A SPOKEN ENGLISH GUIDE FOR BEGINNERS   from BISWADEEP B.,   MY DEAR ENGLISH TEACHER ,          AVAILABLE AT+37190702922BIS...
more.... call, the above number(+37190702922)at a nominal charge ofaround $0.10 a minute to get answers toquestions on,gra...
3. VOCABULARY      (i) stock of words      (ii) changing of words according to different situations and timings.      (iii...
_________________________________________________________________.        8. Is your family a joint family or a nuclear fa...
PRONUNCIATION AND PHONETICSGive the pronunciation of the boxed letters in the following words:S.No.        Word           ...
8.            T H R E A T                   ______________      9.            I       N I TIA T I V E       ______________...
21.              A N Y T I M E               ____________22.               C A M E                    ____________23.     ...
FINDING ERRORS:               Directions: Rewrite the following sentences correcting them.               1. Dead man tells...
NEGATIVE CONTRACTED FORMS I do – I don’t          we do – we don’t         you do – you don’t She does - she doesn’t he di...
THE VERBDefinition - A verb is a saying or doing word . It indicates the state of being ofthe subject. The verb is the mos...
THE CONJUNCTION Definition- A Conjunction is a word that joins words, phrases or sentencestogether. Examples- If you call ...
As if…Not at all/never/no way/not a chanceBy all means/of courseOh! Sure …..However/anywayMeanwhile…So…?So what?Tell me…Te...
an adult to behave. (verb form:) to start behaving like an adult and start behavingin a more sensible way as one gets olde...
The OBJECT:Definition: The object is a word or a group of words receiving the action. Ofor affected by an action verb or p...
8.            FGRFIAE(Hint: Name of ananimal )___________         9.                      N EOGRA                    ( Hin...
LANGUAGE GAMESDirections: Given below are words with jumbled letters. You are to write the words in thecorrect order of le...
PREPOSITIONSFill in the blanks in the following passages with appropriate prepositions:(I)A friend (1) mine was recently b...
PRONUNCIATIONGive the pronunciation of specified letters in the following words:1. (i) Word: Blustery(ii) Specified Letter...
(iii) as in _AUGUST 2011 ENGLISH TODAY 4510. (i) Word: Founder(ii) Specified Letters: ou(iii) as __ --------in----------11...
WORDS CONFUSED & MISUSED- -- - .• • .•.•. u v tJLJUDirections: Given below are some confusables. You are to use each of th...
9. Metal _Mettle _10. Jealous _Zealous _1. prescribe _Proscribe _
12. Empty _Vacant _13. Vocation _Vacation _14. Vocation _Avocation _15. Profit _Prophet _16. Pale _Pail _17. Lose _Loose _...
I SPELLINGS .1Give the correct spellings of the following words:Incorrect Spellings Correct Spellings1. Hebriac2. Maximle3...
21. RaticuleAUGUST 2011 ENGLISH TODAY 51CAN You REMEMBER?DIRECTIONS: Look at the following four sub-parts in the picture f...
***11. You are requested                              to sit down.12. You are advised to                             be re...
1. Idiom: Ad valoremExplanation: The term pertains to taxation. It means : "according to the estimated valueand not weight...
An Outline For Your English Course
An Outline For Your English Course
An Outline For Your English Course
An Outline For Your English Course
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An Outline For Your English Course

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Do you need to speak with a teacher today,a teacher who will help you to sort through some thorny sides of English grammar? A teacher,who can speak the way you do? Not only that,speak to you as a friend,and as someone who has experience guiding students in different subjects of the Humanities through nearly one-and-a-half-decades? Biswadeep B. is one such teacher. He invites you to speak to you as a friend. Use the a number +37190702922. At nominal charges.This number is made available by the famous educational consulting website Consultline.com, who have accepted Biswadeep B. as a teacher on the basis of his credentials. And so you don't even need to worry about charged at any rate more tban $0.10 a minute for consulting him. You need help with report writing? Maybe you are an executive who needs to write just the correct turn of pbrase to make your presentation that much attractive? Maybe you are a student in Australia, England, USA,or someone who is a non-native English speaker struggling with a holiday assignment or an end of term paper? Whatwver is your need, here is one person for you, capable of understanding your own accent, and speaking to you in the same. Biswadeep Bee will take your questions. But before all of that, here is a free guide to what a total spoken english guide should be for you. Make use of it. It has been prepared as a course structure by him keeping in mind students who are still having problems grasping some very elementary aspects of English grammar. And that too in a fun way.

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An Outline For Your English Course

  1. 1. A SPOKEN ENGLISH GUIDE FOR BEGINNERS from BISWADEEP B., MY DEAR ENGLISH TEACHER , AVAILABLE AT+37190702922BISWADEEP BEE IS ALONG STANDINGTEACHER FROMPRESTIGIOUSINSTITU-TIONS ININDIA.HERE, HEWANTS TO BEYOUR FRIEND Hi friends, is there need to say much? This is the spoken English courseI have designed for those who have some knowledge of English but are starting at thevery start:a one month guide toenglish ....and he isready.....to guide you
  2. 2. more.... call, the above number(+37190702922)at a nominal charge ofaround $0.10 a minute to get answers toquestions on,grammar,or the problems ofessay or report writing when only a chatwith an experienced andfriendly teacher CANDO.A ONE MONTH GUIDE TO SPOKEN ENGLISH (You can divide the days, I have here divided your work.Have a great time!) 1. PHONETICS (a) the role of phonetics in everyday conversation (b) the basic phonetics symbols (c) the basic pronunciation of ‘a’ , ‘b’, ‘e’ , ‘I’ , ‘o’, ‘u’ and their variants. (d) Direct and indirect speech and tenses in everyday conversation (e) Past ,present and future tenses. 2. READING STUDENTS will be given passages to read aloud in the class in order to test (i) their grounding in the phonetics training (ii) to test their handling of situations in everyday life like workplace situations, Domestic negotiations etc. (iii) to WRITE JOB APPLICATIONS. (iv)describe family life/ talk about their personal profile to others
  3. 3. 3. VOCABULARY (i) stock of words (ii) changing of words according to different situations and timings. (iii) different words for different places i.e vocabulary for workplace, for everyday usage ,for casual conversation etc. GROUP DISCUSSION Students may ask each other questions or engage in mock roll-playing. The above is just an outline of the main topics for the course . A detailed description of the main chapters to be taught and the EXERCISES TO BE ASSIGNED TO THE STUDENTS IN CLASS IN THE FOLLOWING PAGES:PERSONAL QUESTIONS (These are to be tested on the students on the first few classes as well as they can form the basis for any background English conversation between the teacher and the students) Exercise Read the following questions and write answers to them: 1, What type of films do you like to see? ________________________________________________________________. 2. Which film is your favourite? ________________________________________________________________. 3. What is your opinion about the standard of films nowadays? ________________________________________________________________. 4. Which type of music do you dislike? Why? ________________________________________________________________. 5. What are your other hobbies? ________________________________________________________________. 6. Would you like to be a actor, singer ,or dancer? ________________________________________________________________. (AFTER ASKING THE ABOVE QUESTIONS , THE TEACHER CAN ,ATTHIS POINT, BECOME A LITTLE MOE PERSONAL:) 7. How many family members are there in your house?
  4. 4. _________________________________________________________________. 8. Is your family a joint family or a nuclear family?(Here the student may beinstructed that a joint family means one in which all th family members of differentgenerations live side by side or together whereas a nuclear family is one in which a fewfamily members live together, mostly two adults and a few children. This kind ofdiscussion between the teacher and the students helps in increasing the vocabulary of thestudents besides th main topic at hand.)CLOSET TEST:The following test may be conducted on beginnerstudents in order to test their powerwith articles and verbs:__________contrasting tree standing side____side seem ______ be joining hands._________ flowering tree gives ___ best when it gives blooms ______ a time when thereis no foliage. Next _________ attract is the tecoma argentia, called Tecoma Tree. Theprofusion of flowers on ______ leafless tree is amazing. This tree should _____ planted_____ distant viewing. ______ may not ______ of much significance _______ the localsbut the mango tree _________ bloom at this time _______ the biggest attractions _____foreigners. While conducting ______ tour of some foreign delegates last year I wasamused _______ see them spending _______ maximum time looking _______ a mangotree ,touching the blooms, taking fragrance and also clicking pictures .VOCABULARY EXERCISES ( NOUN FORMS)S.No. Word Noun S.No. Word Noun1. Able ___________ 13. Apologise ______2. Absurd ___________ 14. Attach ______3. Active ___________ 15. Appear ______4. Admire ___________ 16. Affect ______5. Abundant ___________ 17. Acquire ______6. Agree ___________ 18. Add _______7. Accurate ___________ 19. Arrive _______8. Astonish ___________ 20. Amuse ______9. Admit ___________10. Attract ___________11. Absorb ___________12. Amaze ___________
  5. 5. PRONUNCIATION AND PHONETICSGive the pronunciation of the boxed letters in the following words:S.No. Word Pronunciation1. DEBRIS ___________________2. DE B O N A I R _______________3. DIFFICULT __________________4. DICTIONARY __________________5. LUGGAGE ___________________continued from the previous page….. S.No. Word Pronunciation 6. MIRROR ______________ 7. W E E N I E ______________
  6. 6. 8. T H R E A T ______________ 9. I N I TIA T I V E ______________ 10. J U D I C I O U S ______________ 11. V I R T U A L _______________ 13. W A I F _______________ 14. W I PE _______________ 15. B A S K E T _______________ 16. W E D N E S D A Y _______________ 17. VI R G O _______________ 18. SU R P RI SE _______________ 19. S H O PP I N G _______________ Continued next page……Pronunciation and Phonetics continued….Serial No. Word Pronunciation20. S W E L L ____________
  7. 7. 21. A N Y T I M E ____________22. C A M E ____________23. Y O U Y O U R O U R _________ _________________24. T H E R E ___________CORRECT THE FOLLOWING SPELLINGS: 1. Tution 2. Survivle 3. Sofisticated 4. Hocky 5. Artical 6. Legand 7. Beautifull 8. Faithfull 9. Cruelity 10. Leopord 11. Defination 10.Calori 12. Continous 13. Loyality 14. Sincerely 15. Suspention 16. Credulous 17. Truly 18. Amonia 19. Divisibal 20. Serpentin NUMBER AND GENDER: 1. albino ______________________ 2. Albatross ______________________ 3. Class ______________________ 4. Loss ______________________ 5. Mattress _______________________ 6. Fox _______________________ 7. Hero ______________________ 8. Airman ______________________10. Guess_______________________
  8. 8. FINDING ERRORS: Directions: Rewrite the following sentences correcting them. 1. Dead man tells no tales. 2. She is proud at her beauty. 3. Let us discuss about the matter. 4. The rich should help the poors. 5. Though he is poor, but he is honest. 6. Go home directly. 7. There is no more place in this compartment. 8. I have never seen him yesterday. 9. I shall come back just now. 10. Hardly had we stepped out of the house then it began to rain. 11. There is no more place in this compartment. 12. Higher you go cooler it is. 13. They made him a king. 14. I shall come back just now. MONTH TWO( MARCH) CONTRACTEDFORMS OF SPOKENLANGUAGE I’ve - I have I’ll -I will you’re - you are I’d - I would we’d – we would she’ll - she will You’ve - you have we’ve – we have he’ll - he will You’d - you would she’d - she would he’d - he would
  9. 9. NEGATIVE CONTRACTED FORMS I do – I don’t we do – we don’t you do – you don’t She does - she doesn’t he did – he didn’t they do – they don’tHe has- he hasn’t they had – they didn’t have I would – I wouldn’t You should – you shouldn’t I will – I won’t PARTS OF SPEECH (Definition and examples for revision by students) THE NOUN Definition - A noun is a name of a person ,place, thing, idea, animal, feeling etc. Example - book, India, peace, silver, sympathy Sentences containing nouns- John left early. (noun: John) We saw twenty elephants in the jungle. (noun: elephants.) THE PRONOUN Definition – A pronoun is a word which is used in place of a noun or a noun phrase in a sentence. A pronoun is used to avoid repetition of anoun in a sentence. Example- First Person Singular Plural I , me we My us Mine our, ours Second Person you you Yours yours Third Person he, she ,it they His, him, hers them Its their, theirs Sentences containing pronouns - Your teacher and I agree that all of you are intelligent students. (pronouns: Your, I, you) Anyone can do this job. (pronoun : anyone) Each invention we see today is the result of someone’s positive thinking. (pronoun: each, we, someone’s)
  10. 10. THE VERBDefinition - A verb is a saying or doing word . It indicates the state of being ofthe subject. The verb is the most important word in a sentence.Examples- She sings well. (sings) They are good . (are) Food tastes good. (tastes) The President was invited on the stage. (invited)Swelling on the face is caused by water retention of the body. (caused)She appeared suddenly .(appeared)They enjoyed the meal. (enjoyed) THE ADJECTIVE Definition - An adjective is a word that modifies or describes a noun orpronoun. An adjective may be found in two places in a sentence.Examples - There is an unusual colour in the sky during spring. (adj. unusual) The winner seems excited and upbeat . (adj. excited, upbeat) ( An adjective can be in the form of a pronoun as well.See example below: The tests reveal that counseling can control her depression. (adj. her.) That boy is really intelligent. ( adj. – that) THE ADVERBS Definition - An adverb is a word , which describes or modifies a verb. It tellsyou how a thing is done, when a thing is done, and where a thing is done.Examples- She sings well ( adv. – well) They came yesterday. ( advb. – yesterday) He went out. ( adv.- out)THE PREPOSITION Definition - A preposition is a word or a group of words used to show aconnection between a noun or a pronoun and another word in the sentence.Prepositions are usually used before a noun or pronoun. There are about sixtyprepositions in the English language. Examples- on, of, in ,out, before, beside, below, outside, inside, by, up, down,through, for, except etc.
  11. 11. THE CONJUNCTION Definition- A Conjunction is a word that joins words, phrases or sentencestogether. Examples- If you call her, she will come. ( conj.- If ) He is taller than her. ( conj.- than) He didn’t see her until she called him.( conj.- until)INTERJECTIONDefinition- Interjections are words used to express spontaneous feelings.Examples- Ah! Alas! Hurray! Hello! Ouch!THE USE OF FILLERS IN CONVERSATIONHow do some people speak nicely in English while others cannot? It is becausethose who are smooth and fluent in speaking English are using something calledfillers. These words are familiar to the spoken language although not so much inthe written language of English. Such words are used to cover the gaps ,whilespeaking, between one sentence or phrase and the next sentence. Examples ofcommonly used fillers are below. Please use these fillers in sentences of yourown:-Ah!Oh!Oh1Really!Well!You see!You know….I know.I see..Oh! I see.You mean…? SayIncidentally/ actually/by the wayBelieve me…Come on/ Common
  12. 12. As if…Not at all/never/no way/not a chanceBy all means/of courseOh! Sure …..However/anywayMeanwhile…So…?So what?Tell me…Tell me something…Don’t tell me…Wow!If you say soYou mean to sayDo you mean to sayYou know what I meanObviouslyIn fact/ actuallyExactlyExcuse meWORD STUDYDistinction: (noun) an unusualachievementDeputation: (noun) a group ofpeople sent somewhere torepresent a larger group ofpeople at a meeting ordiscussion.Barge in/on: (phrasal verb) toenter a room/place/housesuddenly or noisily ,usuallywithout prior informationinterrupting someone.Vacant: (adjective) 1)a place thatis vacant is available because noone else is using it. 2) If a job isvacant, someone is needed to doit. 3) looking vacant, as if onedoesn’t understand or one is notpaying attention. Example: Avacant expression, smile, look etc.Mature: (adjective) behaving in a mature way, that is the way you would expect
  13. 13. an adult to behave. (verb form:) to start behaving like an adult and start behavingin a more sensible way as one gets older.VIP : (noun) Very Important PersonWalk-in-Interview: (noun) an interview that can be attended without any priorappointment ,call letter etc.Interviewee: (noun) someone who is being interviewed.Interviewer: (noun) someone who interviews people, especially for a job.Facial: (noun) A beauty treatment in which the face is cleansed and rubbed withcreams to improve the tone of the skin.Facial: (adjective) on your face.Example: Facial expressions.Facially (adverb)Example: Facially, the women were different.SUBJECTS AND OBJECTS IN A SENTENCESUBJECT: Definition : The subject of a sentence is a noun ,a pronoun or or aphrase that names a person ,place , thing or idea that indicates who or what theSentence is about.1. The subject can tell us who or what does the action stated by the verb .Example: The man drank a large amount of beer.2. The subject can indicate who or what is affected by the action stated by the verb. Example: A jewellery box was placed under her pillow.3. The subject can indicate who or what, about which something is indicated. Example: He is a big-made man in very good health. The subjects indicated above are the simple subjects (man, box,he). The simple subject is the main noun or pronoun.
  14. 14. The OBJECT:Definition: The object is a word or a group of words receiving the action. Ofor affected by an action verb or preposition.Examples:The production wasdone under his supervision.( ‘his supervision’ is theobject of the verb ‘production’)She had no objection to thecourse of action . ( ‘objection’ is theobject of the verb)The nurse gave him an injection.( ‘injection’ is the direct object, ‘him’ is the indirect object)The boy opened the door.( Door is the object of the verb ‘opened’)LANGUAGE PROBLEMSS.No. Words containing jumbled letters Correct Words____ ___________________________ ____________1. PN G S I R2. (Hint: Name of a season) ______________2. N O P U D3. (Hint: Name of a currency) ______________4. ARNHTAJSA5. ( Hint: Name of an Indian state) _____________3. PCOEMOIRSC4. (Hint: Name of an instrument) ______________5. RETSEVE (Hint: Name of the world’s highest mountain peak) __________6. ILKAA (Hint: Name of a famous dog space traveller) ___________7. WRSORPA (Hint: Name of a bird) ___________
  15. 15. 8. FGRFIAE(Hint: Name of ananimal )___________ 9. N EOGRA ( Hint: Name of a fruit) ___________ 10. RMONO ( Hint: An immature or very idiot person) ___________ 11. TASUIT (Hint: A child unable to learn) ___________ 12. M O YRXONO (Hint: A figure of speech
  16. 16. LANGUAGE GAMESDirections: Given below are words with jumbled letters. You are to write the words in thecorrect order of letters. Hints, have been given in brackets:S. No. Words ContainingCorrect WordsJumbled Letters1. PNGSIR(Hint: Name of a season)2. NO P U 0(Hint: Name of a currency)3. A R N H T A J S A(Hint: Name of an Indianstate)4. P C 0 E MOl R S C(Hint: Name of aninstrument)5. RET S EVE(Hint: Name of a Mountain Peak)6. ILK A A(Hint: Name of a famous dog space traveller)7. W R S 0 R PA (Hint: Name of a bird)8. F G R F I A E(Hint: Name of an animal)9. N EO G R A(Hint: Name of a fruit)10. R M 0 N 0(Hint: An immature person)11. TASUIT(Hint: A child unable to learn)12. M 0 Y R X 0 N 0(Hint: A figure of speech)13. H A 0 Y 0(Hint: A famous website)
  17. 17. PREPOSITIONSFill in the blanks in the following passages with appropriate prepositions:(I)A friend (1) mine was recently bitten (2) a snake as we wereI harvesting (3) the field.s. We immediately took him (4) a privatedoctor, who gave him an anti snake venom serum thereby saving his life. The snakescome out (5) the food, which mainly consists (6) rodents and insects. The region isknown (7) cobra bites as the venomous species is found (8) abundance (9) Punjab andother northern states(10) India. Referring (11) snakebite cases the medical superintendent, said: "Almostthree-fourths (12) snakebite victims who come here lose consciousness (13) shock.However, in those cases where the patient has been bitten (14) a venomous snake he orshe is immediately administered an injection (15) anti snake venom serum. It is helpfulwhen people bring the snake they have killed along as it saves precious time to ascertainthe nature of the snake."(II)The clearance (1) the proejct was opposed (2) the ground that therevised estimate (3) the work exceeded the technical sanction granted(4) the state government. Member were of the view that the governmentshould again approve the estimate. There was an uproar (5) severaldevelopment projects proposed to be carried out (6) the Me (7) outer wards, specificallyin "undeclared" areas. (8) sources, road and street works well (9)Rs2.5crorewereproposed (10) the agenda. A majority
  18. 18. PRONUNCIATIONGive the pronunciation of specified letters in the following words:1. (i) Word: Blustery(ii) Specified Letter: u(iii) as in _2. (i) Word: Caldera(ii) Specified Letter: e(iii) as- in _3. (i) Word: Calamitous(ii) Specified Letter: first a(iii) as _4. (i) Word: Decahedron(ii) Specified Letter: second e(iii) as-- in _5. (i) Word: Figured(ii) Specified Letters: ure(iii) as _6. (i) Word: Hypocrite(ii) Specified Letters: crite(iii) as _7. (i) Word: Saying(ii) Specified Letters: ing(iii) as in _8. (i) Word: Scabrous(ii) Specified Letter: a(iii) as in _9. (i) Word: Water(ii) Specified Letter: a
  19. 19. (iii) as in _AUGUST 2011 ENGLISH TODAY 4510. (i) Word: Founder(ii) Specified Letters: ou(iii) as __ --------in----------11. (i) Word: Four(ii) Specified Letters: ou(iii) as __ --------in----------12. (i) Word: Former(ii) Specified Letter: 0(iii) as_---------in----------13. (i) Word: Weight(ii) Specified Letters: gh(iii) as ---------------------14. (i) Word: Hushed(ii) Specified Letters: ed(iii) as ---------------------15. (i) Word: Hurdle(ii) Specified Letter: u(iii) as_---------in---------***...
  20. 20. WORDS CONFUSED & MISUSED- -- - .• • .•.•. u v tJLJUDirections: Given below are some confusables. You are to use each of the words insentences of your own so as to draw the distinction of meaning between the wordspertaining to each set.1. wave _waive _2. Godly _GOdlike _3. cord _Chord _card _4. Pain _Pane _5. Memorable _Memorial _6. Horse _Hoarse _7. Imaginary _Imaginative _8. Later _Latter _
  21. 21. 9. Metal _Mettle _10. Jealous _Zealous _1. prescribe _Proscribe _
  22. 22. 12. Empty _Vacant _13. Vocation _Vacation _14. Vocation _Avocation _15. Profit _Prophet _16. Pale _Pail _17. Lose _Loose _18. Plain _Plan _19. Decent --,- _Dissent _20. Raise _Raze _***
  23. 23. I SPELLINGS .1Give the correct spellings of the following words:Incorrect Spellings Correct Spellings1. Hebriac2. Maximle3. Muadlin4. Matso5. Maturty6. Nigle7. Nitrefy8. Optometery9. Puse10. Rehtoric11. Rheumetic12. Revivefy13. Sprinkal14. Squable15. Prejudised16. Unpresidented17. Zaugma18. Sauve19. Sofisticated20. Summery
  24. 24. 21. RaticuleAUGUST 2011 ENGLISH TODAY 51CAN You REMEMBER?DIRECTIONS: Look at the following four sub-parts in the picture for ten seconds.After ten seconds:Now, stop looking and cover the picture. Answer the following questionsbased on the above picture to test your power of remembering things.1. Overall, how many children are there in the picture?2. What do the sub-parts best depict in the picture?3. In which sub-part is the child making a snowman?4, Who is in the boat? Boy/Girl5. Which sub-part depict the rainy season?6. How many children are carrying bags in sub-part four?7. How many flower plants are there in sub-part one?8. What is written on the sail in sub-part two?9. There is only one bird in sub-part two? True/False10. Is the Christmas Tree taller than the snowman? Yes/No
  25. 25. ***11. You are requested to sit down.12. You are advised to be regular and punctual.13. The criminal was hanged by them.14. She should not take part in dirty politics.15. The police could not find out his motorbike.16. My brother placed the fruit in the fridge.17. My friend can operate a computer very well.18. Do not make a noise.19. Ravi hit the ball hard.20. Please let him go.21. Mohinder dropped a catch in the match.22. The soldier cut the enemys throat.23. The boy was peeling the orange.24. The farmers are ploughing the fields.25. Are the children brushing their teeth?26. Were the boys carrying rods and sticks?27. Avtar broke down the door of the house.28. She gave a warm welcome to the guests.29. You should separate the stones from cereals.30. Give me a cup of coffee.I IDIOMS & THEIR USAGE I~ _
  26. 26. 1. Idiom: Ad valoremExplanation: The term pertains to taxation. It means : "according to the estimated valueand not weight of the goods being taxed."Usage: Some goods are taxed by the government ad valorem.2. Idiom: All outExplanation: This term is used when every effort is lnvoived and a task is donein a determined way.Usage: We are going all out to win the match.3. Idiom: A swan songExplanation: It was believed in the past times that a swan sang before dying. Hence, theterm refers to the last work done by a person before dying. Usage: The Tempest iscommonly believed to be the swan song of Shakespeare.4. Idiom: Achilles heelExplanation: Achille was the hero of the Trojan war. The weakest part of his body wasone of his heels. He was hit on the heel by his enemy and this became the cause of hisdefeat. Hence, the term means "weakness" or the "weakest part". Usage: Boasting is hisAchilles heel.5. Idiom: At stakeExplanation: The term means "at risk".Usage: Compromising with fundamentalism puts Indias democratic setupat stake.(THE WRITER WISHES TO PLACE ON RECORD HIS ACKNOWLEDGEMENT TOTHE MAGAZINE ‘ENGLISH TODAYFROM WHICH HE HAS DERIVED INPUTSFOR PARTS OF THIS WORK.)

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