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Innovation and Advanced Technology - High Speed Train – Hitachi Brasil Ltda


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Presented during the XIV Brazil-Japan Joint Economic Committee Meeting, that took place in the city of Salvador, in Brazil, during august 9th and 10th of 2011.

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Innovation and Advanced Technology - High Speed Train – Hitachi Brasil Ltda

  1. 1. Innovation and Advanced Technology - High Speed Train – (“Shinkansen”)Toshiro Iwayama/Diretor Presidente Hitachi Brasil Ltda.
  2. 2. Shinkansen Network Length km Tohoku 713.7 Sapporo Joetsu 303.6 Hokuriku 117.4 Akita Tokaido Shinkansen 552.6 (Conventional line) Shin-aomori Sanyo 644.0 Hachinohe Kyushu 288.9 Joetsu Akita Shinkansen Total 2,620.2 Hokuriku Morioka Yamagata Shinjo Shinkansen Shinkansen Yamagata (conventional line) Niigata Sendai Kanazawa Toyama Fukushima Tohoku Hiroshima Nagano Shinkansen Hakata Omiya Takasaki Nagoya TokyoNagasaki Shin-Osaka Kumamoto JR East Shin-yatsushiro JR Central Kagoshima-Chuo JR West Sanyo Tokaido Shinkansen Shinkansen JR Kyushu Kyushu Shinkansen
  3. 3. Shinkansen CharacteristicsExperience: 47 years since 1964Safety: ZERO fatalityCapacity: 346 million pax / yearPunctuality: Average delay less than 1 min.* *) Delays in bad weather included.
  4. 4. Series “Hayabusa”
  5. 5. Series “Hayabusa”
  6. 6. Series “Hayabusa” Sanitary Facilities Universal Design Common space men For Female only Restroom Washing Area Full-length Full- Washing Area Emergency intercomwith baby bed for women only mirrors for women only system in restrooms
  7. 7. Series “Hayabusa”Environmental FriendlyEnvironmental aspects are fully taken into account in car body design.Long nosed head car for reduction Full bogie covers and sound absorbing Low-noise pantograph andof micro-pressure waves in tunnels. panels reduce noise. To suppress noise pantograph noise insulationThe head car design is based on that emitting from the lower (bogie) part of panels.of the experimental high-speed train the train, that area has been completely Low-noise pantographs,FASTECH 360S’s “arrow line”. covered, while the smoothing of car insulators, and noise insulationThe fifteen-meter-nosed car reduces body side reduce aerodynamic noise. panels on both sides of themicro-pressure waves that occur at To minimize noise levels, sound- pantograph reduce noise toone side of a tunnel when the train absorbing materials have been used surrounding entering the tunnel opposite end. where possible. Full bogie cover Low-noise pantograph Low- Smooth covers Sound-absorbing Sound- between cars panels Noise insulation panel
  8. 8. Series “Hayabusa” High-tech comfort Improved riding comfort even at 320km/hHigher-performance brake technology. A titling system improves ride Full-active suspension systemWith improving the performance of the quality on curves. suppresses car body lateralbrake system, Series E5 train can All cars are equipped with a vibration.achieve an emergency braking distance titling system to system to Series E5 utilizes electric actuatorsequivalent to that of a previous railcar improve ride quality on curves. with heightened responsiveness(275km/h) from its maximum running Titling the car body with air and output.speed of 320km/h. spring to counteract centrifugal All cars are equipped with full-When the emergency brake at the force improves ride quality and active suspension systems, in orderearthquake is operated, employing a train speed when negotiating to improve ride quality.ceramic jet device improves adhesion curves. With this system, trainsbetween rails and wheels. can navigate curves of 4,000m in radius at speeds 320km/h. Electric actuator Vibration detector Sensor Electric actuator to prevent shaking
  9. 9. Superiority of Shinkansen Comparison table E5 with other High Speed Rail Type E5 TGV-POS ICE3 Formation (cars) 10 (8M2T) 10 (2M8T) 8 (4M4T) Max speed (km/h) 320 320 330 Acceleration (km/h/s) 1.7 1.8 2.2 Axle load ( t ) 12.4 17.0 16.0 Car Width (m) 3.350 2.904 2.950 Seat Distance (m) 1.30/1.16/1.04 0.95/0.91 1.00/0.91 Weight per seat 0.62 1.2 1.1 (t/seat)Power consumption per seat (kWh/km/seat) 0.063 0.148 0.142
  10. 10. Efficient Operation and Maintenance (Highest level of operation control system) Predictive display of train timetable Display of operation Central UnitPassenger information displays Station System High speed digital communication network East-i 33 stations Information Terminal Automatic route control 5 units Small terminal 6 branch offices 10 Crew Area 69 Ground equipment maintenance area Maintenance car Substation Operation status Source: JR East
  11. 11. Efficient Operation and Maintenance Continuous Speed Control of Digital-ATC 5) Train retrieves the allowable speed4) Detect current location pattern from on-board database Cab signaling DB stopping point, or limit ATC movement authority Digital Signal 1) Detect proceeding train location 3) Send the ‘Limit movement authority’ info via digital signal on rail ATC Device 2) Generate the ‘Limit movement authority’
  12. 12. Steep Slope in Usui-Toge Situation of consecutive slope in Nagano Line of JR Takasaki Annaka-Haruna Karuizawa1000m ‰ 30 nt die Gra i ve ut500m sec Con 0m 0km 10km 20km 30km 40km
  13. 13. Brake System for Steep Slope Problem with brake control in consecutive slope ■ Electric Brake Works only in motorized vehicles Requires a resistor which makes conversion in electric energy ■ Friction Brake Friction heat reduces brake potential E2 Shinkansen E2 series 6M2T Locomotive based high speed train Car M Car M T Car Locomotive Locomotive Passenger Car Passenger Car Regenerative ○ Electric ○ Brake Air ○ 30km@30‰ 210km/h at 30km@30‰ ○ ○ ○ Automatic Control Manual Control / Brake functionOperation speed 210km/h
  14. 14. High speed operation in small scale tunnel1) Approaching to tunnel in high speed driving causes turbulent of air pressure.2) The air pressure causes feeling pain in the ear of passengers.3) without ventilation system, it is impossible to drive in high speed.4) airtight structure of the body of rolling stock and continuous ventilation system can make possible to drive in high speed. E5 series
  15. 15. Reduction in the volume of works due to minor dimension of tunnels Tunnel cross Earth works Distance ofFrance C L World HSR sectional area Legend (per 10 ) Track center Japan 63.4 800Km 3 4.3 Black Circle TGV-A 71.0 - 4.2 3,000 France SL TGV-Nord 100.0 1,450Km 3 4.5 Red 3,000 Circle 8,400 Spain AVE 75.0 - 4.3 RL FL Germany ICE 82.0 - 4.7 4,300 Shinkansen
  16. 16. Cost reduction in civil structure due to lower level of axle load Comparison of axle load Case: E5 = 1.0 Country Type Axle Load (ton) as bench mark E5 12.4 1.0Japan E2-1000 13.0 1.0France TGV-R TGV- 17.0 1.4 TGV-D TGV- 17.0 1.4 AGV 17.0 1.4Germany ICE1 19.5 1.6 ICE2 19.5 1.6 ICE3 16.0 1.3Spain AVE 17.2 1.4 Velaro Less than 17 Less than 1.4Korea KTX 17.0 1.4 Lower level of axle load enable civil structure to be compact. Effect on construction and maintenance costs
  17. 17. Outline of Great East Japan EarthquakeDate and time of occurrence: At approximately 14:46 on Friday, March 11, 2011Strength of the earthquake: JR East Epicenter Magnitude 9.0 on the Richter scale(The largest in the recorded history of Japan) TokyoNumber of deaths and missing: 22,949 (As of June 20, 2011)(Resulting from earthquake-induced shock and vibration, tsunami and fire)
  18. 18. Counter measures against earthquakes “Early Earthquake Detection System” When the coastline seismometer detects a primary wavePower shutdown Two trains running at approx. 270km/h (170mph) through the Sendai area were exposed to strong shaking Emergency brakes from the earthquake. The power supply to these train was cut 9 to 12 seconds before the first vibrations arrived, and their emergency Detects P wave brakes were applied. The largest vibration came to these trains approx. 70 seconds after their emergency brakes were applied. By Coastline then, it is supposed that the trains had reached a speed of about 100km/h (63mph) seismometer Substation Secondary wave Primary wave Epicenter
  19. 19. Consequences of the earthquake & tsunami - Customer fatalities : 0 - Customer injuries : 0 Shinkansen (HSR) Aseismic reinforcement No derailment Early earthquake detection system in commercial trains Conventional lines Station staffs and train crews successfully led our customers to the emergency evacuation areas before the tsunami hit.
  20. 20. Proven Safety & Reliability of ShinkansenTo enable high-speed operation, Rolling Stock Rolling stock of Shinkansen is electricShinkansen uses advanced multiple unit style, offering hightechnologies, and it achieved not acceleration and deceleration, andonly high speed but a high reduced damage to the track.standard of safety. Proven Safety & Reliability over 47 years ■Passenger Casualties to date: ZERO ■Passenger Casualties to date: ZERO ■Average delay time: less than 1 min ■Average delay time: less than 1 min Operation Signaling System System The Shinkansen employs an Automatic Train Control system ("ATC"), which provides high level of safety operation. Proven Safety: In spite of frequent earthquakes and typhoons in Japan during the Shinkansens 47-year 47- long history, there have been no passenger fatalities due to derailments or collisions. derailments
  21. 21. ConclusionInnovation and Advanced technology of Shinkansen brings:• Safe and Reliable Operation• Comfortable and Ecological Solution• Economical Solution
  22. 22. Obrigado Thank you for your attention(The material was prepared by Japanese Group for Brazilian High Speed Rail supported by East Japan Railway Company.)