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  1. 1. HIV -AIDS<br />
  2. 2. DEFINITION<br />HIV- Human Immunodificiency Virus<br />AIDS- Acquired Immunodificiency Syndrome <br />
  3. 3. HIV STRUCTURE<br />
  4. 4. HIV INFECTION<br />The innitial stage of infection which occurs within weeks of acquiring the virus and often is characteried by flu<br />The stage of chronic asymptomic infection lasts an average of 8 to 10 years<br />AIDS is detected when the virus harm the immun system- CD4 cells decrease<br />
  5. 5. SIGN AND SYMPTOM<br />Diarrhea<br />Fatigue<br />Fever<br />Frequent vaginal yeast infections<br />Headach<br />Mouth sores, including yeast infection (thrush)<br />Muscle stiffness or aching<br />Rash of different types, including seborrheic dermatitis<br />Sore throat<br />Swollen lymph glands<br />
  6. 6. DIAGNOSIS<br />The HIV ELISA and HIV Western blot tests detect antibodies to the HIV virus in the blood. Both tests must be positive to confirm an HIV infection. Having these antibodies means you are infected with HIV.<br />If the test is negative (no antibodies found) and you have risk factors for HIV infection, you should be retested in 3 months.<br />If the HIV ELISA and HIV Western blot tests are positive, other blood tests can be done to determine how much HIV is in your bloodstream.<br />A complete blood count (CBC) and white blood cell differential may also show abnormalities.<br />A lower-than-normal CD4 cell count may be a sign that the virus is damaging your immune system.<br />
  8. 8. TREATMENT<br />Taking supplement such as vitamin B ,or supplement that contain a selenium.<br />Avoid alcohol<br />Maintain weight<br />Vaccine<br />Antiretroviral-reduce the infection of HIV for those who infected <br />MICROBICIDES- vaginal and rectal use<br />PROPHYLAXIS – prevent mother-child tranmission<br />