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Literatura medieval (3º eso)

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Presentación sobre la Literatura Castellana de la Edad Media con sus autores y obras más representativas.

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  • DOWNLOAD THE BOOK INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (New Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THE can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THE is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBOOK .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, CookBOOK, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, EBOOK, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THE Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THE the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THE Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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Literatura medieval (3º eso)

  1. 1. LITERATURA MEDIEVALSílvia Montals. Lengua y Literatura Castellana. 3º ESO. Escuela Calassanç.
  2. 2. ÍNDICE• Introducción• Características• Lírica tradicional – Jarchas – Cantigas de amigo• El mester de Juglaría – Poema de Mio Cid• El mester de Clerecía – Gonzalo de Berceo – Juan Ruíz• Prosa medieval – Don Juan Manuel
  3. 3. INTRODUCCIÓN• Edad Media: – Inicio: s. V [476] (caída del imperio romano de occidente). – Fin: XV [1492](descubrimiento de América).• Sociedad medieval formada por 3 estamentos: – Nobleza: • Propiedades: tierras • Ocupación: guerras. – Clero: • Propiedades: tierras, donaciones… • Ocupación: Orar, estudiar... – Pueblo: • Dependía del rey o de algun noble. • Ocupación: agricultura, ramadería.
  4. 4. • Mentalidad presidida por la religión. – El hombre entendía la vida terreno como un tránsito para la vida eterna (sociedad teocentrista). – Gran influencia de la religión (iglesias, catedrales, monasterios). – Fuente de inspiración del arte y la literatura.• En la península, la Edad Media está marcada por la presencia árabe (711-1492).
  5. 5. • Época de guerras, surge la figura del héroe que representa: valor, honestidad, religiosidad.• En literatura existen 2 períodos: – Literatura medieval (s. X-XIV) • Surgen las primeras manifestaciones literarias en castellano. – Literatura prerenacentista (s. XV) • La sociedad evoluciona y aparece una nueva mentalidad.
  6. 6. CARACTERÍSTICAS- Transmisión oral: • Se transmitía por medio del canto o la recitación. • Han llegado pocas obras en copias escritas.- Carácter anónimo- Didactismo: • Función didáctica: Transmiten los valores cristianos. Ofrecen modelos de comportamiento.
  7. 7. LÍRICA TRADICIONAL• Las primeras manifestaciones de lírica medieval son cancioncillas que el pueblo cantaba durante las festividades.• Se transmitían oralmente de generación en generación.• Los testimonios escritos son escasos.• Existen dos tipos: – Las jarchas – Las cantigas de amigo.
  8. 8. Ejemplo de Jarcha• Jarchas Jarcha en mozárabe: ¡Tanto amare, tanto amare, – Escritas en los siglos X- habib, tant amare! XI en mozárabe. Enfermeron olios nidios, – Breves composiciones e dolen tan male. líricas de 2, 3 o 4 versos. – Los poetas árabes i Traducción al castellano: judíos los incluían al ¡Tanto amar, tanto amar, final de los poemas. amado, tanto amar! – Tema: lamento de una Enfermaron [mis] ojos mujer por la ausencia de brillantes su amado. y duelen tanto
  9. 9. EJEMPLO CANTIGA DE AMIGO (P.143 LIBRO) Ondas do mar de Vigo• Cantigas de amigo Ondas do mar de Vigo, – Las recogieron los se vistes meu amigo? poetas gallego- E ai Deus!, se verra cedo? portugueses en sus canciones. Ondas do mar levado, se vistes meu amado? – Tema: una mujer E ai Deus!, se verra cedo? expresa el lamento por la ausencia del ser Se vistes meu amigo, o por que eu sospiro? amado (igual que a las E ai Deus!, se verra cedo? jarchas). – Paralelismo de versos. Se vistes meu amado, por que ei gran coidado? E ai Deus!, se verra cedo?
  10. 10. EL MESTER DE JUGLARÍA(OFICIO DE JUGLARES)• Cantares de gesta – Aparecen en el s.XII. – Son poemas narrativos que relatan las hazañas de un héroe. – Eran recitados por los juglares que recorrían pueblos para entretener al público con sus poemas. – Ejemplos: • Poema Mio Cid (español) • Cantar de Roldán (francés) • Cantar de los Nibelungos (alemán)
  11. 11. – Características: • Realismo – Los hechos se desarrollan en escenarios concretos y se narran de forma realista. • Irregularidad métrica – Versos de diferentes medidas (rima asonante) • Fórmulas fijas – Se repiten expresiones que servían al juglar para memorizar. Podían: » Apelar al público » Indicar acciones » Aludir a los personajes.
  12. 12. EL POEMA DE MIO CID• Cantar de gesta que narra la historia de Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar, el Cid Campeador, noble castellano que vivió en el siglo XI.• Se cuenta la pérdida y recuperación del honor del Cid, injustamente desterrado por el rey Alfonso VI.• La obra ha llegado a partir de una copia firmada por Per Abbat (algunos lo consideran su autor).
  13. 13. Poema Mio Cid Interactivo• Compuesto por 3750 versos y dividido en 3 partes: – Cantar del destierro: • El Cid parte de sus tierras con sus vasallos. • Emprendre distintas batallas. – Cantar de las bodas: • El Cid arreba la ciudad de Valencia de los árabes y envía parte del botín al rey Alfonso VI que lo perdona y concierta las bodas de sus hijas con los infantes de Carrión. – Cantar de la afrenta de Coples: • Los infantes abandonan a sus esposas y el Cid reclama justicia al rey, así que son castigados y las infantas se vuelven a casar.
  14. 14. MESTER DE CLERECÍAOFICIO DE CLÉRIGOS• Composiciones con finalidad didáctica (normalmente de temas religiosos).• Muestran modelos de comportamiento valiéndose de: – Ejemplos – Cuentos• Escritas con una estrofa llamada cuaderna vía: – (4 versos de 14 sílabas que riman entre sí en consonante (AAAA).• Autores: – Gonzalo de Berceo – Juan Ruíz (arcipreste de Hita)
  15. 15. GONZALO DE BERCEO• Nació a finales del s.XII en la Rioja.• Primer autor conocido en lengua castellana.• Obra principal: – Milagros de Nuestra Señora: • Compuesta por 25 relatos protagonizados por la Virgen. • Estructura: – Un personaje comete un pecado. – La Virgen conmovida por la devoción que el pecador siente hacia ella interviene para salvar su vida.
  16. 16. JUAN RUÍZ(ARCIPRESTE DE HITA)• Hacia 1350 escribió el Libro de Buen Amor.• Narra una serie de aventuras amorosas en forma autobiográfica (como si se tratara de sus propias experiencias).• Se entremezclan: cuentos, leyendas, fábulas...• Recursos principales: – Parodia – Ironía • Se emplean para caricaturizar la sociedad medieval y sus estamentos.
  17. 17. LA PROSA MEDIEVAL• La prosa tuvo un desarrollo tardío.• Cuando se establece el castellano gracias a Alfonso X el Sabio, se emprende una labor cultural: – Traducción y redacción de obras históricas, jurídicas y científicas.• Primer prosista: – Don Juan Manuel
  18. 18. DON JUAN MANUEL• Era sobrino del rey Alfonso X y autor del Conde Lucanor. – Libro de carácter didáctico. – Formado por 51 cuentos (basados en leyendas o cuentos tradicionales). – Transmiten enseñanzas morales y prácticas. – Estructura: • El Conde Lucanor plantea un problema a Patronio y le pide consejo. • Patronio le narra una anécdota de la que se deduce una pauta de conducta. • Después don Juan Manuel escribe el cuento y añade una moraleja.

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