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Indy Johar - A Great Transition


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Indy Johar from Dark Matter Labs visited Sitra Lab's HERÄÄMÖ XL breakfast event on 21.11.2019.

Indy Johar is a designer and an architect and founder of the London-based, internationally acclaimed Dark Matter Labs. The organisation develops institutional infrastructures and new forms of collaboration that help build democratic futures. Indy works with international partners, for example in Sweden where he is a consultant for the multi-organisational MIND//SHIFT network that seeks to develop the future of the country’s work on mental health and well-being by creating spaces for shared learning through societal experimentation.

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Indy Johar - A Great Transition

  1. 1. A GREAT TRANSITION 2019 | Sitra |
  2. 2. Of all the mammals on Earth, 96% are livestock and humans, only 4% are wild mammals Since 1970, Humans have wiped out 60% of animal populations
  3. 3. Intangible Investments 16 0 1948 Tangible Intangible 2008 Share of GDP INTANGIBLE ECONOMY
  5. 5. Beyond labour $290 bnAnnual UK wage that risk being lost due to automation
  6. 6. Nutrition decline Entrenched inequality Diversity loss Environmental violence Species extinction Labour market automation Voter disenfranchisement Debt crisis
  7. 7. A System Challenge
  8. 8. We are responding to these molecular, non-linear, invisible and micro threats through programmes and interventions still governed by 19th-century institutions
  10. 10. PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT SELF ESTEEM RESILIENCE UNDERSTANDING SYSTEM INTER- PERSONAL RELATIONSHIP STRUCTURE STABILITY GOOD HEALTH PURPOSE MOBILITY PLAY FEELING COMPETENT PHYSIOLOGICAL PHYSICAL SAFETY SENSE OF BELONGING •agency •self confidence •self expression •knowledge of self •to be listened to •to be respected • support network • role models • guidance • supportive teacher • mental safety • inspiration • guidance • access to help • to feel loved • attachment • friendship • support • understand places a citizen • world view • deal with complexity • self control • authority • discipline • understanding boundaries • rules • morals • consistency • security • vaccinations • access to health care • green space • healthy food • physical fitness and exercise • knowledge about health • attachment • to feel loved • dental care • meaningful relationships • community engagement • social mobility • optimistic outlook • access to opportunities • hope • experiences • access to information • access to internet • Learning • Curiosity • Mental stimulation • space to play • fun • laughter • language skills • numeracy skills • computer and IT skills • life skills • no fear of failure • financial literacy • social skills • experiences • problem solving skills • praise • shelter • water • food • sanitation • clothing • heat • safe housing • safe environment • acceptance • friends • supportive family • social cohesion Map of Children’s needs in Camden
  11. 11. Phase 1 - Entry Point Phase 2 - Initial Assessment Phase 3 - Specialist Treatment Phase 4 - Medical & Social care Phase 5 - Medical Management & Prevention Phase 1 - Entry Point Phase 2 - Initial Assessment Phase 3 - Specialist Treatment Phase 4 - Medical & Social care Phase 5 - Medical Management & Prevention Map of Services for Frail + Older People in West Hertfordshire Hertfordshire Community NHS Trust Hertfordshire Partnership University NHS Foundation Trust (mental health) West Hertfordshire Hospitals NHS Trust Service providers GP Third sector / Independ- ent Provider Local authorty / social services Patient journey Patients Discharge Service types Multi- disciplinary team Watford General Hospital Hemel Hempstead Hospital St Albans City Hospital Hertfordshire Service hours 24 hours / 7days 24h 7d 9-5 / 5days 9-5 5d Less than 9-5 Less than 9-5 Extended hours Exten- ded hours Hertford Welwyn Garden City Hemel Hempstead St Albans Cheshunt Stevenage Bishop’s Storford Watford Pharmacies Early Memory Diagnosis & Support (EMDASS), County Wide GP practices, St Albans and Hapenden (13), Watford and Three Rivers locality (28), Dacorum (20) Specialist Mental Health Team, Older People (SMHTOP), County Wide 111, Herts Urgent Care 999 Stroke rehabilitation service, Hemel Hempsted Jacket's Field Neurological Centre, Abbots Langley Accident and emergency (A&E), Watford Macmillan Cancer information centre Patient Transport services, County Wide Mental health inpatient units: Mental health day Hospitals: Residential and care homes: Social services: Community rehabilitation, Potters Bar Community rehabilitation, Sopwell & Langton, St. Albans Community rehabilitation, St Peters Ward, Hemel Hempsted Community rehabilitation, Langley House, Watford Community rehabilitation, Gossoms End, Hemel Hempsted Community rehabilitation beds: Hospital discharge: Watford general wards: Prospect House, Watford Lambourne Grove, St Albans Logandeane, Hemel Hempstead Integrated Discharge Team (IDT), Watford Navigation Team Bed Bureau, County Wide Telehealth, County Wide 61 practices / 479,400 population GP Out of hours, Herts Urgent Care Viewpoint Patient advocacy: Healthwatch POhWER Care of the Elderly, Croxley Ward, Watford Acute Stroke Unit, Watford Bluebell dementia ward, Watford Winyard,elderly patients, Watford Ortheo geriatrics, Watford Hyper-Acute Stroke Unit, Watford Crisis Assess.& Treatment Teams (CATTs), Across County Marie Curie Discharge nurses Hospices: The Peace Hospice, Watford Hospice of St Frances Rennie Grove Hospice Care - hospice at home Rennie Grove Hospice Care - Grove House Palliative Care: Mount Vernon Cancer Centre Palliative team Macmillian Palliative Care Team, Watford West Herts Community Specialist Palliative Care and Lymphoedema Teams, Watford Therapies: Hertfordshire Community Meals, County wide Community Transport Age UK Herts Watford, Hemel Hempsted and St. Albans Alzheimers Societies Dementia Cafes (4 in LA), County Wide Mind (7 in LA), County Wide Age Concern, County Wide Carers in Herts Citizens Advice Bureau Macmillan CAB Welfare Benefits and Money Advice Service For Hertfordshire, County Wide Community voluntary services: Therapies, Occupational therapy, County Wide Therapies, Physiotherapy, County Wide Speech and language therapy, St. Albans Bladder and Bowel care service, Baldock Community neurological services Diabetes Community Service Lymphoedema, St. Albans Chronic fatigue and pain control services, St. Albans Muscuoskeletal services, St. Albans Community Cardiac Heart Failure, Hemel Hempsted Cardiac Rehabilitation programme, Watford and St. albans Dietetic Service, County Wide Podiatry services, St. Albans Specialist clinics: Specialist Palliative Care, County Wide Rapid response teams: Single Point of Access, Elderly Care Integrated Point of Access(Serco), County Wide Mental Health Single Point of Access(SPA), County Wide Single points of access: Herts Action on Disability HertsHelp call line, County Wide 200 calls per week 8-6 5d 24h 7d 9-5 5d 24h 7d 24h 7d 24h 7d 9-5 5d 9-5 5d 24h 7d 24h 7d 24h 7d 24h 7d 24h 7d 24h 7d 24h 7d 9-5 5d 8-10 7d Less than 9-5 24h 7d 24h 7d 24h 7d Less than 9-5 24h 7d 24h 7d 24h 7d 24h 7d 24h 7d 24h 7d 24h 7d 24h 7d 24h 7d 24h 7d 9-5 5d 8-6 5d Out-of-hours mental health helpline, County Wide Exten- ded hours Falls Service, County Wide 8-10 7d Rapid Assessment Unit (RAU), St. Albans Medical Assessment Unit 24h 7d Surgical Assessment Unit, Watford 30 beds 16 beds 22 beds 18 beds35 Beds Acute Admissions Unit (AAU), Watford 24h 7d 168 beds 48,453 direct contacts(‘13-‘14), 15,259 referrals 8,628 direct contacts(‘13-‘14), 4,601 referrals 26,506 direct contacts(‘13-‘14), 3,745 referrals Hospital therapies: Audiology & Hearing Aid Dept., St. Albans and Watford Therapies, Physiotherapy, St. Albans, Watford Therapies, Occupational Therapy, St. Albans, Watford Less than 9-5 2,755direct contacts(‘13-‘14), 304referrals 4,160 direct contacts(‘13-‘14), 385 referrals 2,000 meals per day 12 Beds Ambulatory care, Watford, Hemel Hempsted and St.Albans 12h 7d Minor Injuries Unit (MIU), St. Albans 9-8 5d Urgent Care Centre, Hemel Hempsted 24h 7d Rapid Assessment, Interface and Discharge (RAID), Watford 7d 164referals per month 93 a day average (whole population) 2012-13 3,629referrals per month 203 referrals per month West Hertfordshire Medical Centre, Hemel Hempsted Exten- ded hours 1,000 registered patients 136referrals per month 138referrals per month Community Rheum. Orthopaedic & Pain (CROPS), Watford and Hemel Hemsted Less than 9-5 8,504 direct calls, 7,864 referrals Day care 9-5 5d County-wide Continuing Healthcare, County Wide 24h 7d Michael Sobell House 24h 7d 2,465direct contacts(‘13-‘14),2,172referrals 7,999direct contacts(‘13-‘14),2,622referrals 3,806 Inpatient Admissions(‘13-‘14) 1,873Inpatient Admissions(‘13-‘14), 20 beds 1,136Inpatient Admissions(‘13-‘14) 2,497Inpatient Admissions(‘13-‘14), 39 beds Enhanced Primary Mental Health Services, County Wide 2,394referrals per month 1,320Inpatient Admissions(‘13-‘14) 12 Beds 22 beds Social Services: Community Learning Disability Team, County Wide Social Services: Fair Access to Care Services, County Wide Holywell Neurological Unit, St. Albans Danesbury Neurological Centre, Welwyn Garden City Inpatient Neurological Units: 190 Inpatient Admissions 1,937 Inpatient Admissions 251OBDs per month (average), 16 beds 709OBDs per month (average), 24 beds 654OBDs per month (average), 22beds Meadows continuing care needs, Welwyn Garden City Chess Day Hospital (Prospect House, Watford), Watford 6 referrals per month (average) Martinlea Day Hospital (Hemel Hempstead), Watford 7 referrals per month (average) Home Adaptations (Hertfordshire Council), County Wide Wheelchair services, County Wide Equipment: Hertfordshire Equipment Service (HES), County Wide 9-5 5d 9-5 5d Home based services: Post Acute Care Enablement(PACE) Hospital Discharge Scheme (Age UK Hertfordshire), Watford, Hemel Hempsted and St. Albans Hospice at home 9-5 5d Shine: Domiciliary and Home care 24h 7d End of life coordination team Home Care, County Wide Enablement at Home, County Wide Hertfordshire Community Integrated Care Teams: Supported Discharge Service, County Wide 24h 7d Prevention of Admission Service, County Wide 8-10 7d District Nursing Community Matrons Occupational TherapyPhysiotherapy More than 70 patients so far Liaison services: Older persons liaison service Falls liaison service, County Wide 8-10 7d Supported 5,023 people in Hertfordshire in 2013 Dementia residential care, County Wide Residential care, County Wide Nursing home, County Wide Dementia nursing home, County Wide 24h 7d 24h 7d 24h 7d 24h 7d Supported 1,500in 2013 16,906 direct contacts, 2,705 referals East of England Ambulance Service Simpson Ward (Stroke), Hemel Hempsted Churchill (step down), Hemel Hempsted Clinical Decisions Unit, Watford 24h 7d 24h 7d 24h 7dEmergency Surcical Assesment Unit, Watford 16 beds Acute Admissions unit Level 3 Yellow, Watford Acute Admissions unit Level 3 Blue, Watford 22 beds Sarratt 1, Watford 24h 7d 22 beds Sarratt 2, Watford 24h 7d 16 beds 22 beds 16 beds Clinical Navigators, County wide Extended opening pharmacies (7 in Herts Valley), County Wide Exten- ded hours Respiratory Service, Hemel Hempsted 4,647direct contacts(‘13-‘14), 3,888referrals Acute In Hours Visting Services, County Wide 9-5 5d Emergency care practitioners Watford Rapid Response Team, Watford HomeFirst, Hertsmere 24h 7d Specialist clinics: Care of the Elderly, Watford 24h 7d Continence Clinics, Watford Movement Disorder Clinics, Watford 24h 7d 24h 7d 9-5 5d 24h 7d 24h 7d Intensive Outreach Team (IOT) 8-8 5d 9-5 5d 9-5 5d 24h 7d 24h 7d 24h 7d 24h 7d
  12. 12. Creation of runaway causal loops Short term optimisation Competitive decision-making Externalities
  13. 13. Policy often aims to encourage or discourage a certain type of behaviour, yet is largely created in a centralised and reactive way - making it a slow, often alienating way to create change. An economy focused on singular, short-term success metrics will always prioritise volume over value. Our inability to account for long term, future costs. From both the day to day attitudes about how we think about our own money, to the large scale accounting for public services at a national level - how we understand and account for ‘value’ has a huge impact on the outcomes of our children. Culture is the complex web of daily behaviour, historical context and background conditions which affects our behaviour. It is the hardest thing to define but the single strongest factor in shaping how we act towards each other. From the experiences of our parents and friends, to the design of the space around us, to the rules and regulations we work in - culture is formed and reformed on a daily basis. CULTURE, NORM & TECHNOLOGY Neighborhoods dealing with the consequences of entrenched social inequity: poverty, racism, unemployment, violence, low-grade housing, limited food access, inadequate transportation infrastructure - are often tightly correlated with poor outcomes for children. URBAN ENVIRONMENT Passed generations’ traumatic events, stories, history and genom heritage coupled with political and economic trends are the foundation of current urban issues and social inequalities and altogether impact on children’s wellbeing. HISTORY The support and services available in a given neighbourhood are often overly focused on volume, rather than value - and propogate the myth that more services equates to better outcomes. This mentality is buried into the way services are designed, provided and paid for - creating a host of negative side effects. SERVICES The home is basis of creating a nurturing environment; from the physcial condition of the home itself, to the relationships and networks that surround it, through to the wider context within which it sits - all of these act as determinant conditions to childrens outcomes far more than access to healthcare, or eduction. HOME The physical and mental health of child are a complex web of pre-determind factors (family history) coupled with the context they are born into. Whilst we have traditionally understood this through the lens of individual circumstance (and therefore responsibility) - science is increasingly showing that what shapes the humans we become is much more contextual and collective then we thought. From the inheretence of poverty related stress, to the millions of independent microbes that allow our body to function, to the effect of emotions on nutrient absortion. CHILDREN ECONOMY REGULATION/ POLICY Care contracts eg. lack of flexibility, time based KPIs 6.1.4 Austerity of Early Childhood Education and Care eg. understaffed care centres, closing down children centres 6.1.1 Genetic dispositions 1.1.2 Physical, Biological childbirth disorders 1.1.3 Self-efficacy 1.2.1 Self-control, structure, discipline 1.2.2 Self-esteem 1.2.3 Early attachment 1.3.1 Early emotional events eg. trauma/neglect 1.3.2 Children of Imprisoned mother/father 1.3.4 Children education outcomes Children misbehaviour Children phsychological / physical ill health Youth offending 1.3.5 Curiosity 1.2.4 Emotional/ social resilience 1.2.5 Psychological development 1.2.6 Psychological, physical & sexual abuse 1.3.3 Youth substance abuse 1.3.6 Environmental policies eg. air quality 7.2.5 Energy Policies eg. fuel poverty strategy 7.2.4 Housing policies 7.2.3 Local policies eg. Public Space Protection Orders – a geographically defined version of ASBOs that could severely restrict people’s freedoms in urban space 7.2.2 Social care policies 7.2.1 Workers rights in flexible labour market 7.1.4 Children rights 7.1.5 Building regulations 7.1.3 Regulation around care services 7.1.2 Reform of Welfare, fiscal and health policies 7.1.1 Support network eg. lack of sense of belonging to local community 5.1.1 Lack of confidence/ certainty in being a parent High unemployment rates 6.2.4 Strict criteria to unlock funding eg. change in childcare support Competiton between services/families eg. lack of resources and funding cuts Long working hours 6.2.3 Rising economic inequality 6.2.7 Lack of social entrepreneurship 6.2.5 Unpaid overtime 6.2.2 Underpaid care workers 6.1.3 Increasing financial stress eg. rising interest rates 6.2.6 Declining Local Authority budget 6.2.8 Increasing public costs 6.2.1 Volatile employment market eg. low wage jobs Unpaid care labour eg. mothers, older siblings 6.1.2 Parents demographic profiles 2.1.1 Parents knowledge & qualifications 2.1.3 Parental substance abuse 2.1.6 Incarcerated parents 2.1.7 Parents tight schedule 2.1.8 Parental engagement eg. poor involvement of the father 2.3.1 Parents work satisfaction and work hours eg. income insecurity 2.3.4 Children caring for younger siblings 2.3.3 Family structure eg. single mothers 2.3.6 Family development eg. separation or divorce 2.3.7 Childhood parental rejection 2.3.2 House quality, environment eg. fuel poverty 2.3.10 Unconventional Housing eg. homelessness 2.3.11 Household conditions eg. overcrowded environment 2.3.12 Mother treated violently 2.1.9 Physical activity eg. physical neglect 2.2.2 Daily routine eg. daily hassles of scraping by 2.2.1 Diet habits eg. malnutrition 2.2.3 Sleep quality eg. inadequate sleep 2.2.4 Use of technology eg. excessive phone use 2.2.5 Parents high levels of stress Limited life choice Lack of citizen’s opportunity Household financial resilience eg. managing the financial shocks Early school dropout 3.1.5 Unconventional schooling eg. Home schooling 3.1.6 Participation in pre-compulsory education 3.1.1 Curriculum & standards 3.1.3 High staff turnover Early school enrollment 3.1.4 School quality 3.1.2 Social services trends eg. digitalization & privatization 3.2.4 Parenting programme eg. unfulfilled courses 3.2.2 Social services structure eg. focused on crisis & standardization 3.2.3 Low skilled jobs Support services eg. Lacking basic access 3.2.1 Transactional urban design eg. profit over childrens outcomes 4.1.11 Socio-economic neighbourhood quality eg. local poverty & deprivation 4.1.8 Wider environment impacts eg. air pollution 4.1.9 Micro-environmental neighbourhood quality eg. air & noise pollution, overcrowding 4.1.7 Neighbourhood environment eg. noise pollution, overcrowding 4.1.7 Closing down community assets 4.1.5Privatization of public space 4.1.4 Traffic congestion 4.1.2 Unaffordable & indequate child care eg. poor child benefits 3.2.5 Local food provision eg. fast food 4.1.3 Gender Inequality 5.1.6 Conflicting value systems 5.2.1 Blame culture 5.2.3 Social pressure eg. parental excellency trend 5.2.2 Digital inclusion / divide eg. negative online identity 5.2.5 Distrust in public education, institutions & services 5.2.4 Cyber bullying 5.2.6 Confluence of Identities / Networked Identity 5.1.4 Everyday micro-violence eg. structural racism and mistreatment, unconscious violence, discrimination 5.1.2 Lack of role models 5.1.3 Social Brain / Relational Well-being 5.1.5 Social media eg. news-fatigue 5.2.7 Care system eg. unstable, disjointed services, lack of data sharing between organisations 3.2.5 Parents history & past traumas 2.1.4 Passed Political trends Passed Political trends Passed PoliciesUrban development Epigentic mutations 1.1.1 Cognitive development 1.2.7 2.1.10 Play time & space 2.2.6 Parents mental & physical ill health e.g. postnatal depression, rising blood preassure, lower IQ, lower decision making ability 2.1.5 Family and social network eg. distance/ isolation from community 2.3.5 Parents ethics & belief structure, attitudes and behaviours eg. often conflicting 2.1.2 2.3.9 Household financial stability 2.3.8 Mobility & accessibility eg. commute to school 4.1.1 Outdoor play space eg. lack of playgrounds 4.1.10 Wefare’s transactional approach With rising demand and further budget cuts, welfare becomes transactional - undermining the face to face, human interaction that’s necessary to providing effective welfare services Illustion of choice Increased quantity of information does not necessarily lead to actual new choices & opportunities - potentially damaging parental confidence levels Isolation by design Poor quality homes and inadequate urban planning have long term impacts on entire communities and are detrimental for the system as a whole eg. increasing public spending. Time poverty Parents experiencing a structural lack of time leads to a cascade of adverse outcomes - from increased isolation to future welfare costs. Perception of safety & security 4.1.6 Poverty trap Limited access to credit, inadequate infrastructure and non-responsive governance creates a system in which poverty persists across generations Molecular environmental violence Air pollution, and environmental challenges, is reducing the nutritional value of our food - leading to reduced cognitive function and long term negative health impacts “A lot of the schools round here theres a lot of drug influence from late primary all through high school. My nephews come here and told me a little boy was taken to hospital because he took cocaine and he’s only ten.” “Money is extremely tight for me at the moment. I’ve had to cut back significantly since I split up with Tom” “More family input, small family so there is no one to see, also it would be nice if he spent some time with family instead of all in childcare, and it would reduce cost too." “I spent a lot of time with my Mom before she moved, I haven’t really got anyone left.” “I see my own friends occasionally but it’s always a case of can I get a babysitter? It has to be planned and I can’t rely on him not to cancel. It would be nice to have a night where I know I haven’t got Jacob so I can plan.” “I don’t really have time for friends. My main way of communicating with friends is WhatsApp. I don’t really get to meet up with people because of the children. It’s not sociable for me to take them because I’ll just focus my time on them. I don’t get to go out. I’m not sure the last time I went out without them.” “I feel like he spends a lot of time at childcare but that’s how it has to be if you want to work .He’s happy there but I look back and think that’s a bit of a shame really” “If I knew there was a workplace as an adult where there was lots of bullying, lots of drugs, managers shout at the employees all of the time, I wouldn’t go there. So why would I send my kid to a place that, that behaviour is almost accepted? It’s like “Well everyone has to deal with it so just deal with it” if you said that in a work place “Everyone has to deal with bullying, just grow some and carry on”. Well you wouldn’t have to put up with it would you? That’s how I viewed school when I was there. That has had a big influence on how we bring him up.” “When I went to work there was a private nursery only for Civil Service employees, it was brilliant. Unfortunately due to Government cut backs they closed it down. People were in tears on the day it was announced.” *Lack of respect for childcare workers* You can earn more working in mcdonalds than you can looking after children, yet childcare workers are the architects of our children’s brains. 85% of our children’s brains are developed in the early years Inside the ring road in central Birmingham there are 125 car parks covering 3,724,313 sqft. There are four playgrounds. The car parks represent enough space for 148,972 swings Two-fifths of UK's workers have less than £100 in savings *Three-quarters of UK children spend less time outdoors than prison inmates. *88 per cent of people over 65 played out as children, whereas almost half of today’s children never play out. “The West Midlands is facing an air pollution crisis – the shocking truth is that 3,000 people a year here die prematurely from breathing our dirty air,” Children have less freedom to roam than free-range chickens Since the 1970s, children’s ‘radius of activity’ – the area around their home where they are allowed to roam unsupervised – has declined by almost 90%. 100 years ago they could go up to 6 miles today they can go only 300 yards. The West Midlands is one of the worst hit areas outside the capital for illegal levels of nitrogen dioxide pollution but many don’t seem to realise they and their children are breathing some of the UK’s most polluted air. In Birmingham there are 38 nurseries and 30 schools within 150 metres of a road where emissions of NO2 are above the legal limit. “The car is ingrained into the people that live here and it is a challenge to change that.” “We are not anti-car, the car is still here, but there are 200,000 journeys of under a mile in this city each day – it is about removing some of those trips.” vironment/2017/apr/04/the-car-is -ingrained-into-people-here-west -midlands-faces-air-pollution-crisi s "Third of my wages spent on childcare. It’s a lot but I’m grateful I get the 30 hours free."“Childcare is so expensive. More than half of my wages were on childcare before the 15 free hours” “I like cycling to nursery but the cars are a bit smelly and stop you hearing the birds” “That may sound snobby but just from the things that I see and the things I read on Facebook.... I wouldn’t walk up into Sedgley with him now (Sedgley is where they live) someone was stabbed like last week. It’s crazy.” “One of the things that’s stopping me from sending him to a mainstream school is he’s going to spend the the vast majority of his time surrounded by an influence that perhaps we don’t want him influenced by.”
  14. 14. Beyond the magic bullet
  15. 15. Homeless Social Services Initial Assessment Referral Housing waiting list ‘General’ Housing Allocation Supported Accomodation Leave without notice Income Assessment Sell home Council funded Assets Assessment Extra Care Home Residential Home End of life careDomestic CareBidding in system Pre-tenancy assessment Tenant Agreement and moving Needs Assessment Housing need Home Owner Socially Renting Private Renting Initial Assessment HOUSING & CARE service mapping_v0.2 Visual map of Care & Housing workshops and visits Homeless Social Services Initial Assessment Local Authority Gatekeeping Referral Housing waiting list ‘General’ Housing Allocation Supported Accomodation Leave without notice eg. Prison Social housing exits Income Assessment Sell home Council funded Assets Assessment Topped up by ‘service charges’ (eg. laundry, meals, maintenance) Care services = max. £70/week Extra Care Home Rent & Services =£68/w Care = £70/w Residential Home Care Healthcare Services NHS Funding ENTRY INTO THE CARE SYSTEMSUPPORT SERVICES HOUSING SUPPORTASSESSMENT ASSESSMENT End of life care Care at home Care in a care home Care in hospital Hospice care Domestic Care Services Home Care Bedroom as main criteria for wellbeing and needs Housing and care pathways & Commissioning processes Hidden drivers internal/external drivers that impact on needs in business/workforce/people Government-set criteria unlocks funding from local authorities Challenges in user segmentation and service offer 60% of tenants in general needs housing use other services & support Level of funding correlated to level of need (rather than individual user wants) Funding pressures for HAs, leading to alternative funding sources: • Due to competitive bidding process, welfare cuts, increasing cost base • Try to fill gap with charity grants e.g. Save the Children, The Butter Charity Trust, Big Lottery Fund During inhabitation, driven to avoid ‘voids’ and rent arreas (challenges of funding gaps, personal financial difficulties, ineffective communication, negative cycles ) Breakdown of trust & frustration on both sides Negative stigma associated with social housing Frustration in handover process from LA to HA No granular analysis/ data for future demand with limited prediction e.g. Using real-time data on tenants relating to well-being, security and productivity Care funding is not standardized Increased bureaucracy to define separation between care and health expenses Short term commissioning might lead to less long-term cost-saving Increased gate keeping and demand management Increased bureacracy & staff time spent filling in paper-work Push from commissioners and preferences for domestic care People want to be home so when they enter the care home, it already requires a lot of care supports. e.g. Entering the care home at crisis Care plan defined by time and task efficiency Increased standardisation Increased accountability (bureaucracy) No time for personal interaction/care ‘Void’ management Filling the void becomes the main objective Emotional labour Low wages Long hours Zero-hour contracts High staff turnover De-skilling nurses/carers No career progression Caring seen as ‘not real nursing’ Detremental effect on those being cared for Quality and efficiency of allocation process & Stable placement % of tenants with rent arreas & No. of voids Maximise benefits & Minimise their debt/expenditures/living costs Possible frameworks/themes Bidding in system (proactive system) Social housing associations bidding for housing contracts Council chooses the lowest bid/price Price and quality could not meet the expectations Pre-tenancy assessment (Knowing your tenants) • Financial and health/ medical records • Personal preferences and family ties Tenant Agreement and moving Piloting programme: Educating them to take it step by step e.g. Neighbourhood coaches on regular visits or arrangements, Financial Inclusion Team since July 2016 Less than £,1000 for initial setting (e.g. essential items like beds and curtains) £1,000 is renewal every financial year Allocation priority 1. Homeless people 2. Parents with kids or living in medical car system 3. Ex-prisoners or Armed forces (ex-Soldiers) Scenarios builing Money advise Benefit advise Band system: Gold/Silver/Bronze Point based system • Self-referral by family • Discharge team from NHS • Social worker Referrals Housing associations have limited information Minimal profiles and personal history Choices for social housing tenants, their funding is Local Authorities or Central Government (DWP) Housing benefits will be paid by LAs but care home fees will be various depending on people's conditions Care packages for individuals by NHS/LA agreed by Local Authorities Data sharing - limited information provided to HA • Waiting list managed by LAs • Limited data/information shared about the tenant - minimal profiles and personal history e.g. Employment records (NIN), eligibility of housing benefits, health & social care needs, family and social networks Allocation policies based on needs Finance: People's eligiblity of housing benefits Size: Types of housing (no. beds) Size: Family size and type of households Location: connection to area eg. family in area Wider Macro-economic trends of unemployment Current climate is very hard for even skilled people to get jobs; even more so for those with learning difficulties Process conflates different tenant profiles (and two housing offers) Type 1: Affordable Housing tenants- assistance in paying rent and bills Type 2: Support housing for those in crisis - need for other social support Nation-wide local authorities Funding will come from the local authority where the tenant was living previously (as funding linked to location of problem origination, to stop people being moved for the wrong reason) Unhealthy financial decisions: • Easy to use and accessiblity attract people to use high interest rates loan companies e.g. Provident Cash Loans/Providence Finance Services, BrightHouse - weekly payment loan • Less sustainable financial decisions e.g. Sky TV packages Ineffective communication strategies: • Increasing job pressures leading to decreased f2f communication; increase in low-impact methods (e.g leaflets and booklets) • Low-level relationships with tenants contributes to ‘us vs them’ mentality as well as decreasing understanding of their needs and ability to implement preventative programmes Univeral Credit bringing new challenges to personal finances of tenants • Beneficiaries receive a monthly payment (used to every two weeks). intendended to provide autonomy, as these are like wages and people pay their rent. Regulated through online services • However, people are not digitally literate (cannot even set up a bank account) • Established habits - getting paid at the beginning rather than end of month - run deep • Rolling out in stages therefore not yet fully implemented Personal Financial struggles affect different profile of tenants, including: • People who’s benefits have been cut • People in part time jobs Small triggers can lead to rapid financial health deterioration: and subsequent stess • Examples include if a tenant misses a DWP meeting, benefits stopped • Being late on bill-paying drives stress. in time means there are ongoing stressors in their lives. Breaking benefits cycles/attitudes People are unlikely to ask help or support and the time when they need help it is already too late. Conflict of Interest We can’t solve their financial problems e.g. Citizen Advice Bureau or 3rd parties Outsourcing of nursing & agency fees Soft knowledge about tenants is not fully transferred ‘About you’ document Reference if asked (rents and bills) Brexit impact on decrease in migrant nurses in Wales Sustainable business • Supporting managers to untilise the in-house untitlities • Focusing business as well as providing the quality of care Some tenants in type 1 require further assistance (although the state does not recognise them as such) Eligible for benefit, Governemnt grants Those tenants are not ill enough for Govt. benefits; in order to claimStatutory Sick Pay (SSP) or Employment and Support Allowance (ESA) they must search for a job for 35 hours per week Housing need Local Authority NHS Charity Temp. Accomodation Assets State Pension Private Pension Capital Assets Benefits Bank and building society accounts Savings and Bonds Cash savings Stocks and shares Second property or land Benefits Attendance Allowance (AA) by NHS Disability Living Allowance (DLA) by NHS Personal Independence Payment (PIP) by LA Pension Credit Guarantee Credit (PCGC) by DWP Employment and Support Allowance (ESA) by LA Community care Home Owner Socially Renting Private Renting Visits Defiend their prefereable choices %? %? £24k > £50k CARE Based on employment and family conditions: • Housing benefits/council tax benefits from local authorities • Universal credit from central government • Discretionary Assistance Fund from Walsh government • Employment and Support Allowance (ESA) Child benefit Based on health conditions: • Personal Independence Payment (PIP) & Disability Living Allowance (DLA) from health sector • Lots of changes in welfare reform and new policies e.g. Universal credit to be introduced across the UK by 2020, Social rent reduction, Bedroom tax < £50k Initial Assessment No. bedrooms - Main criteria Care needs - Secondary Local connection - One choice only Size Type Choice System finance of care - Commissioning Intelligence Societal planning for care From welfare as cost to welfare as investment Full neighbourhood of care Procurement of outcomes not services ‘Patient centred’ as a system challenge (perceived social contract, culture, accountability, emotional empowerment) Regulating the future of care From Human resource to Human capacity Post-managerial care Local Authority is duty bound Needs Assessment Best intersts in their life Multidisicplinary team will make the best decision for individuals (GP, family, social workers and housing officers)
  16. 16. An upstream Question
  17. 17. Food Waste at a System Level_v2 Future drivers of food systems and wider socioeconomic implications of food waste DRAFT V2 9.12.2017 Created by Dark Matter Laboratories Layers of food systems (internal/external factors) Farming industry Food industry Demographics Wider definition of food waste in system Wider impact & drivers of food waste Wider ENVIRONMENTAL impact Economic growth Trade & employment Renewable energy & biofuels Civil water energy ecnomy Lack of competitiveness Social inequality Poor resiliece to shocks Wider ECONOMIC impact Wider SOCIETAL impact Animal warfare Obesity & Malnutrition Wellbeing Food safety & integrity Freshwater use Public health Chronic deseases Types of drivers/ future trends Provocation: Different preferences, value, beliefs, knowledge and information Behaviours/attitudes/m otivations Ability to pay Education, social networks, media, labelling Nutrition needs Nutrition absorption Food insecurity PR/Market intelligence Market segments Physical, social and economic access Over consumption Inedible parts Unmarketable food products Nonfood uses (economic loss) Food waste at the point of consumption Food waste at a system level Over production Inefficient production Leftovers & expired food Obesity and Malnutrition Poor health & wellbeing Food and nutrition inequality Insufficient diet Unproductive use High carbon footprint foods High level of chemicals in food Waste of resources & energy Production limits Ecological disruption Inhumane practices Unfair social conditions Biodiversity loss Nutrition loss Reduced food security Nutritional value Environmental disasters Weather Seasonality Air & water quality Land productivity Sea level rise Rainfall patterns Biofuel Energy costs/prices Renewable energy Pests & Disesases Provenance Inventory management Transport Processing & handling Supply chain design Perception of food industry, sustainability and food Food quality, safety & acceptable risk Ability to measure food productivity Costs and prices Planning Forecasting Policy and regulations Funding and Fees Invesments Taxes and subsidies Price controls Health & Saftey Global trade Food as nutrition patches/ suppliments Gene-editing and bioengineered food Extreme personalisation of taste/diet Photogenic food Transparency 2.0 (digital provenence) 3D food printing at home Biohacking Ability to grow food anywhere Hydroponic farming Lab grown meat (no animal slaughter) Distributed energy generation Nutrition regulation Tax of environmental harmful food Soil depletion Superbugs 1/Environment Weather and climate influencing food production & consumption 2/Energy Materials, energy, services, staff, knowledge, or other assets in food production 4/Supply chains Methods to produce, process and distribute food across the food system 5/Measurement Performance data/metrics in food systems 7/Consumer Individuals’ interests & aspirations that impact on food production and consumption 8/Nutrition Nutrition in the maintenance of good health & information on the nutrient density of foods on the food markets 3/Science & Technology in food production and distribution 5/Politics & Governance Economic, agricultural, environmental, trade and development policy/ legislation, and legal obligations 9/Food security & Civil security Food utilisation, access and availability System Influences and Flows: Farming industry Food industry Demographic change Socio-cultural Economic impact Geography Food security & Civil security Science & Technology Politics & governance Energy Economy Farming economy Environmental impact Societal impact 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Money, Energy, Nutrition,Water, values Waste, Food, Transport, Demographics 2 no. Direct drivers of the food system Indirect drivers of the food system Wider impacts of the food system Food system components Flows of influence System innovations (an example hypothesis) Meat production is one of the biggest contributors of food waste (m2 per kg. of nutrition, environmental harm, etc.) Tax incentives and new licences for vegan food production, retail and restaurants Behavioural nudges in public policy & social campaigns Investing in meat alternative farming and food science globally System interventions funded by governments e.g. synthetic food products/services/models Investment in new food provenence standards that link environ- mental meta data to consumer habit and drive novel business models New governance, infrastructure, leadership, shifting supply chains and human veganism Biotechnology Food chemistry & bioprocessing Precision agriculture Optimisation of land usage Food science Agricultural process & technology Moving beyond the micro level analysis of food waste, often viewed as a supply chain problem, to a system level challenge that maps out regulatory, technological and socioeconomic trends that drive food waste. FOOD WASTE AS A SYSTEM CHALLENGE KEY: Environmental pollution: water, air and ground Deforestation & diversity impact Soil degradation Greenhouse gases Climate Change & Stratospheric ozone depletion Biochemical flows Lack of biodiversity Ocean acidification Less productive land Carbon sequestration
  18. 18. Working in the diagonal...
  19. 19. A Portfolio of Experiments
  20. 20. A New Way of Organising
  21. 21. System investement Mission driven investment SYSTEM INVESTMENT BUILDING SYSTEM FUNDING • Peer-to-peer investment model • Shared investment • Peer-to-peer evaluation • Collective impact model System accelerator programmes System investment TRANSITIONAL ENABLING FUNDING ACCELERATOR PROGRAMMES FOR TRANSFORMING SERVICES • Supporting accelerator programmes • Coaching • Mentoring • Workshop • Open showcase • Accelerator residential weekends CO-CREATION OF INTERVENTIONS COLLABORATIVE SERVICE DESIGN SPRINTS • Peer-to-peer conversations • Show & Tell • Weekly Check-in • Weekly Tell Collaboratively developing new services/products/interventions Radical new services based on system outcomes System accounting & accounting infrastructure Finance OPEN ENQUIRY SURFACING THE SYSTEM • Open project night • TEDx • Open Festival • 100 Coffees • Dream Make Do hacks/Hackathon • Participatory system mapping workshops • Learning community • Citizen journalism • Participatory research • Desk based research • Ethnographic research • Open storytelling and group interviews • System mapping • Think pieces • Provocation pieces • Data metrics and analytics Building a hypothesis Provoking the hypothesis by field experts Informal accountability Awareness of shared mission Shared language and intelligence Political capital Platforming the public discourse HOSTING THE MOVEMENT Recognition Deep incentives Growing the movement Supporting leaders in the learning journey SYSTEM CAPACITY BUILDING ORGANISATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE AND CAPACITY • System leadership • Shared incentives • Data sharing infrastructures Attribution and social capital Generating valuable outcomes Access to funding at scale SYSTEM GOVERNANCE Building shared accountability and contributions • Shared MOU • Annual system change general meeting ‘State of System Address’ • Mission with proxies (turning mission to numbers) • System Balance Sheets • System audits SYSTEM ACCOUNTING • Future cost • Opportunity cost • Opportunity gain Business case for investment Accountable mission statement Building ideas through open discussions MOU with accountability for different partners Mission Peer-to-peer accountability ONGOING RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT • Evaluation and data tools • New governance structures and smart contracts • New financial instruments and system accounting
  22. 22. A Deep Code Challenge
  23. 23. diagram N E W C O L L A B O R A T I O N S S O C I A L C O N T R A C T E V A L U A T I O N A N D M E T R I C S O R G A N I S A T I O N A L I N C E N T I V E S F I N A N C I A L I N C E N T I V E S S Y S T E M A C C O U N T I N G N E W S E R V I C E S O P E N I N V I T A T I O N
  24. 24. We need deep code re-design if we are to transition to a new economy
  25. 25. Governance eg. Property rights and company structures Financing eg. Accounting systems Social norms eg. Perceptions and minds Deep Code Innovation Bureaucracy eg. Procurement & metrics
  26. 26. 7 (Boring) Things we are learning
  27. 27. The frame 1
  28. 28. 36 OUR MISSION AND VISION design matrix for experiments Time (temporal) SOCIAL NETWORK eg. communities, neighborhoods ENVIRONMENTAL& SOCIETAL eg. cities, cultures, financing DEEP CODE INDIVIDUAL THRIVING PREVENTATIVE TREATMENT FAILURE TO TREAT Scale of innovation (spatial) Strategic experiments (system acupuncture) Pro-Social Public Services - Unlocking the Power of Relationships Neighbourhood Human Flourishing Index for High Automation Economies Smart Social Impact Financing 2.0 - Payment on value sharing not costs Next Generation People’s Schools Dark Sky Places for Better Human Well-being Intuitive & Holistic Food Mental Well Being AI/Human Digital Coaches App
  29. 29. From the private economy to the civic economy.2
  30. 30. alt.cmd 41 Findings To understand the High Line’s effect on surrounding property prices, we analysed publicly available valuation data from NYC’s Department of Finance. When we grouped properties in bands roughly one kilometre wide from the High Line, we could see that between 2007 (when construction started) and 2018, properties closer to the High Line experienced a greater value increase on average than those further away. The mean property value uplift for houses within 1km of the High Line was 92% more than the Manhattan mean. Or put another way — if you owned an apartment in that 1km, you earned on average about $67,000 a year from the uplift alone. The justification for public spending on the High Line is that the extra value it creates will be captured eventually by taxes. In New York, the main way of doing this is through property taxes. Yet In the case of the High Line, property taxes only captured a tiny amount of the value that the project directly contributed to. If we solely look within 500m of the park their combined market value has gone up by $9.1bn between 2007–2018, yet if they’d gone up by the Manhattan mean, they would have only hit around $5.7bn. That means for properties within 500m of the High Line, it has contributed to $3.4bn of additional value, whilst property tax revenue has only gone up by $103m. That’s a big gap. $3.1bn to be exact. All of which is generated by public investment and that’s escaped public capture. … Smart Covenant Mapping average property value uplift
  32. 32. SCH OOL PROGRAMMABLE PROPERTY A Land Rights Management Platform - Hypothesis map 28/09/2017 v.0.2 x 1 x 2 x 5 SOLE OWNERSHIP JOINT RIGHTS OWNERSHIP COLLECTIVE HOME FINANCING (family/friends) FRACTAL OWNERSHIP ECONOMY e.g. - DEVELOPMENT RIGHTS TOKEN x 10 NEIGHBOURHOOD RENEWAL / INFILL DEVELOPER x 100 COOPERATIVE HOUSING GROUP & COMMUNITY LAND TRUSTS x 100,000 CROWD FUNDED CITY REGENERATION DIGITAL LAND RIGHTS TOKENS FUTURE DEVELOPMENT Future development rights are linked to infrastructure. On the completion of new public infrastructure (schools, transport, etc.) future development rights are unlocked.These rights are separately tradable and can be linked via smart contracting as an initial funding mechanism for common infrastructure. Digitising and tokenising land rights allows the value they create to be automatically linked to common infrastructure funding. They can also be seperated and traded individually and broken down into fractal parts to introduce different forms of ownership and use into the land economy. RESOURCES Tradable resources rights allow the purchase and rental of natural assets (water, energy, food, etc.). This could allow distributed solar energy production by issuing energy production rights tokens on your property that can be linked to your energy bills or maintenance costs via a smart contract. DEVELOPMENT The development rights token allows the holder to build on the plot within current planning regulations. This is linked to the use token so that although they can be traded separately, the holder of the use token must be given the use right of the land or be given a same or better offer on a site they agree to. USE Use rights allow access to use the land and building, much like a shared ownership schemes in Scandinavian countries. Holding use rights guarantees that any redevelopment on the land must provide the same use rights to whoever holds them. In larger city blocks use rights could be divided to encourage collective governance and finance models. Title rights token represents the evidence of ownership of land. By making this digital it allows for instant and secure taxation, transaction and changing of title details.Tokenisation allows the deed to be divisible; lowering the barriers to co-operative ownership models and mortgage financing. TITLE 01 FUTURE DEVELOPMENT DEVELOPMENT USE NEW INFRASTRUCTURE RELEASES RIGHTS TOKENS FUTURE USE RESOURCES 02 LINKED TOKENS TO NEARBY PROPERTY ARE AUTOMATICALLY REGISTERED WITH EACH LAND OWNERTITLE DEVELOPMENT USE RESOURCES FUTURE DEVELOPMENT FUTURE USE RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT USE Digitising and democratising land rights makes them useable, and therefore can stimulate greater flexibility and possibilities in the housing market. By seperating the value that land rights create, we can encourage new and more distributed economies. LOCAL HOUSING PROVISION REAL-TIME TAXATION RENEWABLE ENERGY PRODUCTION FLEXIBLE & AFFORDABLE RENT 100yr use rights could be sold/leased in any time blocks (days/weeks/years/decades) allowing house financing to be funded through the sale of development rights, massively reducing rental costs. FLEXIBLE & AFFORDABLE RENT On the completion of new public infrastructure (schools, transport, etc.) future development rights are unlocked on surrounding properties.These rights are separately tradable and can be linked via smart contracting as an initial funding mechanism for common infrastructure. Development rights could be issued by a local authorities or developers aiming to build local common infrastructure, in order to raise a pool of capital to fund the project. Surrounding properties would be offered the chance to purchase development rights on their land or sell them on. These would be linked to use tokens to ensure any development would need the consent of the current tenants. Conditions could also be programmed in to reflect density and sustainability targets are linked to planning or loan applications. Spliting tokens would allow funding to be raised between any number of people (with automatic caps being placed on upper limit investment) making massive collective ownership possible. Funding decentralised public infrastructure, like sustainable energy production, is made possible through individually tradable resource rights tokens.This means that each token holder could lease or sell the rights to produce energy on a given piece of land. The transaction of and rights token could be linked to automatically calculate and transfer tax at the point of transaction. By unbundling the land economy and creating new ones (based on use, development, future use and future development) taxation can be targeted more acutely. PROGRAMMABLE LAND RIGHTS ECONOMY TITLE FUTURE DEVELOPMENT Programmable Property proposes that each ownable property has a secure digital account which holds the rights to the land on which it sits. These rights would be in token form and consist of use, resource, development, future use and future development rights. By unbundling these rights and building the infrastructure to make them tradable, we can democratise the ability to enact these rights. By linking these rights tokens (via smart contracting) to local infrastrcuture projects (transport, schools, parks, community energy farms) we can imagine new ways of funding development and regeneration that separates the value of using the land, from the value of speculating with it.
  33. 33. From centralized control & governance to ennobling...3
  36. 36. 47
  37. 37. 48 PoS Verified Offsetting Predictive Modelling Civic Data Governance Measured Impact Positive Nudging Measured Value Uplift Environment Monitoring Spatial Use Modelling Commerce Modelling Energy Modelling TfL Dockless e-bike scheme Land value capture for new stations PHYSICAL ASSETS SERVICE/ PLATFORM DIGITAL INFRASTRUCTURE DATA ASSET TFL’S DIGITAL STREET SCAPE Exploring future assets of integrated urban development Smart covenant for public investment Distributed sensor network TfL geo-fenced docking areas Natural infrastructure network Digital media boards Public health standards for digital advertising Smart rental contract Tokenised rooftop rights for solar capture Digital temporary street license TfL distributed energy service provider On demand and flexible ground floor Street closures and community events Cooperatively owned ride hailing Drainage & cooling capacity e-bike delivery zone Produced on behalf of TfL’s Future Development team – 1.11.19 Carbon offsetting linked to pricing Air quality and environmental sensors Civic data licencing Owned by: Cooperative Managed by: TfL/Third party Owned by: TfL Managed by: TfL/Third party Civic Data Trust Owned by: TfL Managed by: Third party Owned by: TfL Managed by: Third party Owned by: TfL Managed by: Third party Owned by: TfL Managed by: Third party Owned by: TfL Managed by: Third party Owned by: TfL Managed by: Third party Owned by: Cooperative Managed by: Third party Owned by: TfL Managed by: Third party Owned by: TfL Managed by: Third party Owned by: TfL Managed by: Third party Owned by: TfL Managed by: Third party Owned by: TfL Managed by: TfL/Third party Owned by: TfL Managed by: TfL/Third party Owned by: TfL Managed by: TfL/Third party Owned by: TfL Managed by: TfL/Third party Owned by: TfL Managed by: TfL/Third party Owned by: TfL Managed by: TfL/Third party Owned by: TfL Managed by: TfL/Third party Owned by: TfL Managed by: TfL/Third party
  38. 38. From ownership to an economy constructed from self sovereign nature4
  40. 40. Dark Matter Laboratories| EIT Clima-KIC | Draft Presentation | 9.10.19 - Trees As Infrastructure 52 AMBITIONTRANSITION
  41. 41. From competition to non rivalrous economics5
  42. 42. Beyond buring the red tape.. 6
  43. 43. 56 Automated compensation Real-time status feedback Open urban data Modular human & machine -readable contract Contextually dynamic regulation Public Pollution Data Data visualisation and display of pollution in public spaces AR Sci-Fi Festival Public space digital arts experimentation Open data standards Alternative.Camden Mapping Opportunities for Civic Experimentation B : Illustrative IdeasA : Layers of Civic Experimentation Draft V1 - 21/02/19 Created by Dark Matter Laboratories 1. 2. 3. 4. Smart Noise Licence Dynamic p2p urban noise regulation p2p noise sensor network Real-time noise level data Automated compensation Location verification Real-time status feedback Spatial data Distributed & open digital ledger Modular human & machine -readable contract Contextually dynamic regulation Open data standards Distributed governance Citizens’ Assembly Civic Data Trust Quadratic voting Micro-payment platform Urban AR infrastructure Location verification AR Ethics Public liability insurance Virtual public space rights & permissions Citizens’ Assembly Civic Data Trust Quadratic voting p2p pollution sensor network Real-time air pollution data Data visualisation displays Open urban data Data analytics & modeling Open data standards Citizens’ Assembly Civic Data Trust Quadratic voting Footfall sensor network Transparent supply-chain data Civic Data Trust Quadratic voting Smart Rental Contracts An outcome based rental contract for a shop Virtual public space rights & permissions Distributed & open digital ledger Distributed & open digital ledger URBAN INTERVENTION The touchpoints that people will interact with in the city: an interface between the physical urban environment and the technological and regulatory infrastructure it’s built on. This layer links up the underlying innovations to adress real problems across Camden. TECHNOLOGICAL The hardware, data platforms and communications infrastructure that enable the urban intervention. Experiments at this layer could involve a partnership between Alt.Cmd and technology experts, to modify and apply existing technologies for project-specific use cases. REGULATORY The innovations in policy and regulation required to make them fit for the digital age, and unlock civic innovation on the surface. This layer will become the core strategic focus for Alt.Cmd experimentation, providing the catalyst for systemic change above and below. GOVERNANCE Fundamental innovations in the way we govern urban life, from citizen representation to more democratic voting mechanisms. This layer builds on existing elements from the BID structure to explore a more equitable framework for civic experimentation. DATA STEWARDSHIP This sub-layer focuses on data governance: the institutions and policies required to manage urban data sharing and privacy.
  44. 44. 58
  45. 45. 59 MULTI- REGULATOR/TIERS OF GOVERNMENT SANDBOX federal governance adressing disconnected jurisdictions creating new permits and structures support for hybrid models of innovation with unknown levels of jurisdiction working with champions and intrapreneurs challenging the rigidity of regulatory reviews accounting for the cost of inaction and delay rethinking risks to account for the long term building a learning infrastructure beyond measurement recognizing the power of language in framing adressing how money acts as a regulatory force provincial governance municipal governance international agreements BUILDING LEGITIMACY TRUSTED DATA GOVERNANCE RE- CATEGORISATION OF DATA PUBLIC DIGITAL INSTITUTION INFRASTRUCTURE SELF-SOVEREIGN TECHNOLOGY + INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY PREDICTIVE CAPACITIES OF PUBLIC SPACE BLIND TRUST FOR COLLECTIVE REGULATORY CHANGE SMART COMMONS + CIVIC CAPITAL REGENERATIVE STRATEGIES WITHIN PLANETARY BOUNDARIES smart covenant regenerative loans openness participation accountability fairness effectiveness citizen assemblies + juries + audits health impact bonds transparent governance of finance future-oriented financing democratized finance system financing
  46. 46. Lead Markets & Portfolios of Change..7
  48. 48. 62
  49. 49. 63
  50. 50. 64
  51. 51. 65 NEW SERVICES & TYPOLOGIES COLLECTIVE/ RELATIONAL WELFARE HEALTH & WELLBEING AT WORK POLICY & REGULATION ADULT LEARNING BIOLOGICAL CONDITIONS CARING NEIGHBOURHOOD SOCIAL NETWORK ENVIRONMENTAL & SOCIETAL Y:SCALEOFINNOVATION(SPATIAL) DEEP CODE INDIVIDUAL Participation TREATMENT PREVENTION THRIVING moving towards a new equitable Human-machine-ecology New Trust Ecosystems around Health Data(15) The Shared - Expanding the Doctor's Data Insight(16) Community-owned monitoring (biosystem 2.0)(40) Neighbourhood Human Flourishing Index Automation Economies(20) intergenerational care and mentorship(59) 100 Fika conversations around mental wellbeing(21) belonging to the wholeness in the 21st century(22) neighbourhoods(24) Caring neighbourhood wellbeing(25) Sustainable procurement to support human capital(26) Collective Tax anti-social neighbourhoods(27) Open Civic Data Pools - creating permissions and values(28) Community anchor institution to grow local business and innovation(30) Agile and responsive wellbeing allocation(31) Place-based individual to collective healthcare system(33) digit-health(34) eg. access to level etc.(36) AR (Augmented reality) air pollution(39) Sleep prescribes(43) Open badges + Peer coaching license(44) Real-time sensible city (32) Caring and (42) Participatory Cities(41) Edible garden / Foodscaping(46) mental wellbein(48) Co-designed investment planning(29) Wellbeing declaration 2.0: Education in long creating thriving workplaces(50) co-designing wellbeing regulations(51) Applying 5 ways to wellbeing in and community(52) Free school(53) the elderly(60) spiritual intelligence(47) Sensible Stress at workplace(58) Bias/leadership programmes to teach skills(56) Created by Olena Panasovskafrom the Noun Project Relatable proxy - mental wellness(54) 24/7(66) Place-based Regulatory Well Being(1) Well Being(5) Next Generation People’s Schools(18) Smart Rental Agreements Outcomes in the Workplace(02) Employment Contract that Value Emotional Labour(03) People’s Sheds - Growing the Amateur Economy(04) Smart Social Impact Financing 2.0(06) Real-time Open (07) Hush City Experiments on Policy & Regulation(09) The Right to Play – all(10) Pioneering Tools Quality Improvement(11) Better Human Well-being(12) Pro-Social Public Services - Unlocking the Relationships(13) Intuitive & Holistic Food Labelling(08) Civic square space connections eg. Park time or Postcode Club(64) AI/Human Digital Coaches App- Smart preventive health and health regulation(17) AI Assisted Social & Disagreement(19) PROCUREMENT, ACCOUNTING & FINANCE Wellness Coaching (57) 20% Time at School(65) Practicing Appreciation in Schools(62) Scenarios(55) Next Gen UBI Trial Design - The System around the Universal Payment(14) Education(63)
  53. 53. Grand Challenges
  54. 54. The Adam Smith Grand Challenges Framing how we transition to a more humane economy
  55. 55. THE GREAT QUESTIONS What is Freedom in an interdependent world? What is democracy in a post privacy world? What is agency in a predictive economy? What is work beyond humans as labour? What is collective governance in an age of complexity? How do we build the capacity for Societal Innovation? ......
  56. 56. A GREAT TRANSITION 2019 | Sitra |