Pro tools 8

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Pro tools 8

  1. 1. Pro Tools 8
  2. 2. This page intentionally left blank
  3. 3. Pro Tools 8 Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Mike CollinsAMSTERDAM OSTON EIDELBERG ONDON EW YORK XFORD PARIS SAN DIEGO AN FRANCISCO INGAPORE YDNEY OKYO Focal Press is an imprint of Elsevier
  4. 4. Focal Press is an imprint of Elsevier permissions@ m mLibrary of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication DataBritish Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data mTypeset by
  5. 5. ContentsAbout the Author xviiiAcknowledgments xixChapter 1 Pro Tools – The world’s leading digital audio workstation 3 3 4Chapter 2 Using Pro Tools 7 The Playback Engine 0 4 0 3 v
  6. 6. Contents 4 0 0 3 3 4 4 The Toolbar 3 The Tool buttons 3 Zoomer Tool 3 Trimmer Tool 3 Selector Tool 3 Grabber Tool 40 Smart Tool 40 Scrub Tool 4 Pencil Tool 4 Zoom Toggle 4 Tab to Transients 4vi
  7. 7. Contents 3 3 3 4 0 4 0 0 4 4 0 0 vii
  8. 8. Contents Chapter 3 Time Operations, Tempo Operations, and Key Signatures 73 3 4 3 4 4 0 4 0viii
  9. 9. Contents 4 4Chapter 4 Working with MIDI 111 3 Saving templates Track Compensation ix
  10. 10. Contents Do to All Automation lanesx
  11. 11. Contents Setting the Clef Drum notation Trimming notes Copying notes Moving notes Transposing instruments transposing instruments Individual attributes Global attributes The attributes Printing the ScoreChapter 5 Recording 181 3 4 3 4 xi
  12. 12. Contents 0 0 3 0 0 3 3 4 4 4 3 4xii
  13. 13. ContentsChapter 6 Editing 227 Stripping Silence from regions to Timeline Selection Sync points xiii
  14. 14. Contents Preferences for Dynamic Transport Choosing the takes Chapter 7 Mixing 285 Check your monitoringxiv
  15. 15. ContentsChoose your monitoring levelsMetering in Pro Tools Phase Scope metering Fat meters 300 303Phase measurements Phase Meter Leq(A) Meter Level Meters Monitor controllers xv
  16. 16. Contents Musically Technically Delay effects StroboSoft tuner 330 Speaker Soak using the TD-1 330 Reamping using the TD-1 333 Sorting the Tempos 334 Marking the sections 334 Grouping tracks 334 334 334xvi
  17. 17. Contents 344 344 344 A Plea for SanityAppendix Summing to talk about! 349Index 353 xvii
  18. 18. About the Author Future Music, Macworld, MacUser, Personal Computer World, Sound On Sound, AudioMedia, Studio Sound, Electronic Musician, EQ M, magazine for MCPS-PRS Pro Tools 5.1 for Music Production A Professional Guide to Audio Plug-ins and Virtual Instruments Choosing & Using Audio & Music Software, Pro Tools for Music Production Second Edition Pro Tools LE & M-Powered, Contact details , or by phone at m cxviii
  19. 19. Acknowledgments xix
  20. 20. In this chapter
  21. 21. 1 Pro Tools – The world’s leading digital audio workstation1.1 Introduction Pro Tools LE & M-Powered 3
  22. 22. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing in Pro Tools 1.2 Learning Pro Tools4
  23. 23. This page intentionally left blank
  24. 24. In this chapter
  25. 25. 2 Using Pro Tools2.1 IntroductionGetting startedHelp 7
  26. 26. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing 2.2 Starting the Engines The Playback Engine No t e8
  27. 27. U s i n g P r o To o l sFigure 2.1 Playback The number of voices that you choose here controls the number of tracks thatFigure 2.2 Playback 9
  28. 28. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Automatic Delay Compensation Phase problems have been an issue for Pro Tools users in the past – especially10
  29. 29. U s i n g P r o To o l sFigure 2.3 EnablingAutomatic DelayCompensation in the Manual Delay Compensation No t e Hardware Setup 11
  30. 30. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 2.4 I/O Setup12
  31. 31. U s i n g P r o To o l s No t e TipFigure 2.5change the routing from 13
  32. 32. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing No t e so that you can listen for a noisy microphone coming through a chan Auditioning audio from other applicationsFigure 2.6 Choosing the14
  33. 33. U s i n g P r o To o l sFigure 2.7Figure 2.8Preferences to use the No t e 15
  34. 34. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 2.9 Changing theFigure 2.10 Tip16
  35. 35. U s i n g P r o To o l s2.3 The user interfaceThe QuickStart dialogTipTip 17
  36. 36. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Opening sessions with plug-ins deactivated Tip Setting the Color Palette Managing your Window Configurations18
  37. 37. U s i n g P r o To o l sFigure 2.11 TheFigure 2.12 19
  38. 38. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing TipFigure 2.13Configuration option inthe ConfigurationsFigure 2.1420
  39. 39. U s i n g P r o To o l sFigure 2.15 Creating Tip 21
  40. 40. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 2.1622
  41. 41. U s i n g P r o To o l s TipFigure 2.17 The Universe ViewFigure 2.18 The 23
  42. 42. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Note 2.4 The main windowsFigure 2.1924
  43. 43. U s i n g P r o To o l sOrganizing the Transport window 25
  44. 44. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 2.20 Transport Tip Transport Preferences No t e26
  45. 45. U s i n g P r o To o l sFigure 2.21 Transport No t e available to use for other purposes, because the number of available 27
  46. 46. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Tip No t e Scrub/Shuttle and the Numeric Keypad modes28
  47. 47. U s i n g P r o To o l sFigure 2.22 ScrubbingFigure 2.23 ScrubbingFigure 2.24 Scrubbing 29
  48. 48. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing TipFigure 2.2530
  49. 49. U s i n g P r o To o l s 31
  50. 50. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing No t e Organizing the Mix window32
  51. 51. U s i n g P r o To o l sFigure 2.26pointing to the Group 33
  52. 52. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 2.2734
  53. 53. U s i n g P r o To o l sFigure 2.28 Makingmultiple assignments for NoteFigure 2.29 Multiple 35
  54. 54. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Organizing the Edit window The ToolbarFigure 2.30 Toolbar36
  55. 55. U s i n g P r o To o l s 2.5 The Edit modesFigure 2.31 Tip 37
  56. 56. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing The Toolbar Zoom buttons and PresetsFigure 2.32 Zoom The Edit window zoom buttons Vertical zoom in and out buttonFigure 2.33 Horizontal zoom in and out button38
  57. 57. U s i n g P r o To o l s Audio zoom in and out buttonFigure 2.34 MIDI Zoom in and out button The Tool buttons Zoomer Tool Trimmer Tool Selector Tool To the right of the Trimmer Tool is the Selector Tool that lets you use the cur 39
  58. 58. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Tip Whenever you are not specifically using one of the other tools, the Selector Grabber ToolFigure 2.35to select noncontiguous Smart Tool40
  59. 59. U s i n g P r o To o l s Scrub ToolFigure 2.36 The Smart Pencil Tool The Mode buttons Zoom ToggleFigure 2.37 Zoom 41
  60. 60. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Tip Tab to Transients The Tab to Transients button lets you automatically locate the cursor to theFigure 2.38 Tab toFigure 2.39 unlinked, you can tions linkedFigure 2.4042
  61. 61. U s i n g P r o To o l sFigure 2.41Figure 2.42 Tip Location indicators 43
  62. 62. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 2.43 Edit Window MIDI editing controlsFigure 2.44 a MIDI not n ditinFigure 2.45 u tom not du ation D au t not on o it44
  63. 63. U s i n g P r o To o l sFigure 2.46 Custom Cursor values displayFigure 2.47 Cursor Edit Window indicators 45
  64. 64. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing im in data on in tatu ion data on in tatuFigure 2.48 Automati d a om n ation Grid and NudgeFigure 2.4946
  65. 65. U s i n g P r o To o l s Tip points, select these using the Time Grabber or Selector tool then press the No t e 2.6 The rulersFigure 2.50 A selection 47
  66. 66. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 2.51 The Meter ruler lets you insert time signature markings at appropriate locationsFigure 2.52 The Markers ruler lets you insert markers at appropriate locations along theFigure 2.5348
  67. 67. U s i n g P r o To o l s Tip 2.7 Edit window pop-up selectorsFigure 2.54 49
  68. 68. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 2.55 2.8 Track heightsFigure 2.56 TrackFigure 2.57 Click on thevertical rule to the left ofreveal the Track height50
  69. 69. U s i n g P r o To o l sFigure 2.58 Continuously Variable track heights When you point your mouse at the bottom line of any Track Controls columnFigure 2.59 Mouse 51
  70. 70. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Tip 2.9 Zooming around52
  71. 71. U s i n g P r o To o l sTipTip 53
  72. 72. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing all Selected Tip Zoom Toggle54
  73. 73. U s i n g P r o To o l sFigure 2.60 Zoom 55
  74. 74. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing TipFigure 2.61Toggle Preferences for TipFigure 2.62Toggle Preferences for56
  75. 75. U s i n g P r o To o l s No t e 2.10 Scrolling windowsFigure 2.63 Continuous 57
  76. 76. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Scrolling behavior 2.11 Playback Cursor Locator No t e right cursor moves to any position after left before58
  77. 77. U s i n g P r o To o l sFigure 2.64 Thecan be seen at thetop right in the Main No t e 2.12 Keyboard Focus Tip 59
  78. 78. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Commands Keyboard FocusFigure 2.65right of the tracks pane in Tip Region List Keyboard FocusFigure 2.66 Enabling60
  79. 79. U s i n g P r o To o l s Group List Keyboard FocusFigure 2.67 Enabling 2.13 Channels and tracks 2.14 Voices and Voiceable tracks 61
  80. 80. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing62
  81. 81. U s i n g P r o To o l sFigure 2.68 TipFigure 2.69 Clickingon the track type icon to 63
  82. 82. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing No t e 2.15 Muting tracks No t e 2.16 Soloing tracks64
  83. 83. U s i n g P r o To o l s TipFigure 2.70button on the Doublethe piano tracks haveFigure 2.71 Choosing 65
  84. 84. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing No t eFigure 2.72 TipFigure 2.73 Setting the66
  85. 85. U s i n g P r o To o l s No t eFigure 2.74 When tracks 2.17 Finding tracks in the Edit and Mix windows 67
  86. 86. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 2.75 2.18 Navigating to tracks by numberFigure 2.76 Scroll to68
  87. 87. U s i n g P r o To o l s No t e 2.19 Fit all shown tracks in the Edit windowFigure 2.77 Fitting asmany tracks as possible in Note 69
  88. 88. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing 2.20 “Do to All” and “Do to All Selected” 2.21 Summary70
  89. 89. This page intentionally left blank
  90. 90. In this chapter
  91. 91. 3 Time Operations, Tempo Operations, and Key Signatures3.1 Introduction 73
  92. 92. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Tip tures of the system so that this all becomes very familiar to you as soon 3.2 Timebase and Conductor rulers74
  93. 93. Ti m e O p e r a t i o n s , Te m p o O p e r a t i o n s , a n d K e y S i g n a t u r e s Tip Edit selections for track Timeline selectionsFigure 3.1 TempoFigure 3.2 75
  94. 94. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 3.3 but their most basic function, that of marking out the sections of your music, Choosing the Marker ReferenceFigure 3.4 Choosing the will not ple location will will will notFigure 3.576
  95. 95. Ti m e O p e r a t i o n s , Te m p o O p e r a t i o n s , a n d K e y S i g n a t u r e s Setting the Time Scales No t e 3.3 Meter, Tempo, and Click Creating a click track 77
  96. 96. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing When you chooseFigure 3.6 The Click Tip No t e78
  97. 97. Ti m e O p e r a t i o n s , Te m p o O p e r a t i o n s , a n d K e y S i g n a t u r e sFigure 3.7 Time Signatures and Clicks 79
  98. 98. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 3.8open the Change MeterFigure 3.9 ChangingFigure 3.10 Choosing80
  99. 99. Ti m e O p e r a t i o n s , Te m p o O p e r a t i o n s , a n d K e y S i g n a t u r e sFigure 3.11 Meter Tempo Setting tempo manuallyFigure 3.12 Setting the Tapping the tempo – 81
  100. 100. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing No t eFigure 3.13 Clicking onthe Song Start Marker inFigure 3.14 Tempo82
  101. 101. Ti m e O p e r a t i o n s , Te m p o O p e r a t i o n s , a n d K e y S i g n a t u r e sFigure 3.15Tempo Change to the Tip To save typing the location if you are close to this, you can tick the SnapFigure 3.16 Tempo 83
  102. 102. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing84
  103. 103. Ti m e O p e r a t i o n s , Te m p o O p e r a t i o n s , a n d K e y S i g n a t u r e sFigure 3.17 Applying aconstant tempo changeFigure 3.18tempos over a range 85
  104. 104. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing No t eFigure 3.19 The GraphicFigure 3.20the Trimmer Tool in the86
  105. 105. Ti m e O p e r a t i o n s , Te m p o O p e r a t i o n s , a n d K e y S i g n a t u r e sFigure 3.21 Tempothe Tempo Density No t eFigure 3.22 Tempo 87
  106. 106. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 3.23 Changing the Track TimebaseFigure 3.24 Timebase88
  107. 107. Ti m e O p e r a t i o n s , Te m p o O p e r a t i o n s , a n d K e y S i g n a t u r e sFigure 3.25Figure 3.26 TrackFigure 3.27 Track No t e Sample-based audio and MIDI 89
  108. 108. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing No t e Tick-based audio and MIDI will change relative No t e90
  109. 109. Ti m e O p e r a t i o n s , Te m p o O p e r a t i o n s , a n d K e y S i g n a t u r e s Note Time Scales and tick resolution No t e The Linearity Display Mode 91
  110. 110. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 3.28 notice that, as the tempo increases, the length of the bars along the timelineFigure 3.29 Each beat atFigure 3.30 Each beat atalong the timeline – 4complete bars playing92
  111. 111. Ti m e O p e r a t i o n s , Te m p o O p e r a t i o n s , a n d K e y S i g n a t u r e sFigure 3.31Figure 3.32 Tip No t e t 93
  112. 112. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Tempo Events and Bar|Beat Markers No t eFigure 3.33 Clickingconvert Tempo events toFigure 3.34menu to change Tempo No t e94
  113. 113. Ti m e O p e r a t i o n s , Te m p o O p e r a t i o n s , a n d K e y S i g n a t u r e s Building a tempo map by inserting Bar|Beat MarkersFigure 3.35 95
  114. 114. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 3.36Tempo ruler to makethis beat in Pro Tools Tip No t e Re-positioning Bar|Beat Markers with96
  115. 115. Ti m e O p e r a t i o n s , Te m p o O p e r a t i o n s , a n d K e y S i g n a t u r e sFigure 3.37 3.4 Time Operations Setting the Meter sign in the 97
  116. 116. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 3.38 MeterFigure 3.39 TimeFigure 3.40 Tempo,98
  117. 117. Ti m e O p e r a t i o n s , Te m p o O p e r a t i o n s , a n d K e y S i g n a t u r e s Insert or Cut TimeFigure 3.41 99
  118. 118. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 3.42 Cut Time Move Song StartFigure 3.43 Move Song100
  119. 119. Ti m e O p e r a t i o n s , Te m p o O p e r a t i o n s , a n d K e y S i g n a t u r e s 3.5 Key Signatures The Key Signature rulerFigure 3.44 101
  120. 120. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing The Key Change dialog or minor, select from any of the flat keys or sharp keys, specify a range ofFigure 3.45102
  121. 121. Ti m e O p e r a t i o n s , Te m p o O p e r a t i o n s , a n d K e y S i g n a t u r e s 103
  122. 122. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Diatonic versus chromatic Pitched tracksFigure 3.46the Playlist selector to104
  123. 123. Ti m e O p e r a t i o n s , Te m p o O p e r a t i o n s , a n d K e y S i g n a t u r e s Diatonic transpositionFigure 3.47 EventFigure 3.48 105
  124. 124. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 3.49Figure 3.50 TransposingFigure 3.51to choose TransposeFigure 3.52106
  125. 125. Ti m e O p e r a t i o n s , Te m p o O p e r a t i o n s , a n d K e y S i g n a t u r e s Elastic Audio region-based pitch transposition TipFigure 3.53 EnablingFigure 3.54 Elastic 107
  126. 126. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 3.55 Event No t e Removing region pitch shifting Note108
  127. 127. Ti m e O p e r a t i o n s , Te m p o O p e r a t i o n s , a n d K e y S i g n a t u r e s 3.6 Summary 109
  128. 128. In this chapter
  129. 129. 4 Working with MIDI4.1 Introduction4.2 Controlling a MIDI rackfrom Pro Tools 111
  130. 130. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Computer MIDI setup TipFigure 4.1112
  131. 131. Working with MIDI Pro Tools MIDI setup to make any changes at any point in the future, you still have the original No t eFigure 4.2 Pro Toolsthe outputs of each 113
  132. 132. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing No t e Tip MIDI Thru preferences114
  133. 133. Working with MIDIFigure 4.3 Initial MIDI system setup data 115
  134. 134. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 4.4 No t e Saving templates Import session some tracks set up in other sessions, or in a Template session, you can use the116
  135. 135. Working with MIDIFigure 4.5 Recording audio from MIDI hardware devices No t e 117
  136. 136. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing TipFigure 4.6118
  137. 137. Working with MIDINo t e 119
  138. 138. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 4.7 Entering TipFigure 4.8120
  139. 139. Working with MIDIMIDI Beat ClockNo t eNo t e 121
  140. 140. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 4.9 Setting an122
  141. 141. Working with MIDINoteTip4.3 How Delay Compensationworks with MIDI 123
  142. 142. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Using Delay Compensation view124
  143. 143. Working with MIDIFigure 4.10 DelayFigure 4.11 DelayCompensation Time 125
  144. 144. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing No t e Track CompensationFigure 4.12the Track is not126
  145. 145. Working with MIDIFigure 4.13Track isso Delay Compensation is 4.4 Instrument tracks 127
  146. 146. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing 4.5 Recording MIDI onto a MIDI or Instrument trackFigure 4.14128
  147. 147. Working with MIDIFigure 4.15 Tip Record mode Tip 129
  148. 148. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 4.16 Transport NoteFigure 4.17 Canceling or undoing your MIDI recording130
  149. 149. Working with MIDI Loop recording MIDIFigure 4.18 Tip 131
  150. 150. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 4.19Figure 4.20accessible from the 4.6 Recording audio from a virtual instrument132
  151. 151. Working with MIDIFigure 4.21 Tip 133
  152. 152. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing 4.7 Editing MIDI Bars, Beats, and Clock “Ticks” displayFigure 4.22alphanumerically in the134
  153. 153. Working with MIDIShortcuts to adjust Grid and Nudge valuesTipHow to Remove Duplicate NotesHow to deal with stuck notes 135
  154. 154. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Mirrored MIDI Editing Tip Selecting and playing notes with the mini-keyboard136
  155. 155. Working with MIDITipDo to Allto set all selectedSpecial Cut, Copy, Paste, and Clear Commands 137
  156. 156. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Graphic Editing in the Edit WindowFigure 4.23 Thethe right of the Counters,of the start point of the138
  157. 157. Working with MIDIFigure 4.24Continuous ControllerFigure 4.25 139
  158. 158. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 4.26Figure 4.27140
  159. 159. Working with MIDIFigure 4.28track using the Automation lanesFigure 4.29Figure 4.30 141
  160. 160. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 4.31 A lane No t e Note and controller chasingFigure 4.32 Enabling142
  161. 161. Working with MIDI No t e Event List EditingFigure 4.33 Data in the 143
  162. 162. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 4.34Figure 4.35 Tip No t e144
  163. 163. Working with MIDI Quantize to Grid commandFigure 4.36 Part of the No t e 4.8 MIDI and Instrument controls and track heights 145
  164. 164. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing No t eFigure 4.37the available optionsFigure 4.38146
  165. 165. Working with MIDIFigure 4.39 TrackFigure 4.40 TrackFigure 4.41 Small Trackbuttons to the right ofthe Mute button for the 4.9 MIDI Real-Time Properties 147
  166. 166. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 4.42Figure 4.43148
  167. 167. Working with MIDI No t e 4.10 Exporting MIDI tracksFigure 4.44 149
  168. 168. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 4.45 4.11 The MIDI EditorsFigure 4.46 Part of the150
  169. 169. Working with MIDI Tracks and groups in the MIDI EditorsFigure 4.47Figure 4.48 How the MIDI Editors work 151
  170. 170. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Using the MIDI Editor to insert notesFigure 4.49152
  171. 171. Working with MIDI all tracks in theFigure 4.50 Automation lanes in MIDI Editor WindowsFigure 4.51 153
  172. 172. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 4.52Figure 4.53Figure 4.54154
  173. 173. Working with MIDIFigure 4.55Figure 4.56 The MIDI Editor ToolbarFigure 4.57engage one or other of 155
  174. 174. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 4.58 Mute statusrevealing that not all theFigure 4.59 Solo statusrevealing that not all Note156
  175. 175. Working with MIDIFigure 4.60Figure 4.61 Clicking onFigure 4.62Figure 4.63 157
  176. 176. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 4.64Figure 4.65 Toolbar No t eFigure 4.66 The158
  177. 177. Working with MIDIFigure 4.67Figure 4.68 Default 159
  178. 178. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 4.69Figure 4.70 TheFigure 4.71 Thecompact version of thethat lets you choose160
  179. 179. Working with MIDIFigure 4.72 No t e The MIDI Editor Zoom controls 161
  180. 180. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Timebase and Conductor rulersFigure 4.73 The Superimposed notes view162
  181. 181. Working with MIDIFigure 4.74Figure 4.75Figure 4.76 Display 4.12 The Score Editor 163
  182. 182. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Using the Score EditorFigure 4.77 Entering a164
  183. 183. Working with MIDIFigure 4.78 Part ofFigure 4.79 ScoreFigure 4.80 Piano When you play back the music, a separate playback cursor appears in the 165
  184. 184. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 4.81 PlaybackCursor visible near the No t eFigure 4.82Figure 4.83 The Score166
  185. 185. Working with MIDIFigure 4.84Figure 4.85 Setting the ClefFigure 4.86 Part of the 167
  186. 186. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Drum notationFigure 4.87 Clefs setcorrectly for piano,Figure 4.88168
  187. 187. Working with MIDI Using the Notation ToolsFigure 4.89 Selecting aFigure 4.90 Trimming notesFigure 4.91 Trimming 169
  188. 188. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 4.92Trimmer tool to lengthenFigure 4.93 Copying notesFigure 4.94 Selecting170
  189. 189. Working with MIDIFigure 4.95 No t e Moving notesFigure 4.96 Moving 171
  190. 190. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 4.97Pencil tool to move a Transposing instruments play any member of a particular instrument family using the same fingerings,172
  191. 191. Working with MIDI How the Score Editor handles transposing instrumentsFigure 4.98 173
  192. 192. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Tip Preparing the Score for a Musician to read Individual attributes174
  193. 193. Working with MIDIFigure 4.99Display Attributes set to Global attributesFigure 4.100 The attributesFigure 4.101 Display 175
  194. 194. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 4.102Figure 4.103 Printing the Score176
  195. 195. Working with MIDIFigure 4.104 ScoreFigure 4.105 Score 177
  196. 196. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Exporting to Sibelius 4.13 Summary178
  197. 197. Working with MIDI 179
  198. 198. In this chapter
  199. 199. 5 Recording5.1 Introduction 181
  200. 200. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing 5.2 Preparing Pro Tools for recording182
  201. 201. Recording Disk space for recordingFigure 5.1 183
  202. 202. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 5.2 Setting the Tip No t e Setting up headphone mixes184
  203. 203. Recording TipFigure 5.3 185
  204. 204. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 5.4 Copy ToFigure 5.5 Clicking186
  205. 205. RecordingFigure 5.6 Choosethe same time – or chooseFigure 5.7setup to control thebeing sent to interface Tip No t e 187
  206. 206. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Monitoring latency be No t e188
  207. 207. RecordingFigure 5.8 Setting the Tip Delay Compensation 189
  208. 208. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing No t e To enable Delay Compensation, you can either select Delay CompensationFigure 5.9 Part of theCompensation Engine No t e190
  209. 209. RecordingFigure 5.10 The totalSystem Delay in samplesFigure 5.11 DelayCompensation TimeFigure 5.12 The 191
  210. 210. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 5.13Figure 5.14 Delaythe Piano track has theCompensation Engineto compensate for thisFigure 5.15 DelayCompensation has been192
  211. 211. RecordingRTAS plug-ins “health” warning 193
  212. 212. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing before after not Auto Input and Input Only monitoring coming in monitoring inputs toring to instantly to monitoring the track playback so that you194
  213. 213. Recording No t e No t eFigure 5.16 When 195
  214. 214. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Tip Setting monitor levels for record and playback de-select it is not selected Recording with or without effects196
  215. 215. Recording Recording with plug-in effectsFigure 5.17 No t e 5.3 Recording audio phones into these, set the levels on the microphone preamplifiers, set up 197
  216. 216. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Record enabling Tip198
  217. 217. RecordingNo t eTipOther record modes 199
  218. 218. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing DestructivePunch is a destructive Record Safe mode Half-speed recording and playback200
  219. 219. RecordingTipRecording new takes using Playlists 201
  220. 220. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 5.18Figure 5.19 Tip 5.4 Automatic punch-in and punch-out202
  221. 221. RecordingFigure 5.20 Automatic Preroll and postroll 203
  222. 222. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Tip No t eFigure 5.21204
  223. 223. RecordingFigure 5.22Figure 5.23 White flagspostroll amounts are set, 205
  224. 224. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 5.24 Drag thePreroll or Postroll flagsalong the Timeline to setFigure 5.25 5.5 Destructive Record206
  225. 225. RecordingNo t e5.6 Loop Recording audio Setting this up 207
  226. 226. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing No t e Tip Using Loop Recording208
  227. 227. Recording TipFigure 5.26 Setup for Selecting takes after Loop Recording 209
  228. 228. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Command-drag (Macintosh) or Control-drag (Windows) another take from the Region List into the Playlist. This will immediately replace the previous take, snapping exactly to the correct location because it has the same User Time Stamp. To access the Takes List pop-up menu to select a different take, make sure that the Selector tool is engaged, select the take currently residing in the track, then Command-click (Mac) or Control-click (Windows) anywhere in the region. The pop-up menu that appears contains a list of regions that share the same User Time Stamp. So when you choose a region from the Takes List pop-up menu, this replaces the previous take and snaps exactly to the correct location in the same way.Figure 5.27 The TakesList pop-up menu. Tip If you intend to use the track compositing feature after your Loop Recording session, you should enable the “Automatically Create New Playlists when Loop Recording” preference which you will find in the Record section of the Operation Preferences window. This copies alternate takes created during Loop Recording to new Playlists in the track. 5.7 Punch Recording Manual punch-in and punch-out Pro Tools provides three different manual punch recording modes that all have their uses when you are tracking and overdubbing music. QuickPunch is a nondestructive punch-recording mode that lets record- enabled tracks be punched in and out during playback by clicking the Record210
  229. 229. RecordingNo t e pass ing regionsVoice requirements for punch recording 211
  230. 230. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing No t e Crossfades while punch recordingFigure 5.28212
  231. 231. RecordingNo t eSetting levels for punch recordingQuickPunchTip 213
  232. 232. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Preparing for QuickPunch from, using a preroll value if you like, then press the Spacebar or click the PlayFigure 5.29 Pro Tools in TrackPunch214
  233. 233. RecordingPreparing for TrackPunch allall selected 215
  234. 234. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 5.30 WhenEnable button lightsFigure 5.31 When216
  235. 235. RecordingNo t eTip reveal more, or all, ofTo punch in on multiple tracks simultaneously, make sure that each track you 217
  236. 236. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing No t e DestructivePunch Preparing for DestructivePunchFigure 5.32 Setting theDestructivePunch File218
  237. 237. Recording allselected and 219
  238. 238. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 5.33Figure 5.34DestructivePunch is220
  239. 239. RecordingNo t eWhen you are all set up to use DestructivePunch, you can either punch inTo punch in on multiple tracks simultaneously, make sure that each track youNo t e 221
  240. 240. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 5.35 TrackCompensation is222
  241. 241. RecordingFigure 5.36 TrackCompensation suspensionTrack Compensation Tip After punch recording 223
  242. 242. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 5.37 5.8 Summary224
  243. 243. Recording 225
  244. 244. In this chapter Track Compositing
  245. 245. 6 Editing6.1 Introduction6.2 The Edit menu commands 227
  246. 246. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 6.1 Undo and Undo History228
  247. 247. EditingFigure 6.2 Restore Last Selection Cut, Copy, Paste, and Clear commands 229
  248. 248. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Special Cut, Copy, Paste, and Clear commands Tip Repeat to Fill Selection230
  249. 249. Editing Stripping Silence from regions TipFigure 6.3 The Strip 231
  250. 250. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing No t e232
  251. 251. EditingFigure 6.4 With theStrip Silence parameterscorrectly set, you seeblack rectangularFigure 6.5 233
  252. 252. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 6.6 The silenceFigure 6.7ambience, remaining234
  253. 253. EditingFigure 6.8 The Separateselection into separateFigure 6.9 235
  254. 254. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 6.10 Inserting Silence236
  255. 255. Editing Time Compression and Expansion (TCE) Edit to Timeline SelectionFigure 6.11Figure 6.12 Selecting Tip 237
  256. 256. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 6.13Figure 6.14selection has beento fit into the Timeline Consolidating regions Tip238
  257. 257. Editing 6.3 The Edit modes Slip mode Shuffle modeFigure 6.15 Selecting 239
  258. 258. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 6.16 Theautomatically attachesitself to the previous Tip Spot mode240
  259. 259. Editing TipFigure 6.17 241
  260. 260. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 6.18Figure 6.19 Click thelocation into the Start No t e242
  261. 261. EditingFigure 6.20 Grid mode Tip Tip 243
  262. 262. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Absolute and Relative Grid modesFigure 6.21 Selecting As you can see from the accompanying screenshot, the bass plays four region to right or left along the Timeline, the region snaps to start positions244
  263. 263. EditingFigure 6.22 The bass original region, thus preserving the original positioning of the notes relative toFigure 6.23Figure 6.24Timeline in Absolute 6.4 Editing in the Edit window 245
  264. 264. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Tip Edit window track views246
  265. 265. EditingTipNo t eMaster Views 247
  266. 266. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing No t e Tip Breakpoints Switching track views248
  267. 267. Editing Tip Useful keyboard commands for editingFigure 6.25 A region 249
  268. 268. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing To move the insertion point to the beginning of the selection, press theFigure 6.26 SelectionTimeline selection MarkerFigure 6.27 TheSelection has beenFigure 6.28 The250
  269. 269. EditingFigure 6.29 TheFigure 6.30 TheSelection has been To align the start point of a region to timeline position, select the Grabber No t e 251
  270. 270. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing No t e To align the sync point of a region to a timeline position, select the Grabber No t e 6.5 Working with Regions252
  271. 271. Editing Capturing RegionsFigure 6.31 A selectionFigure 6.32Figure 6.33 The 253
  272. 272. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Separating RegionsFigure 6.34 NoteFigure 6.35254
  273. 273. Editing No t e all regions in the session Using the Separation GrabberFigure 6.36 Choosingthe Separation Grabber 255
  274. 274. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 6.37Separation Grabber toolto separate a selection Tip Healing separated regions No t e256
  275. 275. Editing Overlapping RegionsFigure 6.38 Threeregions, each brought toregion, so each overlapsFigure 6.39 Threeregions, each sent tothe back before the 257
  276. 276. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 6.40of three regions has beensent to the back so thatregion after both overlapFigure 6.41of three regions has beenbrought to the front sothat it overlaps both the Sync points258
  277. 277. EditingFigure 6.42 Setting aFigure 6.43 The sync Tip Nudging Regions 259
  278. 278. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 6.44 Setting the TipFigure 6.45 Tip260
  279. 279. Editing 6.6 Region Editing commands Shift RegionFigure 6.46 The Shift No t e 261
  280. 280. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Duplicate RegionFigure 6.47select a region usingthe Selector tool, thenchoose Duplicate from No t eFigure 6.48region, click using the262
  281. 281. EditingFigure 6.49 Thebefore the region thatFigure 6.50 Select aregion so that it goesFigure 6.51 Click on theregion using the threebefore the previously Repeat Region 263
  282. 282. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 6.52 Locking RegionsFigure 6.53 An264
  283. 283. EditingFigure 6.54 A Mute Region Quantize to Grid 265
  284. 284. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Grouping Regions Groups to gather useful sets of regions together so that you can move them No t e To create a region group, select one or more regions on one or more tracksFigure 6.55266
  285. 285. EditingFigure 6.56Figure 6.57region group togetherFigure 6.58Figure 6.59Figure 6.60 267
  286. 286. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 6.61 Preparing toFigure 6.62 A multitrackgrouping regions acrossFigure 6.63 Selecting a268
  287. 287. EditingFigure 6.64multitrack region groupregion group icon in the No t eFigure 6.65multitrack region group Tip 269
  288. 288. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing No t e 6.7 Dynamic Transport mode The Dynamic Transport has a separate Play Start Marker that you can move No t e270
  289. 289. Editing Using Dynamic Transport modeFigure 6.66 WhenDynamic Transportto reveal the Play Start How the Play Start Marker works 271
  290. 290. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 6.67 PlayFigure 6.68 Draggingthe Play Start Marker to Tip272
  291. 291. EditingNo t eKeyboard shortcuts for Dynamic Transport modeTemporarily linking the Timeline and Edit SelectionsRecording in Dynamic Transport modeently of the Timeline selection, using the Play Start Marker as a manual preroll 273
  292. 292. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Setting Selection Start and End in Dynamic Transport mode not Auditioning loops in Dynamic Transport mode Preferences for Dynamic TransportFigure 6.69 SelectingTimeline selection in the274
  293. 293. EditingFigure 6.70 SelectingFigure 6.71 Setting Tip No t e 6.8 Track Compositing 275
  294. 294. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing No t eFigure 6.72276
  295. 295. EditingFigure 6.73 TheFigure 6.74 TheAlternate Playlists Choosing the takes 277
  296. 296. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 6.75 CopySelection To Main Playlist When you hear a section on a Comp lane that you prefer, you can select thisFigure 6.76 Selection Playlists Track View278
  297. 297. Editing TipFigure 6.77 The TrackFigure 6.78 TheFigure 6.79another region to the Copy Selection commands to the main playlist to construct the best combination of selections from the 279
  298. 298. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 6.80Figure 6.81 Why you may need to filter the Comp lanes Compositing tracks using these features can result in you having large num280
  299. 299. EditingFigure 6.82clicking the Playlist nameFigure 6.83 6.9 Compacting audio files 281
  300. 300. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing pad No t e 6.10 Summary282
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  302. 302. In this chapter
  303. 303. 7 Mixing7.1 Introduction 285
  304. 304. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing No t e 7.2 Preparing for your mix session Check your monitoring286
  305. 305. MixingTip 287
  306. 306. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Tip A note on external mixing/monitoring sive monitors, but these controls are not normally going to be easy for you to288
  307. 307. MixingChoose your monitoring levelsTipLine up any connected analog equipment 289
  308. 308. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing reference level, such as No t eFigure 7.1 No t e290
  309. 309. MixingFigure 7.2 291
  310. 310. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 7.3the Signal Generator VU meters, operating levels, and headroom292
  311. 311. Mixing 293
  312. 312. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 7.4 Playing backtest tone from a mono fileto unity gain via a Mono294
  313. 313. MixingFigure 7.5 Calibrating a 295
  314. 314. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 7.6 Playing backthe metering varying Note No t e296
  315. 315. MixingMetering in Pro Toolsto meter faderNo t e 297
  316. 316. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing No t e No t e Phase Scope metering298
  317. 317. MixingFigure 7.7 299
  318. 318. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 7.8playing back from asimultaneously to a Mono Fat metersFigure 7.9300
  319. 319. MixingMetering and loudness discussion 301
  320. 320. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing f f p TL MasterMeter oversampling metering302
  321. 321. Mixing 303
  322. 322. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 7.10hitting full scale –304
  323. 323. MixingPhase measurements 305
  324. 324. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 7.11 Phase Phase Meter Note306
  325. 325. Mixing Leq(A) Meter the true weighted averageFigure 7.12 Deselecting Level Meters 307
  326. 326. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing value of of Audio track faders308
  327. 327. MixingMaster FadersNo t eMonitor controllers 309
  328. 328. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing set to the about Tip310
  329. 329. MixingFigure 7.13 A typical 311
  330. 330. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 7.14312
  331. 331. MixingFigure 7.15prevent clipping, as has 313
  332. 332. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing No t e 7.3 The Tools of the trade Level balancing Tip314
  333. 333. Mixingpercussion instruments such as a triangle or tambourine playing at a veryPanorama (Pan) positionsTip 315
  334. 334. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Till the Sun Turns Black316
  335. 335. MixingNoteTip m 317
  336. 336. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Panning synthesized and sampled sounds Pan laws No t e Using compressors to smooth out level changes notice that any of your tracks are uneven in level throughout the piece, you318
  337. 337. Mixingchanges, then setting the overall level for the track using a combination of theTipNo t eUsing the gain plug-in to smooth out level changesDe-essing 319
  338. 338. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Tip Creating dynamics within the mix Tip320
  339. 339. MixingFrequency balancingMusicallyTechnically 321
  340. 340. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Reverb Tip322
  341. 341. MixingDelay effectsTip 323
  342. 342. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Noise reduction Noise gates and expanders No t e Tip324
  343. 343. MixingPitch and time correction and manipulation 325
  344. 344. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing No t e Other effects326
  345. 345. MixingReamping and amplifier simulators 327
  346. 346. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing No t e The StroboStomp, available from m StroboSoft tuner328
  347. 347. Mixing the one available from mFigure 7.16 StroboSoftFigure 7.17 StroboSoft 329
  348. 348. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Speaker Soak using the TD-1330
  349. 349. Mixing Reamping using the TD-1Figure 7.18 The 331
  350. 350. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing 7.4 Working on your mix session Housework Track ordering332
  351. 351. Mixingforget that you can easily save alternative versions of any Pro Tools session ifRemoving unwanted soundsTip 333
  352. 352. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Sorting the Tempos Marking the sections Grouping tracks334
  353. 353. Mixing 335
  354. 354. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 7.19 No t e336
  355. 355. Mixing No t eFigure 7.20 337
  356. 356. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing TipFigure 7.21 A singlein turn are controlling338
  357. 357. Mixing Edit Window Mix AutomationFigure 7.22 AutomationFigure 7.23 339
  358. 358. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and MixingFigure 7.24 A Trackat the top left of eachFigure 7.25Figure 7.26Figure 7.27 AnController lanes foron the340
  359. 359. Mixing buttonFigure 7.28 7.5 The final mix 341
  360. 360. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing Then, you might take a break for half an hour or so before coming back toFigure 7.29 Pro Toolsthe volume automation342
  361. 361. Mixing Tip To move all the automation breakpoints in a particular track or section of aFigure 7.30 Manuallytrimming a selection of 343
  362. 362. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing To Dither or not to Dither – that is the question! Mix bus compression The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly Just A Little Lovin’ Safe Trip Home344
  363. 363. Mixing Back to Black 24 HoursA Plea for Sanity7.6 Summary 345
  364. 364. Pro Tools 8: Music Production, Recording, Editing, and Mixing346
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  366. 366. Appendix Summing to talk about!The rise of the analog summingmixer in a land of digital audioworkstations 349
  367. 367. Appendix Summing to talk about!350
  368. 368. Appendix Summing to talk about Mike Collins © April 2007A version of this article first appeared in Pro Sound News Europe April 2007 © UBMi Ltd. Reproduced by kind permission. www.prosoundnewseurope.com 351
  369. 369. IndexA Auto-Tune, 325Absolute grid mode, 244–245 Auto-update active configurationAbsolute reference markers, 76 option, 20Aeolian mode, 104 Auxiliary input channel, 299, 311, 334–335After Fader Listen (AFL) mode, solo level Auxiliary input fader, 312 setting for, 66After Playback scroll option, 57 BAltiverb, 323 Bars and beats, 73, 134, 138Amp Farm, 327 Bar/beat markers, 76, 94Amplifier simulator, 327–328Amplitube, 327Analog equipment, lining up connected, Batch Fades window, 230 289–290 Beat clockAnalog summing mixer, 349Analog waveform, reconstruction of, 302Antares Harmony Engine, 325Aphex Aural Exciter, 326 Beat detective, 73Audio BeyerDynamic DT100 models, 182 Big Bottom, 326 Block view, 247 Bomb FactoryAudio Ease, 317, 323Audio track, 89, 133 Breathing effect, 319 Bus monitor, 313Audio Track RecordLock option, 224AudioSuite Gain plug-in, 319–320 CAudioSuite Signal Generator plug-in, Center Playhead scroll option, 58 291–292 Channel faders, 14, 288, 309–310,Auditioning audio, 14–16 335, 349Auditioning loops, 132, 274 Channels, 61Auto low latency, 223 Chord change dialog, 49Auto reset, 307 Chord symbols, 75Automatic delay compensation, 10, 45–46, Chords ruler, 48–49, 75 123–125, 189 Chromatic scale vs. diatonic scale, 104 Clear Special commands, 137Automation lanes, 141–142 Clef setting, 167 Click track, 77–79 Clip events browser, oversampled,Autopanner, 316 304–305 353

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