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Small Cell Forum State of the Market Workshop 2016

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Small Cell Forum State of the Market Workshop 2016. Market Progress to date, Today’s Deployment Stories and Tomorrow’s Technology.

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Small Cell Forum State of the Market Workshop 2016

  1. 1. Small Cell Forum State of the Market Workshop Market Progress to date, Today’s Deployment Stories and Tomorrow’s Technology
  2. 2. V 1) Market Status Update 2) Today’s Deployment Stories From: Softbank, Parallel Wireless, iBwave, Commscope, Nokia 3) Tomorrow's Small Cell Technologies 4) Wrap up Agenda
  3. 3. Market update Sue Monahan CEO
  4. 4. Small cells have “crossed the chasm” Big numbers: • 13.3 million small cells shipped to date • $1 billion in small cell revenue in 2015 • Non-residential shipments constituted 38% of total small cells in Q4 • Non-residential small cells comprised 66% of SC revenue in 2015 • In 2015, Enterprise shipments doubled • In 2015, Urban shipments grew 280% Note: Small cell definition now includes low-power remote radio-head units © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2016
  5. 5. Small cells have “crossed the chasm” Big numbers: • 13.3 million small cells shipped to date • $1 billion in small cell revenue in 2015 • Non-residential shipments constituted 38% of total small cells in Q4 • Non-residential small cells comprised 66% of SC revenue in 2015 • In 2015, Enterprise shipments doubled • In 2015, Urban shipments grew 280% Outlook: • Enterprise small cell shipments will grow by 270% this year • Urban small cell shipments will grow by 150% this year Note: Small cell definition now includes low-power remote radio-head units © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2016
  6. 6. V Enterprise small cell shipments alone will rise to be worth $4 billion annually in 2020 Small cell revenue forecast © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2016
  7. 7. V Release 6: accelerating Enterprise deployments © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2016
  8. 8. Largest independent Enterprise survey • 500 enterprises surveyed – across four major regions – North America (30% of respondents), Asia (28%), Europe (25%) and South/Central America (17%). • 17 sectors – largest response from financial services (17.8%), professional services (14.3%), manufacturing (10.3%) and software/hi-tech (7.8%). • Over 40% of respondents were at CxO or VP level, 27% were managers and 18% directors. Nemertes – leading US consulting specialists in analyzing business value of emerging technologies.
  9. 9. V • 94% said in-building cellular performance had an impact on their business, with 42% rating it between 8 and 10 in terms of seriousness, especially in pharmaceuticals and hospitality. • Poor voice quality was cited by almost 45% of respondents as a challenge, while 36% pointed to slow data or email. • 63% of enterprises said they would be willing to pay more for improved quality of service, despite being generally sensitive to service and device costs. • 30% of enterprises think small cells are the best solution to their in-building mobile challenges, compared to 19% for DAS. • 55% say they would be more willing to buy services from a mobile operator which includes small cells in its portfolio. What verticals are telling us: Key drivers SCF member-only report: https://extranet.scf.io/filemanager/filesystem/1018 Report Summary: http://scf.io/en/documents/162_Enterprise_demand_for_Small_Cells_by_vertical_ market.php © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2016
  10. 10. Industry liaisons We have partnered with and supported standards bodies and other industry associations to overcome technical barriers, advance economies of scale and drive commercial deployments Partnerships
  11. 11. V • 5G Americas – Content development and cross marketing • Write and co-brand two white papers: • Small cell siting and deployment challenges • Neutral host small cells • Co-promotion of online content – specifically SCF release documents & 5GA white papers • WBA – Greater organizational and work program alignment • Continue/possibly extend the SCF/WBA taskforce to explore 3GPP’s LWA solutions for enterprises • GSMA LATAM – Promoting network densification in LATAM • Audience: LATAM carriers, government & regulators • Potential to become a template for global markets Industry liaisons – Global operator outreach © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2016
  12. 12. Deployment stories Softbank Parallel Wireless Nokia Commscope iBwave
  13. 13. V • Here are some stories from some of the 13.3 million small cells deployed today • Parallel Wireless • Softbank • iBwave • Nokia • Commscope Deployment stories 12/04/2016
  14. 14. Parallel Wireless, Inc. Proprietary Parallel Wireless, Inc. Proprietary PPT-PW-Overview-20151003-1 Reimagine the Nation: HetNet Trial S m a l l C e l l F o r u m W o r k s h o p A p r i l 1 1 , 2 0 1 6
  15. 15. Parallel Wireless, Inc. Proprietary PPT-PW-Overview-20151003-1 HetNet Trial Background 15 • iDA • To address challenges of congested spectrum (130 devices per 100 ppl) • HetNet trials  to validate advance telecommunication technologies and the network's capabilities to provide "pervasive, seamless high-speed internet access", • M1 • First Singapore operator to achieve 3G mobile service, nationwide mobile broadband service, Nationwide 4G service, Nationwide LTE-Advanced service • Parallel Wireless • Innovative vRAN architecture for rural, public safety, enterprise • Selected by largest LTE provider in Europe for largest outdoor small cell deployment • Deployed public safety LTE at Super Bowl 50: 3 weeks to plan, 20min to install
  16. 16. Parallel Wireless, Inc. Proprietary PPT-PW-Overview-20151003-1 HetNet Trial Overview 16 On-bus: Mobile small cell In M1 operations center: RAN orchestrator
  17. 17. Parallel Wireless, Inc. Proprietary PPT-PW-Overview-20151003-1 Why On-Bus HetNet technology? Other On-Bus Wireless Services Versus On-Bus HetNet On-bus HetNet  High bandwidth  High throughput (up to 300 Mbps  every single passenger can watch a video)  Consistent QoS  Seamless experience (VoWI-Fi from the bus seamlessly hands over to VoLTE off the bus)  No dead zones  No dropped calls  Future proofed for LTE/LTE-A Other On-Bus Wireless Service • Limited bandwidth to be shared among all the users aboard a bus or train car • Varied signal strengths • Limited throughput: user are asked to limit the streaming of audio and video, as well as the download of large files. • Locations where service is intermittent or unavailable: "dropped" calls and "dead zones" 17
  18. 18. M1 & Parallel Wireless deliver seamless mobility with high throughput to public transit riders via on-Bus HetNet http://goo.gl/xI3DYg High Throughput Seamless Mobility Consistent QoS • World-first technology to enable “Wi-Fi-On-The-Go” successfully trialed in Jurong East, Singapore, with all riders receiving seamless connectivity from only one in- vehicle small cell using macro as the backhaul • New unique low-impact on-Bus HetNet technology allows the end users to enjoy uninterrupted multi- media (not just simple web browsing/e-mailing) through innovations with carrier- aggregation for backhaul, intelligent traffic steering, traffic prioritization and offload Summary: Small Cell vRAN Architecture to Enable In-Vehicle Unit Delivering Seamless Connectivity ePDG HetNet GW EPC
  19. 19. Parallel Wireless, Inc. Proprietary PPT-PW-Overview-20151003-1 Important Points Smart Nation Initiative 19 • Parallel Wireless and M 1 press announcement tomorrow, April 12 at 10AM • Attend opening keynote tomorrow, April 12 09:20 - 09:30 by Khoong Hock Yun, Assistant Chief Executive, iDA to learn more about Smart Nation initiative • Visit PW at the booth to learn more
  20. 20. Parallel Wireless, Inc. Proprietary PPT-PW-Overview-20151003-1 Thank You 20
  21. 21. Use Cases of Small Cells -Enterprise LTE- 11th April, 2016 Aya Mukaikubo SoftBank Corp.
  22. 22. Confidential Smoking Room (Macro Coverage) 22 hallway Well covered by both LTE and 3G Macro. -SmallCell 1 3 4 5 (dBm) Smoking Room 6 Meeting Room 2 RSRP RSRQ PCI RSCP Ec/No SC -72.1 -8.6 G -72.3 -9.3 H -70.2 -10.6 C -60.5 -7.5 H -72.8 -10.8 C -71.3 -18.2 D -70.5 -8.1 B -50.9 -4.6 G -70.3 -8.4 A -64.6 -17.5 K -71.7 -10 B -50.1 -5.3 K -90.4 -28.7 D -72.5 -10.2 A -75.6 -17.5 A -41.4 -4.3 G -62.2 -6.9 B -57.2 -20.2 K -87.5 -12.8 B -73.5 -4.7 G -88.1 -11.5 B -78.5 -9.9 H -86.7 -12.4 B -62.65 -9.8 K LTE 3G -54.2 -10.3 G -81.3 -9.5 B1 2 6 3 4 5 A-D cell number of macro cell
  23. 23. Confidential Smoking Room (Overview) 23 • Population of smoking room : Dense • Main usage: Data • Nice to have additional LTE small cell nearby
  24. 24. Confidential Smoking Room (SmallCell Coverage) 24 LTE(RSRP) LTE(RSRQ) LTE(PCI) -67 -6.3 F -83.5 -21.2 F 4 -85.7 -21.5 F 5 -83.5 -21.2 F 6 -74.6 -6.6 F 1 The LTE SmallCell has just enough coverage for the smoking room. Any problem? (dBm) hallway -SmallCell 1 3 4 5 Meeting Room 2 Smoking Room 6 F: cell number of small cell Strong Macro Strong SmallCell x
  25. 25. Confidential Smoking Room (problem and solution) 25 Problem: Frequent HO • Many i/o of UEs due to nature of smoking room. Number of Handovers - Average # of HO at other site - # of HO at the Smoking Room Proportion of Handover Solution : Parameter adjustment • Easy to hand in and hard to hand out. to “trap” UE in the Small Cell. - HO % at other site - HO % at the Smoking Room
  26. 26. Confidential Smoking Room (New oppotunity) 26 traffic ~~ ★Deployment of SmallCell Macrocell Smallcell • “Trapped” UE can capable more traffic. • This additional traffic increases ARPU. • Worth to deploy Small Cell at the area w/good macro coverage!
  27. 27. Confidential Key Milestone for Enterprise Small Cells 27 2015CY 2016 SON for Enterprise Small/Femto Cell trial starts SON for Enterprise Small/Femto Cell Launch Enterprise Small/Femto Cell Launch
  28. 28. Confidential 2828 Thank You
  29. 29. V iBwave Design case study, Mall in Manila Benoit Fleury
  30. 30. High level deployment process for enterprise small cells DOCUMENT SURVEY Client & Site info DESIGN Planning & Design MAINTAIN Maintenance Upgrades BUILD Install & Commission 4 basic steps to deploy enterprise small cell networks: survey / design / build / maintain
  31. 31. http://scf.io/case/xxx Design tool objectives for enterprise small cell networks Overall design tool objective for an enterprise small cell network: Minimize TCO while enabling scalability PORTABLE: Easy to carry on-site INTUITIVE: RF expertise not required AFFORDABLE: Accessible to all field personnel COMPLETE & ACCURATE: Getting it right the 1st time INTEGRATED: Complete end-to-end workflow
  32. 32. 55% time savings achieved by surveying & designing a Huawei Lampsite enterprise small cell site using iBwave Mobile Planner. www.ibwave.com http://scf.io/case/xxx  240K sq ft mall, Manila (Philippines)  LTE design criteria: Coverage: RSRP -92 dBm @ 99% Quality: SNIR 10dB @ 99%  Number of required small cells: 8  Survey & design: 4.5 hours  Time savings: 5 hours (55%)  Tool used: iBwave Mobile Planner Case study of iBwave Mobile Planner: on-site survey & design tool
  33. 33. V Masood Bakhtyar
  34. 34. V 12/04/2016 Small Cell Forum INTERNAL
  35. 35. V Beach Energy selects Nokia Networks and Challenge Networks to deploy private LTE small cell HetNet More: http://nokia.ly/1OQRuiU http://scf.io/case/018 “The new LTE network allows our staff to access key systems, facilities and production information throughout our western Cooper Basin field area, reducing requirements for travel between sites, making operations more efficient, saving money and significantly enhancing safety” Neil Gibbins, Acting Chief Executive Officer at Beach Energy Ltd Private LTE HetNet Connects Remote Oil Operations Challenge Networks deployed the private LTE HetNet with Nokia’s Flexi Zone Small Cells and Multiradio 10 Base Stations Beach Energy is Australia’s largest onshore oil producer
  36. 36. V China Mobile supports 1M visitors in world's largest building at Auto Shanghai 2015 with Nokia Networks Small Cells http://nokia.ly/1M3NLss • TD-LTE Advanced HetNet enables China Mobile’s network at Auto Shanghai 2015 • Nokia Flexi Zone small cells complement Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Stations, with each supporting a phenomenal 600 simultaneous active TD-LTE users per cell • China Mobile delivered immaculate service experience for users attending the event in the world’s largest building, the China Expo Complex Small Cell HetNet in Worlds Largest Building “This strategic engagement with Nokia Networks proves that our infrastructure is already at the next level – strengthened and equipped to deliver superb performance in the face of the data deluge on wireless networks.” Bu Tong, General Manager of Network Department, China Mobile Shanghai http://scf.io/case/024
  37. 37. VIDEO
  38. 38. V Nex-Tech Wireless deliver high density LTE to 7,600 seat university venue using OneCell® from Commscope/Airvana Video http://goo.gl/0ISQM4 http://scf.io/case/012 C-RAN Small Cells Conquer a Coliseum Packed 7,600 seat coliseum at Fort Hays State University, Kansas  Excellent user experience:  66 mbps download speed on a 10 MHz LTE channel  Simple deployment:  2-day physical installation,  3 weeks from start to volume use  Low cost:  Half the cost of upgrading the DAS to 4G CommScope/Airvana OneCell® System deployed by Nex-Tech Wireless
  39. 39. V http://www.smallcellforum.org/resources/deployment-stories/
  40. 40. Tomorrow’s technologies SCF Roadmap
  41. 41. V Designing and Refining Technology Generations Standards Commercial Deployment refine Research ideas Interoperable specifications value
  42. 42. V Designing and Refining Technology Generations SCF accelerates commercial deployment and drives feedback into standards on how the technology can be improved to increase its value for its users Standards Commercial Deployment refine redesign standards 4G Current Generation 5G Next Generation Research Research refine Commercial Deployment ideas Interoperable specifications value
  43. 43. V SCF Work Items Enterprise Accelerating commercial deployment through engagement with verticals Interoperability PlugFest programme to test vendor interpretations of small cell standards are interoperable, and drive resolution of ambiguities License Exempt Helping operators leverage benefits of unlicensed spectrum through integrated Wi-Fi, LWA and LAA technologies Multi Operator Enabling small cells to address needs of neutral hosting Virtualisation Defining an open and interoperable interface between physical and virtual parts of small cells HetNet and SON Automating integration of small cells into dense networks © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2016
  44. 44. License Exempt Championed by: Alan Law Vodafone Caleb Banke, Qualcomm
  45. 45. V Continued growth in network traffic demands even greater network capacity Changes in customer behaviour driving traffic growth Significant traffic growth expected Saint Peter’s Basilica (election of Pope) <- 2003 Saint Peter’s Basilica (election of Pope) 2015 ->
  46. 46. V Licenced and licence exempt for Small Cell is a perfect match - matched in ‘power’ and in ‘objective’ LTE small cell (licensed band) LTE-U @ 5GHz “Small Cell” site Matched power levels offer traffic handling synergies Network large scale densification only way to meet demand
  47. 47. V Leveraging licenced and licence exempt offers an opportunity to significantly boost experience by utilising more spectrum Access to unlicensed spectrum offers a great complement to licensed spectrum B D 5GHz Unlicensed band A C Typical 10-40MHz Licenced Operator allocation
  48. 48. V To date, SCF have provided industry with the knowledge and insight on how to make the most of license exempt 064.05.01 Wi-fi/Cellular radio co- existence in enterprise products 097.05.1.01 Small Cells and License Exempt Spectrum, Carrier Wi-Fi, Wi-Fi Calling, LAA and LWA 094.05.1.02 LTE-LAA: At its best with small cells 089.05.01 Integrated Small Cell Wi-Fi by SCF and WBA 063.05.02 Small Cell and Wi-Fi Coverage Study 164.06.01 The future of voice 178.06.01 Industry perspectives, trusted WLAN architectures and deployment considerations for integrated Small-Cell Wi-Fi (ISW) networks
  49. 49. We continue to enable small cell/Wi-Fi integration - SCF178 Trusted WLAN Architecture Recommendations for Integrated Small Cell Wi-Fi • SCF/WBA joint taskforce has been working working together for three years. • As part of Release 7 we released SCF178, a second collaborative paper which addresses specification-gap in the architecture, interfaces and operations of trusted WLAN – i.e., the network connecting the Wi-Fi APs to the core network. • A joint SCF/WBA task force now exploring architecture and opportunities of 3GPP’s LWA solutions for enterprises. Wi-Fi integration Integrated small cell/Wi-Fi access point
  50. 50. We help operators understand how to overcome the integrated hetnet challenges - SCF164 Future of voice – cellular & Wi-Fi • Voice quality and coverage, especially indoors, increasingly important as usage moves to mobile-first • Wi-Fi voice options, esp VoWi-Fi, are sometimes presented as full alternative to cellular voice • But there remains a critical role for cellular voice • VoWi-Fi performs strongly on carefully tuned and controlled networks • But these cannot be guaranteed everywhere, and QoS becomes more challenging as congestion rises • User reaction to unpredictable service can be serious for some operator models • Ideal balance of Wi-Fi and VoLTE depends on use case – achieving this is part of the Forum’s work on integrated HetNet Criteria OTT Wi-Fi Voice Wi-Fi Calling Licensed small cells Capacity Quality Security Coverage Mobility Deployment Cost Multi-Operator 98% of enterprise see benefits of small cell voice compared with wifi Source: SCF/Nemertes 2016
  51. 51. V SCF Working Group Work in Progress MarKeTing • Enhance unlicensed whitepaper : providing industry relevant solution guidance Radio Phy • FAPI/nFAPI development(s) to support LAA/LWA InterOPerability • Developing our license exempt capabilities the plugfest / IOP roadmap NETwork Architecture • SCF/WBA task force now exploring architecture and opportunities of 3GPP’s LWA solutions for enterprises DEPloyment • Practical deployment/dimensioning considerations of LAA/LWA License Exempt – We have a busy workplan going forward to unleash future opportunities Alan Law Caleb Banke Join our activities – define the future!
  52. 52. InterOPerability Testing with SCF Plugfests Chaired by: Kreso Bilan, NEC
  53. 53. IOP is Needed for a healthy vendor ecosystem • A strong ecosystem requires operators have a wide choice of interoperable equipment from which to build their heterogeneous networks • SCF IOP testing contributes to both product and standards development: • Debugs equipment implementations • Clarifies ambiguities or gaps in standards © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2016
  54. 54. What happens at a Plugfest? © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2016 1. Identify Plugfest agenda 2. Specify Plugfest lab requirements and test cases list 3. Invite participants. 4. Discuss and build Plugfest test case suite. 5. Set up lab 6. Conduct pre-test integration 7. Perform finalized IOP tests 8. Discuss test result 9. Issue Test Report Further reading: www.scf.io/document/085
  55. 55. SCF Plugfests completed to date © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2016 Date Event and New Testing Themes Test report link Mar-10 First 3G Femtocell Plugfest (Iuh) UMTS FemtoCell Plugfests 1 (2010) Jan-11 Second 3G Femtocell Plugfest (Home NodeB Management Systems) UMTS FemtoCell Plugfests 2 (2011) Jun-11 Third 3G Femtocell Plugfest (mobility) UMTS FemtoCell Plugfests 3 (2011) Jun-13 First LTE small cell Plugfest (S1, X2) LTE SmallCell Plugfests 1 (2013) Jun-14 Second LTE Plugfest (SON, HeMS, IMS, CSFB, CMAS, mobility) LTE SmallCell Plugfests 2 (2014) Apr-15 Remote LTE Plugfest (LIPA, SIPTO, LTE-A CA, CSG) http://portal.etsi.org/CTI/article.htm? page=Downloads/TestReports Autumn- 15 Face to face LTE Plugfest (LTE-A CA1, eICIC, remaining distributed SON features…) http://portal.etsi.org/CTI/article.htm? page=Downloads/TestReports
  56. 56. Small Cell LTE Plugfest 2016 27 June - 08 July 2016 Telecom Italia Lab, Naples, Italia Test areas linked to HetNet and SON Release • SON: Interference management, Self configuration, Mobility management and other HetNet features, followed with new features with emphasis on Small cell / macro network interaction - ICIC • Regression tests - S1, X2 and management interfaces (TR-069/TR196) and areas such as Security, Management, Mobility (Outbound, Inbound), Voice Support via CS Fall-back schemes, Voice and Video over LTE, Location Reporting, CMAS, traffic offloading, closed subscriber groups, LTE-A Carrier aggregation • Telecom Italia: Participants invited to demonstrate LAA/LWA products, potentially integrated with Telecom Italia live macro network 14 Participants covering: • Small Cell Vendors: HeNBs, pico-Cells, micro-Cells • SON solution providers • Home eNodeB Gateway (HeNB-GW) • HeMS vendors • Evolved Packet Core (ePC) • Operator observers Future events currently being defined… © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2016
  57. 57. Multi Operator Neutral Host Championed by: James Body, Truphone Nick Johnson, ip.access
  58. 58. V Licensed Radio struggles to find traction in many valuable vertical markets Vendor Perspective: • We have technology that can provide Multi- Operator solutions, at least as cost-effective and high-performance as WiFi © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2016 Operator Perspective • Why should I enable my competitors? Laws of Physics Perspective: • In the congested spectrum future, we need a technology that manages and coordinates spectrum well, which is LTE Customer Perspective: • With existing small cell offers, I can’t get a licensed radio solution that works for all my customers. • Even if I deploy DAS, I can’t get all the operators interested • So I just use WiFi
  59. 59. V Licensed Radio struggles to find traction in many valuable vertical markets Vendor Perspective: • We have technology that can provide Multi- Operator solutions, at least as cost-effective and high-performance as WiFi © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2016 Operator Perspective • Why should I enable my competitors? Laws of Physics Perspective: • In the congested spectrum future, we need a technology that manages and coordinates spectrum well, which is LTE Customer Perspective: • With existing small cell offers, I can’t get a licensed radio solution that works for all my customers. • Even if I deploy DAS, I can’t get all the operators interested • So I just use WiFi Are we happy with that?
  60. 60. V Market drivers: Circa x2.5 demand enabled by MO © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2016
  61. 61. V Market drivers – willingness to share • 75% MNOs • 83% non-MNO service providers © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2016
  62. 62. V • Today, multi-operator solutions suffer a “First Mover Disadvantage” • If the operator is the first mover, they simply enable their competitors • If a third party is the first mover, they run a “partial solution” risk if all operators don’t participate Business case © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2016 Need to enable a business model that allows everyone to make money • Identify • Document • Quantify Market Drivers
  63. 63. V Make licensed radio small cells the preferred solution for vertical market, multi-operator applications Our mission © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2016 To achieve this, we are addressing issues in multiple fields: • Business case • Existing and upcoming technology • Regulatory • Spectrum licensing – existing and new licensing regimes
  64. 64. HetNet and SON Championed by: David Orloff, AT&T Joe Thome, AirHop Martin Ljungberg, Ericsson
  65. 65. Why HetNet and SON? 1) Proliferating requirements for mobile connectivity are driving a change from a one-size-fits-all macro network to a combination of many different technologies: • Macro, Small Cell, DAS, Integrated Wi-Fi, LAA/LWA/LWIP, Backhaul, Virtualisation (NFV), Mobile Edge Computing (MEC) Architectures 2) Integrating these into a HetNet which provides a seamless connectivity and consistent user experiences is complex, and operators require increasing levels of autonomy to make this feasible and affordable. 3) SCFs HetNet and SON release identifies the challenges operators are facing, and how the industry is collaborating to resolve them. © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2016
  66. 66. • Macro-Cellular Networks • Small Cell Networks • DAS Systems • Wi-Fi Networks • Interworking Wi-Fi & Cellular Networks • Unlicensed LAA/LWA/LWIP Networks • Backhaul Networks • Virtualized Networks • Mobile Edge Computing Architectures • Device-to-Device Communications HetNet components ✓ Many networks ✓ Seamless experience ✓ Optimized performance © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2016
  67. 67. Operator Objectives SON economic benefits 1. Leverage automation to reduce Implementation/Deployment Costs of the HetNet (IMPEX) 2. Increase efficiency of deployed assets to reduce Capital Expenses (CAPEX) including equipment and spectrum 3. Leverage automation, optimization and self-healing to reduce HetNet Operational Expenses (OPEX) SON operational benefits for small cells 1. Network Management Automation 2. Network Performance Optimization 3. Improve Network Agility 4. Improve Network Robustness 5. Enable Network Self-Healing © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2016
  68. 68. SNEAK PREVIEW MNO survey results Operators poised to deploy • Survey of 70+ Tier 1 and 2 MNOs worldwide • Operators have ambitious plans to deploy key HetNet enablers in 2016-2020 • Small cells and new spectrum are the foundations – LE and TDD. • By 2020 operators will have broader set of use cases, requiring complex mix of technologies • Over 80% of MNOs will be using non-residential small cells, advanced SON, dedicated IoT connections, and integrated LE spectrum by 2020 • Strong progress to MEC, virtualization and MO – key enablers of new models • But operators need tools and support to achieve these goals … 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 %ofMNOs 2016 2020 % of MNOs planning to deploy key HetNet enablers by 2016 and 2020. Source: Rethink © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2016 SCF170
  69. 69. V • MNOs asked to name top 2 HetNet-enabled business cases which would deliver incremental revenue over 18 months – now and expected in 2020 • Near term HetNet deployment overwhelmingly justified by enterprise use cases • Video important but economics tough until new technologies mature eg MEC • Virtualization and MO enable new business models eg NWaaS and new wholesale platforms • Evolution of HetNet is an ongoing process, so are the incremental revenues it drives – no big bang, no killer app but continuous enhancement SNEAK PREVIEW MNO survey results Key market drivers 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Enterprise voice and data Smart city/M2M Enhanced video services Network on-demand MVNO+ Other %placingintop2 2016 2020 % of MNOs placing given service in their top 2 for HetNet Source: Rethink © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2016 SCF170
  70. 70. V HetNet architecture LTE Macro LTE PNF LTE PNF 802.11PNF802.11PNF Transport NE Transport NE API/Value Chains Automation NG-OSS Application Automation NG-OSS Application Orchestrator NG-OSS Small Cell VNF Controller Wi-Fi VNF Controller Transport Controller EMS © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2016 SCF172
  71. 71. (Self) Optimizing HetNet service quality assurance • Generate service quality information • Automate and re-configuration of HetNet domains • Account for changing user needs, business goals and subscriber behaviours • (Self) Optimization consumes service quality across the HetNet • Algorithmically determine recommendations on how service quality metrics can be enhanced • Multiple candidate optimizations may need to be prioritized according to optimization policies © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2016 SCF172
  72. 72. Barriers & issues for SCF to address 1. Multi-vendor Interoperability: HetNet SON parameter coordination for interoperability and deployment costs for both C-SON and D-SON is still maturing , some difficult issues remain to be solved and some interfaces implementations are fragmented. 2. SON Evolution: SON features are evolving with each 3GPP release and SON API must evolve and adapt. 3. SON Benchmarking: Functional and performance expectations for SON features in the HetNet are not well defined 4. Backhaul SON: Backhaul is a key component of the HetNet and small cell deployment. How do small cells self-backhaul? 5. SON Deployment: Deployment of SON Small Cell solutions can have broad network implications. What are the deployment and maintenance challenges? 6. Small Cells in HetNet Capacity Planning: Capacity planning in the HetNet is complex and directly impacts the role of Small Cells in the HetNet. 7. NFV implication on SON: NFV is impacting the deployment options and interfaces of the HetNet. What are the implications of network virtualization on SON for small cells? 8. Unlicensed Spectrum in the HetNet: New dimensions of the HetNet are gaining traction with WiFi offloading and LAA primary examples. What are the driving use cases coordinated network operation with LTE? What are the technical challenges to co-exist in the HetNet? 9. Indoor Location: E911 and Enterprise enterprise applications require indoor location technology. How do small cells meet the requirements? How to ensure multi-vendor interoperability? 10. Energy Savings SON use cases: Leveraging SON for significant Energy Savings requires clear coverage and capacity Use Cases in the HetNet. © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2016
  73. 73. V HetNet deliverables © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2016 Publish SCWorld, London 9-12 May Publish MWC Shanghai, 29 June
  74. 74. Virtualisation Championed by: SHI,Xiaohui, China Mobile Mark Grayson, Cisco
  75. 75. Base Station Densification Broader set of use cases NFV and SDN Mobile Networking Mega Trends Indoor coverage, higher frequencies, shorter ranges Not just Mobile Broadband, but agility to support verticals and IoT value chains Twin focus on CAPEX/asset utilization as well as OPEX/automation © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2015
  76. 76. SCF Virtualization Activities: Addressing the historical architectural tension • Flattening the RAN architecture • Adding intelligence into the base station • Facilitating Small Cell Ecosystem • Hot Spot Capacity and Indoor Propositions • Non-ideal backhaul transport • Data Centre evolution and centralization of workloads • Simplifying the radio access network • Macro and Hot Spot Capacity Propositions • Advanced RF Co-ordination • ETSI NFV Use Case #6 • Ideal fronthaul transport CentralizationDistribution “43% of operators deploying small cells will be deploying virtualization in part of their RAN” Source: Maravedis-Rethink © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2015
  77. 77. Business Rationale for Virtualization (and associated centralization) PHYRLC/MAC SON OAM APPS RRC PDCP Upper MAC Lower MAC Upper PHY Lower PHY RF Centralization Benefits RF Benefits DRAN PDCP Split MAC MAC/PHY Split PHY CPRI Transport Costs Centralization Benefits Independent of Split RF Gains improved with lower splits Transport costs minimized with higher splits © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2015
  78. 78. VNF Centralized Functions PNF Remote SC Radio Small Cell Forum: Accelerating Virtualization for non-ideal transport Centralization benefits with no additional transport requirements Additional RF benefits with limited enhanced transport requirements Dark fiber not applicable to venue PHYRLC/MAC SON OAM APPS RRC PDCP Upper MAC Lower MAC Upper PHY Lower PHY RF nFAPI Mobility, Enhanced SON, RF Co-ordination, Improved Security, Policy Enforcement… Simplified management, Advanced RF Co-ordination © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2015
  79. 79. 1. Evangelizing Small Cell Virtualization 2. Defining a multi-vendor nFAPI interface to enable PNF/VNF decomposition based on MAC/PHY split 3. Accelerating demonstration of multi-vendor nFAPI interface 4. Driving ETSI ISG NFV to enable data-plane acceleration support for air interface crypto, RoHC and PTP/Sync 5. ETSI NFV ISG PoC showcasing feasibility of Virtualized Centralized Small Cell supporting nFAPI interface to remote PNFs (Scoping work and demonstration) 6. Co-ordinating with BBF to define PNF Management Object and associated counters 7. NFV-MANO aspects related to transport integration to enable workload placement/affinity rules to account for transport BW and Delay 8. Initial scoping to understand multi-operator aspects of virtualized small cells 9. Driving learning's of SCF virtualization work into 5G evolution Small Cell Virtualization: The Role of the Forum © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2015
  80. 80. Acceleration of Multi-Vendor Virtualized RAN and Management/Automation Centralized Small Cell VNF NFVI Hypervisor Hardware Resources (COTS) Multi- Vendor Remote Small Cell (PNF) DM VNF EMS (OSS/BSS) NM: PNF/VNF Co-ordination VNF Manager (VNFM) Virtualized Infrastructure Manager (VIM) NFV Orchestrator (NFVO) NFV-MANO DM VNF Manager (VNFM) Virtualized Infrastructure Manager (VIM) NFV Orchestrator (NFVO) Hypervisor Hardware Resources (COTS) • Small Cell Workload Placement Transport Network Management Integration • Hardware Acceleration of VNF Small Cell Functions IPSec Air interface Crypto RoHC PTP/Sync • Real Time Processing Aspects PCI/PCIe Pass-through, DPDK, CP/DP separation nFAPI TR-069/PNF MO PNF EMS © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2015
  81. 81. Conventional DAS Virtualized Small Cell: Addressing scalability of current multi-operator solutions Multi-Operator DAS SP#1 ENB SP#2 ENB WAN Challenging to scale down due to need to bring on premise base stations from each operator RF RF Virtualized Small Cell SP#1 VNF SP#2 VNF nFAPI nFAPI WAN Multi-Operator PNF Multi-vendor nFAPI interface avoids i) RF interfacing and ii) on-premise base station requirement © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2015 DAS OAM PNF OAM
  82. 82. Driving the virtualization narrative into 5G © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2015 (Non-CPRI) virtualized RAN architecture is set to be a foundational capability in 5G
  83. 83. Wrap up
  84. 84. We continue to drive thought and industry leadership through our SCF Work Items Enterprise License Exempt HetNet and SON Virtualisation Multi Operator Interoperability Accelerating commercial deployment through engagement with verticals PlugFest programme to test vendor interpretations of small cell standards are interoperable, and drive resolution of ambiguities Helping operators leverage benefits of unlicensed spectrum through integrated Wi-Fi, LWA and LAA technologies Enabling small cells to address needs of neutral hosting Defining an open and interoperable interface between physical and virtual parts of small cells Automating integration of small cells into dense networks © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2016
  85. 85. V WANTED: DEPLOYMENT STORIES • 1 slide format • 5 min presentation to workshops • Singapore 11th April • London 8th May • Contact: elizabeth@smallcellforum.org REWARD$ Market Leadership
  86. 86. 2013 2014 2015 2016 20172012 WI SI SC Wi-Fi with WBA Home Enterprise Urban Rural and Remote R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R5.1 R6 R7 Over 90 documents are available to help you make the most of small cell technology China Mobile Cisco, ip.access Vodafone, Qualcomm Truphone, ip.access AT&T, Ericsson, Airhop Reliance Jio, Huawei Deliverables Defined Release Orange Spidercloud, Huawei R2 R8 nFAPI R6 R2 champions 3GPP Multi-operator Virtualisation Licence exempt HetNet & SON Enterprise Verticals © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2016 Industry shaping output at: scf.io
  87. 87. V 2013 2014 2015 2016 20172012 WI SI SC Wi-Fi with WBA Home Enterprise Urban Rural and Remote R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R5.1 R6 R7 Join and lead the industry with the SCF - shape the future today! China Mobile Cisco, ip.access Vodafone, Qualcomm Truphone, ip.access AT&T, Ericsson, Airhop Reliance Jio, Huawei Deliverables Defined Release Orange Spidercloud, Huawei R2 R8 nFAPI R6 R2 champions 3GPP Multi-operator Virtualisation Licence exempt HetNet & SON Enterprise Verticals © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2016 Industry shaping output at: scf.io Our forum is finalising key deliverables across enterprise, hetnet and virtualisation now! Exciting new activities under development! covering Enterprise, MultiOp, Licence Exempt too

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