Slovak caves silvia halamičková


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Slovak caves silvia halamičková

  1. 1. Slovak Caves Silvia Halamičková 8.C ZŠ Fandlyho 11,Slovakia
  2. 2. Slovak Caves On a small area of the Slovak Republic, there are 3950 discovered caves in different stages of land development. Three caves are open to public. Two of them, Dobšinská and Demanovská cave, are ice caves. Third one, Ochtinská cave, is made of extremely rare aragonite. Slovak caves are, since1995, stated on the UNESCO World Natural Heritage list.
  3. 3. View of caves in Slovakia.
  4. 4. Belianska Cave • the only cave in the High Tatras open to public • from18th century, many of treasure seekers were visiting tha cave, leaving behind plenty of wall signs and paintings. • was discovered in 1881 by Július Husz and Ján Britz from Spišská Belá • open to public in 1882 and as one of the first cave in the world, it was electrically lit in 1896. • the total length of the cave is 1752 m, and roughly 1 km is accessible
  5. 5. Bystrianska Cave • located in the southern slopes of the Low Tatras. • created by erossion activity of Bystrianka creek, which deepened underneath the lowest cave levels • there are all types of karst decoration within the cave, the most beautiful is so called /Baldachyn/ canopy • visitors can access 700 m. For more than 40 years, cave has been used for speleotherapeutic
  6. 6. Demanovska cave of freedom • located in the northern slopes of the Low Tatras • discovered in 1921, underground river Demänovka goes through • it features the richness and colorful decoration, consisting of sinter water lilies and stalactites of various shapes • the most beautiful part is the Rose Hall with a characteristically colored stalactites and lilies lake. • total length is 8 km, of which, 1870 meters are accessible
  7. 7. Demanovska ice cave • located in the northern slopes of the Low Tatras • it is one of the oldest known caves in Central Europe, first record from 13th century • decoration is formed by karst formations and ice filling can be seen in the lowest parts, through the whole year The cave is 1975 m long, with a height elevation of 57 meters • interesting thing is the finding of bones of prehistoric cave bear, which lived about 15,000 years ago made available in mid-19th century​​
  8. 8. Dobšinska ice cave located in the Slovak Paradise, altitude of 969 meters •​​available in 1871 and in 1887 became the first electrically lit cave in Europe and the world •the cave is 1,368 meters long and its ice decorations are among the richest and most beautiful glaciated caves of the world. •decorated by ice and karst stalakmity, stalactites and stalagmites - 12 kinds of bats live in the cave
  9. 9. Domica • the cave is located in the Slovak Karst • total length is 25 km and it forms a unified whole with the Baradla Cave in Hungary, ¼ of it is located in Slovakia • richness of decoration is made of cascade pools stalagmites and huge domes • it is among the most famous archaeological sites and in the Neolithic period it was inhabited by prehistoric humans • the most significant archaeological findings are stone tools and pottery • an unforgettable experience can be sailing on cave river Styx.
  10. 10. Driny cave • located in the Smolenic karst • the westernmost cave in Slovakia • unlike other caves that were shaped by river flows, it is the only one created by errosive activity of rainwater in the cracks of limestone • it is fissure cave, premises are not extensive, the total length - 650 m, only less than 500 meters are accessible
  11. 11. Gombasek cave • located in the Slovak Karst - in the canyon of the river Slaná • formed by the activity of the Black Brook • in comparison to other Slovak caves , it was discovered quite lately - in 1951 • cave is decorated with unique thin sinter straws – from 2 cm to 3 m long hollow tube and massive stalactites and stalagmites • decoration of caves is highly colorful, thanks to various metals presence • the most beautiful area is so-called, Marble Hall with 8 m deep well used for speleotherapeutic since 1968 • public can visit only 300m, but it is one of the most beautiful cave in Slovakia
  12. 12. Harmanecká cave • located in the southern slopes of the Great Fatra. • it was discovered in 1932 and was ​​ available to the public in 1950. - 2763 m long with a vertical span of 75 m. • known for a rich presence of white soft sinter. decoration consists of massive stalagmites, curtains and wall waterfalls flowstone. • pagodas in a Big house are 12 m high and have a diameter of 3 m. • the cave is among the most important localities of bats life in Slovakia, 11 species can be found
  13. 13. Jasovská cave • located on the eastern outskirts of the Slovak Karst - is the easternmost show cave • caused by the action of the river Bodva, it has a rich decoration represented by the stalactites, straws and waterfalls • finding of bones of prehistoric cave bear • the findings confirmed the settlement in the Neolithic and Paleolithic • number of wall signs and paintings from the Middle Ages can be found
  14. 14. Ochtinská Aragonite Cave • located on the Ochtinský krypto karst. • decorated by three generations of aragonite: oldest are units of kidney shape and milky colour , younger are spiral needles and youngest decoration is made of small fans.​​ • one of the most beautiful bodies is so called - Milky Way
  15. 15. Važecká Cave • located in the Važecký karst within a mountains of Kozie chrbty • created by underground water of the White Váh • rich stalactite decoration consists of white stalagmites and stalactites and flowstone • found the bones of cave bear • biospeleological site of European importance
  16. 16. END Thank you for your attention. I hope you like the presentation. Silvia Halamičková 8.C ZŠ Fandlyho 11,Slovakia