. 9. © 2016 SEC. All rights reserved. AGENDA 1. Exclusive Summary 4. Success Factors of Sino-Foreign Eco-City 3. Bilateral Framework of Sino-Foreign Eco-City: Three Case-studies 2. Eco-City Trend in China 9
  10. 10. © 2016 SEC. All rights reserved. Bilateral Framework of Sino-Foreign Eco-City: Case-study 1 Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-city gains significant political attention and involvement from both governments Former Prime Minister Wen Jiabao of China and Senior Minister Goh Chok Tong of Singapore oversaw the creation of Tianjin Eco-city, as a sign of both countries’ commitment to sustainable solutions in urban areas. Success Factors: A clear organizational structure; strong political support and the relatively balanced power positions of collaborating parties. Advantages: Built stable political relations; close economic connections; strong resource interdependencies; capacity potential for Tianjin Binhai New Area. M A S T E R P L A N O F S I N O - S I N G A P O R E T I A N J I N E C O - C I T Y Source: Master plan (IE Singapore) Key political framework: •  Joint Steering Council at Prime Ministerial level •  Joint Working Committee at ministerial level •  Financial subsidy and preferential policies for Singaporean firms to locate successfully to the area •  Involvement of both local and national politicians and businessmen •  Multiple governmental agencies acting as promoters •  Focus on Singaporean technology and the export of knowledge 10
  11. 11. © 2016 SEC. All rights reserved. The public private partnership framework provides a sustainable model for eco-cities B I L AT E R A L F R A M E W O R K O F S I N O - S I N G A P O R E T I A N J I N E C O - C I T Y Successful Factors: Tianjin Eco-city offers many attractive incentives for foreign companies hoping to invest in the area. Aided by a successful organizational structure, these incentives extend to public as well as private sector businesses, and thus far have created sustained financial subsidies for investors. Key Advantages: •  Tailor-made investment solutions for individual investors •  Special voluntary tax settlement policy •  Start-up rental subsidy up to 80% of the total •  Up to 100% rebate on local portion of Corporate Income Tax over a period of five years Sourcecompiledthroughresearch,imagebyauthor 11 Bilateral Framework of Sino-Foreign Eco-City: Case-study 1
  12. 12. © 2016 SEC. All rights reserved. The key performance indicators provide a continuous guide for the success of technical solutions K E Y T E C H N I C A L S O L U T I O N S Key performance indicators (KPI) include 22 quantitative and 4 qualitative indicators. Key technical solutions: •  100% Green building •  ≥20% Renewable energy on site •  ≥90% Green transportation •  ≥60% Waste recycling •  ≤ 150T Carbon emission per million $ GDP Sourcecompiledthroughresearch,imagebyauthor 12 Bilateral Framework of Sino-Foreign Eco-City: Case-study 1
  13. 13. © 2016 SEC. All rights reserved. Bilateral Framework of Sino-Foreign Eco-City: Case-study 2 Wuxi Sino-Swedish low-carbon Eco-city receives significant political support The Sino-Swedish Low-Carbon Eco-City memorandum of understanding between the Wuxi municipal government and the Swedish Ministry of the Environment was created following a meeting between Sweden’s State Secretary Elisabeth Falemo and officials from Jiangsu Province and Wuxi City. Success Factors: Collaboration based on a client- provider model, accompanied by political support from both nations; a complete package of solutions offered by Sweden; the establishment of a special government agency for the promotion of Swedish firms. Advantages: Continuing the pre-established relationship between Sweden and Wuxi makes close economic connections possible. M A S T E R P L A N O F W U X I S I N O - S W E D I S H L O W - C A R B O N E C O - C I T Y Source: Master plan (TENGBOM) Key political framework: •  Sino-Swedish working group involving the Wuxi municipal government and the Swedish Ministry of the Environment to identify relevant parties to join the collaboration team •  Joint Steering Committee •  Joint Technical Committee •  The long-term promotion of Swedish technology and knowledge transferal via education by the Center for Environmental Technology at the Swedish Embassy in Beijing 13
  14. 14. © 2016 SEC. All rights reserved. The bilateral organization framework consists of key players from both nations B I L AT E R A L F R A M E W O R K O F S I N O - S W E D I S H L O W - C A R B O N E C O - C I T Y The initial investment of $ 5.9 million was primarily committed to the project by the local Wuxi government, leaving their Swedish partners with the main role of contributing to the establishment of environmental standards and providing relevant technical advice for the project. Sourcecompiledthroughresearch,imagebyauthor Key Advantages: Swedish Center for Environmental Technology (CENTEC) promotes and facilitates Swedish best practice in sustainable urban planning and environmental technology. CENTEC plays an important political role in ensuring future Sino-Swedish collaborations. Success Factors: Collaboration founded upon the Memorandum of Understanding provides strong public support for and presence in the collaboration based on a client- provider model. 14 Bilateral Framework of Sino-Foreign Eco-City: Case-study 2
  15. 15. © 2016 SEC. All rights reserved. Strong economic agreements create the foundations for implementing the Swedish Symbio City concept The trademarked Symbio City model represents Sweden’s interpretation of the eco-city concept and resulting interdisciplinary solution for sustainable urban development. Using the Symbio City model as a prototype, development guidelines were established based on seven key factors. Sourcecompiledthroughresearch,imagebyauthor Key technical solutions: •  Urban function and urban space; •  Natural environment; •  Energy utilization and solar energy; •  Green building; •  Water recycling; •  Waste treatment; •  Public transport with clean energy. 15 Bilateral Framework of Sino-Foreign Eco-City: Case-study 2
  16. 16. © 2016 SEC. All rights reserved. Bilateral Framework of Sino-Foreign Eco-City: Case-study 3 Qingdao Sino-German Eco-Park establishes long term bilateral cooperation in the fields of energy and technology for both nations A pledge for long-term international cooperation was marked by the signing of A Memorandum of Understanding between China’s Ministry of Commerce and German’s Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology. This was followed by the Joint Declaration on Cooperation for sustainable mobility, energy efficiency and innovative transportation technology. Success Factors: Privately financed project accompanied by political support; experienced company used as a spearhead. Advantages: Client-provider model with high level of political support; BMWI acting as the promoter and safety net to encourage more active participation from private sector companies. M A S T E R P L A N O F Q I N G D A O S I N O - G E R M A N E C O - PA R K Source: Master plan (Sino-German United Group) Key political framework: •  Privately financed project, supported politically by the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology (BMWI) and Ministry of Commerce (MofCOM) •  Close involvement of leaders at ministerial level, supported by meetings between both nations every six months 16
  17. 17. © 2016 SEC. All rights reserved. The client-provider framework with strong public support is the key to success B I L AT E R A L F R A M E W O R K O F S I N O - G E R M A N E C O - PA R K In 2015, the Sino-German United Group Co. Ltd became the official developer and manager of the Qingdao Sino- German Eco-Park. Within the organizational structure, the German consortium is mainly comprised of the German Industry and Commerce Co. Ltd and the Far Eastern Consulting company. Sourcecompiledthroughresearch,imagebyauthor Key Advantages: Having a highly experienced partner with extensive contextual knowledge and consistent contact with policy makers allowed the two ministries to provide support in the most beneficial manner. 17 Bilateral Framework of Sino-Foreign Eco-City: Case-study 3
  18. 18. © 2016 SEC. All rights reserved. The key technical solution is the structure provided by the comprehensive German Eco-city standards The German eco-city standards and indicator system (40 indexes) is provided by TÜV Nord. Key technical solutions: •  Economic optimization: carbon emission per GDP≤ 180t CO2 / million by 2020 •  Resource saving: 100% green building by 2020 •  Environmentally friendly: green areas per capita - 30 m2 •  Inclusive development: 100% standardization of five-minute walk time between residential to green areas Sourcecompiledthroughresearch,imagebyauthor K E Y T E C H N I C A L S O L U T I O N S 18 Bilateral Framework of Sino-Foreign Eco-City: Case-study 3
  19. 19. © 2016 SEC. All rights reserved. 4. Success Factors of Sino-Foreign Eco-City AGENDA 3. Bilateral Framework of Sino-Foreign Eco-City: Three Case-studies 1. Executive Summary 2. Eco-City Trend in China 19
  20. 20. © 2016 SEC. All rights reserved. Success Factors of Sino-Foreign Eco-City There are various successful Sino-Foreign eco-city frameworks Sourcecompiledthroughresearch,imagebyauthor C I T I E S F R A M E W O R K S B I L A T E R A L P O L I T I C A L F R A M E W O R K F I N A N C I A L & O R G A N I Z A T I O N A L F R A M E W O R K K E Y T E C H N I C A L S O L U T I O N S S I N O - S I N G A P O R E T I A N J I N E C O - C I T Y Government-to-Government collabora=on with significant poli=cal support from both na=ons. Joint Steering Council (Deputy Prime Minister Level) & Joint Working CommiWee (Ministerial Level). Firm, sustainable financial & business models incorpora=ng both na=ons. A 50%-50% consor[um-based joint venture (SSTEC) as the eco-city developer. Established one of the first Key Performance Indicators for eco-ci=es in China. Lessons drawn from Singapore’s experience, indicators cover environment, society and economy as an implementa[on and evalua[on guide. W U X I S I N O - S W E D I S H L O W - C A R B O N E C O - C I T Y Intergovernmental agreement between Wuxi municipal government and the Swedish Ministry of Environment. Ini=al investment of 5.9 million USD commiLed primarily from the local Wuxi government. The Swedish Trade Council acts as the promoter to bring more Swedish companies into the collabora[on. Implemented the Swedish trademarked concept of Symbio City, which represents the Swedish interpreta[on of the eco-city concept and emphasizes the integra[on of various urban systems and synergies. Q I N G D A O S I N O - G E R M A N E C O - P A R K A Memorandum of Understanding for the joint development of a Sino- German Eco-park was signed by China’s Ministry of Commerce and German’s Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology. Financed by the Chinese state-owned Sino-German United Group Co. Ltd. (SGUG) with registered capital of 900million RMB. In May 2015, SGUG successfully acquired a German listed company - German Brokers AG. Comprehensive and robust technical standards and indicators (40 indexes) derived from German examples provided by TÜV NORD. 20
  21. 21. © 2016 SEC. All rights reserved. Success Factors of Sino-Foreign Eco-City The collaborative model contributes to the success rate of eco-city projects Sourcecompiledthroughresearch,imagebyauthor C O L L A B O R A T I O N T Y P E S I N T E R G O V E R N M E N T A L A G R E E M E N T - B A S E D C O L L A B O R A T I O N J V - B A S E D C O L L A B O R A T I O N U N D E R J O I N T S U P E R V I S O R Y B O A R D C O L L A B O R A T I O N I N T E N S I T Y Medium Strong M A I N F E A T U R E S Permanent poli=cal support based on structural coopera=on framework between governments; package solu[ons offered by foreign partners; assistance from promo[onal government agency or experienced companies. Government-togovernment collabora=on; Consor=um-based Joint Venture as master developer; supervisory board consis[ng of joint steering commiWee and joint working commiWee with control over JV; package solu[ons offered by foreign partners; wide par[cipa[on of government agencies, companies and knowledge ins[tutes from both partners. S U C C E S S F A C T O R S Economic connec=ons; poli=cal support; resource interdependencies; company strength; match of expecta[ons; commitment of leaders and ini[ators. Economic connec=ons; poli=cal support; investment capacity; trust; company strength; match of expecta[ons; commitment of leaders and ini[ators; balanced power rela[ons. I N I T I A T O R S Local government, na=onal ministries, engineering firms and consultants. Local government, na=onal government at Prime Ministeral level. E X A M P L E Wuxi Sino-Swedish Low-Carbon Eco-City Qingdao Sino-German Eco-Park Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-City 21
  22. 22. © 2016 SEC. All rights reserved. Success Factors of Sino-Foreign Eco-City Three key components in the development of a successful Sino-Foreign eco-city Sourcecompiledthroughresearch,imagebyauthor D I A G R A M O F A S U C C E S S F U L M O D E L 22
  23. 23. © 2016 SEC. All rights reserved. Conclusion 23 Economic connections The financial viability as a central component of eco-city provides the economic context of the study. Base on the study, foreign direct investment from abroad is a vital part of generating competitive strength for regional progression in the context of numerous eco-city plans. It is clear to note that, because urban planning and evolution entails the movement towards strategic objectives over long periods of time, healthy relationships, in terms of politics and economics, can contribute to the longevity and security of the collaborative project. Of the 3 case-studies in the present report, Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-City demonstrates the strongest economic connections among the two nations. Political relation Given the common thread relating to Sino-foreign collaborative projects in the context of eco-cities, joint collaborative projects will invariably be impacted by the nature of the governmental connections that exist between the nations. The case studies indicate that the notion of a cooperative enhancement for eco-cities tends to result initially from political figures’ visiting foreign nations. In the context of developments to eco-cities that are first independently pursued, the extent to which an entrepreneur is successful in scaling the enterprise to the country-wide level frequently necessitates bilateral support from the respective governmental and ambassadorial bodies. In this way, it is clearly seen that governmental relationships perform a crucial part in facilitating conversation between political agencies, generating prospects, and influencing the nature of the collaborative project. Of the 3 case-studies in the present report, Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-City demonstrates the strongest political relationship among the two nations. Knowledge transferring The availability of bring foreign expertise present a common thread throughout the case-studies. Rigorous technical key indicators or foreign success case as technical guideline indicates the success of the project. In this case, all 3 case-studies demonstrate a strong case of knowledge transferring.
  24. 24. © 2016 SEC. All rights reserved. SMARTECOCITY (SEC) Join the SEC network, “smarter, greener, together !” We are looking forward meeting you online and in person in our Cities! Click on the icon China Smart Green Eco Cities - 中国智能绿色生态城市 Linkedin Group https://www.linkedin.com/company/smart-eco-city Beijing Shanghai Chongqing Wuhan Shenzhen Hong Kong Singapore Tokyo Seoul Taipei SmartEcoCity (SEC) is the executive business network in China & Asia to enhance the livability, workability and sustainability of cities in Asia. We are at the intersection of internet (Smart), cleantech (Eco) and cities (City) bringing citizens together to build connections and exchange ideas, hence our motto “Smarter, Greener, Together!”. Er-Ti Chen 陈尔迪 ec@smartecocity.com www.smartecocity.com 24
  25. 25. © 2016 SEC. All rights reserved. www.smartecocity.com Thank you! 谢谢! 25

×